Tani, Yukinori*; Kakinuma, Satomi*; Chang, J.*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Miyata, Naoyuki*
Minerals (Internet), 11(1), p.53_1 - 53_14, 2021/01
In this study, we examined the Ba sequestration potential of enzymatically active biogenic Mn oxides (BMOs) with and without exogenous Mn. The BMOs readily oxidized exogenous Mn to produce another BMO phase, and subsequently sequestered Ba at a pH of 7.0, with irreversible Ba sequestration as the dominant pathway. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analyses demonstrated alteration from turbostratic to tightly stacked birnessite through possible Ba incorporation into the interlayer.
Zheng, Y.*; Xiao, H.*; Li, K.*; Wang, Y.*; Li, Y.*; Wei, Y.*; Zhu, X.*; Li, H.-W.*; Matsumura, Daiju; Guo, B.*; et al.
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 12(37), p.42274 - 42284, 2020/09
Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Ishii, Katsunori; Suzuki, Masahiro; Fukasawa, Tomonori*; Fukui, Kunihiro*
Funtai Kogakkai-Shi, 57(9), p.485 - 494, 2020/09
In the spent fuel reprocessing process, a mixed solution of uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate is converted into mixed oxide powder by the microwave heating. To evaluate the applicability to the industrial-scale and acquire the characteristics data of the microwave heating denitration of various metal nitrate aqueous solutions based on the knowledge studied in the development of laboratory-scale basic experiments, the microwave heating characteristics and metal oxide powder properties were investigated using cerium nitrate, cobalt nitrate and copper nitrate aqueous solutions. The progress rate of the denitration reaction was depended on the position, and the denitration reaction proceeded faster at the periphery than at the center. The morphologies of the synthesized products were porous and hard dry solid with cerium nitrate aqueous solution, foamed dry solid with cobalt nitrate aqueous solution, and powdery particles with copper nitrate aqueous solution. The denitration ratio and average particle size of the synthesized products increased in the order of the cerium nitrate aqueous solution, the cobalt nitrate aqueous solution, and the copper nitrate aqueous solution. The numerical simulations revealed that the periphery of the bottom surface of the metal nitrate aqueous solution was heated by microwaves. This results consistent with the experimental results in which the denitration reaction started from the periphery of the metal nitrate aqueous solution.
Ukai, Shigeharu*; Ono, Naoko*; Otsuka, Satoshi
Comprehensive Nuclear Materials, 2nd Edition, Vol.3, p.255 - 292, 2020/08
Fe-Cr-based oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steels have a strong potential for high burnup (long-life) and high-temperature applications typical for SFR fuel cladding. Current progress in the development of Fe-Cr-based ODS steel claddings is reviewed, including their relevant mechanical properties, e.g. tensile and creep rupture strengths in the hoop directions. In addition, this paper reviewed the current research status on corrosion resistant Fe-Cr-Al-based ODS steel claddings, which are greatly paid attention recently as the accident tolerant fuel claddings for the light water reactor (LWR) and also as the claddings of the lead fast reactors (LFR) utilizing Pb-Bi eutectic (LBE) coolant.
Otsuka, Satoshi; Tanno, Takashi; Oka, Hiroshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Tachi, Yoshiaki; Kaito, Takeji; Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Ito, Chikara; et al.
2018 GIF Symposium Proceedings (Internet), p.305 - 314, 2020/05
Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) steel has been developed worldwide as a high-strength and radiation-tolerant steel used for advanced nuclear system. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing ODS steel as the primary candidate material of Sodium cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) high burn-up fuel cladding tube. Application of high burn-up fuel to SFR core can contribute to improvement of economical performance of SFR in conjunction with volume and hazardousness reduction of radioactive waste. This paper described the current status and future prospects of ODS tempered martensitic steel development in JAEA for SFR fuel application.
Watanabe, Masashi; Matsumoto, Taku; Hirooka, Shun; Morimoto, Kyoichi; Kato, Masato
2018 GIF Symposium Proceedings (Internet), p.315 - 320, 2020/05
Recently, a research group studying at Plutonium Fuel Development Facility (PFDF) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency has systematically measured vast amounts of physical properties in the non-stoichiometric (U, Pu)O. Lattice parameter, elastic modulus, thermal expansion, oxygen potential, oxygen chemical diffusion coefficient and thermal conductivity were successfully measured as function of Pu content, O/M ratio and temperature, and the effects of Pu content and O/M ratio on their physical properties were evaluated. In this work, those experimental data are reviewed, and latest experimental data set on the non-stoichiometric (U, Pu)O are presented. The data set would be available in development of a fuel performance code.
Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Shimomura, Koichiro*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(5), p.051007_1 - 051007_8, 2020/05
Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Yokoyama, Keisuke; Nemoto, Junichi*; Ishitani, Ikuo*; Ito, Masahiro*; Pelletier, M.*
Nuclear Engineering and Design, 359, p.110448_1 - 110448_7, 2020/04
Coupled computer code analyses of irradiation performance of axially heterogeneous mixed oxide (MOX) fuel elements with high burnup in a fast reactor were conducted. Post-irradiation experiments revealed local concentration of Cs near the interfaces between MOX fuel and blanket columns including the internal blanket of the fuel elements as well as an increase in their cladding diameters. The analyses indicated that the local Cs concentration occurred as a result of Cs axial migration from the MOX fuels toward the blanket pellets near the interfaces. Swelling of the blanket pellets induced by the formation of low-density Cs-U-O compound was not sufficient to cause pellet-to-cladding mechanical interaction (PCMI). The PCMI analyzed in the MOX fuel column regions was insignificant, and the cladding diameter increases were caused mainly by void swelling in cladding and irradiation creep due to fission gas pressure.
