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JAEA Reports

Quantitative analysis method for radiation distribution in high radiation environment by gamma-ray image spectroscopy (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Kyoto University*

JAEA-Review 2019-036, 65 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Review-2019-036.pdf:4.46MB

JAEA/CLADS, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Quantitative Analysis Method for Radiation Distribution in High Radiation Environment by Gamma-ray Image Spectroscopy". Electron-tracking Compton camera (ETCC) has been developed originally for nuclear gamma-ray astronomy, and also applied to medical use as a technology that greatly improves the resolution of conventional Compton camera by measuring three-dimensional tracking of electrons using a gaseous 3-dimensional position detector (so called Time Projection Chamber) in the first stage. In the present study, based on the ETCC that has been developed for medical use, we produce a prototype of light weight ETCC with the emphasis on the operability at the site, and evaluate its practicability by field tests.

Journal Articles

Electron-tracking Compton camera imaging of technetium-95m

Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tanimori, Toru*; Sonoda, Shinya*; Kabuki, Shigeto*; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 13(12), p.e0208909_1 - e0208909_12, 2018/12

AA2018-0639.pdf:2.39MB

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Imaging of $$^{95m}$$Tc radioisotope was conducted using an electron tracking-Compton camera (ETCC). $$^{95m}$$Tc emits 204, 582, and 835 keV $$gamma$$ rays, and was produced in the $$^{95}$$Mo(p,n)$$^{95m}$$Tc reaction with a $$^{95}$$Mo-enriched target. The recycling of the $$^{95}$$Mo-enriched molybdenum trioxide was investigated, and the recycled yield of $$^{95}$$Mo was achieved to be 70% - 90%. The images were obtained with each of the three $$gamma$$ rays. Results showed that the spatial resolution increases with increasing $$gamma$$-ray energy, and suggested that the ETCC with high-energy $$gamma$$-ray emitters such as $$^{95m}$$Tc is useful for the medical imaging of deep tissue and organs in the human body.

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