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Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulic analyses of the High-Temperature engineering Test Reactor for loss of forced cooling at 30% reactor power

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 106, p.71 - 83, 2017/08

The HTTR, which is the only HTGR having inherent safety features in Japan, conducted a safety demonstration test involving a loss of both reactor reactivity control and core cooling. The paper shows thermal-hydraulics during the LOFC test at an initial power of 30% reactor power (9 MW), when the insertion of all control rods was disabled and all gas circulators were tripped to reduce the coolant flow rate to zero. The analytical results could show that the downstream of forced convection caused by the HPS pushes down the upstream by natural convection in the fuel assemblies; however, the forced convection has little influence on the core thermal-hydraulics without the reactor outlet coolant temperature. As a result, the three-dimensional thermal-phenomena inside the RPV during the LOFC test could be understood qualitatively.

Journal Articles

Investigation of countermeasure against local temperature rise in vessel cooling system in loss of core cooling test without nuclear heating

Ono, Masato; Shimizu, Atsushi; Kondo, Makoto; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Shinohara, Masanori; Tochio, Daisuke; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takada, Shoji; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 2(4), p.044502_1 - 044502_4, 2016/10

In the loss of forced core cooling test using High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), the forced cooling of reactor core is stopped without inserting control rods into the core and cooling by Vessel Cooling System (VCS) to verify safety evaluation codes to investigate the inherent safety of HTGR be secured by natural phenomena to make it possible to design a severe accident free reactor. The VCS passively removes the retained residual heat and the decay heat from the core via the reactor pressure vessel by natural convection and thermal radiation. In the test, the local temperature was supposed to exceed the limit from the viewpoint of long-term use at the uncovered water cooling tube by thermal reflectors in the VCS, although the safety of reactor is kept. Through a cold test, which was carried out by non-nuclear heat input from gas circulators with stopping water flow in the VCS, the local higher temperature position was specified although the temperature was sufficiently lower than the maximum allowable working temperature, and natural circulation of water had insufficient cooling effect on the temperature of water cooling tube below 1$$^{circ}$$C. Then, a new safe and secured procedure for the loss of forced core cooling test was established, which will be carried out soon after the restart of HTTR.

JAEA Reports

Research on engineering technology in the full-scale demonstration of EBS and operation technology for HLW disposal; Research report in 2014 (Joint research)

Kobayashi, Masato*; Saito, Masahiko*; Iwatani, Takafumi*; Nakayama, Masashi; Tanai, Kenji; Fujita, Tomo; Asano, Hidekazu*

JAEA-Research 2015-018, 14 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Research-2015-018.pdf:5.43MB

JAEA and RWMC concluded the letter of cooperation agreement on the research and development of radioactive waste disposal in April, 2005, and have been carrying out the collaboration work based on the agreement. JAEA have been carrying out the Horonobe URL Project which is intended for a sedimentary rock in the Horonobe town, Hokkaido, since 2001. In the project, geoscientific research and research and development on geological disposal technology are being promoted. Meanwhile, The Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has been promoting construction of equipments for the full-scale demonstration of engineered barrier system and operation technology for high-level radioactive waste disposal since 2008, to enhance public's understanding to the geological disposal of HLW, e.g. using underground facility. RWMC received an order of the project in fiscal year 2014 continuing since fiscal year 2008. Since topics in this project are included in the Horonobe URL Project, JAEA carried out this project as collaboration work continuing since fiscal year 2008. This report summarizes the results of the research on engineering technology carried out in this collaboration work in fiscal year 2014.

