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Journal Articles

Mn L$$_{2,3}$$-edge EXAFS and magnetic EXAFS studies on the halfmetallic ferromagnet Co$$_{2}$$MnSi

Kogo, Junya*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Sekiyama, Akira*; Saito, Yuji; Umetsu, Rie*; Niki, Kaori*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(3), p.034702_1 - 034702_12, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Crystal structure of U$$_{1-y}$$Ln$$_{y}$$O$$_{2-x}$$ (Ln = Gd, Er) solid solution

Pham, V. M.*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Inagaki, Yaohiro*; Idemitsu, Kazuya*; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Nagai, Takayuki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 556, p.153189_1 - 153189_9, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:17.78(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The crystal structure change was evaluated for (1-x)UO$$_{2}$$-xLnO$$_{1.5}$$ (Ln=Gd or Er; x = 0 to 0.4) samples sintered at 1973 K for 8 h under Ar and Ar-10%H$$_{2}$$ atmospheres. The effect of LnO$$_{1.5}$$ doping on the crystal structure of UO$$_{2}$$ was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS). LnO$$_{1.5}$$ doping into UO$$_{2}$$ reduced the lattice parameter of UO$$_{2}$$-LnO$$_{1.5}$$ solid solutions up to 40mol% LnO$$_{1.5}$$. The lattice parameters of these samples were comparable to those of stoichiometric (U,Ln)O$$_{2.00}$$ solid solutions, that is, the O/M ratios were close to 2.00. The U L$$_{3}$$-edge XANES analysis showed that higher U oxidation states of +5 or +6 formed, in addition to + 4. The EXAFS analysis indicated that the interatomic distances of U-O and Gd-O decreased with increasing x, whereas those of Er-O may not decrease monotonically.

Journal Articles

Speciation of cesium in tree tissues and its implication for uptake and translocation of radiocesium in tree bodies

Tanaka, Kazuya; Kanasashi, Tsutomu*; Takenaka, Chisato*; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Science of the Total Environment, 755(Part 2), p.142598_1 - 142598_8, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:38.15(Environmental Sciences)

In this study, we investigated coordination structures of Cs in $$^{133}$$Cs-doped bark, sapwood, heartwood, needle, and branch samples of trees collected in Fukushima by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. We examined four representative tree species in Fukushima, ${it Cryptomeria japonica}$, ${it Pinus densiflora}$, ${it Quercus serrata}$, and ${it Eleutherococcus sciadophylloides}$. EXAFS spectra suggested that Cs was adsorbed as an outer-sphere complex on all parts of the four species, with electrostatic binding to negatively charged functional groups in components of tree tissues. These results were supported by extraction experiments where most of the sorbed Cs was desorbed from all parts of each tree species using 1 M CH$$_{3}$$COONH$$_{4}$$.

Journal Articles

Microscopic analyses on Zr adsorbed IDA chelating resin by PIXE and EXAFS

Arai, Yoichi; Watanabe, So; Ono, Shimpei; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Fumiya*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Hagura, Naoto*; Kubota, Toshio*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 477, p.54 - 59, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:37.81(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Structural characterization of Eu-HONTA complexes by IBIL and EXAFS analyses

Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Okada, Makoto*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Hagura, Naoto*; Kada, Wataru*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 477, p.60 - 65, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:26.83(Instruments & Instrumentation)

IBIL and EXAFS analyses were applied on strucutral analysis of Eu complex formed in adsorbent developed for extraction chromatography. Those analyses revealed slight structural difference between adsorbent and solvent systems.

Journal Articles

Proton chelating ligands drive improved chemical separations for rhodium

Narita, Hirokazu*; Nicolson, R. M.*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Ito, Fumiyuki*; Morisaku, Kazuko*; Goto, Midori*; Tanaka, Mikiya*; Heller, W. T.*; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; et al.

Inorganic Chemistry, 58(13), p.8720 - 8734, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:68.22(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Local structure study of the iron-based systems of BaFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$ and LiFeAs by X-ray PDF and XAFS analyses

Li, S.*; Toyoda, Masayuki*; Kobayashi, Yoshiaki*; Ito, Masayuki*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Otani, Akira*; Matsumura, Daiju; Asano, Shun*; Mizuki, Junichiro*; et al.

Physica C, 555, p.45 - 53, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.23(Physics, Applied)

${it T}$-dependence of local distortions in BaFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$ and LiFeAs by X-ray PDF and XAFS methods. Although PDF data exhibit anomaly at the structure transition temperature, EXAFS data exhibit no anomaly. Data supporting the local orthorhombicity at 300 K in the tetragonal phase for BaFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$. Arguments on the origins of the 4-fold symmetry breaking in the ground average structure of the tetragonal phase.

