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Journal Articles

Effect of interlayer cations on montmorillonite swelling; Comparison between molecular dynamic simulations and experiments

Yotsuji, Kenji*; Tachi, Yukio; Sakuma, Hiroshi*; Kawamura, Katsuyuki*

Applied Clay Science, 204, p.106034_1 - 106034_13, 2021/04

Journal Articles

Overlapping communications in gyrokinetic codes on accelerator-based platforms

Asahi, Yuichi*; Latu, G.*; Bigot, J.*; Maeyama, Shinya*; Grandgirard, V.*; Idomura, Yasuhiro

Concurrency and Computation; Practice and Experience, 32(5), p.e5551_1 - e5551_21, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Computer Science, Software Engineering)

Two five-dimensional gyrokinetic codes GYSELA and GKV were ported to the modern accelerators, Xeon Phi KNL and Tesla P100 GPU. Serial computing kernels of GYSELA on KNL and GKV on P100 GPU were respectively 1.3x and 7.4x faster than those on a single Skylake processor. Scaling tests of GYSELA and GKV were respectively performed from 16 to 512 KNLs and from 32 to 256 P100 GPUs, and data transpose communications in semi-Lagrangian kernels in GYSELA and in convolution kernels in GKV were found to be main bottlenecks, respectively. In order to mitigate the communication costs, pipeline-based and task-based communication overlapping were implemented in these codes.

JAEA Reports

Progress of general control system for Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Takada, Hiroshi; Kai, Tetsuya; Nakatani, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Yasuo*; Watanabe, Akihiko*

JAEA-Technology 2018-011, 57 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Technology-2018-011.pdf:4.98MB

For safely and efficiently operating a spallation neutron source and a muon target, a general control system (GCS) operates within Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF). GCS administers operation processes and interlocks of many instruments. It consists of several subsystems such as an integral control system (ICS), interlock systems (ILS), shared servers, network system, and timing distribution system (TDS). Although GCS is an independent system that controls the target stations, it works closely with the control systems of the accelerators and other facilities in J-PARC. Since the first beam injection, GCS has operated stably without any serious troubles after modification based on commissioning for operation and control. Then, significant improvements in GCS such as upgrade of ICS by changing its framework software and function enhancement of ILS were proceeded until 2015. In this way, many modifications have been proceeded in the entire GCS during a period of approximately ten years after start of beam operation. Under these situation, it is important to comprehend upgrade history and present status of GCS in order to decide its upgrade plan. This report summarizes outline, structure, roles and functions of GCS in 2017.

Journal Articles

Molecular dynamics simulations of physical properties of water and cations in montmorillonite interlayer; Application to diffusion model

Yotsuji, Kenji*; Tachi, Yukio; Kawamura, Katsuyuki*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Sakuma, Hiroshi*

Nendo Kagaku, 58(1), p.8 - 25, 2019/00

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were conducted to investigate physical properties of water and cations in montmorillonite interlayer nanopores. The swelling behaviors and hydration states were firstly evaluated as functions of interlayer cations and layer charge. The diffusion coefficients of water and cations in interlayer nanopores were decreased in comparison with those in bulk water and came closer to those in bulk water when basal spacing increased. The viscosity coefficients of interlayer water estimated indicated a significant effect of viscoelectricity at 1- and 2-layer hydration states and higher layer charge of montmorillonite. These trends from MD calculations were confirmed to be consistent with existing measured data and previous MD simulation. In addition, model and parameter related to viscoelectric effect used in the diffusion model was refined based on comparative discussion between MD simulations and measurements. The series of MD calculations could provide atomic level understanding for the developments and improvements of the diffusion model for compacted montmorillonite.

JAEA Reports

Mechanical properties database of reactor pressure vessel steels related to fracture toughness evaluation

Tobita, Toru; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Onizawa, Kunio

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-013, 60 Pages, 2018/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-013.pdf:1.67MB

Mechanical properties of materials including fracture toughness are extremely important for evaluating the structural integrity of reactor pressure vessels (RPVs). In this report, the published data of mechanical properties of nuclear RPVs steels, including neutron irradiated materials, acquired by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), specifically tensile test data, Charpy impact test data, drop-weight test data, and fracture toughness test data, are summarized. There are five types of RPVs steels with different toughness levels equivalent to JIS SQV2A (ASTM A533B Class 1) containing impurities in the range corresponding to the early plant to the latest plant. In addition to the base material of RPVs, the mechanical property data of the two types of stainless overlay cladding materials used as the lining of the RPV are summarized as well. These mechanical property data are organized graphically for each material and listed in tabular form to facilitate easy utilization of data.

