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JAEA Reports

Investigation of the core neutronics analysis conditions for evaluation of burn-up nuclear characteristics of the next-generation fast reactors

Takino, Kazuo; Oki, Shigeo

JAEA-Data/Code 2023-003, 26 Pages, 2023/05


Since next-generation fast reactors aim to achieve a higher core discharge burn-up than conventional reactors do, core neutronics design methods must be refined. Therefore, a suitable analysis condition is required for the analysis of burn-up nuclear characteristics to accomplish sufficient estimation accuracy while maintaining a low computational cost. We investigated the effect of the analysis conditions on the accuracy of estimation of the burn-up nuclear characteristics of next-generation fast reactors in terms of neutron energy groups, neutron transport theory, and spatial mesh. This study treated the following burn-up nuclear characteristics: criticality, burn-up reactivity, control rod worth, breeding ratio, assembly-wise power distribution, maximum linear heat rate, sodium void reactivity, and Doppler coefficient for the equilibrium operation cycle. As a result, it was found that the following conditions were the most suitable: 18-energy-group structure, 6 spatial meshes per assembly with diffusion approximation. Additionally, these conditions should apply to correction factors for energy group structure, spatial mesh and transport effects.

JAEA Reports

Development of the unified cross-section set ADJ2017R

Yokoyama, Kenji; Maruyama, Shuhei; Taninaka, Hiroshi; Oki, Shigeo

JAEA-Data/Code 2021-019, 115 Pages, 2022/03


In JAEA, several versions of unified cross-section set for fast reactors have been developed so far; we have developed a new unified cross-section set ADJ2017R, which is an improved version of the unified cross-section setADJ2017 for fast reactors. The unified cross-section set is used for reflecting information of C/E values (analysis / experiment values) obtained by integral experiment analyses in reactor core design via the cross-section adjustment methodology; the values are stored in the standard database for FBR core design. In the methodology, the cross-section set is adjusted by integrating the information such as uncertainty (covariance) of nuclear data, uncertainty of integral experiment / analysis, sensitivity of integral experiment with respect to nuclear data. ADJ2017R basically has the same performance as ADJ2017, but we conducted an additional investigation on ADJ2017 and revised the following two points. The first is to unify the evaluation method of the correlation coefficient of uncertainty caused by experiments (hereinafter referred to as the experimental correlation coefficient). Because it was found that the common uncertainty used in the evaluation of the experimental correlation coefficient was evaluated by two different methods, the experimental correlation coefficients were revised for all experimental data, and the evaluation method was unified. The second is the review of the integral experiment data used for the cross-section adjustment calculation. It was found that one of the experimental values of composition ratio after irradiation of the Am-243 sample has a problem in uncertainty evaluation because its experimental uncertainty is extremely small compared to the others. The cross-section adjustment calculation was, therefore, redone by excluding the experimental value. In the creation of ADJ2017, a total of 719 data sets were analyzed and evaluated, and eventually adopted 620 integral experimental data sets. In contrast, a total of 61

JAEA Reports

Contribution to risk reduction in decommissioning works by the elucidation of basic property of radioactive microparticles (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Ibaraki University*

JAEA-Review 2019-041, 71 Pages, 2020/03


JAEA/CLADS, has been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") since FY2018. The Project aims at solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence has been collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development have been promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Contribution to Risk Reduction in Decommissioning Works by the Elucidation of Basic Property of Radioactive Microparticles". In order to establish the decommissioning procedures (recovery of the melted fuels, decontamination inside the reactors, ensuring the safety of the workers, etc.) of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, radioactive microparticles released by the accident are an important information source for clarifying what had happened inside the reactors in the course of the accident. The purpose of the present study is to obtain detailed knowledge on the basic properties (particle size, composition, electrical/optical properties, etc.) of the radioactive microparticles, as well as to further elucidate the various properties of the radioactive microparticles including the quantitative evaluation of alpha-ray-emitters, through the Japan-UK synergetic research. Thus, we are conducting research and development that will contribute to the comprehensive works towards the risk reduction in the "decommissioning" plan.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of heat removal during the failure of the core cooling for new critical assembly

