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Journal Articles

Current status of the high intensity pulsed spallation neutron source at J-PARC

Takada, Hiroshi

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 13(Sp.1), p.2505013_1 - 2505013_8, 2018/03

The pulsed spallation neutron source of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has been supplying users with high intensity and sharp pulse cold neutrons using the moderators with following distinctive features; (1) 100% para-hydrogen for increasing pulse peak intensity with decreasing pulse tail, (2) cylindrical shape with 14 cm diam.$$times$$12 cm long for providing high intensity neutrons to wide neutron extraction angles of 50.8$$^{circ}$$, (3) neutron absorber made from Ag-In-Cd alloy to make pulse width narrower and pulse tails lower. Actually, it was measured at a low power operation that high neutron intensity of 4.5$$times$$10$$^{12}$$ n/cm$$^{2}$$/s/sr could be emitted from the coupled moderator surface for 1-MW operation, and a superior resolution of $$Delta$$d/d = 0.035% was achieved at a beamline (BL8) with a poisoned moderator, where d is the d-spacing of reflection. Towards the goal to achieve the target operation at 1-MW for 5000 h in a year, technical developments to mitigate cavitation damages on the target vessel with injecting gas micro-bubbles into mercury target and design improvement of target vessel structure to reducing welds and bolt connections as much as possible are under way.

Journal Articles

Implementation of a low-activation Au-In-Cd decoupler into the J-PARC 1 MW short pulsed spallation neutron source

Teshigawara, Makoto; Ikeda, Yujiro; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; Takada, Hiroshi; Kakishiro, Masanori*; Noguchi, Gaku*; Shimada, Tsubasa*; Seita, Kyoichi*; Murashima, Daisuke*; et al.

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 14, p.14 - 21, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We developed an Au-In-Cd (AuIC) decoupler material to reduce induced radioactivity instead of Ag-In-Cd one, which has a cut off energy of 1eV. In order to implement it into an actual moderator-reflector assembly, a number of critical engineering issues need to be resolved with regard to large-sized bonding between AuIC and A5083 alloys by the hot isostatic pressing process. We investigated this process in terms of the surface conditions, sizes, and heat capacities of large AuIC alloys. We also show a successful implementation of an AuIC decoupler into a reflector assembly, resulting in a remarkable reduction of radioactivity by AuIC compared to AIC without sacrificing neutronic performance.

Journal Articles

Development of aluminum (Al5083)-clad ternary Ag-In-Cd alloy for JSNS decoupled moderator

Teshigawara, Makoto; Harada, Masahide; Saito, Shigeru; Oikawa, Kenichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kato, Takashi; Ikeda, Yujiro; Naoe, Takashi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 356(1-3), p.300 - 307, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:54.42(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We adopted silver-indium-cadmium (Ag-In-Cd) alloy as a material of decoupler for decoupled moderator in JSNS. However, from the heat removal and corrosion protection points of view, the Ag-In-Cd alloy is needed to clad between Al alloys (Al5083). We attempted to obtain good bonding conditions for between Al5083 and ternary Ag-In-Cd alloys by HIPing tests. The good HIP condition was found for small test piece ($$Phi$$20mm). Though a hardened layer due to the formation of AlAg$$_{2}$$ was found in the bonding layer, the rupture strength of the bonding layer was more than 20 MPa, which was the calculated design stress. Bonding tests of a large size piece (200$$times$$200$$times$$30 mm$$^{3}$$), which simulated the real scale, were also performed according to the results of small size tests. The result also gave good bonding and enough required-mechanical-strength, however the rupture strength of the large size test was smaller than that of small one.

Oral presentation

Decoupler development at J-PARC neutron source facility

Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto

no journal, , 

J-PARC neutron source facility is 1MW pulsed spallation neutron source in Japan. There are three liquid hydrogen moderators, one is for high intensity, the others are for short pulse neutron beam. In order to make short pulsed neutron beam, neutron absorber called decoupler is attached around the moderators. Characteristics of the decoupler is described by the neutron cut-off energy (Ed). In J-PARC, Ed of 1eV is realized by the Ag-In-Cd decoupler at the 1MW spallation neutron source. Due to the radiation damage and burn-up of the decoupler material, we have to replace these moderator and reflector assembly in near future. For the second moderator and reflector assembly, we developed a Au-In-Cd alloy as a low activation material. Ed of Au-In-Cd alloy is 1eV. Activation of the Au-In-Cd is much lower than that of Ag alloy. We manufactured the Au-In-Cd alloy and processed the alloy by ourselves. Finally, it was installed into the moderator and reflector assembly.

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