Journal Articles

Stability of montmorillonite edge faces studied using first-principles calculations

Sakuma, Hiroshi*; Tachi, Yukio; Yotsuji, Kenji; Suehara, Shigeru*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Fujii, Naoki*; Kawamura, Katsuyuki*; Honda, Akira

Clays and Clay Minerals, 65(4), p.252 - 272, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:83.26(Chemistry, Physical)

Structure and stability of montmorillonite edge faces (110), (010), (100), and (130) of the layer charges y = 0.5 and 0.33 are investigated by the first-principles electronic calculations based on the density functional theory. Stacking and single layer models are tested for understanding the effect of stacking on the stability of montmorillonite edge faces. Most stacking layers stabilize the edge faces by making hydrogen bonds between the layers; therefore, the surface energy of stacking layers is reduced rather than the single layer model. This indicates that the surface energy of edge faces should be estimated depending on the swelling conditions. Lowest surface energies of (010) and (130) edge faces were realized by the presence of Mg ions on the edge faces. These edge faces have a strong adsorption site for cations due to local negative charge of the edges.

Journal Articles

Progress of the general control system for the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility in J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Watanabe, Akihiko; Kai, Tetsuya; Kato, Yuko; Meigo, Shinichiro; Takada, Hiroshi

JAEA-Conf 2015-002, p.593 - 598, 2016/02

For safe and stable beam operation, a MLF general control system (GCS) consists of several subsystems such as an integral control, interlock, server, network, and timing distribution systems. Since the first beam injection in 2008, the GCS has operated stably without any serious troubles in comparison with upgrade of target devices for ramping up beam power and increment of user apparatuses year by year. In recent years, however, it has been improved significantly in view of sustainable long-term operation and maintenance. The monitor and operation system of the GCS has been upgraded by changing its framework software to improve potential flexibility in its maintenance. Its interlock system was also modified in accordance with the re-examination of the risk management system of J-PARC. This paper reports recent progress of the MLF-GCS.

Journal Articles

Introduction to development of advanced safeguards and security NDA technologies by JAEA-ISCN

Seya, Michio; Kureta, Masatoshi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Nakamura, Hironobu; Harada, Hideo; Hajima, Ryoichi

Proceedings of INMM 55th Annual Meeting (Internet), 10 Pages, 2014/07

JAEA has been implementing development programs of basic technologies of the following advanced NDA (non-destructive assay) of nuclear material (NM) for nuclear safeguards and security. (1) Alternative to $$^{3}$$He neutron detection using ZnS/B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator, (2) NRD (neutron resonance densitometry) using NRTA (neutron resonance transmission analysis) and NRCA (neutron resonance capture analysis), (3) NRF (nuclear resonance fluorescence)-NDA using laser Compton scattered (LCS) $$gamma$$-rays (intense mono-energetic $$gamma$$-rays). The development program (1) is for NDA systems that use ZnS/B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator as alternative neutron detector to $$^{3}$$He for coming shortage of its supply. The program (2) is for a NDA system of isotopic composition measurement (non-destructive mass spectroscopy) in targets such as particle-like melted fuel debris using NRTA and NRCA. The program (3) is for NDA systems using a specific NRF reaction of certain Pu/U isotope caused by mono-energetic LCS $$gamma$$-ray with energy tuned to the specific excited state of the isotope. This paper introduces above three programs.

Journal Articles

First principles molecular dynamics study of interlayer water and cations in vermiculite

Ikeda, Takashi

Clay Science, 18(2), p.23 - 31, 2014/06

To clarify possible origins of irreversible adsorption exhibited by cesium on clay minerals, we performed FPMD simulations for vermiculite including water molecules along with Mg$$^{2+}$$, K$$^{+}$$, and Cs$$^{+}$$ in its interlayers. Our close examination on the structural and dynamical properties of interlayer water included together with the cations shows that Mg$$^{2+}$$ and Cs$$^{+}$$ form respectively outer- and inner-sphere surface complexes in the interlayers, while K$$^{+}$$ forms both types. The structure of electric double layers formed in the interlayers is found to depend significantly on the type of surface complexes of interlayer cations. The reorientational motions of H$$_{2}$$O are suggested to be enhanced by Cs$$^{+}$$ in contrast to a minor influence of Mg$$^{2+}$$ and K$$^{+}$$. Our observed enhanced diffusion of interlayer H$$_{2}$$O along with their rapid reorientation indicates that Cs$$^{+}$$ ions work as structure-breaking ions even in confined 2-dimensional interlayers.

Journal Articles

Development and operation of the JAERI superconducting energy recovery linacs

Minehara, Eisuke

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 557(1), p.16 - 22, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:46.7(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The JAERI FEL facility at Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan has been well known one of the two existing and operating superconducting energy recovery linacs together with one more of JLAB (Jefferson national accelerator facility) FEL facility at Newport News, Virginia, U.S.A. We have independently and successfully developed one of the most advanced and newest accelerator technologies named "superconducting energy recovery linacs (ERLs)" and the application technologies using ERLs in future. We plan to report the current high power FEL upgrade program research, stress corrosion cracking prevention technology research, large current and high brightness photoelectron gun research of negative-electron affinity (NEA) photocathode and NEA electron-excitation cathode as the most important elemental technology in realizing many powerful ERLs.

