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JAEA Reports

Development of technology to simultaneously measure viscosity and surface tension of molten materials in reactor core (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Osaka University*

JAEA-Review 2020-038, 41 Pages, 2020/12


JAEA/CLADS had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project in FY2019. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of Technology to Simultaneously Measure Viscosity and Surface Tension of Molten Materials in Reactor Core" conducted in FY2019.

JAEA Reports

Development of technology to simultaneously measure viscosity and surface tension of molten materials in reactor core (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Osaka University*

JAEA-Review 2019-025, 36 Pages, 2020/01


CLADS, JAEA, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of Technology to Simultaneously Measure Viscosity and Surface Tension of Molten Materials in Reactor Core". Since (U,Zr)O$$_{2}$$ and boride, molten materials in reactor core, exist at extremely high temperature, chemical reactions between the vessel and these molten materials are unavoidable. Therefore, it is difficult to measure the thermophysical property of these materials. In the present study, droplets are produced by heating and melting the samples levitated by a gas levitation method, then the droplets are collided with a substrate. From the instant behavior of the collision, a new technology to simultaneously derive the viscosity and surface tension will be developed.

Journal Articles

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{223}$$U

Sun, M. D.*; Liu, Z.*; Huang, T. H.*; Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ding, B.*; Wang, J. G.*; Liu, X. Y.*; Lu, H. Y.*; Hou, D. S.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135096_1 - 135096_5, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:15.08(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Intergranular strains of plastically deformed austenitic stainless steel

Suzuki, Kenji*; Shobu, Takahisa

E-Journal of Advanced Maintenance (Internet), 10(4), p.9 - 17, 2019/02

In materials with an elastic anisotropy, a stress difference is generated between crystals when plastic deformation occurs, and it is known that this is deeply involved in material fracture. In this study, the residual stress for load direction in the plastically deformed material was investigated for each crystal orientation using the high-energy synchrotron radiation diffraction method. As a result, it was found that the residual stress is a tensile residual stress at an index with a high X-ray elastic constant (Young's modulus obtained for each diffraction surface) and a compressive residual stress at an index with a low X-ray elastic constant. We believe that this result will be useful for the technique of controlling the crystal orientation like the texture as improving the material strength.

Journal Articles

Deformation analysis of reinforced concrete using neutron imaging technique

Koyama, Taku*; Ueno, Kazuki*; Sekine, Mariko*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Kai, Tetsuya; Shinohara, Takenao; Iikura, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Kanematsu, Manabu*

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.4, p.155 - 160, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Evaluation of crack growth rates and microstructures near the crack tip of neutron-irradiated austenitic stainless steels in simulated BWR environment

Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Shigeki; Seto, Hitoshi*; Kitsunai, Yuji*; Koshiishi, Masato*; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors, Vol.2, p.1039 - 1054, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In order to understand irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) growth behavior, crack growth rate (CGR) tests have been performed in simulated Boiling Water Reactor water conditions at $$sim$$288$$^{circ}$$C on neutron-irradiated 316L stainless steels (SSs) at $$sim$$12-14 dpa. After the tests, the microstructures near the crack tip of the specimens are examined with scanning transmission electron microscope (FE-STEM). In comparison with a previous study at $$<$$$$sim$$2 dpa, this result shows a less benefit of low electrochemical corrosion potential (ECP) conditions on CGR. A crack tip immersed over 1000 hours was filled with oxides, while almost no oxide film was observed near the crack front in the low-ECP conditions. In addition, a high density of deformation twins and dislocations were found near the fracture surface of the crack front. It is considered that both localized deformation and oxidation are possible dominant factors for the SCC growth in highly irradiated SSs.

JAEA Reports

Measurement of the deformation behavior of the rock mass in the 350 m gallery in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Sakurai, Akitaka; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Fujita, Tomo; Motoshima, Takayuki*

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-023, 46 Pages, 2016/02


In a high level radioactive waste (HLW) disposal project, it is necessary to investigate the long-term behavior of thermos-hydro-mechanical-chemical of the rock mass around the engineered barrier system of the HLW waste for the safety assessment of the disposal system. In addition, long-term stability of the rock mass around the galleries are required for the disposal facility. Considering these backgrounds, the authors measure the deformation behavior of the vertical pit drilled on the floor of the 350 m gallery in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory. In situ measurements of the deformation of the pit and rock mass around the pit was conducted to apply to the assessment of the long-term deformation behavior. The authors describe the drilling of the vertical pit, geological observation, specification of the measurement instrument, measurement method, and result of the measurement in this report.

