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Journal Articles

In situ diffraction characterization on microstructure evolution in austenitic stainless steel during cyclic plastic deformation and its relation to the mechanical response

Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Akita, Koichi*; Kuroda, Masatoshi*; Harjo, S.

Materials Science & Engineering A, 820, p.141582_1 - 141582_9, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Great achievements of M. Salvatores for nuclear data adjustment study with use of integral experiments

Yokoyama, Kenji; Ishikawa, Makoto*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 154, p.108100_1 - 108100_11, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the design of innovative nuclear reactors such as fast reactors, the improvement of the prediction accuracies for neutronics properties is an important task. The nuclear data adjustment is a promising methodology for this issue. The idea of the nuclear data adjustment was first proposed in 1964. Toward its practical application, however, a great deal of study has been conducted over a long time. While it took about 10 years to establish the theoretical formulation, the research and development for its practical application has been conducted for more than half a century. Researches in this field are still active, and the fact suggests that the improvement of the prediction accuracies is indispensable for the development of new types of nuclear reactors. Massimo Salvatores, who passed away in March 2020, was one of the first proposers to develop the nuclear data adjustment technique, as well as one of the great contributors to its practical application. Reviewing his long-time works in this area is almost the same as reviewing the history of the nuclear data adjustment methodology. The authors intend that this review would suggest what should be done in the future toward the next development in this area. The present review consists of two parts: a) the establishment of the nuclear data adjustment methodology and b) the achievements related to practical applications. Furthermore, the former is divided into two aspects: the study on the nuclear data adjustment theory and the numerical solution for sensitivity coefficient that is requisite for the nuclear data adjustment. The latter is separated to three categories: the use of integral experimental data, the uncertainty quantification and design target accuracy evaluation, and the promotion of nuclear data covariance development.

Journal Articles

Synthesis of a Si-Al gel as a starting material of aluminosilicate solids

Sato, Junya; Shiota, Kenji*; Takaoka, Masaki*

Zairyo, 70(5), p.406 - 411, 2021/05

An aluminosilicate solid is an inorganic material that has the property of immobilizing heavy metals or radionuclides in the matrix. In this study, aluminosilicates with a Si/Al molar ratio of 0.5 was synthesized from a chemical reagent in order to produce aluminosilicate solids with a low Si/Al molar ratio, which were expected to improve the immobilization of heavy metals and radionuclides contained in the matrix. The synthesized Si-Al gel with a Si/Al molar ratio of 0.5 had little impurity content and was in an amorphous phase. In addition, the compressive strength of the aluminosilicate solid produced by the synthesized Si-Al gel showed a 5 MPa or more, confirming that it can be used as a raw material for aluminosilicate solids. The aluminosilicate solid with a Si/Al molar ratio of 1.25 had a dense surface structure from the result of BSE images and had the highest compressive strength among all samples.

Journal Articles

Effect of interlayer cations on montmorillonite swelling; Comparison between molecular dynamic simulations and experiments

Yotsuji, Kenji*; Tachi, Yukio; Sakuma, Hiroshi*; Kawamura, Katsuyuki*

Applied Clay Science, 204, p.106034_1 - 106034_13, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:97.52(Chemistry, Physical)

JAEA Reports

Development of stable solidification technique of ALPS sediment wastes by apatite ceramics (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Tokyo Institute of Technology*

JAEA-Review 2020-060, 116 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Review-2020-060.pdf:16.98MB

JAEA/CLADS had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project in FY2019. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of Stable Solidification Technique of ALPS Sediment Wastes by Apatite Ceramics" conducted in FY2019.

JAEA Reports

Development of the Sintering Solidification Method for Spent Zeolite to Long-term Stabilization (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Shibaura Institute of Technology*

JAEA-Review 2020-049, 78 Pages, 2021/01

JAEA-Review-2020-049.pdf:5.85MB

JAEA/CLADS had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of the Sintering Solidification Method for Spent Zeolite to Long-term Stabilization" conducted in FY2019.

JAEA Reports

Fluorination method for classification of the waste generated by fuel debris removal (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Hitachi-GE Nuclear Energy*

JAEA-Review 2020-034, 155 Pages, 2021/01

JAEA-Review-2020-034.pdf:10.77MB

JAEA/CLADS had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project in FY2019. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "Fluorination Method for Classification of the Waste Generated by Fuel Debris Removal" conducted in FY2019.

