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Journal Articles

Development of an ${it in-situ}$ continuous air monitor for the measurement of highly radioactive alpha-emitting particulates ($$alpha$$-aerosols) under high humidity environment

Tsubota, Yoichi; Honda, Fumiya; Tokonami, Shinji*; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Nakagawa, Takahiro; Ikeda, Atsushi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1030, p.166475_1 - 166475_7, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:40.11(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In the long-lasting decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F), the dismantling of nuclear fuel debris (NFD) remaining in the damaged reactors is an unavoidable but significant issue with many technical difficulties. The dismantling is presumed to involve mechanical cutting, generating significant concentrations of particulates containing $$alpha$$-radionuclides ($$alpha$$-aerosols) that pose significant health risk upon inhalation. In order to minimize the radiation exposure of workers with $$alpha$$-aerosols during the dismantling/decommissioning process at 1F, it is essential to monitor the concentration of $$alpha$$-aerosols at the point of initial generation, i.e. inside the primary containment vessels (PCV) of the damaged reactors. Toward this end, an ${it in situ}$ monitoring system for $$alpha$$-aerosols (${it in situ}$ alpha air monitor: IAAM) was developed and its technical performance was investigated under the conditions expected for the actual environments at 1F. IAAM was confirmed to fulfill four technical requirements: (1) steady operation under high humidity, (2) operation without using filters, (3) capability of measuring a high counting rate of $$alpha$$-radiation, and (4) selective measurement of $$alpha$$-radiation even under high radiation background with $$beta$$/$$gamma$$-rays. IAAM is capable of selectively measuring $$alpha$$-aerosols with a concentration of 3.3 $$times$$ 10$$^{2}$$ Bq/cm$$^{3}$$ or higher without saturation under a high humid environment (100%-relative humidity) and under high background with $$beta$$/$$gamma$$-radiation (up to 100 mSv/h of $$gamma$$-radiation). These results demonstrate promising potential of IAAM to be utilized as a reliable monitoring system for $$alpha$$-aerosols during the dismantling of NFD, as well as the whole long-lasting decommissioning of 1F.

Journal Articles

Integration of pool scrubbing research to enhance source-term calculations (IPRESCA) project

Gupta, S.*; Herranz, L. E.*; Lebel, L. S.*; Sonnenkalb, M.*; Pellegrini, M.*; Marchetto, C.*; Maruyama, Yu; Dehbi, A.*; Suckow, D.*; K$"a$rkel$"a$, T.*

Proceedings of 19th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-19) (Internet), 16 Pages, 2022/03

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional thermo-fluiddynamic analysis of gas flow in hot leg with fission product deposition

Maruyama, Yu; Igarashi, Minoru*; Nakamura, Naohiko; Hashimoto, Kazuichiro; Sugimoto, Jun

The 3rd JSME/ASME Joint Int. Conf. on Nuclear Engineering, Vol. 3, 0, p.1247 - 1251, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

An In-situ alpha air monitor for the retrieval of fuel debris at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Honda, Fumiya; Tsubota, Yoichi; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Tokonami, Shinji*; Ikeda, Atsushi; Nakagawa, Takahiro

no journal, , 

A large number of radioactive aerosols, especially alpha particles, are expected to be generated during the fuel debris retrieval on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. From the viewpoint of preventing contamination of the surrounding environment and the vicinity of the human-access area, it is important to measure the activity concentration of airborne radioactive substances inside the primary containment vessels (PCVs). In particular, it is necessary to monitor the concentration of particulates containing $$alpha$$-nuclides ($$alpha$$-aerosols), which have high effective dose coefficients upon inhalation. This presentation reports the development of an in-situ alpha air monitor (IAAM) for direct measurement of $$alpha$$-aerosols by combining a flat-type flow path (FFP), an air heater, a ZnS scintillator, and a multi anode photomultiplier tube. The monitor should operate under high humidity with the maximum counting rate of approx. 2.1$$times$$10$$^{7}$$ cpm. To achieve the two requirements, the monitor was designed to keep the air sufficiently dry without overheating the detector, and to reduce the detection of coarse particles. This study also conducted a basic performance test using the developed IAAM with a modified FFP. As a result, we could keep the humidity of the air less than 30%RH by heating the inlet of the FFP to 80 $$^{circ}$$C. In addition, by placing the FFP in a vertical position and installing a bend at the air intake port, coarse particles were reduced approx. 1/2-1/3. These achievements enable the monitor to measure $$alpha$$-aerosols more precisely in the viewpoint of internal exposure assessment.

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