Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji
JAEA-Data/Code 2020-015, 22 Pages, 2020/11
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project, which is a broad scientific study of the deep geological environment as a basis of research and development for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, targeting in crystalline rock. The main goals of the MIU Project from Phase I to Phase III are: to establish techniques for investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment, and to develop a base of engineering for deep underground application. The groundwater inflow monitoring into shafts and research galleries, has been conducted to achieve the Phase II goals. Furthermore, these monitoring were ceased at the end of FY2019 due to the completion of the MIU project. This report describes the results of the groundwater inflow monitoring from April 2019 to March 2020.
Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*
Hoshasen Kagaku (Internet), (110), p.13 - 19, 2020/10
The article depicts how to estimate the external exposure dose for wild animals using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. The relationship between the CO radical intensity and the absorbed dose, that is, dose response curve of tooth enamel of Japanese macaque was observed, and the detection limit of our method was estimated. The estimated detection limit of 33.5 mGy is comparable to the previously reported detection limit for human molar teeth. The external exposure dose for seven wild Japanese macaques captured in Fukushima prefecture were examined using this dose response curve. The estimated external exposure dose were ranged between 45 mGy to 300 mGy.
Yuasa, Takayuki*; Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Hisadomi, Shohei*; Tsuji, Yuna*; Okuda, Kazufumi*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2020(10), p.103H01_1 - 103H01_27, 2020/10
Muramatsu, Haruka*; Hayashi, Tasuku*; Yuasa, Naoki*; Konno, Ryohei*; Yamaguchi, Atsushi*; Mitsuda, Kazuhisa*; Yamasaki, Noriko*; Maehata, Keisuke*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Takimoto, Misaki; et al.
Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 200(5-6), p.452 - 460, 2020/09
Abe, Yuta; Tsuchikawa, Yusuke; Kai, Tetsuya; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Parker, J. D.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Oishi, Yuji*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Nagae, Yuji; Sato, Ikken
Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08
Wada, Yuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi
Physical Review D, 101(10), p.102007_1 - 102007_6, 2020/05
Kaburagi, Masaaki; Torii, Tatsuo; Ogawa, Toru
JAEA-Review 2019-031, 251 Pages, 2020/01
There is high expectation for advanced remote technology and robotics to reduce the radiation exposure for workers in harsh nuclear environments such as the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS). However, the radiation tolerance of state-of-the-art key components, sensors and electronic devices, for remote operation is still limited. In order to extend the application of robotics in nuclear energy, it is pertinent to develop "Radiation hardness" of components and "Radiation smartness" in operation procedures. Furthermore, developments of "Radiation measurement" and "Technology to recognize the location and to grasp the surrounding environment", including the radiation imaging of the high dose-rate fields inside the FDNPS and the detection of nuclear fuel debris, are necessary for the future nuclear fuel debris retrieval. This Fukushima Research Conference aims to share the future vision for advancing the remote technology among experts from diverse fields.
Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji
JAEA-Data/Code 2019-009, 22 Pages, 2019/10
Tono Geoscience Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). As for The MIU Project (Phase II) was carried out from 2004 fiscal year, and has been started the Phase III in 2010 fiscal year. The groundwater inflow monitoring into shafts and research galleries, has been maintained to achieve the Phase II goals, begins in 2004 fiscal year and follows now. This document presents the results of the groundwater inflow monitoring from fiscal year 2016 to 2018.
Wakaida, Ikuo; Hasegawa, Shuichi*; Tadokoro, Takahiro*
Nippon Kikai Gakkai-Shi, 122(1211), p.18 - 20, 2019/10
no abstracts in English
Ozu, Akira; Maeda, Makoto; Komeda, Masao; Toh, Yosuke
Proceedings of 2018 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (IEEE NSS/MIC 2018) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/10
Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Sakurai, Akitaka; Miyara, Nobukatsu; Sugita, Yutaka; Tanai, Kenji
Shigen, Sozai Koenshu (Internet), 6(2), 7 Pages, 2019/09
no abstracts in English
Kono, Masaru*; Hayama, Kazunori*; Matsui, Hiroya; Ozaki, Yusuke
JAEA-Technology 2019-011, 35 Pages, 2019/07
To verify long-term safety performance of the sensor for decades, we decided the extension of the collaborative research and the evaluation test of long-term durability of fiber-optic crack detection sensor developed by Tokyo Measuring Instruments Laboratory Co., Ltd. at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory were continued from FY 2015 to FY 2018. As a result, the measurement system using of the fiber-optic crack detection sensor is applicable for long-term measurement in deep underground area and find the future subject.
Hirade, Tetsuya; Ando, Hirokazu*; Manabe, Kensuke*; Ueda, Daisuke*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 931, p.100 - 104, 2019/07
A detector identification method using waveform-shape analysis is proposed. A method for enabling discrimination of detectors by making a characteristic waveform shape for every detector by each own loop circuit on the detector is shown as an example. This method can be applied in many experimental contexts with detectors, making a high counting rate possible. Moreover, detector identification can be used for other important questions such as detector position. As an example, this detector identification method is used to perform positron-annihilation age-momentum correlation measurement with a high temporal resolution and a high counting rate.