Journal Articles

Chemical state analysis of simulated corium debris by EXAFS

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Takano, Masahide

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.200 - 203, 2018/11

Chemical state of some simulated corium debris samples containing uranium (fuel), zirconium (fuel cladding), iron (structure material), calcium (cement) and lanthanides (fission products) was investigated by synchrotron radiation based extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis. The local structure of uranium for the simulated debris was classified into fluorite UO$$_2$$ structure and C-type structure (stabilized cubic). The U$$_{0.27}$$Zr$$_{0.63}$$Fe$$_{0.05}$$Ca$$_{0.05}$$O$$_2$$ sample, which consists of single phase (C-type), shows slightly shorter U-O distance. It can be concluded that the sample contains pentavalent uranium. The local structure of zirconium for U-Zr-O and U-Zr-Fe-O systems was very close to tetragonal ZrO$$_2$$, while that of zirconium changed to CSZ (calcia stabilized cubic) by adding calcium.

Journal Articles

Photo-oxidative doping in $$pi$$-conjugated zig-zag chain of carbon atoms with sulfur-functional group

Ikeura, Hiromi*; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro

Applied Physics Letters, 111(23), p.231605_1 - 231605_4, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Photo-oxidative doping processes were studied for the trans-polyacetylene (PA) backbone with the -SCH$$_{3}$$ side group as a chemically representative of the S-functionalized zig-zag graphene nanoribbon edge. Sulfur K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy indicates that photochemical reaction of S-CH$$_{3}$$ with atmospheric O$$_{2}$$ forms selectively oxidized products such as -S(O)CH$$_{3}$$ and -SO$$_{3}$$$$^{-}$$ bound to the (PA) backbone. Using the correlation between the oxidation states of sulfur and the XANES peak positions, the partial charge distribution of CH$$_{3}$$S$$^{delta+}$$ -PA$$^{delta-}$$ has been estimated. The results can provide some strategy for area-selective and controllable doping processes of atomic-scale molecular systems with the assistance of UV light.

Journal Articles

Microanalysis of silica-based adsorbent for effective recovery of radioactive elements

Sano, Yuichi; Watanabe, So; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Nagoshi, Kohei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(10), p.1058 - 1064, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37.79(Nuclear Science & Technology)

For effective recovery of radioactive elements by adsorbents using polymer-immobilized silica (SiO$$_{2}$$-P) supports, the microstructure of SiO$$_{2}$$-P particles impregnated with CMPO as extractants and their change with the crosslinking degree of polymer (CDP) were investigated using STXM and EXAFS analyses; further, their relation with adsorption/elution behavior was discussed. The adsorption/elution tests using adsorbents with a different CDP demonstrated that a higher CDP inhibited the elution of adsorbed metal ions from the adsorbent. The results of STXM and EXAFS analyses suggested that adsorption by CMPO proceeds through the entire area in the adsorbent and the local structure around adsorbed metal ions is similar irrespective of the CDP. Conversely, STXM analyses implied the capture of eluents such as H$$_{2}$$O by polymers with high CDP, which suppresses the prompt elution of adsorbed metal ions from the adsorbent.

Journal Articles

Local structure and distribution of remaining elements inside extraction chromatography adsorbents

Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Ono, Shimpei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Koka, Masashi*; Sato, Takahiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 404, p.202 - 206, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:29.5(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Microscopic analyses of complexes formed in adsorbent for Mo and Zr separation chromatography

Abe, Ryoji*; Nagoshi, Kohei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Takagi, Hideaki*; Shimizu, Nobutaka*; Koka, Masashi*; Sato, Takahiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 404, p.173 - 178, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:45.52(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Micro-orientation control of silicon polymer thin films on graphite surfaces modified by heteroatom doping

Shimoyama, Iwao; Baba, Yuji; Hirao, Norie*

Applied Surface Science, 405, p.255 - 266, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:6.06(Chemistry, Physical)

NEXAFS spectroscopy is applied to study orientation structures of polydimethylsilane (PDMS) films deposited on heteroatom-doped graphite substrates prepared by ion beam doping. The Si ${it K}$-edge NEXAFS spectra of PDMS show opposite trends of polarization dependence for non irradiated and N$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$-irradiated substrates, and show no polarization dependence for an Ar$$^{+}$$-irradiated substrate. Based on a theoretical interpretation of the NEXAFS spectra via first-principles calculations, we clarify that PDMS films have lying, standing, and random orientations on the non irradiated, N$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$-irradiated, and Ar$$^{+}$$-irradiated substrates, respectively. Furthermore, photoemission electron microscopy indicates that the orientation of a PDMS film can be controlled with microstructures on the order of $$mu$$m by separating irradiated and non irradiated areas on the graphite surface. These results suggest that surface modification of graphite using ion beam doping is useful for micro-orientation control of organic thin films.

