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Journal Articles

Measurement of H$$^{0}$$ particles generated by residual gas stripping in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex linac

Tamura, Jun; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Liu, Y.*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Morishita, Takatoshi; Nemoto, Yasuo*; Okabe, Kota; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1049, p.168033_1 - 168033_7, 2023/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac is a high-intensity accelerator in which beam loss is a critical issue. In the J-PARC linac, H$$^{-}$$ beams are accelerated to 191~MeV by a separated drift tube linac (SDTL) and subsequently to 400~MeV by an annular-ring coupled structure (ACS). Because there are more beam loss mechanisms in H$$^{-}$$ linacs than in proton linacs, it is imperative to investigate the beam loss circumstances for beam loss mitigation. Electron-stripping phenomena, which generate uncontrollable H$$^{0}$$ particles, are characteristic beam loss factors of H$$^{-}$$ linacs. To clarify the beam loss causes in the J-PARC linac, a new diagnostic line was installed in the beam transport between the SDTL and ACS. In this diagnostic line, H$$^{0}$$ particles were separated from the H$$^{-}$$ beam, and the intensity profiles of the H$$^{0}$$ particles were successfully measured by horizontally scanning a graphite plate in the range where H$$^{0}$$ particles were distributed. By examining the intensity variation of the H$$^{0}$$ particles with different residual pressure levels, we proved that half of the H$$^{0}$$ particles in the SDTL section are generated by the residual gas stripping in the nominal beam operation of the J-PARC linac.

Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1174 - 1205, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:85.55(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

R&D on Accelerator Driven Nuclear Transmutation System (ADS) at J-PARC, 5; Research and developments of a superconducting linac for ADS

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Takei, Hayanori; Yee-Rendon, B.; Tamura, Jun

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 98(5), p.222 - 226, 2022/05

A superconducting accelerating cavity is indispensable to realize a driver linac that meets the requirements of ADS. The low-energy section of the accelerators, which is normal conducting one, was redesigned to reflect the recent progress in the development of superconducting accelerator cavities. In addition, we are developing a prototype cavity for the spoke-type cavity that has not been developed well. This section reports on the latest research and development of ADS linacs at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency.

Journal Articles

Calibration of epithermal neutron beam intensity for dosimetry at JRR-4

Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Kumada, Hiroaki; Kishi, Toshiaki; Torii, Yoshiya; Sakurai, Yoshinori*; Kobayashi, Toru*

Proceedings of 11th World Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ISNCT-11) (CD-ROM), 15 Pages, 2004/10

To carry out the boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) using the epithermal neutron, the epithermal neutron beam intensity was measured by using $$^{197}$$Au reaction rate activated on the resonance absorption peak (4.9eV). Two scaling factors, which are the reactor power calibration factor and the calculation/experiment (C/E) scaling factor, are necessary in order to correct with the simulation and actual irradiation experiment. First, an optimum detector position was investigated using MCNP code. The result of MCNP calculation showed that the influence of subject placed at the collimator was below 1% when the detector was placed in the distance of over 20cm from the collimator. Therefore we installed the monitor holders near the bismuth block in order to set three gold wire monitors. The factors were determined in the calibration experiments that measure the thermal neutron flux in the phantom and reaction rate of the gold wire monitors. The monitoring technique to measure epithermal neutron beam intensity was applied to clinical irradiation with the epithermal neutron beam.

JAEA Reports

Design report on the 3-GeV proton beam transport facility (3NBT) of High Intensity Proton Accelerator facility (J-PARC)

Sakamoto, Shinichi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Konno, Chikara; Kai, Tetsuya; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Harada, Masahide; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Kaneko, Naokatsu*; Muto, Suguru*; Ono, Takehiro*; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2004-020, 332 Pages, 2004/03


One of the experimental facilities in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF), where high-intensity neutron beams and muon beams are used as powerful probes for materials science, life science and related engineering. The neutrons and muons are generated with high-intensity proton beam from 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS). The high-intensity proton beam has to be effectively transported, and a neutron production target and a muon production target have to be also properly irradiated. The principal design of the 3-GeV proton beam transport facility (3NBT) is systematized.

Journal Articles

Target station design of 1 MW spallation neutron source at the high intensity proton accelerator facilities J-PARC

Takada, Hiroshi; Maekawa, Fujio; Honmura, Shiro*; Yoshida, Katsuhiko*; Teraoku, Takuji*; Meigo, Shinichiro; Sakai, Akio*; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Kanechika, Shuji*; Otake, Hidenori*; et al.

Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 3, p.1115 - 1125, 2003/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The JAERI-KEK joint project for the high-intensity proton accelerator, J-PARC

Yamazaki, Yoshishige

Proceedings of 2003 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC 2003) (CD-ROM), p.576 - 580, 2003/00

The JAERI-KEK Joint Project for the High Intensity Proton Accelerator, now referred to as the J-PARC Project (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex), comprises a 400-MeV linac, a 3-GeV, 25-Hz Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), and a 50-GeV Main Synchrotron (MR). In contrast to the SNS or the ESS, the J-PARC makes use of the RCS in order to produce MW-class pulsed spallation neutrons rather than a combination of the full-energy linac and the compressor ring.

Journal Articles

Longitudinal beam dynamincs on 3 GeV PS in JAERI-KEK joint project

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tamura, Fumihiko; Ezura, Eiji*; Hashimoto, Yoshinori*; Mori, Yoshiharu*; Omori, Chihiro*; Schnase, A.*; Takagi, Akira*; Uesugi, Tomonori*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 8th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC 2002), p.1073 - 1075, 2002/00

Longitudinal beam emittance should be controlled to alleviate space charge effects by rf manipulations at 3 GeV proton synchrotrons in JAERI-KEK Joint High Intensity Proton Accelerator Project. At injection, bunching factor of 0.4 will be achived by controlled longitudinal beam painting and multiplying 2nd higher harmonics. Furthermore, heavy beam loading is a severe problem, and it should be compensated by feedforward method for stable acceleration. About these themes, the scenario will be described with particle tracking simulations.

JAEA Reports

Measurement of profile and intensity of proton beam by an integrated current transformer and a segmented parallel-plate ion chamber for the AGS-Spallation Target Experiment (ASTE)

Meigo, Shinichiro; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Takada, Hiroshi; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Ino, Takashi*; Maekawa, Fujio; Hastings, J.*; Watanabe, Noboru; Oyama, Yukio; Ikeda, Yujiro

JAERI-Data/Code 2001-014, 23 Pages, 2001/03


no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Design of a high brightness ion source for the Basic Technology Accelerator(BTA)

Okumura, Yoshikazu; Watanabe, Kazuhiro

JAERI-M 92-024, 23 Pages, 1992/03


no abstracts in English

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