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Journal Articles

The Integral experiment on beryllium with D-T neutrons for verification of tritium breeding

Verzilov, Y. M.; Sato, Satoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Wada, Masayuki*; Klix, A.*; Nishitani, Takeo

Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(1), p.1 - 9, 2007/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:53.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Feasibility study on the blanket tritium recovery system using the palladium membrane diffuser

Kawamura, Yoshinori; Enoeda, Mikio; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Nishi, Masataka

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(1-7), p.809 - 814, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:71.07(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Tritium bred in the solid breeder blanket of a fusion reactor is extracted by passing of a helium sweep gas. Tritium is separated from sweep gas at the blanket tritium recovery system. Palladium membrane diffuser is one of the applicable processes for the blanket tritium recovery system. It is usually applied for hydrogen purification system such as TEP in ITER. However, it has been reported that the rate controlling step changes at lower hydrogen pressure such as the blanket sweep gas condition, and discussion about application for the blanket sweep gas condition is not enough. Recently, conceptual design of the demonstration reactor, named "DEMO2001", has been proposed from JAERI. In this report, the application of the Pd diffuser for the blanket sweep gas condition is discussed based on the condition of DEMO 2001.

Journal Articles

Neutronics design of the low aspect ratio tokamak reactor, VECTOR

Nishitani, Takeo; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Nishio, Satoshi; Wada, Masayuki*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1245 - 1249, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:68.77(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Overview of design and R&D of test blankets in Japan

Enoeda, Mikio; Akiba, Masato; Tanaka, Satoru*; Shimizu, Akihiko*; Hasegawa, Akira*; Konishi, Satoshi*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Koyama, Akira*; Sagara, Akio*; Muroga, Takeo*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(1-7), p.415 - 424, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:60 Percentile:97.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Blanket-plasma interaction in tokamaks; Implication from JT-60U, JFT-2M and reactor studies

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Nishio, Satoshi; Kurita, Genichi; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Bakhtiari, M.*; Kawashima, Hisato; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Kusama, Yoshinori; Tobita, Kenji

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1589 - 1598, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.55(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Blanket-plasma interaction is important for plasma performance enhancement and reliability of first-wall/ blanket. Typical examples are harminization of wall stabilization and reduction of EM force during current quench, error field effect by ferritic steel, neutral-wall interaction under wall saturation, etc. JAERI reactor studies, JT-60U and JFT-2M results on this topics will be described.

Journal Articles

Neutron shielding and blanket neutronics study on low aspect ratio tokamak reactor

Yamauchi, Michinori*; Nishitani, Takeo; Nishio, Satoshi

Denki Gakkai Rombunshi, A, 125(11), p.943 - 946, 2005/11

Considering the geometrical characteristics of tokamak reactors with low aspect ratio, a basic neutronics strategy was derived to construct the inboard structure mainly for neutron shielding and produce enough tritium in the outboard blanket. The designs for optimal inboard shield were surveyed and necessary thickness was estimated to make the neutron flux low enough on the super-conducting magnet. In addition, the outer blanket designs were studied to attain the tritium breeding ratio (TBR) large enough for a self-sustaining fusion reactor on the basis of the advanced fusion reactor materials.

Journal Articles

The HFR Petten high dose irradiation programme of beryllium for blanket application

Hegeman, J. B. J.*; Van der Laan, J. G.*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; M$"o$slang, A.*; Kupriyanov, I.*; Uchida, Munenori*; Hayashi, Kimio

Fusion Engineering and Design, 75-79, p.769 - 773, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:83.1(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

International benchmark activity of tritium measurement of blanket neutronics

Ochiai, Kentaro; Verzilov, Y. M.; Nishitani, Takeo; Batistoni, P.*; Seidel, K.*

Fusion Science and Technology, 48(1), p.378 - 381, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:47.08(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To evaluate the measurement accuracy of the tritium production from $$^{6}$$LiLi(n,t)$$^{4}$$He reactions, an international benchmark program was initiated again under the frame work of an IEA fusion neutronics subtask from 2003. JAERI, ENEA and Technical University of Dresden (TUD) are participating in the activity. This program consists of the calibration of the tritium measurement systems and the verification of the measurement accuracies of the tritium production from $$^{7}$$Li(n,nt)$$^{4}$$He and $$^{6}$$LiLi(n,t)$$^{4}$$He reactions. We have completed the calibration of the measurement system with tritium standard water (HTO) and blind HTO samples. From the results, the scattering of the calibration was within 1.5 %.