JAEA Reports

Rationalization and utilization of double-wall vacuum vessel for tokamak fusion facility

Nakahira, Masataka

JAERI-Research 2005-030, 182 Pages, 2005/09


It is difficult for Vacuum Vessel (VV) of ITER to apply a non-destructive in-service inspection (ISI) and then new safety concept is needed. Present fabrication standards are not applicable to the VV, because the access is limited to the backside of closure weld of double wall. Fabrication tolerance of VV is $$pm$$5mm even the structure is huge as high as 10m. This accuracy requires a rational method on the estimation of welding deformation. In this report, an inherent safety feature of the tokamak is proved closing up a special characteristic of termination of fusion reaction due to tiny water leak. A rational concept not to require ISI without sacrificing safety is shown based on this result. A partial penetration T-welded joint is proposed to establish a rational fabrication method of double wall. Strength and susceptibility to crevice corrosion is evaluated for this joint and feasibility is confirmed. A rational method of estimation of welding deformation for large and complex structure is proposed and the efficiency is shown by comparing analysis experimental results of full-scale test.

JAEA Reports

On the requirement for remodelling the spent nuclear fuel transportation casks for research reactors; A Review of the drop impact analyses of JRC-80Y-20T

Review Group on the Structure of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Transportation Casks for

JAERI-Review 2005-023, 133 Pages, 2005/07


The Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) constructed two stainless steel transportation casks, JRC-80Y-20T, for spent nuclear fuels of research reactors and had utilized them for transportation since 1981. A modification of the design was applied to the USA for transportation of silicide fuels. Additional analyses employing the impact analysis code LS-DYNA that was often used for safety analysis were submitted by the JAERI to the USA to show integrity of the packages; the casks were still not approved, because inelastic deformation was occurred on the surface of the lid touching to the body. To resolve this problem on design approval of transportation casks, a review group was formed at the end of this June. The group examined the impact analyses by reviewing the input data and performing the sensitivity analyses. As the drop impact analyses were found to be practically reasonable, it was concluded that the approval of the USA for the transportation casks could not be obtained just by revising the analyses; therefore, remodelling the casks is required.

Journal Articles

Residual stress evaluation of butt weld sample of high tensile strength steel using neutron diffraction

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Holden, T. M.*; Moriai, Atsushi; Minakawa, Nobuaki*; Morii, Yukio

Zairyo, 54(7), p.685 - 691, 2005/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nuclidic mass formula on a spherical basis with an improved even-odd term

Koura, Hiroyuki; Tachibana, Takahiro*; Uno, Masahiro*; Yamada, Masami*

Progress of Theoretical Physics, 113(2), p.305 - 325, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:307 Percentile:1.09(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A nuclidic mass formula composed of a gross term, an even-odd term and a shell term is presented as a revised version of the mass formula constructed by the present authors and published in 2000. The gross term has almost the same functional form as in the previous formula, but the parameter values in it are somewhat different. The even-odd term is treated more carefully, and a considerable improvement is brought about. The shell term is exactly the same as the previous one; it was obtained using spherical single-particle potentials and by treating the deformed nucleus as a superposition of spherical nuclei. The new mass formula is applicable to nuclei with ${it Z}$ $$>$$ 1 and ${it N}$ $$>$$ 1. The root-mean-square deviation from experimental masses is 0.658 MeV, which is less than that of the previous mass formula, 0.680 MeV.

Journal Articles

Aging deterioration test of seismic isolation applied to fusion experimental reactor

Takeda, Nobukazu; Nakahira, Masataka; Kakudate, Satoshi; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Yabana, Shuichi*; Matsuda, Akihiro*

Proceedings of 9th World Seminar on Seismic Isolation, Energy Dissipation and Active Vibration Control of Structures (CD-ROM), p.299 - 306, 2005/00

For the ITER, a fusion experimental reactor, it is planned to use rubber bearings in order to enhance the reliability of integrity with a sufficient margin even for the earthquakes beyond the design basis earthquake. In application for nuclear plants, the vertical compression of the isolator is 2$$sim$$5 MPa and there is no experience for such a high compression as 10 MPa to be used for the ITER. Therefore, there is not enough design data of the rubber bearings with high compression, and thus a detailed estimation of performance is necessary. As a result of the endurance test after aging, it was validated that the bearing can be applied safely until 400th cycle even after 40 years of aging. On the other hand, the residual deformation was found at the 246th cycle. This means that the residual deformation can be observed enough earlier than the change of the macroscopic mechanical parameter such as stiffness. Therefore, it is possible to prevent break of the bearing during operation by sensing a sign of break with a periodical visual inspection.