Journal Articles

Selective extraction of Pt(IV) over Fe(III) from HCl with an amide-containing tertiary amine compound

Maeda, Motoki*; Narita, Hirokazu*; Tokoro, Chiharu*; Tanaka, Mikiya*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Separation and Purification Technology, 177, p.176 - 181, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:59.64(Engineering, Chemical)

Journal Articles

Radiation enhanced precipitation of solute atoms in AlCu binary alloys; Energetic ion irradiation experiment and computer simulation

Mayumi, Ren*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Saito, Yuichi*; Yoshiie, Toshimasa*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 42(1), p.9 - 14, 2017/02

AlCu binary alloys were irradiated with 16 MeV Au, 4.5 MeV Ni or 4.5 MeV Al ions at room temperature. Changes in surface hardness and the local atomic structure around Cu atoms were examined by using the Vickers hardness measurement and the EXAFS measurements, respectively. Some specimens were aged at 453 K and Vickers hardness was measured. The computer simulation was also performed by using the rate equation method. The hardness of irradiated specimens increased much faster than that of the aged specimens and it became larger than the maximum value of the hardness for the aged specimens. The comparison of the experimental EXAFS result with that of FEFF simulation suggests that the ion irradiation produced small Cu precipitates in the specimens. The computer simulation visualized the growth process of Cu precipitates during the irradiation, and the result qualitatively corresponds to the experimental result.

Journal Articles

Lattice structure transformation and change in surface hardness of Ni$$_3$$Nb and Ni$$_3$$Ta intermetallic compounds induced by energetic ion beam irradiation

Kojima, Hiroshi*; Yoshizaki, Hiroaki*; Kaneno, Yasuyuki*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Saito, Yuichi; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Iwase, Akihiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 372, p.72 - 77, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:65.49(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Ni$$_3$$Nb and Ni$$_3$$Ta intermetallic compounds, which show the complicated lattice structures were irradiated with 16 MeV Au$$^{5+}$$ ions at room temperature. The X-ray diffraction measurement revealed that the lattice structure of these intermetallic compounds changed from the ordered structures to the amorphous state by the ion irradiation. The irradiation-induced amorphization caused the increase in Vickers hardness. The result was compared with our previous results for Ni$$_3$$Al and Ni$$_3$$V, and was discussed in terms of the intrinsic lattice structures of the samples.

Journal Articles

Electronic structures at phosphorus sites doped in graphite; Spectral analysis of P K-edge NEXAFS with DVX$$alpha$$ calculations

Shimoyama, Iwao; Baba, Yuji

DV-X$$alpha$$ Kenkyu Kyokai Kaiho, 28(1&2), p.62 - 69, 2016/03

We studied electronic structures at phosphorus sites doped in graphite to clarify the dopant effect on catalytic activity of P-doped graphite using near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy. A sample prepared by high-temperature doping at 700 $$^{circ}$$C showed graphite-like clear polarization dependence of P K-edge NEXAFS spectra indicating planar structure at phosphorus sites. We calculated electronic structures at phosphorus sites in carbon model clusters using the DV-X$$alpha$$ method and compare them with NEXAFS. The electronic structure at planar phosphorus site with three carbon coordination reproduced the NEXAFS spectra. On the other hand, samples prepared by room-temperature doping and post annealing at 800 $$^{circ}$$C showed deterioration of polarization dependence of NEXAFS. We clarified that an electronic structure of a curved carbon model cluster with a pentagon reproduced change of polarization dependence and spectral shape of NEXAFS. This means local structures at phosphorus sites can be controlled by substrate temperatures during ion dopings.

Journal Articles

Reconsidering of a polarization rule on atomic arrangements of graphite-like boron carbonitride

Shimoyama, Iwao; Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro

DV-X$$alpha$$ Kenkyu Kyokai Kaiho, 27(1&2), p.34 - 44, 2015/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Influence of configuration at dopant sites on catalytic activity of phosphorus-doped graphite

Shimoyama, Iwao; Hakoda, Teruyuki; Shimada, Akihiko; Baba, Yuji

Carbon, 81, p.260 - 271, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:59.24(Chemistry, Physical)

The relationship between catalytic activity and local structure at dopant sites of phosphorus-doped graphite prepared by ion implantation was studied by electrochemical measurements and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy. The P K-edge NEXAFS spectra of samples doped at room temperature and high temperature showed different polarization dependences, with graphite-like clear polarization dependence observed for the sample prepared by high-temperature doping. NEXAFS spectra were analyzed by density functional theory calculations to reveal the chemical-bonding states of P sites. In electrochemical measurements with an acid solution, samples with relatively small polarization dependence of NEXAFS exhibited marked catalytic activity in oxygen reduction reactions while those with larger polarization dependence showed lower catalytic activity. This indicates the influence of the configuration at dopant sites on catalytic activity and suggests that the introduction of curved structures is one way to design carbon catalysts with high catalytic activity.

Journal Articles

Structure refinement for the $$alpha$$-$$varepsilon$$ transition of iron by using EXAFS

Ishimatsu, Naoki*; Sata,Yusuke*; Maruyama, Hiroshi*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Irifune, Tetsuo*; Sumiya, Hitoshi*

Hoshako, 28(1), p.3 - 11, 2015/01

no abstracts in English

93 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)