※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
検索結果: 24 件中 1件目~20件目を表示


Initialising ...



Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...



In situ transmission electron microscopy observation of melted germanium encapsulated in multilayer graphene

鈴木 誠也; 根本 善弘*; 椎木 菜摘*; 中山 佳子*; 竹口 雅樹*

Annalen der Physik, 535(9), p.2300122_1 - 2300122_12, 2023/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Germanene is a two-dimensional (2D) germanium (Ge) analogous of graphene, and its unique topological properties are expected to be a material for next-generation electronics. However, no germanene electronic devices have yet been reported. One of the reasons for this is that germanene is easily oxidized in air due to its lack of chemical stability. Therefore, growing germanene at solid interfaces where it is not oxidized is one of the key ideas for realizing electronic devices based on germanene. In this study, the behavior of Ge at the solid interface at high temperatures was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). To achieve such in situ heating TEM observation, we fabricated a graphene/Ge/graphene encapsulated structure. In situ heating TEM experiments revealed that Ge like droplets moved and coalesced with other Ge droplets, indicating that Ge remained as a liquid phase between graphene layers at temperatures higher than the Ge melting point.


The Formation mechanism of radiocesium-bearing microparticles derived from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant using electron microscopy

萩原 大樹; 近藤 啓悦; 日高 昭秀

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 331(12), p.5905 - 5914, 2022/12

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:63.62(Chemistry, Analytical)

Radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs) were released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant during the 2011 accident. We examined the CsMP formation process by analyzing Type-A particles and conducting in situ glass fiber experiments. The results demonstrated that heating glass fibers to 450$$^{circ}$$C - 800$$^{circ}$$C formed spherical particles, their morphologies and elemental compositions were similar to those of actual CsMPs. The mock-up particles size was strongly dependent on the glass-fiber thickness. Our findings reveal that glass fibers can form microparticles after being exposed to high temperatures.


Accumulation mechanisms of radiocaesium within lichen thallus tissues determined by means of ${it in situ}$ microscale localisation observation

土肥 輝美; 飯島 和毅; 町田 昌彦; 数納 広哉*; 大村 嘉人*; 藤原 健壮; 木村 茂*; 菅野 太志*

PLOS ONE (Internet), 17(7), p.e0271035_1 - e0271035_21, 2022/07

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:21.77(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Many lichens are well known to accumulate radiocaesium and, thus acting as biomonitors of contamination levels. Here, we use autoradiography and demonstrate for the first time ${it in situ}$ microscale localisation of radiocaesium within thallus tissues to investigate the radiocaesium forms and their accumulation mechanism. The radiocaesium was localised in the brown pigmented parts i.e., melanin-like substances, in the lower cortex of lichen thallus. Quantum chemical calculations showed that functional group of melanin-like substances can chelate Cs$$^{+}$$ ion, which indicates that the Cs$$^{+}$$ ions form complexes with the substances. Based on these findings, we suggest that radiocaesium ions may be retained stably in melanin-like substances for long periods (two to six years) due to steric factors, such as those seen in porphyrin-like structures and ${it via}$ multimer formation in the lower cortex.


Characterization of radiocesium-bearing microparticles with different morphologies in soil around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

萩原 大樹; 舟木 泰智; 尻引 夏*; 菅野 麻里奈*; 眞田 幸尚

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 331(1), p.415 - 426, 2022/01

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:70.73(Chemistry, Analytical)

Radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs) from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) are observed in Eastern Japan. To examine their source and formation, multiple particles were isolated from soils from three sites around the FDNPP and their radioactivity, morphology, and elemental composition were analyzed. Cesium-137 radioactivity ranged from 0.23 to 8.57 Bq and particles were primarily composed of Si, Fe, Zn, C, and Cs at each site. Uranium-rich parts in certain CsMPs show their origin in the vicinity of the nuclear reactor. Our results will help characterize CsMPs and evaluate the internal dose exposure of personnel employed at the FDNPP