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-SL-01; Main steam line break accident

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-019, 58 Pages, 2021/01

JAEA-Data-Code-2020-019.pdf:3.85MB

An experiment denoted as SB-SL-01 was conducted on March 27, 1990 using the Large Scale Test Facility (LSTF) in the Rig of Safety Assessment-IV (ROSA-IV) Program. The ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-SL-01 simulated a main steam line break (MSLB) accident in a pressurized water reactor (PWR). The test assumptions were made such as auxiliary feedwater (AFW) injection into secondary-side of both steam generators (SGs) and coolant injection from high pressure injection (HPI) system of emergency core cooling system into cold legs in both loops. The MSLB led to a fast depressurization of broken SG, which caused a decrease in the broken SG secondary-side wide-range liquid level. The broken SG secondary-side wide-range liquid level recovered because of the AFW injection into the broken SG secondary-side. The primary pressure temporarily decreased a little just after the MSLB, and increased up to 16.1 MPa following the closure of the SG main steam isolation valves. Coolant was manually injected from the HPI system into cold legs in both loops a few minutes after the primary pressure reduced to below 10 MPa. The primary pressure raised due to the HPI coolant injection, but was kept at less than 16.2 MPa by fully opening a power-operated relief valve of pressurizer. The core was filled with subcooled liquid through the experiment. Thermal stratification was seen in intact loop cold leg during the HPI coolant injection owing to the flow stagnation. On the other hand, significant natural circulation prevailed in broken loop. When the continuous core cooling was ensured by the successive coolant injection from the HPI system, the experiment was terminated. The experimental data obtained would be useful to consider recovery actions and procedures in the multiple fault accident with the MSLB of PWR. This report summarizes the test procedures, conditions, and major observations in the ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-SL-01.

Journal Articles

Surface complexation of Ca and competitive sorption of divalent cations on montmorillonite under alkaline conditions

Sugiura, Yuki; Ishidera, Takamitsu; Tachi, Yukio

Applied Clay Science, 200, p.105910_1 - 105910_10, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:0.03(Chemistry, Physical)

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 2019 Symposium on Nuclear Data; November 28-30, 2019, Kyushu University, Chikushi Campus, Fukuoka, Japan

Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Iwamoto, Osamu

JAEA-Conf 2020-001, 236 Pages, 2020/12

JAEA-Conf-2020-001.pdf:13.75MB

The 2019 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at Chikushi Campus Cooperation Building (C-Cube), Kyushu University, on November 28 to 30, 2019. The symposium was organized by the Nuclear Data Division of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan (AESJ) in cooperation with Sigma Investigative Advisory Committee of AESJ, Nuclear Science and Engineering Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kyushu Branch of AESJ, and Center for Accelerator and Beam Applied Science of Kyushu University. In the symposium, there were one tutorial, "From the resonance theory to statistical model", and five sessions, "Study on Nuclear Data and related topics", "Reactor physics", "International Cooperation", "Nuclear Physics", and "High Energy Nuclear Data and their Application". In addition, recent research progress on experiments, nuclear theory, evaluation, benchmark and applications was presented in the poster session. Among 85 participants, all presentations and following discussions were very active and fruitful. This report consists of total 42 papers including 13 oral and 29 poster presentations.

Journal Articles

Frontline of R&D for decommissioning and waste disposal, 1; R&D for processing and disposal of low-level radioactive waste and closure of uranium mine

Tsuji, Tomoyuki; Sugitsue, Noritake; Sato, Fuminori; Matsushima, Ryotatsu; Kataoka, Shoji; Okada, Shota; Sasaki, Toshiki; Inoue, Junya

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 62(11), p.658 - 663, 2020/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Density stratification breakup by a vertical jet; Experimental and numerical investigation on the effect of dynamic change of turbulent Schmidt number

Abe, Satoshi; Studer, E.*; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 368, p.110785_1 - 110785_14, 2020/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Acceleration of fusion plasma turbulence simulations using the mixed-precision communication-avoiding Krylov method

Idomura, Yasuhiro; Ina, Takuya*; Ali, Y.*; Imamura, Toshiyuki*

Proceedings of International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage, and Analysis (SC 2020) (Internet), p.1318 - 1330, 2020/11

The multi-scale full-$$f$$ simulation of the next generation experimental fusion reactor ITER based on a five dimensional (5D) gyrokinetic model is one of the most computationally demanding problems in fusion science. In this work, a Gyrokinetic Toroidal 5D Eulerian code (GT5D) is accelerated by a new mixed-precision communication-avoiding (CA) Krylov method. The bottleneck of global collective communication on accelerated computing platforms is resolved using a CA Krylov method. In addition, a new FP16 preconditioner, which is designed using the new support for FP16 SIMD operations on A64FX, reduces both the number of iterations (halo data communication) and the computational cost. The performance of the proposed method for ITER size simulations with 0.1 trillion grids on 1,440 CPUs/GPUs on Fugaku and Summit shows 2.8x and 1.9x speedups respectively from the conventional non-CA Krylov method, and excellent strong scaling is obtained up to 5,760 CPUs/GPUs.

Journal Articles

Assessment of nuclear simulation credibility

Tanaka, Masaaki; Nakada, Kotaro*; Kudo, Yoshiro*

Nihon Kikai Gakkai-Shi, 123(1222), p.26 - 29, 2020/09

In the nuclear engineering, simulations are used in radiation, thermal hydraulic, chemical reaction, and structural fields, and the integrated fields thereof, to be applied to the design, construction and operation of nuclear facilities. This article describes brief history of discussion in the AESJ to the publication and introductory explanation of the procedures in the five major elements described in the "Guideline for Credibility Assessment of Nuclear Simulations (AESJ-SC-A008: 2015)". And also, a practical experience of the V&V activity according to the fundamental concept indicated in the Guideline is introduced.