Journal Articles

Multipass beam breakup in energy recovery linacs

Pozdeyev, E.*; Tennant, C.*; Bisognano, J. J.*; Sawamura, Masaru; Hajima, Ryoichi; Smith, T. I.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 557(1), p.176 - 188, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:35.59(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Optics and beam transport in energy-recovery linacs

Hajima, Ryoichi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 557(1), p.45 - 50, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.35(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation from the JAERI energy recovery linac

Takahashi, Toshiharu*; Minehara, Eisuke; Hajima, Ryoichi; Sawamura, Masaru; Nagai, Ryoji; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Iijima, Hokuto; Nishitani, Tomohiro; Okuda, Shuichi*

Proceedings of 2nd Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 30th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.498 - 500, 2005/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of Web-based RDB system in JAERI ERL-FEL

Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Nagai, Ryoji

Proceedings of 2nd Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 30th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.430 - 432, 2005/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Structure reform and special economic zone in large helium liquifier complex for the 4th generation ERL light source

Minehara, Eisuke

Proceedings of 2nd Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 30th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.200 - 201, 2005/07

As the fourth generation energy recovering super-conducting linac (ERL) driven light source is planned to develop and to build as the most advanced national light source facility in Japan, this is a conceptual design work and key components developmental programs including a 200MeV prototype construction. Our existing 4K zero-boil off refrigerator cryogenic and a huge 2K liquefier facility will be combined to make a new hybrid one. Because all cryogenic devices in Japan have been seriously and unnecessarily controlled and affected their safety, maintenance, operation and construction over these several tens years, we will therefore have to cut back excess safety regulation in Japanese domestic high pressure vessel code using a structure reform and special economic zone policy.

Journal Articles

Measurement of a chirped pulse generation from the ERL-FEL

Iijima, Hokuto; Hajima, Ryoichi; Nagai, Ryoji; Minehara, Eisuke; Yamauchi, Toshihiko

Proceedings of 2nd Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 30th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.793 - 795, 2005/07

We report the construction of FEL transport line and the measurement method of chirped FEL pulse. An infrared-chirped pulse is an effective way of dissociating molecules. The chirped FEL pulse oscillator is operated by the JAERI-FEL superconducting accelerator, in which a long pulse of electron beam is produced. Until now, the chirped pulse was measured to be $$Deltaomega/omega_0$$ = 14.3% with the wavelength of 23.3 $$mu$$m and the pulse width of 319 fs at FWHM by an autocorrelation. In order to measure the correlation between time and frequency in the chirped pulse directly, the frequency-resolved optical grating (FROG) is developing. Since the measurement is performed in new experimental room, the vacuum transport line guiding the FEL to the room has been constructed.

Journal Articles

Measurement of emittance for electron bunches compressed by velocity bunching via double-slit-scan method

Iijima, Hokuto; Hajima, Ryoichi; Uesaka, Mitsuru*; Sakumi, Akira*; Sakamoto, Fumito*; Ueda, Toru*

Proceedings of 2nd Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 30th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.501 - 503, 2005/07

We report the availability of velocity bunching in an energy recovery linac (ERL) by a numerical analysis, and the plan of precise measurement of bunching emittance via a double-slit-scan method. The simulation performed for eight TESLA-type cavities reveals successful bunch compression from 3.2 ps to 0.17 ps. Since the residual energy spread after velocity bunching is considerably smaller than the correlated energy spread required for magnetic compression through a recirculation loop, velocity bunching is useful to realized short-pulse and high-brightness X-rays by ERL. The emittance of velocity bunching was calculated to be 1.5 $$pi$$mm.mrad for the bunch charge of 77pC without the emittance compensation by an external solenoid field. Although the emittance growth due to the space-charge effect was small in the simulation, it is necessary to evaluate the emittance-growth mechanism under velocity bunching. Therefore, the emittance measurement via double-slit-scan method is carrying out in the UTNL-18L.

Journal Articles

An Introduction to Perl

Shimizu, Katsuhiro

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(6), p.458 - 463, 2005/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Report of ERL-2005 Workshop

Hajima, Ryoichi; Suwada, Tsuyoshi*

Hoshako, 18(3), p.200 - 201, 2005/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Generation of coherent synchrotron radiation from JAERI-ERL

Hajima, Ryoichi; Minehara, Eisuke; Sawamura, Masaru; Nagai, Ryoji; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Iijima, Hokuto; Nishitani, Tomohiro; Takahashi, Toshiharu*; Okuda, Shuichi*

Proceedings of 27th International Free Electron Laser Conference (FEL 2005) (CD-ROM), p.301 - 304, 2005/00

no abstracts in English

88 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)