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Journal Articles

Release behaviors of elements from an Ag-In-Cd control rod alloy at temperatures up to 1673 K

Nagase, Fumihisa; Otomo, Takashi; Uetsuka, Hiroshi*

Nuclear Technology, 208(3), p.484 - 493, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An Ag-In-Cd control rod alloy was heated in argon or oxygen at 1073-1673 K for 60-3600 s and the release behavior of the elements was examined. Complete liquefaction of the alloy occurred between 1123 and 1173 K, and elemental release was quite limited below the liquefaction temperature. In argon, almost all of the Cd content was released within 3600 s at $$>$$ 1173 K and within 60 s at $$>$$ 1573 K, while the released fractions of Ag and In were $$<$$ 3% and $$<$$ 8%, respectively. In oxygen, the release of Cd, which was quite small at temperatures up to 1573 K, drastically increased to $$sim$$ 30-50% at 1673 K for short periods. Releases of Ag and In were also small in oxygen under the examined conditions. Comparison with the experimental data suggests that conventional empirical release models may underestimate the Cd release at lower temperatures just after control rod failure in severe accidents.

Journal Articles

Implementation of a low-activation Au-In-Cd decoupler into the J-PARC 1 MW short pulsed spallation neutron source

Teshigawara, Makoto; Ikeda, Yujiro; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; Takada, Hiroshi; Kakishiro, Masanori*; Noguchi, Gaku*; Shimada, Tsubasa*; Seita, Kyoichi*; Murashima, Daisuke*; et al.

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 14, p.14 - 21, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We developed an Au-In-Cd (AuIC) decoupler material to reduce induced radioactivity instead of Ag-In-Cd one, which has a cut off energy of 1eV. In order to implement it into an actual moderator-reflector assembly, a number of critical engineering issues need to be resolved with regard to large-sized bonding between AuIC and A5083 alloys by the hot isostatic pressing process. We investigated this process in terms of the surface conditions, sizes, and heat capacities of large AuIC alloys. We also show a successful implementation of an AuIC decoupler into a reflector assembly, resulting in a remarkable reduction of radioactivity by AuIC compared to AIC without sacrificing neutronic performance.

Journal Articles

Vaporization behaviour of Pu-Cd intermetallic compounds

Nakajima, Kunihisa; Nakazono, Yoshihisa; Arai, Yasuo

Recent Advances in Actinide Science, p.448 - 450, 2006/06

A pyrochemical process for the metallurgical treatment of the spent nuclear fuels contains the Cd-distillation step, where Pu is recovered as a residue. For understanding this Cd-ditillation behavior the samples of PuCd$$_{2}$$+PuCd$$_{4}$$ and PuCd$$_{4}$$+PuCd$$_{6}$$ were prepared and Knudsen-cell mass-spectrometric measurements were carried out to determine the vapour pressures of Cd(g) over these samples. Further,the thermodynamic quantities of PuCd$$_{2}$$ and PuCd$$_{4}$$ were evaluated from these vapour pressures.

Journal Articles

Distillation of cadmium from uranium-plutonium-cadmium alloy

Kato, Tetsuya*; Iizuka, Masatoshi*; Inoue, Tadashi*; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 340(2-3), p.259 - 265, 2005/04

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:82.13(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Electrode reaction of the Np$$^{3+}$$/Np couple at liquid Cd and Bi electrodes in LiCl-KCl eutectic melts

Shirai, Osamu; Uozumi, Koichi*; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 34(3), p.323 - 330, 2004/03

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:52.18(Electrochemistry)

