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Journal Articles

Large displacement of germanium atoms in crystalline Ge$$_2$$Sb$$_2$$Te$$_5$$

Shamoto, Shinichi; Yamada, Noboru*; Matsunaga, Toshiyuki*; Proffen, T.*; Richardson, J. W.*; Chung, J.-H.*; Egami, Takeshi*

Applied Physics Letters, 86(8), p.081904_1 - 081904_3, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:82.45(Physics, Applied)

Local structure of NaCl-type crystalline Ge$$_2$$Sb$$_2$$Te$$_5$$ has been studied by the atomic pair distribution function analysis of pulsed neutron powder diffraction data. We have found the large displacement of germanium atoms in this crystalline phase. Usually, such a large lattice distortion has disadvantage for the electric conductivity. The electronic band structure, however, implies that this significant distortion in addition to the lattice defect at Na site reduces only thermal conductivity, while the highly ordered tellurium atoms at Cl site keep high electric conductivity.

Journal Articles

Structures of optical recording materials Ge$$_2$$Sb$$_{2+x}$$Te$$_5$$ studied by pulsed neutron diffraction

Shamoto, Shinichi; Taguchi, Tomitsugu; Matsunaga, Toshiyuki*; Yamada, Noboru*; Ishii, Kenji; Inami, Toshiya

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.840, p.125 - 130, 2005/00

Metastable cubic Ge$$_2$$Sb$$_{2+x}$$Te$$_5$$ samples, which are widely used as optical recording materials, have been studied by both of pulsed neutron and X-ray powder diffraction measurements. The crystalline cubic phases are found to coexist with two types of amorphous phases, depending on their antimony contents. One has the same first sharp diffraction peak (FSDP) as the amorphous antimony at the higher Q position. Another has a new FSDP at a lower Q position. The origin of the peak shift is discussed in terms of their constituents.

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