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JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-PV-09; 1.9% pressure vessel top small break LOCA with SG depressurization and gas inflow

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2021-006, 61 Pages, 2021/04

JAEA-Data-Code-2021-006.pdf:2.78MB

An experiment denoted as SB-PV-09 was conducted on November 17, 2005 using the Large Scale Test Facility (LSTF) in the Rig of Safety Assessment-V (ROSA-V) Program. The ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-PV-09 simulated a 1.9% pressure vessel top small-break loss-of-coolant accident in a pressurized water reactor (PWR). The test assumptions included total failure of high pressure injection system and non-condensable gas (nitrogen gas) inflow to the primary system from accumulator (ACC) tanks of emergency core cooling system (ECCS). In the experiment, liquid level in the upper-head was found to control break flow rate. When maximum core exit temperature reached 623 K, steam generator (SG) secondary-side depressurization was initiated by fully opening the relief valves in both SGs as an accident management (AM) action. The AM action, however, was ineffective on the primary depressurization until the SG secondary-side pressure decreased to the primary pressure. Meanwhile, the core power was automatically reduced when maximum cladding surface temperature of simulated fuel rods exceeded the pre-determined value of 958 K to protect the LSTF core due to late and slow response of core exit temperature. After the automatic core power reduction, loop seal clearing (LSC) was induced in both loops by steam condensation on the ACC coolant injected into cold legs. The whole core was quenched because of core recovery after the LSC. After the ACC tanks started to discharge nitrogen gas, the pressure difference between the primary and SG secondary sides became larger. After the continuous core cooling was confirmed through the actuation of low pressure injection system of ECCS, the experiment was terminated. This report summarizes the test procedures, conditions, and major observations in the ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-PV-09.

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-SG-10; Recovery actions from multiple steam generator tube rupture accident

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-004, 64 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-004.pdf:3.33MB

Experiment SB-SG-10 was conducted on November 17, 1992 using LSTF. Experiment simulated recovery actions from multiple steam generator (SG) tube rupture accident in PWR. Primary pressure was kept higher than broken SG secondary-side pressure due to coolant injection from high pressure injection (HPI) system into cold and hot legs even after start of full opening of intact SG relief valve (RV). Full opening of power-operated relief valve (PORV) in pressurizer (PZR) resulted in pressure equalization between primary and broken SG systems as well as PZR liquid level recovery. Broken SG RV opened once after start of intact SG RV full opening. Core was filled with saturated or subcooled liquid through experiment. Significant natural circulation prevailed in intact loop after start of intact SG RV full opening. Significant thermal stratification appeared in hot legs especially during time period of HPI coolant injection into hot legs.

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-PV-07; 1% Pressure vessel top break LOCA with accident management actions and gas inflow

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-003, 60 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-003.pdf:3.68MB

Experiment SB-PV-07 was conducted on June 9, 2005 using LSTF. Experiment simulated 1% pressure vessel top small-break LOCA in PWR under total failure of HPI system and nitrogen gas inflow to primary system from ACC tanks. Liquid level in upper-head was found to control break flow rate. Coolant was started to manually inject from HPI system into cold legs as first accident management (AM) action when maximum core exit temperature reached 623 K. Fuel rod surface temperature largely increased because of late and slow response of core exit temperature. SG secondary-side depressurization was initiated by fully opening relief valves as second AM action when primary pressure decreased to 4 MPa. However, second AM action was not effective on primary depressurization until SG secondary-side pressure decreased to primary pressure. Pressure difference became larger between primary and SG secondary sides after ACC tanks started to discharge nitrogen gas.

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment TR-LF-07; Loss-of-feedwater transient with primary feed-and-bleed operation

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-004, 59 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-004.pdf:3.34MB

The TR-LF-07 test simulated a loss-of-feedwater transient in a PWR. A SI signal was generated when steam generator (SG) secondary-side collapsed liquid level decreased to 3 m. Primary depressurization was initiated by fully opening a power-operated relief valve (PORV) of pressurizer (PZR) 30 min after the SI signal. High pressure injection (HPI) system was started in loop with PZR 12 s after the SI signal, while it was initiated in loop without PZR when the primary pressure decreased to 10.7 MPa. The primary and SG secondary pressures were kept almost constant because of cycle opening of the PZR PORV and SG relief valves. The PZR liquid level began to drop steeply following the PORV full opening, which caused liquid level formation at the hot leg. The primary pressure became lower than the SG secondary pressure, which resulted in the actuation of accumulator (ACC) system in both loops. The primary feed-and-bleed operation was effective to core cooling because of no core uncovery.

