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Journal Articles

Lead void reactivity worth in two critical assembly cores with differing uranium enrichments

Fukushima, Masahiro; Goda, J.*; Bounds, J.*; Cutler, T.*; Grove, T.*; Hutchinson, J.*; James, M.*; McKenzie, G.*; Sanchez, R.*; Oizumi, Akito; et al.

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 189, p.93 - 99, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:38.72(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To validate lead (Pb) nuclear cross sections, a series of integral experiments to measure lead void reactivity worths was conducted in a high-enriched uranium (HEU)/Pb system and a low enriched uranium (LEU)/Pb system using the Comet Critical Assembly at NCERC. The critical experiments were designed to provide complementary data sets having different sensitivities to scattering cross sections of lead. The larger amount of the $$^{238}$$U present in the LEU/Pb core increases the neutron importance above 1 MeV compared with the HEU/Pb core. Since removal of lead from the core shifts the neutron spectrum to the higher energy region, positive lead void reactivity worths were observed in the LEU/Pb core while negative values were observed in the HEU/Pb core. Experimental analyses for the lead void reactivity worths were performed with the Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP6.1 together with nuclear data libraries, JENDL 4.0 and ENDF/B VII.1. The calculation values were found to overestimate the experimental ones for the HEU/Pb core while being consistent for the LEU/Pb core.

Journal Articles

Analyses with latest major nuclear data libraries of the fission rate ratios for several TRU nuclides in the FCA-IX experiments

Fukushima, Masahiro; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Okajima, Shigeaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(7), p.795 - 805, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:38.75(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A series of integral experiments was conducted in FCA assemblies with systematically changed neutron spectra covering from the intermediate to fast ones. The experiments provide systematic data of central fission rates for TRU nuclides containing minor actinides, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{238}$$Pu, $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{242}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Am, $$^{243}$$Am, and $$^{244}$$Cm. Latest major nuclear data libraries, JENDL-4.0, ENDF/B-VII.1, and JEFF-3.2, were tested using benchmark models regarding the fission rate ratios relative to $$^{239}$$Pu. For all the libraries, the benchmark tests by a Monte Carlo calculation code show obvious overestimations particularly for the fission rate ratios of $$^{244}$$Cm to $$^{239}$$Pu. Additionally, a large discrepancy about by 20% between the libraries is revealed for the fission rate ratio of $$^{238}$$Pu to $$^{239}$$Pu measured in the intermediate neutron spectrum. The cause of discrepancy is furthermore clarified by sensitivity analyses.

Journal Articles

Analyses of iron and concrete shielding experiments at JAEA/TIARA with JENDL/HE-2007, ENDF/B-VII.1 and FENDL-3.0

Konno, Chikara; Ochiai, Kentaro; Sato, Satoshi; Ota, Masayuki

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.2178 - 2181, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:53.79(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We have analyzed the iron and concrete shielding experiments with the 40 and 65 MeV neutron sources at TIARA in Japan Atomic Energy Agency with the latest high-energy nuclear data libraries, JENDL/HE-2007, ENDF/B-VII.1 and FENDL-3.0. The Monte Carlo code MCNP-5 and ACE files of JENDL/HE-2007, ENDF/B-VII.1 and FENDL-3.0, which were supplied from JAEA, BNL and IAEA, respectively, were used for this analysis. The followings are found out from the results. (1) The calculations with JENDL/HE-2007 agree with all the measured ones well; (2) Those with ENDF/B-VII.1 tend to overestimate the measured ones with the thickness of the assemblies largely; (3) Those with FENDL-3.0 agree with the measured ones well for the iron experiment, while they overestimate the measured ones well for the concrete experiment largely. Some data in ENDF/B-VII.1 and FENDL-3.0 should be revised.

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