Eguchi, Yuta; Sugawara, Takanori; Nishihara, Kenji; Tazawa, Yujiro; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2018/07

In order to investigate the basic neutronics characteristics of the accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADS), JAEA has a plan to construct a new critical assembly in the J-PARC project, Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P). This study aims to evaluate the natural cooling characteristics of TEF-P core which has large decay heat by minor actinide (MA) fuel, and to achieve a design that does not damage the core and the fuels during the failure of the core cooling system. In the evaluation of the TEF-P core temperature, empty rectangular lattice tube outer of the core has a significant effect on the heat transfer characteristics. The experiments by using the mockup device were performed to validate the heat transfer coefficient and experimental results were obtained. By using the obtained experimental results, the three-dimensional heat transfer analysis of TEF-P core were performed, and the maximum core temperature was obtained, 294$$^{circ}$$C. This result shows TEF-P core temperature would be less than 327$$^{circ}$$C that the design criterion of temperature.

Journal Articles

Mechanical and rheological characteristics of the siliceous mudstone at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory site

Hashiba, Kimihiro*; Fukui, Katsunori*; Sugita, Yutaka; Aoyagi, Kazuhei

Proceedings of ITA-AITES World Tunnel Congress 2017 (WTC 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2017/06

It is essential to understand the mechanical and rheological characteristics of diatomaceous and siliceous mudstones for the construction of underground structures and for the assessment of their long-term stability. In this study, the siliceous mudstone of the Wakkanai Formation was applied to various laboratory tests: compression test, creep test, relaxation test, drying shrinkage test, and slaking test. The test results showed that water has a major impact on the mechanical and rheological properties of the siliceous mudstone. In addition, water content at a tunnel wall was measured in the Horonobe URL. Comparing the results of the laboratory tests and the in situ measurement, the effect of water on the tunnel stability was discussed.

Journal Articles

Deterioration of pulse characteristics and burn-up effects with an engineering model in Japanese spallation neutron source

Harada, Masahide; Watanabe, Noboru; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Maekawa, Fujio; Kato, Takashi; Ikeda, Yujiro

LA-UR-06-3904, Vol.2, p.700 - 709, 2006/06

Pulse characteristics data for every neutron beam line are indispensable in designing devices for neutron scattering experiments of JSNS. A detailed model was built and pulse characteristics of each beam line were estimated using the PHITS code and the MCNP-4C code. These results have been disclosed on the J-PARC homepage since September 2004. Due to changes of moderator shapes in a progress of manufacture design, we observed from the calculation that pulse structures of decoupled moderators were deteriorated, especially, those of pulse tail. We found that this deterioration was caused by leakage neutron from gaps between decouplers and absorbing liners of the reflector. For a final stage of the manufacture design, we carefully tried to find other factors which deteriorated the pulse characteristics. Furthermore, pulse structures of poisoned and unpoisoned decoupled moderators were evaluated with the consideration of heterogeneous burn-up and leakage neutron spectra including high-energy region up to GeV were estimated for each neutron beam hole.

Journal Articles

Analytical results of coolant flow reduction test in the HTTR

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Iyoku, Tatsuo

Proceedings of 11th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-11) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2005/10

Safety demonstration tests using the HTTR are in progress to verify the inherent safety features, to improve the safety design and the technologies for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The coolant flow reduction test by tripping one or two out of three gas circulators is one of the safety demonstration tests. The reactor power safely becomes a stable level without a reactor scram and the temperature transient of the reactor-core is very slow. The SIRIUS code was developed to analyze reactor transient during the tests with reactor dynamics. This paper describes the validation of the SIRIUS code with the measured values of one and two gas circulators tripping test at 30% (9 MW). It was confirmed that the SIRIUS code was able to analyze the reactor transient within 10% during the tests. The result of this study and the way of resolving problems can be applied to development for not only the commercial HTGRs but also the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) as one of the Generation IV reactors.