JAEA Reports

Behavior of irradiated BWR fuel under reactivity-initiated-accident conditions; Results of tests FK-1, -2 and -3

Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Nakamura, Takehiko; Kusagaya, Kazuyuki*; Sasajima, Hideo; Nagase, Fumihisa; Fuketa, Toyoshi

JAERI-Research 2003-033, 76 Pages, 2004/01


Boiling water reactor (BWR) fuels with burnups of 41 to 45 GWd/tU were pulse-irradiated in the Nuclear Safety Research Reactor (NSRR) to investigate fuel behavior under cold startup reactivity-initiated-accident (RIA) conditions. BWR fuel segment rods of 8$$times$$8BJ (STEP I) type from Fukushima-Daiichi Unit 3 nuclear power plant were refabricated into short test rods, and they were subjected to prompt enthalpy insertion from 293 to 607 J/g (70 to 145 cal/g) within about 20 ms. The fuel cladding had enough ductility against the prompt deformation due to pellet cladding mechanical interaction. The plastic hoop strain reached 1.5% at the peak location. The cladding surface temperature locally reached about 600 deg C. Recovery of irradiation defects in the cladding due to high temperature during the pulse irradiation was indicated via X-ray diffractometry. Fission gas release during the pulse irradiation was from 3.1% to 8.2%, depending on the peak fuel enthalpy and the normal operation conditions.

Journal Articles

Multiple coulomb excitation experiment of $$^{68}$$Zn

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Seki, Akiyuki*; Toh, Yosuke; Osa, Akihiko; Utsuno, Yutaka; Kimura, Atsushi; Oshima, Masumi; Hayakawa, Takehito; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Katakura, Junichi; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 730(1-2), p.46 - 58, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:34.83(Physics, Nuclear)

Coulomb excitation experiment was carried out with a $$^{68}$$Zn beam bombarding a $$^{nat}$$Pb target. Two $$E2$$ matrix elements and the quadrupole moment of the 2$$_{1}$$$$^{+}$$ state were newly derived with the least-squares search code GOSIA. The potential energy surface (PES) was calculated with the Nilsson-Strutinsky model, showing two shallow minima: the first minimum does not contain the $$1g_{9/2}$$ orbit below the Fermi surface, while the second minimum does. The ground state band and the intruder band seem to be constructed on the first and the second minimum, respectively. As for the ground state band, the asymmetric rotor model and the IBM in O(6) limit reproduced the experimental values rather well. The shallow PES may suggest unstability of the shape. The ground state band structure may be explained assuming a soft triaxial deformation.

Journal Articles

Multiple Coulomb Excitation Experiment of $$^{66}$$Zn

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Seki, Akiyuki*; Toh, Yosuke; Oshima, Masumi; Osa, Akihiko; Kimura, Atsushi; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Matsuda, Makoto; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 18(1), p.87 - 92, 2003/10

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:33.3(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of superplastic deformation on thermal diffusivity of 3Y-TZP

Wan, C.*; Motohashi, Yoshinobu*; Shibata, Taiju; Baba, Shinichi; Ishihara, Masahiro; Hoshiya, Taiji

Journal of Iron and Steel Research, International, Special Issue IFAMST, p.85 - 89, 2002/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental investigation on the effect of superplastic deformation on the specific heat of a zirconia-based ceramic

Wan, C.*; Shibata, Taiju; Baba, Shinichi; Ishihara, Masahiro; Hoshiya, Taiji; Motohashi, Yoshinobu*

Netsu Bussei, 16(2), p.58 - 63, 2002/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of superplastic deformation characteristics of 3Y-TZP utilizing beams with trapezoidal cross-sections

Wan, C.*; Kobayashi, Tomokazu*; Motohashi, Yoshinobu*; Sakuma, Takaaki*; Ishihara, Masahiro; Shibata, Taiju

Ibaraki Daigaku Kogakubu Kenkyu Shuho, 49, p.69 - 79, 2002/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Creep failure of reactor cooling system piping of nuclear power plant under severe accident conditions

Chino, Eiichi; Maruyama, Yu; Maeda, Akio*; Harada, Yuhei*; Nakamura, Hideo; Hidaka, Akihide; Shibazaki, Hiroaki*; Yuchi, Yoko; Kudo, Tamotsu; Hashimoto, Kazuichiro*

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures (CREEP7), p.107 - 115, 2001/06

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Thermo-mechanical analysis of an acceleration grid for the ITER-NBI system

Fujiwara, Yukio; Hanada, Masaya; Miyamoto, Kenji; Okumura, Yoshikazu; ; Watanabe, Kazuhiro

JAERI-Tech 99-052, 52 Pages, 1999/07


no abstracts in English

70 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)