Journal Articles

Investigation of characteristics of natural circulation of water in vessel cooling system in loss of core cooling test without nuclear heating

Takada, Shoji; Shimizu, Atsushi; Kondo, Makoto; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Shinohara, Masanori; Seki, Tomokazu; Tochio, Daisuke; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2015/05

In the loss of forced core cooling test using High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), the forced cooling of reactor core is stopped without inserting control rods into the core and cooling by Vessel Cooling System (VCS) to demonstrate the inherent safety of HTGR be secured by natural phenomena to make it possible to design a severe accident free reactor. In the test, the local temperature was supposed to exceed the limit from the viewpoint of long-term use at the uncovered water cooling tube by thermal reflectors in the VCS, although the safety of reactor is kept. The local higher temperature position was specified although the temperature was sufficiently lower than the maximum allowable working temperature, and natural circulation of water had insufficient cooling effect on the temperature of water cooling tube below 1$$^{circ}$$C. Then, a new safe and secured procedure for the loss of forced core cooling test was established, which will be carried out soon after the restart of HTTR.

Journal Articles

Experiments and validation analyses of HTTR on loss of forced cooling under 30% reactor power

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Tochio, Daisuke; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takada, Shoji; Yan, X.; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Sakaba, Nariaki; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(11-12), p.1427 - 1443, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:65.28(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In a safety demonstration test involving a loss of both reactor reactivity control and core cooling, HTGRs such as the HTTR, which is the only HTGR in Japan, demonstrate that the reactor power would stabilize spontaneously. In the test at an initial power of 30%, when the insertion of all control rods was disabled and all gas circulators were tripped to reduce the coolant flow rate to zero, a reactor transient was initiated and examined. The results confirmed that the reactor power would decrease immediately and become effectively zero.

Journal Articles

Improvement of core dynamics analysis of control rod withdrawal test in HTGR

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 5(1), p.45 - 56, 2006/03

The HTTR (High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor), which has thermal output of 30MW, coolant inlet temperature of 395$$^{circ}$$C and coolant outlet temperature of 850$$^{circ}$$C/950$$^{circ}$$C, is a first high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) in Japan. The HTGR has a high inherent safety potential to accident condition. Safety demonstration tests using the HTTR are underway in order to demonstrate such excellent inherent safety features of the HTGR. A one-point core dynamics approximation with one fuel channel model had applied to this analysis. It was found that the analytical model for core dynamics couldn't simulate the reactor power behavior accurately. This report proposes an original method using temperature coefficients of some regions in the core. It is crucial to evaluate this method precisely to simulate a performance of HTGR during the test.

Journal Articles

Analytical results of coolant flow reduction test in the HTTR

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Iyoku, Tatsuo

Proceedings of 11th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-11) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2005/10

Safety demonstration tests using the HTTR are in progress to verify the inherent safety features, to improve the safety design and the technologies for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The coolant flow reduction test by tripping one or two out of three gas circulators is one of the safety demonstration tests. The reactor power safely becomes a stable level without a reactor scram and the temperature transient of the reactor-core is very slow. The SIRIUS code was developed to analyze reactor transient during the tests with reactor dynamics. This paper describes the validation of the SIRIUS code with the measured values of one and two gas circulators tripping test at 30% (9 MW). It was confirmed that the SIRIUS code was able to analyze the reactor transient within 10% during the tests. The result of this study and the way of resolving problems can be applied to development for not only the commercial HTGRs but also the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) as one of the Generation IV reactors.

JAEA Reports

Validation of the TAC/BLOOST code (Contract research)

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

JAERI-Data/Code 2005-003, 31 Pages, 2005/06

JAERI-Data-Code-2005-003.pdf:4.83MB

Safety demonstration tests using the High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) are in progress to verify the inherent safety features for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The coolant flow reduction test by tripping gas circulators is one of the safety demonstration tests. The reactor power safely brings to a stable level without a reactor scram and the temperature transient of the reactor-core is very slow. The TAC/BLOOST code was developed to analyze reactor and temperature transient during the coolant flow reduction test taking account of reactor dynamics. This paper describes the validation result of the TAC/BLOOST code with the measured values of gas circulators tripping tests at 30 % (9 MW). It was confirmed that the TAC/BLOOST code was able to analyze the reactor transient during the test.