Journal Articles

Methods for tritium production rate measurement in design-oriented blanket experiments

Verzilov, Y. M.; Ochiai, Kentaro; Nishitani, Takeo

Fusion Science and Technology, 48(1), p.650 - 653, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:47.08(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Tritium recovery from solid breeder blanket by water vapor addition to helium sweep gas

Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Nishi, Masataka

Fusion Science and Technology, 48(1), p.654 - 657, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:25.79(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Adding some amount of hydrogen to the helium sweep gas is effective for tritium extraction from blanket, but it causes permeation of tritium to a cooling system. In the design study of a demonstration reactor in JAERI, tritium leakage has been estimated to be about 20% of bred tritium under typical sweep gas conditions. If these tritiums are recovered under the ITER-WDS condition, tritium leakage limitation has to be less than 0.3% of typical case. Water vapor addition to the sweep gas is effective not only for blanket tritium extraction but also for permeation prevention. The reaction rate of isotope exchange is larger than the case of H$$_2$$, and the equilibrium constant is also expected to be about 1.0. When the H/T ratio is 100, tritium inventory of breeder material is larger than the case of H$$_2$$ addition. However it is not so large. In case of H$$_2$$O sweep, separation of tritiated water from helium seems to be easyer, but the process that changes HTO to HT is necessary.

JAEA Reports

An Irradiation experiment for qualification of insulating coating

Nakamichi, Masaru*; Kawamura, Hiroshi

JAERI-Research 2005-015, 35 Pages, 2005/06

JAERI-Research-2005-015.pdf:6.48MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of solid breeder blanket at JAERI

Enoeda, Mikio; Hatano, Toshihisa; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Ochiai, Kentaro; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Hayashi, Kimio; Nishitani, Takeo; Nishi, Masataka; Akiba, Masato

Fusion Science and Technology, 47(4), p.1060 - 1067, 2005/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:37.38(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has been assigned as a leading institute for developing the solid breeder blanket in the long-term research program of fusion blankets in Japan, which was approved by the Fusion Council of Japan in 1999. In accordance with the long term research program, element technology development of solid blanket has been performed at JAERI and showed significant progress. Based on the achievement of the element technology development, the development phase is now stepping further to the engineering development phase. This paper presents the major achievements of the element technology development of solid breeder blanket in JAERI.

Journal Articles

Plan and strategy for ITER blanket testing in Japan

Enoeda, Mikio; Akiba, Masato; Tanaka, Satoru*; Shimizu, Akihiko*; Hasegawa, Akira*; Konishi, Satoshi*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Koyama, Akira*; Sagara, Akio*; Muroga, Takeo*

Fusion Science and Technology, 47(4), p.1023 - 1030, 2005/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.08(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Fusion Council of Japan has established the long-term research and development program of the blanket in 1999. In the program, the solid breeder blanket was selected as the primary candidate blanket of the fusion power demonstration plant in Japan. In the program, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has been nominated as a leading institute of the development of solid breeder blankets, in collaboration with universities, for the near term power demonstration plant, while, universities including National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS) are assigned mainly to develop advanced blankets for longer term power plant development. In the long term research and development program, ITER blanket module testing is identified as the most important milestone, by which integrity of candidate blanket concepts and structures are evaluated. In Japan, universities, NIFS and JAERI cover a variety of types of blanket development. This paper presents a plan and strategy for ITER blanket module testing in Japan.

JAEA Reports

Research and development plan of fusion technologies in JAERI toward DEMO reactors

Department of Fusion Engineering Research

JAERI-Review 2005-011, 139 Pages, 2005/03

JAERI-Review-2005-011.pdf:11.95MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Integral experiments for verification of tritium production on the beryllium/lithium titanate blanket mock-up with a one-breeder layer

Verzilov, Y. M.; Sato, Satoshi; Nakao, Makoto*; Ochiai, Kentaro; Wada, Masayuki*; Nishitani, Takeo

JAERI-Research 2004-015, 55 Pages, 2004/10

JAERI-Research-2004-015.pdf:3.29MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of fabrication technology of ITER shielding blanket

Enoeda, Mikio

Koon Gakkai-Shi, 30(5), p.256 - 262, 2004/09

Fabrication technologies for ITER in-vessel components, especially the shielding blanket with the separable first wall panel has been developed. Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) has been applied to the bonding of Cu-alloy/stainless steel and beryllium/Cu-alloy. First wall mock-ups fabricated by using HIP were tested under high heat fluxes and showed sufficient heat removal and thermal fatigue performance. Water jet and electrical discharge machining have been applied to manufacture slots into the first wall panel and the shield block. With these technologies, a first wall panel prototype and a shielding block 1/2 mock-up were successfully fabricated.

Journal Articles

Radioactivity of the vanadium-alloy induced by D-T neutron irradiation

Sato, Satoshi; Tanaka, Teruya*; Hori, Junichi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Nishitani, Takeo; Muroga, Takeo*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 329-333(Part2), p.1648 - 1652, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.98(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Non-destructive analysis of impurities in beryllium, affecting evaluation of the tritium breeding ratio

Verzilov, Y. M.; Ochiai, Kentaro; Klix, A.; Sato, Satoshi; Wada, Masayuki*; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Nishitani, Takeo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 329-333(Part2), p.1337 - 1341, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:30.82(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Activity report of the Fusion Neutronics Source from April 1, 2001 to March 31, 2004

Fusion Neutron Laboratory

JAERI-Review 2004-017, 163 Pages, 2004/07

JAERI-Review-2004-017.pdf:25.47MB

no abstracts in English

185 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)