Journal Articles

Benchmark solution for unstructured geometry PWR problem by method of characteristics using combinatorial geometry

Kugo, Teruhiko; Mori, Takamasa

Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Mathematics and Computation, Supercomputing, Reactor Physics and Nuclear and Biological Applications (M&C 2005) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2005/09

A new deterministic transport code based on the method of characteristics (MOC) has been developed for heterogeneous transport calculations in core design of innovative reactors which have complex structures. We have investigated the capability of the MOC code for general geometry with an unstructured geometry PWR problem. The comparison of the results with accurate Monte Carlo calculation results by GMVP has confirmed that the MOC code produces satisfactory results and has a capability to treat unstructured geometry.

JAEA Reports

Heat transfer characteristics evaluation of heat exchangers of mock-up test facility with full-scale reaction tube for HTTR hydrogen production system (Contract research)

Shimizu, Akira; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Kato, Michio; Hayashi, Koji; Aita, Hideki; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Takada, Shoji; Morisaki, Norihiro; Sakaki, Akihiro*; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2005-031, 174 Pages, 2005/06


Connection of hydrogen production system by steam reforming of methane to the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) of the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has been surveyed until now. Mock-up test facility of this steam reforming system with full-scale reaction tube was constructed in FY 2001, and a lot of operational test data on heat exchanges were obtained in these tests.In this report specifications, structures and heat transfer formulae of steam reformer, steam superheater, steam generator, condenser, helium gas cooler, feed gas heater and feed gas superheater were described. Evaluation codes were newly made to evaluate heat transfer characteristics from measured test data. Overall heat-transfer coefficient obtained from the experimental data were compared and evaluated with the prospective value calculated with heat transfer formulae. As a result, heat transfer performance and thermal efficiency of these heat exchangers were confirmed to be appropriate.

JAEA Reports

Validation of the TAC/BLOOST code (Contract research)

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

JAERI-Data/Code 2005-003, 31 Pages, 2005/06


Safety demonstration tests using the High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) are in progress to verify the inherent safety features for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The coolant flow reduction test by tripping gas circulators is one of the safety demonstration tests. The reactor power safely brings to a stable level without a reactor scram and the temperature transient of the reactor-core is very slow. The TAC/BLOOST code was developed to analyze reactor and temperature transient during the coolant flow reduction test taking account of reactor dynamics. This paper describes the validation result of the TAC/BLOOST code with the measured values of gas circulators tripping tests at 30 % (9 MW). It was confirmed that the TAC/BLOOST code was able to analyze the reactor transient during the test.

JAEA Reports

Proposal for evaluation methods of reactor outlet coolant temperature in HTGRs

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

JAERI-Tech 2005-030, 21 Pages, 2005/05


The High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) is a graphite moderated and gas cooled reactor with the thermal power of 30MW and the reactor outlet coolant temperature of 850$$^{circ}$$C/950$$^{circ}$$C. Rise-to-power test in the HTTR was performed from March 31th to May 1st in 2004 as phase 5 test up to 30MW in the high temperature test operation mode. It was confirmed that the thermal reactor power and the reactor outlet coolant temperature reached to 30MW and 950$$^{circ}$$C respectively on April 19th. Achievement of the reactor outlet coolant temperature of 950$$^{circ}$$C is the first time in Japan as well as the world. This report describes proposal for evaluation methods of reactor outlet coolant temperature in the HTGRs through the HTTR operation experiments. The equation is derived from relationships among PRM reading values, reactor outlet coolant temperature, reactor thermal power and heat removal by VCS. The deliberation processes in this study will be applicable to the research and developments of HTGRs in the future.

Journal Articles

Rise-to-power test result of core outlet coolant tamperature of 950 $$^{circ}$$C in HTTR

Iyoku, Tatsuo; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi

UTNL-R-0446, p.14_1 - 14_9, 2005/03

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Rise-to-power test in high temperature engineering test reactor in the high temperature test operation mode; Test progress and summary of test results up to 30MW of reactor thermal power

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sakaba, Nariaki; Takada, Eiji*; Tochio, Daisuke; Shimakawa, Satoshi; Nojiri, Naoki; Goto, Minoru; Shibata, Taiju; Ueta, Shohei; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2004-063, 61 Pages, 2004/10