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-HL-12; 1% Hot leg break LOCA with SG depressurization and gas inflow

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-022, 58 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-022.pdf:3.31MB

The SB-HL-12 test simulated PWR 1% hot leg SBLOCA under assumptions of total failure of HPI system and non-condensable gas (nitrogen gas) inflow. SG depressurization by fully opening relief valves in both SGs as AM action was initiated immediately after maximum fuel rod surface temperature reached 600 K. After AM action due to first core uncovery by core boil-off, the primary pressure decreased, causing core mixture level swell. The fuel rod surface temperature then increased up to 635 K. Second core uncovery by core boil-off took place before LSC induced by steam condensation on ACC coolant injected into cold legs. The core liquid level recovered rapidly after LSC. The fuel rod surface temperature then increased up to 696 K. The pressure difference became larger between the primary and SG secondary sides after nitrogen gas inflow. Third core uncovery by core boil-off occurred during reflux condensation. The maximum fuel rod surface temperature exceeded 908 K.

Journal Articles

ROSA/LSTF tests and RELAP5 posttest analyses for PWR safety system using steam generator secondary-side depressurization against effects of release of nitrogen gas dissolved in accumulator water

Takeda, Takeshi; Onuki, Akira*; Kanamori, Daisuke*; Otsu, Iwao

Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, 2016, p.7481793_1 - 7481793_15, 2016/00

AA2016-0048.pdf:5.15MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

ROSA/LSTF experiment on a PWR station blackout transient with accident management measures and RELAP5 analyses

Takeda, Takeshi; Otsu, Iwao

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 2(5), p.15-00132_1 - 15-00132_15, 2015/10

Journal Articles

RELAP5 code study of ROSA/LSTF experiments on PWR safety system using steam generator secondary-side depressurization

Takeda, Takeshi; Onuki, Akira*; Nishi, Hiroaki*

Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 9(5), p.426 - 442, 2015/05

Journal Articles

New reactor cavity cooling system having passive safety features using novel shape for HTGRs and VHTRs

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Hu, R.*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 77, p.165 - 171, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:79.22(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new, highly efficient reactor cavity cooling system (RCCS) with passive safety features without a requirement for electricity and mechanical drive is proposed. The RCCS design consists of continuous closed regions; one is an ex-reactor pressure vessel (RPV) region and another is a cooling region having heat transfer area to ambient air assumed at 40 ($$^{circ}$$C). The RCCS uses a novel shape to efficiently remove the heat released from the RPV with radiation and natural convection. Employing the air as the working fluid and the ambient air as the ultimate heat sink, the new RCCS design strongly reduces the possibility of losing the heat sink for decay heat removal.

Journal Articles

RELAP5 code study of ROSA/LSTF validation tests for PWR safety system using SG secondary-side depressurization

Takeda, Takeshi; Onuki, Akira*; Nishi, Hiroaki*

Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 13 Pages, 2014/12

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-CL-32; 1% cold leg break LOCA with SG depressurization and no gas inflow

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2014-021, 59 Pages, 2014/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2014-021.pdf:5.16MB

Experiment SB-CL-32 was conducted on May 28, 1996 using the LSTF. The experiment SB-CL-32 simulated 1% cold leg small-break LOCA in PWR under assumptions of total failure of HPI system and no inflow of non-condensable gas from ACC tanks. Secondary-side depressurization of both SGs as AM action to achieve the depressurization rate of 200 K/h in the primary system was initiated 10 min after break. Core uncovery started with liquid level drop in crossover leg downflow-side. The core liquid level recovered rapidly after first LSC. The surface temperature of simulated fuel rod then increased up to 669 K. Core uncovery took place before second LSC induced by steam condensation on ACC coolant. The core liquid level recovered rapidly after second LSC. The maximum fuel rod surface temperature was 772 K. The continuous core cooling was confirmed because of coolant injection by LPI system. This report summarizes the test procedures, conditions and major observation.

Journal Articles

Effects of secondary depressurization on core cooling in PWR vessel bottom small break LOCA experiments with HPI failure and gas inflow

Suzuki, Mitsuhiro; Takeda, Takeshi; Asaka, Hideaki; Nakamura, Hideo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 43(1), p.55 - 64, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:59.81(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Effects of non-condensable gas from the accumulator tanks on secondary depressurization, as one of accident management (AM) measures in case of high pressure injection system failure, are studied at the ROSA-V/LSTF experiments simulating a ten instrument-tube break LOCA at the PWR vessel bottom. In an experiment with no gas inflow, the secondary depressurization at -55 K/h initiated by SI signal with 10 minutes delay succeeded in the LPI actuation. On the other hand, the gas inflow in another experiment degraded the primary depressurization and resulted in core uncovery before the LPI start. The third experiment with rapid secondary depressurization and continuous auxiliary feedwater supply, however, showed a possibility of long-term core cooling by the LPI actuation. RELAP5/MOD3 code analyses well predicted these experiment results and clarified that condensation heat transfer was largely degraded by the gas in the U-tubes. In addition, a primary pressure - coolant mass map was found to be useful for indication of key plant parameters of AM measures.

