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Journal Articles

Spectrum of radiation-induced clustered non-DSB damage; A Monte Carlo track structure modelling and calculations

Watanabe, Ritsuko; Rahmanian, S.*; Nikjoo, H.*

Radiation Research, 183(5), p.525 - 540, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:68 Percentile:94.92(Biology)

To calculate the spectrum of initial base damage induced by selected electrons and ions, Monte Carlo track structure method was used to simulate the radiation induced DNA damage in a cell mimetic condition based on a single track action. We present relative yield of strand breaks and base damage for selected monoenergetic electrons 100 eV - 100 keV, photons C$$_{K}$$, Al$$_{K}$$ and Ti$$_{K}$$; and some selected ions (3.2 MeV/u proton; 0.74 and 2.4 MeV/u $$^{4}$$He; 29 MeV/u $$^{14}$$N, and 950 MeV/u $$^{56}$$Fe). Data are presented for simple and complex types of DNA damage. The ratios of yields of base damage to SSBs were estimated to be about 2-4 independent on the LETs examined. The contribution of base damage to the complexity of damage site was shown to be significant. The data can be used for testing mechanistic models of DNA repair kinetics and in particular the base excision repair.

Journal Articles

Yields of strand breaks and base lesions induced by soft X-rays in plasmid DNA

Yokoya, Akinari; Fujii, Kentaro; Ushigome, Takeshi; Shikazono, Naoya; Urushibara, Ayumi; Watanabe, Ritsuko

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 122(1-4), p.86 - 88, 2006/12

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:60.62(Environmental Sciences)

We have studied yields of DNA damages induced by soft X-rays obtained from a conventional soft X-ray machine in a LET region between $$gamma$$-rays and ultrasoft X-rays. Practically soft X-rays with a broad energy spectrum emitted from a target of heavy metal, such as tungsten, have been widely used not only for radiobiological experiments but also for medical application such as mammography. Radiation weighting factors for these soft X-rays have been assigned to be 1 by ICRP. However, the fraction of a large number of low energy photons in the spectrum (below several tens keV) provided by bremsstrahlung is expected to be more effective for DNA damage induction than $$gamma$$-rays since low energy photo- and Auger electrons predominantly ejected in consequence of a photoelectric effect can produce dense clusters of ionization/excitation on DNA molecules. We have examined the yield of DNA strand breaks induced by white soft X-rays (150 kVp, tungsten target). Yields of base lesions revealed by base excision repair enzymes will be also presented.

Journal Articles

Production mechanism of DNA bases radical induced by inner-shell excitation

Yokoya, Akinari

Hoshako, 17(3), p.111 - 117, 2004/05

To reveal the mechanism of oxidative base damages, such as 8-oxo-G, in DNA molecule by ionizing radiation, DNA base radicals were examined around oxygen and nitrogen K-edge region using an EPR spectrometer installed in a synchrotron soft X-ray beamline (BL23SU) in SPring-8. In situ measurements of EPR spectrum of guanine base revealed that short-lived transient radical species are specifically induced by photoexcitation of a 1s electron to $$sigma$$* antibonding orbital at carbonyl oxygen atom. They promptly disappear by "beam-off". On the other hand, a long-lived radical whose EPR spectrum is consistent with previous reports for guanine cation radical was accumulated during the irradiation. The yield of the stable radical decreased by These results indicate that chemically stable DNA base lesions, such as 8-oxo-G, would result from transient species that are inferred to be one electron oxidized radicals after decay of Auger final state.

Journal Articles

Effects of hydration on the induction of strand breaks, base lesions, and clustered damage in DNA films by $$alpha$$-radiation

Yokoya, Akinari; Cunniffe, S. M. T.*; Stevens, D. L.*; O'Neill, P.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 107(3), p.832 - 837, 2003/01

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:56.71(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Tests of new polystyrene-based scintillators

*; *; *; *; *; Kojima, Takuji; *

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 311, p.498 - 504, 1992/00

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:81.33(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Data Compilation for Depth Distribution of Ion-Induced Damage and Ion-Implanted Atoms

*; *; Ozawa, K.

JAERI-M 84-092, 144 Pages, 1984/05


no abstracts in English

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