Zhang, Z,*; Wang, H.*; Yoshikawa, Hirofumi*; Matsumura, Daiju; Hatao, Shuya*; Ishikawa, Satoshi*; Ueda, Wataru*
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 12(5), p.6056 - 6063, 2020/02
Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Yoshii, Kenji
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 238, p.121885_1 - 121885_5, 2019/12
We have conducted X-ray absorption spectroscopy study for perovskite cobaltite PrSrCoO (00.5) to understand Sr doping effect and magnetocaloric measurement for PrSrCoO to reveal the origin of magnetic anomaly at around 110 K. The extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements at the Co -edge suggest that the average valence value of Co ions increases, the interatomic distance of Co-O bonding decreases, and the local distortion of CoO octahedron increases as Sr is doped in PrCoO. The interatomic distance of Co-O bonding shrinks more greatly for the larger doping region. No temperature dependent electronic and structural changes were observed from Co -edge X-ray absorption spectra in the whole thermal range studied (17-300 K). The magnetocaloric effect of PrSrCoO indicates the change of magnetic structure at 110 K.
Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Koda, Akihiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*
Applied Physics Letters, 115(19), p.192103_1 - 192103_4, 2019/11
Yamanouchi, Michihiko*; Oyamada, Tatsuro*; Sato, Koichi*; Ota, Hiromichi*; Ieda, Junichi
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 55(7), p.1400604_1 - 1400604_4, 2019/07
Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko; Grambow, B.
Journal of Porous Materials, 26(2), p.505 - 511, 2019/04
In this study, we utilized X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy to clarify the coordination structure of Re in Mg-Al LDH as a surrogate of Tc. Adsorption experiments of ReO on calcined and uncalcined Mg-Al LDHs were conducted in aqueous solutions with different concentrations of NaCl, NaNO, and NaSO. Calcined Mg-Al LDH showed much higher adsorption than uncalcined one. The adsorption of ReO was reversible, and decreased with increasing concentration of competing anions like Cl, NO, or SO. Analysis of Re L-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure indicated that ReO was adsorbed as an outer-sphere complex on Mg-Al LDH. The observed Re adsorption-desorption behavior, which was sensitive to the presence of competing anions, was consistent with the formation of outer sphere-complex.
Funtai Kogakkai-Shi, 55(10), P. 547, 2018/10
no abstracts in English
Asano, Shun*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Ina, Toshiaki*; Suzuki, Kensuke*; Fujita, Masaki*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(9), p.094710_1 - 094710_5, 2018/09
Yu, Q.*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tani, Yukinori*; Onuki, Toshihiko
ACS Earth and Space Chemistry (Internet), 2(8), p.797 - 810, 2018/08
Most of Mn oxides are biogenic and known to adsorb cesium (Cs) on the surface. This study investigated structural transformation of biogenic birnessite by accommodating commonly occurring natural heavy metals (Zn, Ni) during the formation of Mn oxides and the influence of those metals on the adsorption behavior of Cs on Mn oxides. It was found that the presence of heavy metals during bio-oxidation of Mn(II), followed by exposure to a low pH aqueous solution, increased the number of available layer vacancies, which consequently increased the adsorption capacity of Cs in the final product birnessite.
Otsuka, Satoshi; Tanno, Takashi; Oka, Hiroshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Kato, Shoichi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Kaito, Takeji
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 505, p.44 - 53, 2018/07
A calculation model was constructed to systematically study the effects of environmental conditions (i.e. Cr concentration in sodium, test temperature, axial temperature gradient of fuel pin, and sodium flow velocity) on Cr dissolution behavior. Chromium dissolution was largely influenced by small changes in Cr concentration (i.e. chemical potential of Cr) in liquid sodium in the model calculation. Chromium concentration in sodium coolant, therefore, should be recognized as a critical parameter for the prediction and management of Cr dissolution behavior in the sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) core. Because the fuel column length showed no impact on dissolution behavior in the model calculation, no significant downstream effects possibly take place in the SFR fuel cladding tube due to the much shorter length compared with sodium loops in the SFR plant and the large axial temperature gradient. The calculated profile of Cr concentration along the wall-thickness direction was consistent with that measured in BOR-60 irradiation test where Cr concentration in sodium bulk flow was set at 0.07 wt ppm in the calculation.
Wang, H.*; Idobe, Jin*; Matsumura, Daiju; Yoshikawa, Hirofumi*
Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 22(7), p.2067 - 2071, 2018/07
Martel, L.*; Hen, A.*; Tokunaga, Yo; Kinnart, F.*; Magnani, N.*; Colineau, E.*; Griveau, J.-C.*; Caciuffo, R.*
Physical Review B, 98(1), p.014410_1 - 014410_8, 2018/07
We report a study of the magnetic and electronic properties of the UNpO solid solution, based on dc- and ac- magnetisation, Np Mssbauer spectroscopy, O Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), and specific heat measurements. The compound orders antiferromagnetically at T = 17 K. The different techniques reveal the complexity of this system with:(1) a spatial distribution of ordered moments, (2) a small Np ordered moment, and (3) an additional specific heat anomaly at 7.4 K, with a residual value at very low temperature and a reduced magnetic entropy. The results are compared to the end-members of the series, UO and NpO, as well as to the other solid solutions previously reported in this system. We discuss how the properties of UNpO add new input to the trend previously reported for the series, in view of the models that have been previously proposed.
Asano, Shun*; Suzuki, Kensuke*; Matsumura, Daiju; Ishii, Kenji*; Ina, Toshiaki*; Fujita, Masaki*
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 969, p.012051_1 - 012051_5, 2018/04