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Journal Articles

Density stratification breakup by a vertical jet; Experimental and numerical investigation on the effect of dynamic change of turbulent Schmidt number

Abe, Satoshi; Studer, E.*; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 368, p.110785_1 - 110785_14, 2020/11

Journal Articles

CFD analysis of the CIGMA experiments on the heated JET injection into containment vessel with external surface cooling

Hamdani, A.; Abe, Satoshi; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.5463 - 5479, 2019/08

Journal Articles

Development of remote sensing technique using radiation resistant optical fibers under high-radiation environment

Ito, Chikara; Naito, Hiroyuki; Ishikawa, Takashi; Ito, Keisuke; Wakaida, Ikuo

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011038_1 - 011038_6, 2019/01

A high-radiation resistant optical fiber has been developed in order to investigate the interiors of the reactor pressure vessels and the primary containment vessels at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. The tentative dose rate in the reactor pressure vessels is assumed to be up to 1 kGy/h. We developed a radiation resistant optical fiber consisting of a 1000 ppm hydroxyl doped pure silica core and 4 % fluorine doped pure silica cladding. We attempted to apply the optical fiber to remote imaging technique by means of fiberscope. The number of core image fibers was increased from 2000 to 22000 for practical use. The transmissive rate of infrared images was not affected after irradiation of 1 MGy. No change in the spatial resolution of the view scope by means of image fiber was noted between pre- and post-irradiation. We confirmed the applicability of the probing system, which consists of a view scope using radiation-resistant optical fibers.

Journal Articles

Influence of grating type obstacle on stratification breakup by a vertical jet

Abe, Satoshi; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Proceedings of 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-12) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2018/10

Journal Articles

Stratification breakup by a diffuse buoyant jet; The MISTRA HM1-1 and 1-1bis experiments and their CFD analysis

Abe, Satoshi; Studer, E.*; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 331, p.162 - 175, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:16.94(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Experimental study on outer surface cooling of containment vessel by using CIGMA

Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Abe, Satoshi; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Proceedings of 17th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-17) (USB Flash Drive), 14 Pages, 2017/09

JAEA Reports

Verification of alternative dew point hygrometer for CV-LRT in MONJU; Short- and long-term verification for capacitance-type dew point hygrometer (Translated document)

Ichikawa, Shoichi; Chiba, Yusuke; Ono, Fumiyasu; Hatori, Masakazu; Kobayashi, Takanori; Uekura, Ryoichi; Hashiri, Nobuo*; Inuzuka, Taisuke*; Kitano, Hiroshi*; Abe, Hisashi*

JAEA-Research 2017-001, 40 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Research-2017-001.pdf:5.19MB

In order to reduce the influence on a plant schedule of the MONJU by the maintenance of dew point hygrometers, The JAEA examined a capacitance type dew point hygrometer as an alternative dew point hygrometer for a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer which had been used at the CV-LRT in the MONJU. As a result of comparing a capacitance type dew point hygrometer with a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer at the CV-LRT (Atmosphere: nitrogen, Testing time: 24 hours), there weren't significant difference between a capacitance type dew point hygrometer and a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer. As a result of comparing a capacitance dew point hygrometer with a high-mirror-surface type dew point hygrometer for long term verification (Atmosphere: air, Testing time: 24 months), the JAEA confirmed that a capacitance type dew point hygrometer satisfied the instrument specification ($$pm$$2.04$$^{circ}$$C) required by the JEAC4203-2008.

Journal Articles

Bayesian optimization analysis of containment-venting operation in a Boiling Water Reactor severe accident

Zheng, X.; Ishikawa, Jun; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Maruyama, Yu

Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 49(2), p.434 - 441, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:82.62(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Outcome of first containment cooling experiments using CIGMA

Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Abe, Satoshi

Proceedings of 11th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-11) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2016/10

Journal Articles

Bayesian optimization analysis of containment venting operation in a BWR severe accident

Zheng, X.; Ishikawa, Jun; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Maruyama, Yu

Proceedings of 13th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (PSAM-13) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2016/10

Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulic safety research on nuclear containment vessel at JAEA

Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke; Hotta, Akitoshi*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 58(9), p.553 - 557, 2016/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

First experiments at the CIGMA facility for investigations of LWR containment thermal hydraulics

Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Abe, Satoshi; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2016/06

Journal Articles

Scaling issues for the experimental characterization of reactor coolant system in integral test facilities and role of system code as extrapolation tool

Mascari, F.*; Nakamura, Hideo; Umminger, K.*; De Rosa, F.*; D'auria, F.*

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.4921 - 4934, 2015/08

Journal Articles

Thermal hydraulic safety research at JAEA after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station accident

Yonomoto, Taisuke; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Takeda, Takeshi; Satou, Akira; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Abe, Satoshi; Okagaki, Yuria; Sun, Haomin; Tochio, Daisuke

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.5341 - 5352, 2015/08

Journal Articles

A Study on improvement of RANS analysis for erosion of density stratified layer of multicomponent gas by buoyant jet in a containment vessel

Abe, Satoshi; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 9(7), p.599 - 607, 2015/07

The analysis on a density stratification layer consisting of multiple gases in the reactor containment vessel is important for the safety assessment of sever accidents. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has started the project on the containment thermal hydraulics. We carried out Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analyses in order to investigate the erosion of the density stratification layer by a vertical buoyant jet under this project. We used the Reynolds averaged numerical simulation (RANS) and Large eddy simulation (LES) models to analyze the erosion of a density stratification layer by a vertical buoyant jet in a small vessel which represents a containment vessel. This numerical study calculates the turbulent mixing of a two-component (air and helium) gas mixture. The turbulence models used for the RANS analyses are two types of k-$$varepsilon$$ models. The first model is the low Reynolds number k-$$varepsilon$$ model developed by Launder and Sharma. The second model is modified from the first model in order to accurately consider the turbulent production and damping in a stratification layer. The results indicated while the erosion rate calculated by the low-Re k-$$varepsilon$$ model was much faster than that of the LES model, the modified k-$$varepsilon$$ model could calculate the erosion rate similar to the LES result.