JAEA Reports

Experimental study on secondary depressurization action for PWR vessel bottom small break LOCA with HPI failure and gas inflow (ROSA-V/LSTF test SB-PV-03)

Suzuki, Mitsuhiro; Takeda, Takeshi; Asaka, Hideaki; Nakamura, Hideo

JAERI-Research 2005-014, 170 Pages, 2005/06

JAERI-Research-2005-014.pdf:7.64MB

A small break LOCA (SBLOCA) experiment was conducted at the LSTF of ROSA-V program to study effects of accident management (AM) on core cooling, which is important in case of high pressure injection (HPI) system failure during an SBLOCA at a PWR. The experiment, SB-PV-03, simulated ten instrument-tube break LOCA at the PWR vessel bottom equivalent to 0.2% cold leg break, total HPI failure, non-condensable gas inflow from accumulator injection system (AIS) and AM actions on secondary depressurization at -55 K/h and auxiliary feedwater (AFW) supply for 30 minutes. It was clarified that the AM actions were effective on primary depressurization until AIS injection end at 1.6 MPa, but thereafter became less effective by the gas inflow, resulting in low pressure injection (LPI) delay and whole core heatup under continuous water discharge at the break. The report describes these phenomena including core heatup related with primary coolant mass and AM actions, primary-to-secondary heat transfer analysis and estimation of gas in the primary loops.

Journal Articles

Effects of secondary depressurization on PWR bottom small break LOCA experiments in case of HPI failure and non-condensable gas inflow

Suzuki, Mitsuhiro; Takeda, Takeshi; Asaka, Hideaki; Nakamura, Hideo

Proceedings of 6th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, Operations and Safety (NUTHOS-6) (CD-ROM), 14 Pages, 2004/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Analysis of pressure- and temperature- induced steam generator tube rupture during PWR severe accident initiated from station blackout

Hidaka, Akihide; Maruyama, Yu; Nakamura, Hideo

Proceedings of 6th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, Operations and Safety (NUTHOS-6) (CD-ROM), 15 Pages, 2004/00

Severe accident studies showed that Direct Containment Heating issue was resolved for PWRs because a creep rupture at pressurizer surge line would occur prior to the melt-through of Reactor Pressure Vessel during station blackout (TMLB'). However, it was recently concerned that, if the secondary system is depressurized during TMLB', the creep rupture at SG U-tubes would occur earlier than the surge line. This pressure- and temperature-induced SG U-tube rupture (PTI-SGTR) is not preferable because of the increase in offsite consequences. The SCDAP/RELAP5 analyses by USNRC showed that the surge line would fail earlier than the U-tubes. However, the analyses used a coarse nodilization for steam mixing at the SG inlet plenum that could affect the temperature of U-tubes. To investigate the effect of steam mixing, an analysis was performed with MELCOR1.8.4. The analysis showed that the surge line would fail earliest during TMLB' while the U-tubes could fail earliest during TMLB' with secondary system depressurization. Further investigation is needed for occurrence conditions of PTI-SGTR.

Journal Articles

Study of accident management measures for prevention of severe core damage in ROSA-V program

Asaka, Hideaki; Anoda, Yoshinari

Konsoryu, 17(2), p.116 - 125, 2003/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal hydraulic research on next generation PWR's using ROSA/LSTF

Yonomoto, Taisuke; Anoda, Yoshinari

IAEA-TECDOC-1149, p.233 - 246, 2000/05

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

ROSA/LSTF experiment report for RUN SB-CL-24; Repeated core heatup phenomena during 0.5% cold leg break

Suzuki, Mitsuhiro; Anoda, Yoshinari

JAERI-Tech 2000-016, p.173 - 0, 2000/03

JAERI-Tech-2000-016.pdf:7.25MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Core liquid level responses due to secondary-side depressurization during PWR small break LOCA

Asaka, Hideaki; ; Anoda, Yoshinari; Onuki, Akira; Kukita, Yutaka*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 35(2), p.113 - 119, 1998/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:65.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulic characteristics of a next-generation reactor relying on steam generator secondary side cooling for primary depressurization and long-term passive core cooling

Yonomoto, Taisuke; ; Anoda, Yoshinari

Nucl. Eng. Des., 185(1), p.83 - 96, 1998/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:32.94(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

47 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)