Microstructural stability of ODS steel after very long-term creep test

岡 弘; 丹野 敬嗣; 矢野 康英; 大塚 智史; 皆藤 威二; 舘 義昭

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 547, p.152833_1 - 152833_7, 2021/04

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:70.73(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

本研究では、ODS鋼被覆管の強度決定因子であるナノサイズ酸化物粒子及び母相組織の高温・応力負荷下での安定性を評価するため、700$$^{circ}$$Cで45,000時間を超える内圧クリープ試験に供して破断したODS鋼被覆管の微細組織観察を行った。観察したODS鋼は、焼き戻しマルテンサイトを母相とする9Cr-ODS鋼及び再結晶フェライトを母相とする12Cr-ODS鋼の製造まま材及びクリープ破断材である。破断後の内圧クリープ試験片から切り出した板片を電解研磨にて薄膜化し、透過電子顕微鏡JEOL 2010Fにて観察した。観察の結果、ナノ粒子のサイズ及び数密度は700$$^{circ}$$Cにて45,000時間を超えるクリープ試験後においてもほぼ変化なく、高温長時間試験中に安定に存在していたことを確認した。また、9Cr-ODS鋼の強度決定因子の一つである焼き戻しマルテンサイト組織についても、製造まま材とクリープ破断材の間に大きな違いはなく、母相組織は安定であることがわかった。


Inner structure and inclusions in radiocesium-bearing microparticles emitted in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

奥村 大河*; 山口 紀子*; 土肥 輝美; 飯島 和毅; 小暮 敏博*

Microscopy, 68(3), p.234 - 242, 2019/06

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:71.03(Microscopy)

2011年に起きた福島第一原子力発電所事故により環境中に放射性Cs含有微粒子(CsMP)が放出された。CsMPは事故時に原子炉内で形成されたため、その内部構造や組成は粒子形成時の炉内環境を反映していると考えられる。そこで本研究では、電子顕微鏡(TEM)を用いてCsMPの内部構造を調べた。その結果、いくつかのCsMPではZnやFe, Csが粒子内に不均一に分布していた。またCsMP内部に含有されたサブミクロンの結晶には2価鉄が含まれていたことから、CsMPがある程度還元的な雰囲気で形成されたことが示唆された。さらにCsMPにホウ素は含まれていないことがわかった。


Quasielastic neutron scattering of brucite to analyse hydrogen transport on the atomic scale

奥地 拓生*; 富岡 尚敬*; Purevjav, N.*; 柴田 薫

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51, p.1564 - 1570, 2018/12


 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:21.73(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

中性子準弾性散乱(QENS)は、鉱物結晶格子内で起こる原子スケール水素拡散プロセスを分析するための新規かつ有効な方法であることが実証されている。この方法は、凝縮体中の拡散性が高い水素原子または水分子の拡散頻度および距離を分析するために敏感であると以前から考えられていた。本論文では、水酸基として結晶格子に結合している非常に遅い運動の水素原子の拡散運動を分析する応用研究の結果が示されている。ブルーサイト鉱物( brucite)、Mg(OH)$$_{2}$$では、水素原子の単一の二次元層面内でのジャンプとそれに最も近い次の層へのジャンプの2種類の水素拡散プロセスが観察された。ブルーサイトの結晶構造内で観察されるこれらの拡散プロセスは、層状構造を有する様々な種類の酸化物およびミネラル内で起こる水素拡散現象にQENS測定が適用可能であることを示している。


Effect of nitrogen concentration on nano-structure and high-temperature strength of 9Cr-ODS steel

岡 弘; 丹野 敬嗣; 大塚 智史; 矢野 康英; 皆藤 威二

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 16, p.230 - 237, 2018/08

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:40.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In determining the nitrogen concentration specifications, nano-structure and high-temperature strength of 9Cr-ODS steel have been investigated as a function of the nitrogen content with the aim of obtaining technical knowledge that makes the specification reasonable. The hardness and tensile strength showed degradation with increasing nitrogen content. For a microstructure, the decrement of residual ferrite phase was confirmed. Since the nitrogen is an austenite stabilizer, the increment of nitrogen enhanced an alpha to $$gamma$$ transformation, resulted in the decrease of the residual ferrite phase. It is considered that the reduction of the strength is due to the decrease of the residual ferrite phase.