Journal Articles

State-of-the-art report on nuclear aerosols

Allelein, H.-J.*; Auvinen, A.*; Ball, J.*; G$"u$ntay, S.*; Herranz, L. E.*; Hidaka, Akihide; Jones, A. V.*; Kissane, M.*; Powers, D.*; Weber, G.*

NEA/CSNI/R(2009)5, 388 Pages, 2009/12

JAEA Reports

Systematic source term analysis for level 3 PSA of a BWR with Mark-II type containment with THALES-2 code

Ishikawa, Jun; Muramatsu, Ken; Sakamoto, Toru*

JAERI-Research 2005-021, 133 Pages, 2005/09

JAERI-Research-2005-021.pdf:7.58MB

The THALES-2 code is an integrated severe accident analysis code in order to simulate the accident progression and transport of radioactive material for probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) of a nuclear power plant, a part of a level 3 PSA being performed at JAERI for a 1,100MWe BWR-5 with a Mark-II containment. Results and insights from the analyses were that (1) the calculated release fractions of CsI and CsOH to the environment were in the range of 0.01 to 0.1 for late containment overpressure failure cases, and the release fractions for the containment venting case were one order of magnitude smaller than that of over-pressure case and those for drywell spray recovery cases where no containment failure occurred were two orders of magnitude smaller than the containment venting cases, (2) the governing factors for source terms of Iodine and Cesium are different depending on whether the containment fails before core melt or not, (3) the containment venting, which is one of the accident management measures, can be expected to reduce source terms if suppression pool bypass is avoided.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ex-vessel steam explosion induced containment failure probability for Japanese BWR

Moriyama, Kiyofumi; Takagi, Seiji; Muramatsu, Ken; Nakamura, Hideo; Maruyama, Yu

Proceedings of 2005 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '05) (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2005/05

The containment failure probability due to ex-vessel steam explosions were evaluated for a BWR Mk-II model plant. The evaluation was made for two scenarios: a steam explosion in the pedestal area, or in the suppression pool. A probabilistic approach, Latin Hypercube Sampling (LHS), was applied for the evaluation of steam explosion loads, in which a steam explosion simulation code JASMINE was used as a physics model. The fragility curves connecting the steam explosion loads and containment failure were developed based on simplified assumptions on the containment failure scenarios. The mean conditional probabilities of containment failure per occurrence of a steam explosion were $$6.4times 10^{-2}$$ for suppression pool and $$2.2times 10^{-3}$$ for pedestal area. Note that the results depend on the assumed range of input parameters and fragility curves that involve conservatism and simplification.

Journal Articles

Leak-tightness characteristics concerning the containment structures of the HTTR

Sakaba, Nariaki; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Kondo, Masaaki; Emori, Koichi

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 233(1-3), p.135 - 145, 2004/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:68.67(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The containment structures of the HTTR consist of the reactor containment vessel, the service area, and the emergency air purification system, which minimise the release of fission products in postulated accidents which lead to fission product release from the reactor facilities. The reactor containment vessel is designed to withstand the temperature and pressure transients and to be leak-tight in the case of a rupture of the primary concentric hot gas duct, etc. The pressure inside the service area is maintained at a negative pressure by the emergency air purification system. The emergency air purification system will also remove airborne radio-activity and will maintain a correct pressure in the service area. The leak-tightness characteristics of the containment structures are described in this paper. The measured leakage rates of the reactor containment vessel were enough less than the specified leakage limit of 0.1%/d confirmed during the commissioning tests and annual inspections. The service area was kept the design pressure well below its allowable limitation by the emergency air purification system which filter efficiency of particle removal and iodine removal were well over the limited values. The obtained data demonstrates that the reactor containment structures were fabricated to minimise the release of fission products in the postulated accidents with fission product release from the reactor facilities.

Journal Articles

Containment pressure suppression system with functions of water injection and noncondensable gas confinement

Yonomoto, Taisuke; Okubo, Tsutomu; Iwamura, Takamichi; Ishida, Toshihisa

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-11) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2003/04

An innovative concept of the pressure suppression system having functions of water injection and non-condensable gas confinement is developed for the next generation light water reactors (LWRs). The use of the system is advantageous for the mitigation of effects of the loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs) in (1) keeping the containment pressure as low as for the conventional LWRs, (2) injecting water to the containment for cooling the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) and/or flooding a break, and (3) confining the non-condensable gas in the drywell. The gas confinement function makes the system considerably suitable for reactor designs with passive cooling systems utilizing heat exchangers, such as the steam generator (SG) secondary side cooling system for an integral reactor, and the passive containment cooling system (PCCS), because it avoids adverse effects of non-condensable gas on the heat transfer performance during LOCAs. The usefulness of the developed concept is confirmed in the RELAP5/MOD3 code calculation.

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