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Journal Articles

Effect of a raw material powder on sintered CeO$$_{2}$$ pellets by 28 GHz microwave irradiation

Akashi, Masatoshi; Matsumoto, Taku; Kato, Masato

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 118, p.1391 - 1394, 2018/06

In this study, CeO$$_{2}$$ pellet sintering by irradiating microwave at a frequency of 28 GHz was carried out to investigate the effect of particle diameter of raw powder on the density of sintered pellet. The highest bulk density is 94.2 %T.D. under the condition of 30 min holding at 1473 K. The bulk density decreases with increasing the particle diameter of used raw powder. On the other hand, all of the apparent density of sintered pellet is more than 93.5 %T.D.. The difference between the bulk density and the apparent density is caused by the difference of open porosity for each sample pellet. It seems that the high density sintered pellets with porous structure are obtained because sample pellet is heated internally and uniformly in microwave sintering.

Journal Articles

Sintering behavior of (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$ and (U,Pu)O$$_{2}$$

Nakamichi, Shinya; Hiroka, Shun; Sunaoshi, Takeo*; Kato, Masato; Nelson, A.*; McClellan, K.*

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 113(1), p.617 - 618, 2015/10

Cerium dioxide has been used as a surrogate material for plutonium dioxide. Dorr et al reported the use of hyper-stoichiometric conditions causes the start of shrinkage of (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$ at low temperature compared with the sintering in reducing atmosphere. However, the precise stoichiometry of the samples investigated was not controlled or otherwise monitored, preventing any quantitative conclusions regarding the similarities or differences between (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$ and (U,Pu)O$$_{2}$$. The motivation for the present work is therefore to compare the sintering behavior of MOX and the (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$ MOX surrogates under controlled atmospheres to assess the role of oxygen defects on densification in both systems.

Oral presentation

Thermophyisical properties of (U,Ce)O$$_{2pm x}$$

White, J.*; Hiroka, Shun; Murakami, Tatsutoshi; Nelson, A.*; McClellan, K.*; Kato, Masato

no journal, , 

Use of CeO$$_{2}$$ as a surrogate to better understand the behavior of MOX fuels requires a fundamental investigation of the thermophysical properties to assess the appropriate use. The challenge in performing thermophysical property measurements on oxygen non-toichiometric MOX is in handling the kinetics at elevated temperatures and also in determining a reference state from which to measure the oxygen:metal ratio (O:M). This study integrated the use of identical gas handling systems installed on a thermogravimetric analyzer and the property measurement system (differential scanning calorimeter and laser flash analyzer) to control the partial pressure of oxygen, PO$$_{2}$$, between the system and maintain stoichiometry from ambient temperature to 1200$$^{circ}$$C.

Oral presentation

Discovery of the shape controllable cavity surrounded by facets in ceramics

Serizawa, Hiroyuki

no journal, , 

My investigation on cavities in ceramics was triggered by the unexpected discovery of a polyhedral cavity in a UO$$_{2}$$ matrix. The SEM image that attracted my attention was a cavity observed in the fracture surface of a single crystal of UO$$_{2}$$ that was heat-treated in helium at 90 MPa, followed by annealing at 1573 K for 1 h. It was clear that the cavity was a negative crystal that was formed by the precipitation of helium during heat treatment after Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) injection. In a series of experiments, I noticed that the shape of the negative crystal changes depending on the heat-treatment history. A truncated octahedron-type, an octa-triacontahedron-type, and a pentacontahedron-type negative crystal were observed. Our study implies that the shape of the negative crystal should change depending on the helium inner pressure enclosed in the negative crystal.

Oral presentation

Recent research on image crystals; Discovery of shape-controllable cavities surrounded by facets in ceramics

Serizawa, Hiroyuki

no journal, , 

My investigation on cavities in ceramics was triggered by the unexpected discovery of a polyhedral cavity in a UO$$_{2}$$ matrix. In a series of experiments, I noticed that the shape of the negative crystal changes depending on the heat-treatment history. In general, it is difficult to control arbitrarily the shapes of these polyhedral negative crystals embedded in a solid medium; however, the shape can easily be controlled using the helium injection method. Our research team named the shape controlled negative crystal as image crystal.

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