Journal Articles

Pre-test analysis method using a neural network for control-rod withdrawal tests of HTTR

Ono, Tomio*; Subekti, M.*; Kudo, Kazuhiko*; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Nabeshima, Kunihiko

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 4(2), p.115 - 126, 2005/06

Control-rod withdrawal tests simulating reactivity insertion are carried out in the HTTR to verify the inherent safety features of HTGRs. This paper describes pre-test analysis method using artificial neural networks to predict the changes of reactor power and reactivity. The network model applied in this study is based on recurrent neural networks. The inputs of the network are the changes of the central control rods position and other significant core parameters, and the outputs are the changes of reactor power and reactivity. Furthermore, Time Synchronizing Signal(TSS) is added to input to improve the modeling of time series data. The actual tests data, which were previously carried out in the HTTR, were used for learning the model of the plant dynamics. After the learning, the network can predict the changes of reactor power and reactivity in the following tests.

JAEA Reports

Safety demonstration test (SR-3/S1C-3/S2C-3/SF-2) plan using the HTTR (Contract research)

Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sakaba, Nariaki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Takada, Eiji*; Tochio, Daisuke; Owada, Hiroyuki*

JAERI-Tech 2005-015, 26 Pages, 2005/03

JAERI-Tech-2005-015.pdf:1.77MB

Safety demonstration tests using the HTTR are in progress since 2002 to verify the inherent safety features and to improve the safety design and evaluation technologies for HTGRs, as well as to contribute to not only the commercial HTGRs but also the research and development for the VHTR one of the Generation IV reactor candidates. This paper describes the reactivity insertion test (SR-3), the coolant flow reduction test by tripping of gas circulators (S1C-3/S2C-3), and the partial flow loss of coolant test (SF-2) planned in March 2005 with their detailed test method, procedure and results of pre-test analysis. From the analytical results, it was found that the negative reactivity feedback effect of the core brings the reactor power safely to a stable level without a reactor scram.

Journal Articles

High temperature gas-cooled reactor

Tachibana, Yukio

Genshiryoku Nenkan 2005-Nen Ban, p.279 - 287, 2005/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Temperature transient analysis of gas circulator trip test using the HTTR

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Furusawa, Takayuki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

Proceedings of 6th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, Operations and Safety (NUTHOS-6) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2004/10

Safety demonstration tests using the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) are in progress to verify the inherent safety features for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The coolant flow reduction test by tripping one or two out of three gas circulators is one of the safety demonstration tests. The reactor power safely brings to a stable level without a reactor scram and the temperature transient of the reactor-core is very slow. Through the safety demonstration test, the two dimensional temperature analysis code (TAC-NC code) was improved. This paper describes the validation of the TAC-NC code using the measured value of the test by tripping of one and two out of three gas circulators at 30%(9MW). The TAC-NC code could evaluate accurately the temperature transient within 10% during the test. Also, it was confirmed that the temperature transient by tripping all gas circulators is very slow.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of inherent safety features of HTGRs using the HTTR

Tachibana, Yukio; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Nakazawa, Toshio; Iyoku, Tatsuo

Proceedings of 6th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, Operations and Safety (NUTHOS-6) (CD-ROM), 17 Pages, 2004/10

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Core dynamics analysis of control rod withdrawal test in HTTR (Contract Research)

Takada, Eiji*; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Shimakawa, Satoshi; Nojiri, Naoki; Fujimoto, Nozomu

JAERI-Tech 2004-048, 60 Pages, 2004/06

JAERI-Tech-2004-048.pdf:4.18MB

The HTTR (High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor), which has thermal output of 30MW, coolant inlet temperature of 395$$^{circ}$$C and coolant outlet temperature of 850$$^{circ}$$C/950$$^{circ}$$C, is a first high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) in Japan. The HTGR has a high inherent safety potential to accident condition. Safety demonstration tests using the HTTR are underway in order to demonstrate such excellent inherent safety features of the HTGR. The reactivity insertion test demonstrates that rapid increase of reactor power by withdrawing the control rod is restrained by only the negative reactivity feedback effect without operating the reactor power control system, and the temperature transient of the reactor is slow. The best estimated analyses have been conducted to simulate reactor transients during the reactivity insertion test. A one-point core dynamics approximation with one fuel channel model is applied to this analysis. It was found that the analytical model for core dynamics could simulate the reactor power behavior.

