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Journal Articles

A Proposal of secure non-destructive detection system of nuclear materials in heavily shielded objects and interior investigation system

Seya, Michio; Hajima, Ryoichi*; Kureta, Masatoshi

Proceedings of INMM 58th Annual Meeting (Internet), 10 Pages, 2017/07

Large size freight cargo containers are the most vulnerable items from nuclear security points of view because of their large volume and weight of cargo inside for hiding heavily shielded objects. For strengthening nuclear security, secure detection of NMs in heavily shielded objects, and safe handling (dismantlement) of detected (suspicious) objects, are essential. These require secure detection of NMs, inspection of detailed interior structures of detected objects, rough characterization of NMs (for nuclear bomb or RDD etc.) and confirmation of existence of explosives etc. By using information obtained by these inspections, safe dismantlement of objects is possible. In this paper, we propose a combination of X-ray scanning system with NRF-based NDD system using monochromatic $$gamma$$-ray beam for a secure detection and interior inspections. We also we propose active neutron NDA system using a DT source for interior inspection of NM part.

Journal Articles

Heating, current drive, and advanced plasma control in JFT-2M

Hoshino, Katsumichi; Yamamoto, Takumi; Tamai, Hiroshi; Oasa, Kazumi; Kawashima, Hisato; Miura, Yukitoshi; Ogawa, Toshihide; Shoji, Teruaki*; Shibata, Takatoshi; Kikuchi, Kazuo; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.139 - 167, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:81.1(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The main results obtained by the various heating and current drive systems, external coil system and divertor bias system are reviewed from the viewpoint of the advanced active control of the tokamak plasma. Also, the features of each system are described. The contribution of the JFT-2M in these areas are summarized.

Journal Articles

Study of SOL/divertor plasmas in JFT-2M

Kawashima, Hisato; Sengoku, Seio; Uehara, Kazuya; Tamai, Hiroshi; Shoji, Teruaki*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Shibata, Takatoshi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Kusama, Yoshinori; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.168 - 186, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:81.1(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experimental efforts on JFT-2M have been devoted to understand SOL/Divertor plasmas and to investigate power and particle controllability. Open divertor configuration was used for the first decade of JFT-2M started in 1984. We found out the SOL/Divertor plasma properties such as in/out asymmetry, heat and particle diffusivities, and SOL current at ELMs. Handling of power and particle was demonstrated by active control methods such as local pumping, edge ergodization, divertor biasing, and edge heating. For improvement of power and particle control capability of divertor, it was modified to closed configuration in 1995, which demonstrated the baffling effects with narrower divertor throat. Dense and cold divertor state (n$$_{e}$$$$^{div}$$ = 4$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ and T$$_{e}$$$$^{div}$$ = 4 eV), compatible with the improved confinement modes (e.g. H-mode), was realized by strong gas puffing. Being related with the core confinement at H-mode, the edge plasma fluctuations were identified by an electrostatic probe. These are reviewed in this paper.

Journal Articles

Recent RF experiments and application of RF waves to real-time control of safety factor profile in JT-60U

Suzuki, Takahiro; Isayama, Akihiko; Ide, Shunsuke; Fujita, Takaaki; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Sakata, Shinya; Sueoka, Michiharu; Hosoyama, Hiroki*; Seki, Masami; JT-60 Team

AIP Conference Proceedings 787, p.279 - 286, 2005/09

A real-time control system of safety factor (q) profile was developed in JT-60. This system, for the first time, enables 1) real time evaluation of q profile using local magnetic pitch angle measurement by motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostic and 2) control of current drive (CD) location (rhoCD) by adjusting the parallel refractive index $$N_{rm //}$$ of lower-hybrid (LH) waves through the change of phase difference (dphi) of LH waves between multi-junction launcher modules. The method for q profile evaluation was newly developed, without time-consuming reconstruction of equilibrium, so that the method requires less computational time. The system evaluates q profile within every 10ms, which is much faster than current relaxation time, typically order of 1s. Safety factor profile by the real-time calculation agreed well with that by equilibrium reconstruction with MSE. From temporal evolution of q (or current) profile, we evaluate CD location in real-time, too. The control system controls rhoCD through $$N_{rm //}$$ (or directly dphi) in such a way to minimize difference between the real-time evaluated q profile and its reference profile. The real-time control system was applied to positive shear plasmas ($$q(0)sim 1$$), having plasma current of 0.6MA, toroidal field of 2.3T, and electron density of $$0.5times 10^{19}{rm m}^{-3}$$. In order to keep good coupling of LH waves to the plasma, gap between the launcher and the plasma surface was controlled to about 0.1m. The reference q profile was set to q(0)=1.3. The real-time q profile approached to the reference after application of real-time control; the controlled q profile was sustained for 3s, which was limited by injected LH power. RF experiments in JT-60U, such as stabilization of neo-classical tearing modes, plasma startup experiments, etc., are also presented.

JAEA Reports

A Development of a database system for the released radioactive gases and liquid from the nuclear facilities

Kikuchi, Masamitsu; Taki, Mitsumasa; Kume, Etsuo; Kobayashi, Hideo*; Yamada, Toshio*; Yamaguchi, Takenori

JAERI-Data/Code 2004-006, 146 Pages, 2004/03

JAERI-Data-Code-2004-006.pdf:6.87MB

The nuclear facilities, which are required to control the released radioactive gases and liquid, exist in Tokai research establishment as much as 40. These radioactive controls are carried out complying with the statutes in each facility. The released radioactivity data of each facility must be reported to MEXT and Ibaraki Prefecture from Tokai Research Establishment. This system is developed to make the database gathering the radioactivity data of each facilities for unitary control as Tokai Research Establishment and contribute to make the reports to MEXT and Ibaraki Prefecture.

Journal Articles

Procedure for segregation of non-radioactive waste related to decommissioning nuclear facilities; Experiences on the Japan Power Demonstration Reactor dismantling

Tachibana, Mitsuo; Hatakeyama, Mutsuo; Yanagihara, Satoshi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 41(6), p.677 - 685, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of expert system for transport of radioactive materials

; *; ; ; Ikezawa, Yoshio

Proc. of the Int. Radiation Protection Association,Vol. II, p.1654 - 1657, 1993/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiation protection in decontamination work of hot cells in reactor fuel examination facility

Sato, Nobuyuki; ; Kobayashi, Makoto; Nakazawa, Takashi; ; ; Ikezawa, Yoshio

Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Radiation Effects and Protection, p.440 - 445, 1992/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Action in radiation protection to new national radiological regulations; Practice in radiation control

Matsui, Hiroshi; Ikezawa, Yoshio

Firumu Bajji Nyusu, 0(161), p.7 - 10, 1990/05

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

JAEA Reports

Modification of JRR-2

JAERI-M 7484, 25 Pages, 1978/01

JAERI-M-7484.pdf:1.15MB

no abstracts in English

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