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Journal Articles

Diffusion and adsorption of uranyl ion in clays; Molecular dynamics study

Arima, Tatsumi*; Idemitsu, Kazuya*; Inagaki, Yaohiro*; Kawamura, Katsuyuki*; Tachi, Yukio; Yotsuji, Kenji

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 92, p.286 - 297, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:61.4(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Diffusion and adsorption behavior of uranyl (UO$$_2^{2+}$$) species is important for the performance assessment of radioactive waste disposal. The diffusion behaviors of UO$$_2^{2+}$$, K$$^{+}$$, CO$$_3^{2-}$$ and Cl$$^{-}$$ and H$$_{2}$$O in the aqueous solutions were evaluated by molecular dynamics (MD) calculations. The diffusion coefficient (De) of UO$$_2^{2+}$$ is the smallest and is 26% less than the self-diffusion coefficient of H$$_{2}$$O. For the aqueous solution with high concentration of carbonate ions, uranyl carbonate complexes: UO$$_{2}$$CO$$_{3}$$ and UO$$_{2}$$(CO$$_{3}$$)$$^{2-}$$ can be observed. For the clay (montmorillonite or illite)-aqueous solution systems, the adsorption and diffusion behaviors of UO$$_2^{2+}$$ and K$$^{+}$$ were evaluated by MD calculations. The distribution coefficients (Kd) increase with the layer charge of clay, and Kd of UO$$_2^{2+}$$ might be smaller than that of K$$^{+}$$. Further, their two-dimensional diffusion coefficients were relatively small in the adsorption layer and were extremely small for illite with higher layer charge.

Journal Articles

Study of corrosion rate of carbon steel in diluted artificial seawater under simulated irradiation condition

Komatsu, Atsushi; Tsukada, Takashi; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Yamamoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2015/05

Effect of oxygen and hydrogen peroxide on corrosion rate of carbon steel in diluted artificial seawater was investigated by electrochemical methods. Diffusion coefficient and thickness of diffusion layer for oxygen and hydrogen peroxide were measured to estimate the diffusion limiting current density. Corrosion tests of carbon steel were also conducted in diluted artificial seawater containing oxygen and/or hydrogen peroxide at 323K. The diffusion coefficient of hydrogen peroxide was about 0.8 times lower than that of oxygen, and the thickness of diffusion layer was almost equivalent between oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. Diffusion limiting current density of hydrogen peroxide was estimated to be 0.4 times lower than that of oxygen in the same concentration at 323K. Plot of corrosion rate with the addition of concentration of oxygen and 0.4 times concentration of hydrogen peroxide showed good correlation.

Journal Articles

Annealing of electron irradiated, thick, ultrapure 4H SiC between 1100$$^{circ}$$C and 1500$$^{circ}$$C and measurements of lifetime and photoluminescence

Klahold, W. M.*; Devaty, R. P.*; Choyke, W. J.*; Kawahara, Kotaro*; Kimoto, Tsunenobu*; Oshima, Takeshi

Materials Science Forum, 778-780, p.273 - 276, 2014/02

Journal Articles

Diffusion coefficients of fission products in the UO$$_{2}$$ kernel and pyrocarbon layer of BISO-coated fuel particles at extremely high temperatures

Hayashi, Kimio; Fukuda, Kosaku

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 174, p.35 - 44, 1990/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

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