Effect of thermo-mechanical treatments on nano-structure of 9Cr-ODS steel

岡 弘; 丹野 敬嗣; 大塚 智史; 矢野 康英; 上羽 智之; 皆藤 威二; 大沼 正人*

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 9, p.346 - 352, 2016/12

 被引用回数:21 パーセンタイル:89.66(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The effect of thermo-mechanical treatments (TMTs) on the evolution of nano-structure in an oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic/martensitic steel (Fe-9Cr-2W-0.22Ti-0.36Y$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$) was investigated. TMTs involve hot extruding and subsequent forging, which are expected to be part of a future industrial-scale manufacturing process of the ODS steel. It was shown that the ODS steel was composed of two phases - a fine-grained residual ferrite phase and a transformable martensite phase. The number density of the nano-sized particles in the residual ferrite phase was significantly higher than that in the martensite phase. The TMTs did not significantly affect the number density, but slightly affected the size distribution of the nano-sized particles in both ferrite phase and martensite phase. Moreover, the volume fraction of the residual ferrite phase decreased after TMTs. In summary, the TMT conditions could be a parameter which affects the nano-structure of the ODS steel.


In-situ observation of surface blistering in silicon by deuterium and helium ion irradiation

五十嵐 慎一; 武藤 俊介*; 田辺 哲朗*; 相原 純; 北條 喜一

Surface & Coatings Technology, 158-159, p.421 - 425, 2002/09



Polymerisation process of 1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne epitaxially grown films studied by high-resolution electron microscopy

川瀬 昇*; 磯田 正二*; 倉田 博基; 村田 幸生*; 竹田 賢二*; 小林 隆史*

Polymer, 39(3), p.591 - 597, 1998/00

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:26.82(Polymer Science)



Stability of cascades under ion and electron irradiation in germanium

阿部 弘亨; 木下 智見*; 傅田 康貴*

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 373, 0, p.487 - 492, 1995/00



Amorphization of graphite under ion or electron irradiation

阿部 弘亨; 楢本 洋; 木下 智見*

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Vol. 373, 0, p.383 - 388, 1995/00




阿部 弘亨; 木下 智見*

Ionics, 20(7), p.39 - 48, 1994/07



Crud behaviors in high-temperature water, II; Characterization of water in JMTR OWL-1 loop

星 三千男; 立川 圓造; 諏訪 武; 佐川 千明; 米澤 仲四郎; 富田 衛; 清水 道雄; 山本 克宗

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 23(6), p.511 - 521, 1986/00

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:48.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Staining with UF$$_{6}$$ on fission tracks in polyvinylidene fluoride

古牧 睦英; 大津 仁; 石川 二郎; 桜井 勉

J.Electron Microsc., 31(2), p.191 - 193, 1982/00



Observation of nuclear track development in polyvinylidene fluoride with several etchants

古牧 睦英; 大津 仁

J.Electron Microsc., 30(4), p.292 - 297, 1981/00



Electron optical conditions for the formation of structure images of silicon oriented in (110)

西田 雄彦

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 19(5), p.799 - 806, 1980/00

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:20.72(Physics, Applied)



Growth of fine holes by the chemical etching of fission tracks in polyvinylidene fluoride

古牧 睦英

Nucl.Tracks, 13(1-2), p.33 - 44, 1979/00



Chemical etching of fission tracks in polyfluoro plastic

古牧 睦英; 辻村 重男

Science, 199(4327), p.421 - 422, 1978/00



24 件中 1件目~20件目を表示