JAEA Reports

Structural integrity assessment of helium component during safety demonstration test using HTTR, 1 (Contract Research)

Sakaba, Nariaki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Furusawa, Takayuki; Tachibana, Yukio

JAERI-Tech 2004-045, 67 Pages, 2004/04

JAERI-Tech-2004-045.pdf:4.74MB

Safety demonstration tests using the HTTR are now underway in order to verify the inherent safety features and to improve the safety design and evaluation technologies for HTGRs, as well as to contribute to research and development for the VHTR, which is one of the Generation IV reactors. In the safety demonstration tests, the coolant flow reduction test by tripping one or two out of three gas circulators is being performed between FY2002 and FY 2005 and by tripping all the three gas circulators will be conducted after FY2006. This paper describes the structural integrity assessment of the primary pressurised water cooler after one and two gas circulators run down. Also, the possibility of natural convection in the primary coolant after all the three gas circulator stopped was evaluated by the operation data of the reactor-scram test performed during the rise-to-power tests.

JAEA Reports

Safety demonstration test (SR-2/S2C-2/SF-1) plan using the HTTR (Contract research)

Sakaba, Nariaki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Takada, Eiji*; Saito, Kenji; Furusawa, Takayuki; Tochio, Daisuke; Tachibana, Yukio; Iyoku, Tatsuo

JAERI-Tech 2004-014, 24 Pages, 2004/02

JAERI-Tech-2004-014.pdf:1.06MB

Safety demonstration tests using the HTTR are in progress to verify the inherent safety features and to improve the safety design and evaluation technologies for HTGRs, as well as to contribute to not only the commercial HTGRs but also the research and development for the VHTR one of the Generation IV reactors. This paper describes the reactivity insertion test and coolant flow reduction test by trip of gas circulator and partial flow loss of coolant planned in 2004 with detailed test method, procedure and results of pre-test analysis. From the analytical results, it was found that the negative reactivity feedback effect of the core brings the reactor power safely to a stable level without a reactor scram.

Journal Articles

High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor

Tachibana, Yukio

Genshiryoku Nenkan 2004-Nen Ban, p.79 - 87, 2003/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Plan for first phase of safety demonstration tests of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR)

Tachibana, Yukio; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takeda, Takeshi; Saikusa, Akio; Furusawa, Takayuki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Iyoku, Tatsuo

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 224(2), p.179 - 197, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:66.42(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Safety demonstration tests using High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR)

Tachibana, Yukio; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Iyoku, Tatsuo

Proceedings of International Conference on Global Environment and Advanced Nuclear Power Plants (GENES4/ANP 2003) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2003/09

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Safety demonstration test (SR-1/S1C-1) plan of HTTR (Contract research)

Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sakaba, Nariaki; Takada, Eiji*; Tachibana, Yukio; Saito, Kenji; Furusawa, Takayuki; Sawa, Kazuhiro

JAERI-Tech 2003-049, 22 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Tech-2003-049.pdf:1.17MB

Safety demonstration tests in the HTTR (High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor) will be carried out in order to verify inherent safety features of the HTGR (High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor). The first phase of the safety demonstration tests includes the reactivity insertion test by the control rod withdrawal and the coolant flow reduction test by the gas circulator trip. In the second phase, accident simulation tests will be conducted. By comparison of their experimental and analytical results, the prediction capability of the safety evaluation codes such as the core and the plant dynamics codes will be improved and verified, which will contribute to establish the safety design and the safety evaluation technologies of the HTGRs. The results obtained through its safety demonstration tests will be also utilised for the establishment of the safety design guideline, the safety evaluation guideline, etc. This paper describes the test program of the overall safety demonstration tests and the test method, the test conditions and the results of the pre-test analysis of the reactivity insertion test and the partial gas circulator trip test planned in March 2003.

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