The electrode reactions of the Np$$^{3+}$$/Np couple at liquid Cd and Bi electrodes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry at 723, 773 and 823 K in LiCl-KCl eutectic melt. It was found that the diffusion of Np$$^{3+}$$ in the salt phase was a rate-determining step in the cathodic reaction when the concentration of NpCl$$_{3}$$ was less than about 1 wt.% and the liquid Cd or Bi phase was not saturated with Np. The redox potentials of the Np$$^{3+}$$/Np couple at liquid Cd electrode at 723, 773 and 823 K were observed more positively than those at Mo electrode by 0.158, 0.140 and 0.126 V, respectively. The potential shift would result from a lowering of activity of Np in Cd phase according to the alloy formation of NpCd$$_{11}$$ at 723 K and NpCd$$_{6}$$ at 773 and 823 K. The redox potentials of the Np$$^{3+}$$/Np couple at liquid Bi electrode at 723, 773 and 823 K were more positive than those at Mo electrode by 0.427, 0.419 and 0.410 V, respectively, which would be attributable to a lowering of activity of Np in Bi phase according to the formation of NpBi$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Recovery of plutonium and uranium into liquid cadmium cathodes at high current densities

Kato, Tetsuya*; Uozumi, Koichi*; Inoue, Tadashi*; Shirai, Osamu*; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

Proceedings of GLOBAL2003 Atoms for Prosperity; Updating Eisenhower's Global Vision for Nuclear Energy (CD-ROM), p.1591 - 1595, 2003/11

Electrolysis experiments were carried to recover plutonium and uranium into liquid cadmium cathodes from molten salt at high cathode current densities. In the electrolysis at 101mA/cm$$^{2}$$, 10.4wt.% of heavy metals in the cathode was recovered at almost 100% of current efficiency. In the electrolysis at 156mA/cm$$^{2}$$, the cathode potential ascended after approximately 8wt.% of heavy metals was recovered and some deposit was observed outside of the crucible.

Journal Articles

Uptake of cadmium by synthetic mica and apatite; Observation by micro-PIXE

Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko; Komarneni, S.*; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Sakai, Takuro; Oikawa, Masakazu*; Sato, Takahiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 210, p.513 - 518, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:47.94(Instruments & Instrumentation)

This study examined removal of cadmium from solution by two materials with high sorptivity for cadmium: a synthetic mica named Na-4 mica and an apatite. At an initial Cd concentration of 1$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$M and a starting pH of 3, the distribution coefficient of Na-4 mica for Cd (8.4$$times$$10$$^{5}$$ml/g) was one order of mgnitude of higher than that of apatite (8.2$$times$$10$$^{4}$$ml/g). On the other thand, micro-PIXE anaysis for a mixture of equal mass of Na-4 mica and apatite contacted with Cd solution under the same conditions revealed that Cd was selectively taken up by the apatite in the mixture, while Cd was not detected on the Na-4 mica in the mixture. This result by micro-PIXE analysis is not what is expected from the above distribution coefficient values of Na-4 mica and apatite. This result can be explained by irreversibility of the uptake and the difference in kinetics of the uptake by the Na-4 mica and apatite.

Journal Articles

Electrode reaction of the U$$^{3+}$$/U couple at liquid Cd and Bi electrodes in LiCl-KCl eutectic melts

Shirai, Osamu; Uozumi, Koichi*; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

Analytical Sciences (CD-ROM), 17(Suppl.), p.959 - 962, 2002/03

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Calculation of neutron flux characteristics of dalat reactor using MCNP4A code

T.V.Hung*; Sakamoto, Yukio; Yasuda, Hideshi

JAERI-Research 98-057, 25 Pages, 1998/10

JAERI-Research-98-057.pdf:1.04MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

JAEA Reports

JAEA Reports

Journal Articles

Thermal Neutron Spectra in Light Water Poisoned with Cadmium and/or Indium

; ; ;

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 9(10), p.574 - 583, 1972/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron-resonance parameters of cadmium and antimony

; ; ; Asami, Akira*

Second Conf.On Neutron Cross Section and Technology, II, p.789 - 794, 1968/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurements of deviation from 1/E distribution in epi-cadmium neutron spectrum

; *

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 1(1), p.1 - 6, 1964/00

no abstracts in English

15 (Records 1-15 displayed on this page)
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