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JAEA Reports

Analysis of post irradiation examination of used BWR fuel with SWAT4.0

Kikuchi, Takeo; Tada, Kenichi; Sakino, Takao; Suyama, Kenya

JAEA-Research 2017-021, 56 Pages, 2018/03


The criticality management of the fuel debris is one of the most important research issues in Japan. The current criticality management adopts the fresh fuel assumption. The adoption of the fresh fuel assumption for the criticality control of the fuel debris is difficult because the k$$_{rm eff}$$ of the fuel debris could exceed 1.0 in most of cases which the fuel debris contains water and does not contain neutron absorbers such as gadolinium. Therefore, the adoption of the burnup credit is considered. The prediction accuracy of the isotopic composition of used nuclear fuel must be required to adopt the burnup credit for the treatment of the fuel debris. JAEA developed a burnup calculation code SWAT4.0 to obtain reference calculation results of the isotopic composition of the used nuclear fuel. This code is used to evaluate the composition of fuel debris. In order to investigate the prediction accuracy of SWAT4.0, we analyzed the PIE of BWR obtained from 2F2DN23.

Journal Articles

Analysis of used BWR fuel assay data with the integrated burnup code system SWAT4.0

Tada, Kenichi; Kikuchi, Takeo*; Sakino, Takao; Suyama, Kenya

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(2), p.138 - 150, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:33.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The criticality safety of the fuel debris in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant is one of the most important issues and the adoption of the burnup credit is desired for the criticality analysis. The assay data of used nuclear fuel irradiated in 2F2 is evaluated to validate SWAT4.0 for BWR fuel burnup problem. The calculation results revealed that number density of many heavy nuclides and FPs showed good agreement with the experimental data except for $$^{235}$$U, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{238}$$Pu and Sm isotopes. The cause of the difference is assumption of the initial number density and void ratio and overestimation of the capture cross section of $$^{237}$$Np. The C/E-1 values do not depend on the types of fuel rods (UO$$_{2}$$ or UO$$_{2}$$-Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$) and it is similar to that for the PWR fuel. These results indicate that SWAT4.0 appropriately analyzes the isotopic composition of the BWR fuel and it has sufficient accuracy to be adopted in the burnup credit evaluation of the fuel debris.

Oral presentation

Analysis of PIE data of BWR fuel using SWAT4

Kikuchi, Takeo; Tada, Kenichi; Suyama, Kenya

no journal, , 

To estimate the prediction accuracy of the integrated burn up analysis code system SWAT4, we compared the calculation results of SWAT4 and the PIE data of the BWR fuel which was measured by JAERI in 1990s. Comparison results are indicated that the C/E value of major heavy nuclei, e.g., U and Pu, is approximately 1.0. The calculation results are also indicated that some fission products, e.g., Sm, have the larger difference.

Oral presentation

Impact of the uncertainty of the PIE analysis on the criticality analysis

Tada, Kenichi; Suyama, Kenya

no journal, , 

To investigate the applicability of the burnup calculation code SWAT4.0, we calculated the post irradiation examination which is 8$$times$$8 BWR fuel assembly and loaded in Fukushima Daini Nuclear Power Plant unit 2. In this study, we investigate the impact of the difference of the number density of nuclide on the criticality analysis for the fuel debris. The calculation was carried out by the infinite pin-cell geometry and calculation results indicates that the impact of the difference of the number density of nuclide on the k-effective is less than 3%$$Delta$$k/k. Since we adopt the upper subcriticality limit of 0.95 in usual criticality safety evaluation, this result indicates that SWAT4.0 has adequate prediction accuracy of the isotopic composition to be adopted in the burnup credit analysis of the fuel debris from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.

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