Furutani, Misa; Kometani, Tatsunari; Nakagawa, Masahiro; Ueno, Yumi; Sato, Junya; Iwai, Yasunori*
Hoken Butsuri (Internet), 55(2), p.97 - 101, 2020/06
Herein, an oxidation catalyst was introduced after heating it to 600C to oxidize tritium gas (HT) existing in exhaust into tritiated water vapor (HTO). This study aims to establish a safer H monitoring system by lowering the heating temperature required for the catalyst. In these experiments, which were conducted in the Nuclear Science Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, cupric oxide, hydrophobic palladium/silicon dioxide (Pd/SiO), and platinum/aluminum oxide (Pt/AlO) catalysts were ventilated using standard hydrogen gas. After comparing the oxidation efficiency of each catalyst at different temperatures, we found that the hydrophobic Pd/SiO and Pt/AlO catalysts could oxidize HT into HTO at 25C.
Ono, Hitomi*; Takenaka, Keisuke*; Kita, Tomoaki*; Taniguchi, Masashi*; Matsumura, Daiju; Nishihata, Yasuo; Hino, Ryutaro; Reinecke, E.-A.*; Takase, Kazuyuki*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*
E-Journal of Advanced Maintenance (Internet), 11(1), p.40 - 45, 2019/05
Kusano, Shogo*; Matsumura, Daiju; Ishii, Kenji*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*; Mizuki, Junichiro*
Nanomaterials (Internet), 9(4), p.642_1 - 642_14, 2019/04
Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki
Shokubai, 61(2), p.92 - 96, 2019/04
The outline of the membrane IS process to produce hydrogen by thermochemical water splitting using solar heat at around 650C is described. The membrane technology has been applied to the three main reaction of the IS process to lower the reaction temperature and reduce the amount of circulation materials in the process. The key component technologies such as catalysts, membranes and corrosion resistant materials have been developed. The study was supported in part by the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation, Cross-ministerial Strategic Innovation Promotion Program, "Energy Carrier".
Kishi, Hirofumi*; Sakamoto, Tomokazu*; Asazawa, Koichiro*; Yamaguchi, Susumu*; Kato, Takeshi*; Zulevi, B.*; Serov, A.*; Artyushkova, K.*; Atanassov, P.*; Matsumura, Daiju; et al.
Nanomaterials (Internet), 8(12), p.965_1 - 965_13, 2018/12
Kakitani, Kenta*; Kimata, Tetsuya*; Yamaki, Tetsuya*; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Matsumura, Daiju; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Terai, Takayuki*
Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 153, p.152 - 155, 2018/12
Radioisotopes, 67(10), p.483 - 493, 2018/10
Electrochemical reactions and redox properties of actinides such as uranium and neptunium are outlined. The flow electrolysis enables rapid and high-efficient treatment. It was demonstrated to measure slow processes of actinide redox. Experimental results of electrolysis of actinide ions and the preparation method of oxidation state of the ions based on the fundamental data are described. Mediator reaction and catalysis observed in the process of electrolysis of actinide ions are also explained.
Cui, Y.-T.*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Niwa, Hideharu*; Oshima, Masaharu*; Hatanaka, Tatsuya*; Nakamura, Naoki*; Ando, Masaki*; Yoshida, Toshihiko*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju
NanotechJapan Bulletin (Internet), 11(4), 6 Pages, 2018/08
no abstracts in English
Kusano, Shogo*; Matsumura, Daiju; Asazawa, Koichiro*; Kishi, Hirofumi*; Sakamoto, Tomokazu*; Yamaguchi, Susumu*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*; Mizuki, Junichiro*
Journal of Electronic Materials, 46(6), p.3634 - 3638, 2017/06
Cui, Y.-T.*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Niwa, Hideharu*; Hatanaka, Tatsuya*; Nakamura, Naoki*; Ando, Masaki*; Yoshida, Toshihiko*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju; Oji, Hiroshi*; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.1482_1 - 1482_8, 2017/05
Sakamoto, Tomokazu*; Masuda, Teruyuki*; Yoshimoto, Koji*; Kishi, Hirofumi*; Yamaguchi, Susumu*; Matsumura, Daiju; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Hori, Akihiro*; Horiuchi, Yosuke*; Serov, A.*; et al.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164(4), p.F229 - F234, 2017/01
Lang, R.*; Li, T.*; Matsumura, Daiju; Miao, S.*; Ren, Y.*; Cui, Y.-T.*; Tan, Y.*; Qiao, B.*; Li, L.*; Wang, A.*; et al.