Abe, Yuta; Otaka, Masahiko; Okazaki, Kodai*; Kawakami, Tomohiko*; Nakagiri, Toshio
Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2019/05
Since the hardness of fuel debris containing boride from BC pellet in control rod is estimated to be two times higher as that of oxide, such as UO and ZrO, it is necessary to select the efficient and appropriate operation for removal of fuel debris formed in the severe accident of nuclear power plants. We focused on the characteristics of LIBS, an innovative rapid chemical in-situ analysis technology that enables simultaneous detection of B, O, and other metal elements in fuel debris. Simulated solidified melt specimens were obtained in the plasma heating tests (CMMR-0/-2, performed by JAEA) of simulated fuel assembly (ZrO is used to simulated UO pellet, other materials such as stainless steel, BC are same as fuel assembly). The LIBS signals of (B/O)/Zr ratio showed good linear relationship with Vickers hardness. This technique can be also applied as in-situ assessment tool for elemental composition and Vickers hardness of metal-oxide-boride materials.
Nishimura, Akihiko; Yoshida, Minoru*; Yamada, Tomonori; Arakawa, Ryoki
Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2019/05
JAEA support the development of remote sensing robotic system in the Naraha Remote Technology Development Center. A water tank is used as a mockup facility of nuclear reactor vessel. A compact seismic vibrometer based on an optical fiber interferometer is applied. A specially designed robotic system is also tested for installing the sensor unit. The experiment is prepared to clarify the transfer function of the water tank, using vibration noise of ground motion.
Genshiryoku No Ima To Ashita, p.109 - 111, 2019/03
The Atomic Energy Society of Japan has planned to publish a document for public, entitled "Current and tomorrow of atomic energy, -Experiences from the accident at the Tokyo Electronic Power Company Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPs-". The documents give us basics and usages of radiations, in addition to nuclear power plants and the accident at TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPs. This manuscript explains physical quantities (e.g., absorbed dose), protection quantities and operational quantities that are used for radiation measurement and protection. The unit of radioactivity is also explained, because radioactivity is measured for work places in a radiation facility for internal exposure protection. In addition, radiation dose constants that relate radiation dose to the activity are also introduced, as useful radiation units for radiation protection.
Kato, Masaji*; Nara, Yoshitaka*; Okazaki, Yuki*; Kono, Masanori*; Sato, Toshinori; Sato, Tsutomu*; Takahashi, Manabu*
Materials Transactions, 59(9), p.1427 - 1432, 2018/09
To ensure the safe geological disposal of radioactive waste, it is important to determine the permeability (hydraulic conductivity) of clays. The transient pulse method is suitable for low-permeability materials because it requires a relatively short time to determine their permeability. Upstream pore pressure typically increases in the measurement conducted via the transient pulse method. However, this procedure cannot be used to determine the permeability of clays due to the increase in pore pressure. Therefore, the transient pulse method has never been applied to determine clay permeability. In this study, we applied the transient pulse method to a clay sample to determine its permeability while decreasing the downstream pore pressure.
Sun, Haomin; Machida, Shinichi*; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Okagaki, Yuria; Yonomoto, Taisuke
Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2018/07
Hamamoto, Shimpei; Tochio, Daisuke; Ishii, Toshiaki; Sawahata, Hiroaki
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 16(4), p.169 - 172, 2017/12
A melt wire was installed at the tip of the control rod in order to measure the temperature of High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR). After experience with reactor scrum from the state of reactor power 100%, the melt wire was taken out from the control rod and appearance has been observed visually. It was confirmed that the melt wires with a melting point of 505 C or less were melted, and the melt wires with a melting point of 651 C or more were not melted. Therefore, it was found that the highest arrival temperature of tip of the control rods where the melt wires are installed reaches within the range of 505 to 651 C. And it was found that the control rod temperature at the time of reactor scram does not exceed the using temperature criteria (900 C) of Alloy 800H of the control rod sleeve.
Ochi, Kotaro; Sasaki, Miyuki; Ishida, Mutsushi*; Hamamoto, Shoichiro*; Nishimura, Taku*; Sanada, Yukihisa
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(8), p.926_1 - 926_14, 2017/08
After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the vertical distribution of radiocesium in soil has been investigated to better understand the behavior of radiocesium in the environment. The typical method used for measuring the vertical distribution of radiocesium is troublesome because it requires collection and measurement of the activity of soil samples. In this study, we established a method of estimating the vertical distribution of radiocesium by focusing on the characteristics of -ray spectra obtained via aerial radiation monitoring using an unmanned helicopter. In this method, the change in the ratio of direct rays to scattered rays at various depths in the soil was utilized to quantify the vertical distribution of radiocesium. The results show a positive correlation between the abovementioned and the actual vertical distributions of radiocesium measured in the soil samples.