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論文

Enhancement of domain-wall mobility detected by NMR at the angular momentum compensation temperature

今井 正樹; 中堂 博之; 松尾 衛; 前川 禎通; 齊藤 英治

Physical Review B, 102(1), p.014407_1 - 014407_5, 2020/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The angular momentum compensation temperature $$T_{rm A}$$ of ferrimagnets has attracted much attention because of high-speed magnetic dynamics near $$T_{rm A}$$. We show that NMR can be used to investigate domain wall dynamics near $$T_{rm A}$$ in ferrimagnets. We performed $$^{57}$$Fe-NMR measurements on the ferrimagnet Ho$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ with $$T_{rm A}$$ = 245 K. In a multi-domain state, the NMR signal is enhanced by domain wall motion. We found that the NMR signal enhancement shows a maximum at $$T_{rm A}$$ in the multi-domain state. The NMR signal enhancement occurs due to increasing domain-wall mobility toward $$T_{rm A}$$. We develop the NMR signal enhancement model involves domain-wall mobility. Our study shows that NMR in multi-domain state is a powerful tool to determine $$T_{rm A}$$, even from a powder sample and it expands the possibility of searching for angular momentum-compensated materials.

論文

Angular momentum compensation manipulation to room temperature of the ferrimagnet Ho$$_{3-x}$$Dy$$_{x}$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ detected by the Barnett effect

今井 正樹; 中堂 博之; 小野 正雄; 針井 一哉; 松尾 衛; 大沼 悠一*; 前川 禎通; 齊藤 英治

Applied Physics Letters, 114(16), p.162402_1 - 162402_4, 2019/04

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:17.09(Physics, Applied)

We demonstrate that the angular momentum compensation temperature $$T_{rm A}$$, at which the net angular momentum in the sample disappears, can be controlled in Ho$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ by partially substituting Dy for Ho. The $$T_{rm A}$$ can be detected using the Barnett effect, by which mechanical rotation magnetizes an object due to spin-rotation coupling. We found that $$T_{rm A}$$ increases with the Dy content and clarified that the $$T_{rm A}$$ of Ho$$_{1.5}$$Dy$$_{1.5}$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ coincides with room temperature. The Barnett effect enables us to explore materials applicable to magnetic devices utilizing the angular momentum compensation only by rotating the powder sample at room temperature.

論文

Observation of gyromagnetic reversal

今井 正樹; 緒方 裕大*; 中堂 博之; 小野 正雄; 針井 一哉; 松尾 衛*; 大沼 悠一*; 前川 禎通; 齊藤 英治

Applied Physics Letters, 113(5), p.052402_1 - 052402_3, 2018/07

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:33.3(Physics, Applied)

We report direct observation of gyromagnetic reversal, which is the sign change of gyromagnetic ratio in a ferrimagnet Ho$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$, by using the Barnett effect measurement technique at low temperatures. The Barnett effect is a phenomenon in which magnetization is induced by mechanical rotation through the coupling between rotation and total angular momentum $$J$$ of electrons. The magnetization of Ho$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ induced by mechanical rotation disappears at 135 K and 240 K. The temperatures correspond to the magnetization compensation temperature $$T_{rm M}$$ and the angular momentum compensation temperature $$T_{rm A}$$, respectively. Between $$T_{rm M}$$ and $$T_{rm A}$$, the magnetization flips over to be parallel against the angular momentum due to the sign change of gyromagnetic ratio. This study provides an unprecedented technique to explore the gyromagnetic properties.

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