Angewandte Chemie; International Edition, 55(52), p.16054 - 16058, 2016/12
Cui, Y.*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Hatanaka, Tatsuya*; Nakamura, Naoki*; Ando, Masaki*; Yoshida, Toshihiko*; Ikenaga, Eiji*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju; Li, R.*; et al.
ECS Transactions, 72(8), p.131 - 136, 2016/10
Shimoyama, Iwao; Baba, Yuji
DV-X Kenkyu Kyokai Kaiho, 28(1&2), p.62 - 69, 2016/03
We studied electronic structures at phosphorus sites doped in graphite to clarify the dopant effect on catalytic activity of P-doped graphite using near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy. A sample prepared by high-temperature doping at 700 C showed graphite-like clear polarization dependence of P K-edge NEXAFS spectra indicating planar structure at phosphorus sites. We calculated electronic structures at phosphorus sites in carbon model clusters using the DV-X method and compare them with NEXAFS. The electronic structure at planar phosphorus site with three carbon coordination reproduced the NEXAFS spectra. On the other hand, samples prepared by room-temperature doping and post annealing at 800 C showed deterioration of polarization dependence of NEXAFS. We clarified that an electronic structure of a curved carbon model cluster with a pentagon reproduced change of polarization dependence and spectral shape of NEXAFS. This means local structures at phosphorus sites can be controlled by substrate temperatures during ion dopings.
Ueno, Yumi; Nakagawa, Masahiro; Sato, Junya; Iwai, Yasunori
Hoken Butsuri, 51(1), p.7 - 11, 2016/03
In the Nuclear Science Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), in order to oxidize C, which exists in various chemical forms in exhaust, into CO, a copper oxide (CuO) catalyst is introduced after heating to 600C. Our goal was to establish a safer C monitoring system by lowering the heating temperature required for the catalyst; therefore, we developed a new hydrophobic palladium/silicon dioxide (Pd/SiO) catalyst that makes the carrier's surface hydrophobic. In these experiments, catalysts CuO, platinum/aluminum oxide (Pt/AlO), palladium/zirconium dioxide (Pd/ZrO), hydrophobic Pd/SiO, and hydrophilic Pd/SiO were ventilated with standard methane gas, and we compared the oxidation efficiency of each catalyst at different temperatures. As a result, we determined that the hydrophobic Pd/SiO catalyst had the best oxidation efficiency. By substituting the currently used CuO catalyst with the hydrophobic Pd/SiO catalyst, we will be able to lower the working temperature from 600C to 300C and improve the safety of the monitoring process.
Sakamoto, Tomokazu*; Kishi, Hirofumi*; Yamaguchi, Susumu*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*; Matsumura, Daiju; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Nishihata, Yasuo
Hyomen Kagaku, 37(2), p.78 - 83, 2016/02
We have developed direct liquid fuel anion exchange membrane fuel cell vehicles to deal with the global warming. Non-platinum group metals (PGM) catalyst has been researched to apply for both anode and cathode electrodes. A test driving was carried out for the fuel cell vehicle equipped with no precious metals as catalysts at SPring-8 in 2013. Here we introduce our results of advanced analysis for reaction mechanism and active site of non-PGM catalyst using synchrotron radiation X-rays at SPring-8.
Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Edao, Yuki; Taniuchi, Junichi*
Fusion Science and Technology, 68(3), p.596 - 600, 2015/10
We have newly developed the hydrophobic platinum honeycomb catalysts applicable to tritium oxidation reactor since the honeycomb-shape catalyst can decrease the pressure drop. Two types of hydrophobic honeycomb catalyst have been test-manufactured. One is the hydrophobic platinum catalyst on a metal honeycomb. The other is the hydrophobic platinum catalyst on a ceramic honeycomb made of silicon carbide. The fine platinum particles around a few nanometers significantly improve the catalytic activity for the oxidation tritium at a tracer concentration. The hydrogen concentration in the gaseous feed slightly affects the overall reaction rate constant for hydrogen oxidation. Due to the competitive adsorption of hydrogen and water molecules on platinum surface, the overall reaction rate constant has the bottom value. The hydrogen concentration for the bottom value is 100 ppm under the dry feed gas. We have experimentally confirmed the activity of these honeycomb catalysts is as good as that of pellet-shape hydrophobic catalyst. The results support the hydrophobic honeycomb catalysts are applicable to tritium oxidation reactor.
Fan, M.*; Xu, Y.*; Sakurai, Junya*; Demura, Masahiko*; Hirano, Toshiyuki*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40(37), p.12663 - 12673, 2015/10
The catalytic properties of single-phase NiSn powder in the production of hydrogen via the decomposition of methanol were investigated in isothermal tests at 713, 793, and 873 K. The catalytic activity of NiSn significantly increased with time at 793 and 873 K, but not at 713 K, suggesting that NiSn is spontaneously activated at temperatures above 793 K. At these temperatures, NiSn showed high selectivity for H and CO production and low selectivity for CH, CO, and HO production, indicating that methanol decomposition was the main reaction, and that side reactions such as methanation and water-gas shift reaction were suppressed. Surface analysis revealed that fine NiSn particles were formed during the reaction, accompanied by a small amount of deposited carbon. The formation of these particles was suggested to be the cause for the spontaneous activation of NiSn.
Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*; Iwai, Yasunori
JETI, 63(10), p.33 - 36, 2015/09
Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo provides a broad range of precious metals products and technologies. Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo and Japan Atomic Energy Agency have jointly developed a new method of manufacturing catalysts involving hydrophobic processing with an inorganic substance base. As a result, previous technological issues were able to be solved with the development of a catalyst that exhibited no performance degradation in response to radiation application of 530 kGy, a standard for radiation resistance, and maintenance of thermal stability at over 600C, which is much higher than the 70C temperature that is normally used. The application of this catalyst to the liquid phase catalytic exchange process is expected to overcome significant technological hurdles with regards to improving the reliability and efficiency of systems for collecting tritium from tritiated water. It is also anticipated that the hydrophobic platinum catalyst manufacturing technology used for this catalyst could be applied to a wide range of fields other than nuclear fusion research. It was verified that if applied to a hydro oxidation catalyst, hydrogen could be efficiently oxidized, even at room temperature. This catalyst can also contribute to improving safety at non-nuclear plants that use hydrogen in general by solving the aforementioned vulnerability issue.
Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*
Isotope News, (736), p.12 - 17, 2015/08
We have successfully developed a new hydrophobic platinum catalyst for collecting tritium at nuclear fusion reactors. Catalysts used to collect tritium are called hydrophobic precious metal catalysts. In Japan, hydrophobic precious metal catalysts manufactured from polymers have been used for heavy water refinement.However, this catalyst has issues related to embrittlement to radiation and thermal stability. These technological issues needed to be solved to allow for its application to nuclear fusion reactors requiring further enrichment from highly-concentrated tritiated water. We developed a new method of manufacturing catalysts involving hydrophobic processing with an inorganic substance base. As a result, previous technological issues were able to be solved with the development of a catalyst that exhibited no performance degradation in response to radiation application of 530kGy, a standard for radiation resistance, and maintenance of thermal stability at over 600C, which is much higher than the 70C temperature that is normally used. The catalyst created with this method was also confirmed to have achieved the world's highest exchange efficiency, equivalent to 1.3 times the previously most powerful efficiency. The application of this catalyst to the liquid phase catalytic exchange process is expected to overcome significant technological hurdles with regards to improving the reliability and efficiency of systems for collecting tritium from tritiated water.