The High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) is a graphite moderated and gas cooled reactor with the thermal power of 30MW and the reactor outlet coolant temperature of 850$$^{circ}$$C/950$$^{circ}$$C. Rise-to-power test in the HTTR was performed from March 31th to May 1st in 2004 as phase 5 test up to 30MW in the high temperature test operation mode. It was confirmed that the thermal reactor power and the reactor outlet coolant temperature reached to 30MW and 950$$^{circ}$$C respectively on April 19th in the single operation mode using only the primary pressurized water cooler. The parallel loaded operation mode using the intermediate heat exchanger and the primary pressurized water cooler was performed from June 2nd and JAERI (Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute) obtained the certificate of the pre-operation test on June 24th from MEXT (Ministry of Education Culture Sports Science and Technology) after all the pre-operation tests were passed successfully in the high temperature test operation mode. Achievement of the reactor-outlet coolant temperature of 950$$^{circ}$$C is the first time in the world. It is possible to extend highly effective power generation with a high-temperature gas turbine and produce hydrogen from water with a high-temperature. This report describes the results of the high-temperature test operation of the HTTR.

Journal Articles

Dyed Polyvinyl Chloride films for use as high-dose routine dosimeters in radiation processing

Mai, H. H.*; Duong, N. D.*; Kojima, Takuji

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 69(5), p.439 - 444, 2004/04

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:78.21(Chemistry, Physical)

Characteristics of the polyvinyl chloride films containing 0.11wt% of malachite green oxalate or 6GX-setoglausine with 100$$mu$$m in thickness were studied for use as routine dosimeters in radiation processing. These films show basically color bleaching under $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in a dose range of 5 to 50 kGy. The sensitivity of the dosimeters and the linearity of dose response curves are improved by adding 2.5% of chloral hydrate [CCl$$_3$$CH(OH)$$_2$$] and 0.15% hydroquinone [HOC$$_6$$H$$_4$$OH]. These additions extent the minimum dose limit to 1 kGy covering dosimetric quality assurance in radiation processing of food and healthcare products. The dose responses of both films at irradiation temperatures of 20-35$$^{circ}$$C are constant relative to those at 25$$^{circ}$$C, and the irradiation temperature coefficients for 35-55$$^{circ}$$C were estimated to be (0.43 $$pm$$ 0.01)%/ $$^{circ}$$C. The dosimeter characteristics are stable within 1% at 25$$^{circ}$$C before and 60 days after irradiation.

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of neutronic characteristics of TRACY water-reflected core system

Sono, Hiroki; Yanagisawa, Hiroshi*; Miyoshi, Yoshinori

JAERI-Tech 2003-096, 84 Pages, 2004/01


Prior to the supercritical experiments using a water-reflected core of the TRACY Facility, neutronic characteristics regarding criticality and reactivity of the core system were evaluated. In the analyses, a continuous energy Monte Carlo code, MVP, and a two-dimensional transport code, TWOTRAN, were used together with a nuclear data library, JENDL-3.3. By comparison to the characteristics in the former-used bare core system of TRACY, the water reflector was estimated not to change the kinetic parameter and to reduce the critical solution level by $$sim$$20 %, the temperature coefficient of reactivity by 6$$sim$$10 %, and the void coefficient of reactivity by $$sim$$18 %, respectively. According to the Nordheim-Fuchs model, the first peak power during a power excursion was evaluated to be $$sim$$15 % smaller than that in the bare system under the same conditions of fuel and reactivity insertion. The influence of the void feedback effect of reactivity, which is left out of consideration in the model, on the power characteristics will be evaluated from the results of the experiments.

JAEA Reports

Thermal hydraulic analysis of the JMTR improved LEU-core

Tabata, Toshio; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Komukai, Bunsaku; Naka, Michihiro; Takeda, Takashi*; Fujiki, Kazuo

JAERI-Tech 2002-100, 108 Pages, 2003/01


After the investigation of the new core arrangement for the JMTR reactor in order to enhance the fuel burn-up and consequently extend the operation period, the "improved LEU core" that utilized 2 additional fuel elements instead of formerly installed reflector elements, was adopted. This report describes the results of the thermal-hydraulic analysis of the improved LEU core as a part of safety analysis for the licensing. The analysis covers steady state, abnormal operational transients and accidents, which were described in the annexes of the licensing documents as design bases events. Calculation conditions for the computer codes were conservatively determined based on the neutronic analysis results and others. The results of the analysis, that revealed the safety criteria were satisfied on the fuel temperature, DNBR and primary coolant temperature, were used in the licensing. The operation license of the JMTR with the improved LEU core was granted in March 2001, and the reactor operation with new core started in November 2001 as 142nd operation cycle.