JAEA Reports

Design and mounting advanced wireless communication equipment on the crawler-type robots for tasks and on the crawler-type scouting robot

Nishiyama, Yutaka; Iwai, Masaki; Tsubaki, Hirohiko; Chiba, Yusuke; Hayasaka, Toshiro*; Ono, Hayato*; Hanyu, Toshinori*

JAEA-Technology 2020-006, 26 Pages, 2020/08

JAEA-Technology-2020-006.pdf:2.43MB

Maintenance and Operation Section for Remote Control Equipment in Naraha Center for Remote Control Technology Development is the main part of the nuclear emergency response team of JAEA deal with Act on Special Measures Concerning Nuclear Emergency Preparedness. The section needs to remodel crawler-type robots for tasks, crawler-type scouting robots, and so on. About two crawler-type robots for tasks, the section designed and mounted advanced wireless communication equipment on manipulators mounted on the two robots. The crawler part of the robot has been able to be controlled by way of the new equipment, and when it is broken down, it can be changed by way of an original equipment. And the new equipment makes a single relay robot controllable both the crawler part and the manipulator part of the robot, in case of wireless relay robots being needed. And after checking the ability and characteristic about 5 wireless communication equipment, the section chose and mounted the best equipment on one crawler-type scouting robot. This report shows design and mounting advanced wireless communication equipment on the two crawler-type robots for tasks and on the one crawler-type scouting robot.

JAEA Reports

Assessment report on research and development activities in FY2019; Activity "Research and development on high temperature gas-cooled reactor and related heat application technology" (Interim report)

Sector of Fast Reactor and Advanced Reactor Research and Development

JAEA-Evaluation 2020-001, 128 Pages, 2020/08

JAEA-Evaluation-2020-001.pdf:7.44MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency consulted with the "Evaluation Committee of Research Activities for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (hereinafter referred to as "HTGR") and Related Hydrogen Production Technology" (hereinafter referred to as "Evaluation Committee"), which consists of specialists in the fields of the evaluation subjects of high temperature gas-cooled reactor and related heat application technology, for interim assessment in the 3rd Mid-and Long-Term Plan about the relevance of the management and research activities of the HTGR and related application technology during the period from April 2017 to March 2020. As a result, three members of the Evaluation Committee concluded a score of "S", and seven members of the Evaluation Committee concluded a score of "A". The interim assessment to research and development activities from April 2017 to March 2020 was concluded a score of "A". In addition, the Evaluation Committee recommended that the judgement to move to the construction phase of the HTTR-heat utilization test plant be made after 2 years, after the HTTR will be restarted and the thermal load fluctuation tests using HTTR will be carried out. This report lists the members of the Evaluation Committee and outlines the assessment item and the review process for procedure of the assessment. The assessment report which was issued by the Evaluation Committee is attached.

Journal Articles

Uncertainty quantification of seismic response of reactor building considering different modeling methods

Choi, B.; Nishida, Akemi; Muramatsu, Ken*; Itoi, Tatsuya*; Takada, Tsuyoshi*

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2020/08

After the 2011 Fukushima accident, the seismic regulation for Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) have been strengthened to take countermeasures against accidents beyond design basis conditions. Therefore, the importance of seismic probabilistic risk assessment has drawn much attention. Uncertainty quantification is a very important issue in the fragility assessment for NPP buildings. In this study, the authors focus on the epistemic uncertainty that can be reduced, and aims to clarify the effects due to different modeling methods of NPP buildings on seismic response results. As the first step of this study, the authors compared the effects on seismic response using two kinds of modeling methods. In order to evaluate the effect, seismic response analysis was performed on two types of building models; the three dimensional finite element model and the conventional lumped mass with sway-rocking model. As the input ground motion, the authors adopted 200 types of simulated seismic ground motions generated by fault rupture models with stochastic seismic source characteristics. For the uncertainty quantification, the authors conducted statistical analyses of the effects on seismic response results of two kinds of modeling methods on building response for each input ground motions, and quantitatively evaluated the uncertainty of response considering different modeling methods. In particular, the difference in modeling methods clearly appeared near the openings of the floors and walls. The authors also report on the knowledge about these three-dimensional effects in seismic response analysis.

Journal Articles

Validation of analysis models on relocation behavior of molten core materials in sodium-cooled fast reactors based on the melt discharge experiment

Igarashi, Kai*; Onuki, Ryoji*; Sakai, Takaaki*; Kato, Shinya; Matsuba, Kenichi; Kamiyama, Kenji

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08

Journal Articles

Development of experimental technology for simulated fuel-assembly heating to address core-material-relocation behavior during severe accident

Abe, Yuta; Yamashita, Takuya; Sato, Ikken; Nakagiri, Toshio; Ishimi, Akihiro

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 6(2), p.021113_1 - 021113_9, 2020/04

581 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)