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Journal Articles

Toward mechanistic evaluation of critical heat flux in nuclear reactors, 2; Recent studies and future challenges toward mechanistic and reliable CHF evaluation

Okawa, Tomio*; Mori, Shoji*; Liu, W.*; Ose, Yasuo*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Ono, Ayako

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(12), p.820 - 824, 2021/12

The evaluation method of the critical heat flux based on the mechanism is needed for the efficient design and development of fuel in reactors and the appropriate safety evaluation. In this paper, the current researches relating to the mechanism of the critical heat flux are reviewed, and the issue to be considered in the future are discussed.

Journal Articles

Heat conduction analyses on rewetting front propagation during transients beyond anticipated operational occurrences for BWRs

Yonomoto, Taisuke; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Satou, Akira; Okagaki, Yuria

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(9), p.1342 - 1352, 2016/09


 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.38(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Our previous study investigated the rewetting behavior of dryout fuel surface during transients beyond anticipated operational occurrences (AOOs) for BWRs, which indicated the rewetting velocity was significantly affected by the precursory cooling defined as cooling immediately before rewetting. The present study further investigated the previous experiments by conducting additional experimental and numerical heat conduction analyses to characterize the precursory cooling. For the characterization, the precursory cooling was firstly defined quantitatively based on evaluated heat transfer rates; the rewetting velocity was investigated as a function of the cladding temperature immediately before the onset of the precursory cooling. The results indicated that the propagation velocity appeared to be limited by the maximum heat transfer rate near the rewetting front. This limitation was consistent with results of the heat conduction analysis.

Journal Articles

Critical power prediction for tight lattice rod bundles

Liu, W.; Onuki, Akira; Tamai, Hidesada; Akimoto, Hajime

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2005/10

In this research, the newest version of critical power correlation for tight-lattice rod bundles is proposed by using 7-rod and 37-rod bundle data derived in Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI). For comparatively high mass velocity region, the correlation is written in local critical heat flux - critical quality type. For low mass velocity region, it is written in critical quality - annular flow length type. The correlation is verified by JAERI data and Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory data. It is confirmed the correlation is able to give good prediction for the effects of mass velocity, inlet temperature, pressure and heated equivalent diameter on critical power. The correlation is further implemented into TRAC code to analyze flow decrease and power increase transients. It is confirmed transient BT can be predicted within the accuracy of the implemented critical power correlation.

JAEA Reports

Rod displacement measurements by X-ray CT and its impact on thermal-hydraulics in tight-lattice rod bundle (Joint research)

Mitsutake, Toru*; Katsuyama, Kozo*; Misawa, Takeharu; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi*; Kureta, Masatoshi*; Matsumoto, Shinichiro*; Akimoto, Hajime

JAERI-Tech 2005-034, 55 Pages, 2005/06


In tight-lattice bundles with about 1mm gap between rods, a rod displacement might affect thermal-hydraulic characteristics. The inside-structure observation of the simulated seven-rod bundle of RMWR was made with the high-energy X-ray CT of JNC. The CT view assured that the rod position was almost the same as expected by design. In the heat transfer experiments, all thermocouples on the center rod showed almost simultaneous BT-induced temperature increase and on the same axial heights showed quite similar time-variation behaviors in the vapor cooling heat transfer regime. It showed that the effect of the geometrical asymmetry was small on the BT characteristics. The calculated critical power by subchannel analysis with the input of the CT measured rod position was smaller by about 5% than that with the designed rod position. It concluded that the error in the calculated critical power was attributable not to the asymmetry in the rod position, but to the models in the subchannel analysis code.

Journal Articles

Critical power correlation for tight-lattice rod bundles

Liu, W.; Kureta, Masatoshi; Onuki, Akira; Akimoto, Hajime

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(1), p.40 - 49, 2005/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:45(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In this research, critical power correlation for tight-lattice rod bundles is newly proposed using 7-rod axially uniform-heated data, 7-rod and 37-rod axially double-humped-heated data at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI). For low mass velocity region ($$<$$ 300 kg/m$$^{2}$$s), the correlation is written in critical quality - annular flow length type. For high mass velocity region ($$>$$ 300 kg/m$$^{2}$$s), it is written in local critical heat flux - critical quality type. The standard deviation of ECPR (Experimental Critical Power Ratio) to the whole JAERI data (694 data points) is 6%. The correlation is verified by Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory data (177 points, standard deviation: 7.7%). The correlation is confirmed being able to give good prediction for the effects of mass velocity, inlet temperature, pressure and heated equivalent diameter on critical power. The applicable range of the correlation is: gap between rods from 1.0 to 2.29 mm, heated length from 1.26 to 1.8 m, mass velocity from 150 to 2000 kg/m$$^{2}$$s and pressure from 2 to 11 MPa.

Journal Articles

Master plan and current status for feasibility study on thermal-hydraulic performance of reduced-moderation water reactors

Onuki, Akira; Takase, Kazuyuki; Kureta, Masatoshi*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Tamai, Hidesada; Liu, W.; Akimoto, Hajime

Proceedings of Japan-US Seminar on Two-Phase Flow Dynamics, p.317 - 325, 2004/12

We start R&D project to develop the predictable technology for thermal-hydraulic performance of Reduced-Moderation Water Reactor (RMWR) in collaboration with Power Company/reactor vendor/university since 2002. The RMWR can attain the favorable characteristics such as effective utilization of uranium resources, multiple recycling of plutonium, high burn-up and long operation cycle, based on matured BWR technologies. MOX fuel assemblies with tight lattice arrangement are used to increase the conversion ratio by reducing the moderation of neutron energy. Increasing the in-core void fraction also contributes to the reduction of neutron moderation. The confirmation of thermal-hydraulic feasibility is one of the most important R&D items for the RMWR because of the tight lattice configuration. In this paper, we will show the R&D plan and describe the current status on experimental and analytical studies. We will confirm the thermal-hydraulic performance in the tight-lattice bundles by this project and develop a predictable technology for the RMWR in future.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on cooling limit under flow instability in boiling flow channel

Iguchi, Tadashi; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Asaka, Hideaki; Nakamura, Hideo

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-11) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2003/04

Authors investigated the cooling limit under flow instability, by conducting THYNC experiments using a 2$$times$$2 bundle test section of electrical rod heaters、whose heated lengths and diameters were 3.71m and 12.3mm. The experimental result indicated periodic rise and rapid drop of the rod temperature under flow oscillation, indicating periodic film boiling. When the heating power increased further, the rod temperature indicated continuous film boiling. The power at the onset of continuous film boiling (cooling limit) under flow oscillation was about 50%-80% of the cooling limit under steady flow condition in THYNC. The ratio of both cooling limits almost agreed with the Umekawa model prediction in cases of P$$<$$2MPa and G$$<$$400kg/m2s. For high pressure and high mass flux conditions, the ratio almost agreed with the empirical model based on the heat balance during one cycle of flow oscillation. TRAC-BF1 code simulated periodic film boiling qualitatively, but the cooling limit under the flow oscillation was not predicted well probably due to inaccurate rewetting prediction.

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