JAEA Reports

Experimental results obtained with the simulated cold moderator system; System characteristics and technical issues

Aso, Tomokazu; Kaminaga, Masanori; Haga, Katsuhiro; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Takahashi, Toshio*; Hino, Ryutaro

JAERI-Tech 2002-096, 76 Pages, 2002/12


The JAERI and the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization have been developing a Mega-Watt scale spallation target system. In the system, neutrons generated in a target are sorted out their energy to the proper values in liquid-hydrogen moderators. Then, the liquid-hydrogen is forced to circulate in order to suppress hydrogen temperature increase. In the operation of moderators, it is very important to establish a safety protection system against emergency shutdown of the accelerator or accidents of the cold moderator system. In order to obtain a technical data for design and safety review of the liquid-hydrogen system, we have fabricated an experimental apparatus simulated the cold moderator system using liquid nitrogen (max. 1.5MPa, mini. 77K) instead of liquid hydrogen. The experiments on a controllability of the system were carried out to investigate dynamic characteristics of the system. This report presents the experimental results and technical issues for the construction of a practical liquid-hydrogen moderator system of the Mega-Watt scale target system.

Journal Articles

Nuclear characteristics evaluation for a supercritical experiment facility using low-enriched uranium solution fuel, TRACY

Nakajima, Ken

Proceedings of International Conference on the New Frontiers of Nuclear Technology; Reactor Physics, Safety and High-Performance Computing (PHYSOR 2002) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2002/10

The nuclear characteristics of TRACY, such as the criticality, the $$beta$$$$_{eff}$$/$$Lambda$$ ratio, the peak power, the energy of pulse, and the total energy, have been evaluated using the experimental data. TRACY is a supercritical reactor fueled with low-enriched uranyl nitrate aqueous solution to simulate criticality accidents in a fuel processing facility, such as a spent-fuel reprocessing plant. In this evaluation, the availability of criticality calculation and the models to evaluate the power and energy have been studied.

JAEA Reports

Rise-to-power test in High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor; Test progress and summary of test results up to 30MW of reactor thermal power

Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Shimakawa, Satoshi; Nojiri, Naoki; Takeda, Takeshi; Saikusa, Akio; Ueta, Shohei; Kojima, Takao; Takada, Eiji*; Saito, Kenji; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2002-069, 87 Pages, 2002/08


Rise-to-power test in the HTTR has been performed from April 23rd to June 6th in 2000 as phase 1 test up to 10MW, from January 29th to March 1st in 2001 as phase 2 test up to 20MW in the rated operation mode and from April 14th to June 8th in 2001 as phase 3 test up to 20MW in the high temperature test operation mode. Phase 4 test to achieve the thermal reactor power of 30MW started from October 23rd in 2001. On December 7th it was confirmed that the thermal reactor power reached to 30MW and the reactor outlet coolant temperature reached to 850$$^{circ}$$C. JAERI obtained the certificate of pre-operation test from MEXT because all the pre-operation tests by MEXT were passed successfully. From the test results of rise-up-power test up to 30MW, the performance of reactor and cooling system were confirmed, and it was confirmed that an operation of reactor facility could be performed safely. Some problems to be solved were found through tests. By means of solving them, the reactor operation with the reactor outlet coolant temperature of 950$$^{circ}$$C will be achievable.

JAEA Reports

Neutronics analysis of the improved LEU core in JMTR

Komukai, Bunsaku; Naka, Michihiro; Tabata, Toshio; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Takeda, Takashi*; Fujiki, Kazuo

JAERI-Tech 2002-067, 75 Pages, 2002/08


no abstracts in English

68 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)