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JAEA Reports

Report of summer holiday practical training 2018; Feasibility study on nuclear battery using HTTR core; Feasibility study for nuclear design

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Matsunaka, Kazuaki*; Ishida, Hiroki*; Ho, H. Q.; Ishii, Toshiaki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Kenzhina, I.*; Chikhray, Y.*; Kondo, Atsushi*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2019-008, 12 Pages, 2019/07

JAEA-Technology-2019-008.pdf:2.37MB

As a summer holiday practical training 2018, the feasibility study for nuclear design of a nuclear battery using HTTR core was carried out. As a result, it is become clear that the continuous operations for about 30 years at 2 MW, about 25 years at 3 MW, about 18 years at 4 MW, about 15 years at 5 MW are possible. As an image of thermal design, the image of the nuclear battery consisting a cooling system with natural convection and a power generation system with no moving equipment is proposed. Further feasibility study to confirm the feasibility of nuclear battery will be carried out in training of next fiscal year.

Journal Articles

Online chemical adsorption studies of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO$$_{2}$$ and Au surfaces in preparation for chemical investigations on Cn, Nh, and Fl at TASCA

Lens, L.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Asai, Masato; Ballof, J.*; Block, M.*; David, H. M.*; Despotopulos, J.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eberhardt, K.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 106(12), p.949 - 962, 2018/12

AA2018-0417.pdf:0.99MB

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:48.98(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Online gas-solid adsorption studies with single atom quantities of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO$$_{2}$$ and Au surfaces were carried out using short-lived radioisotopes with half-lives in the range of 4-49 s. This is a model study to measure adsorption enthalpies of superheavy elements Cn, Nh, and Fl. The short-lived isotopes were produced and separated by the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA at GSI. The products were stopped in He gas, and flushed into gas chromatography columns made of Si detectors whose surfaces were covered by SiO$$_{2}$$ or Au. The short-lived Tl and Pb were successfully measured by the Si detectors with the SiO$$_{2}$$ surface at room temperature. On the other hand, the Hg did not adsorb on the SiO$$_{2}$$ surface, but adsorbed on the Au surface. The results demonstrated that the adsorption properties of short-lived Hg, Tl, and Pb could be studied with this setup, and that this method is applicable to the experiment for Cn, Nh, and Fl.

Journal Articles

Spectroscopic measurements of L X-rays with a TES microcalorimeter for a non-destructive assay of transuranium elements

Nakamura, Keisuke; Morishita, Yuki; Takasaki, Koji; Maehata, Keisuke*; Sugimoto, Tetsuya*; Kiguchi, Yu*; Iyomoto, Naoko*; Mitsuda, Kazuhisa*

Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 193(3-4), p.314 - 320, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Nuclear structure of elements with $$100 le Z le 109$$ from alpha spectroscopy

Asai, Masato; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Lopez-Martens, A.*

Nuclear Physics A, 944, p.308 - 332, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:44 Percentile:94.97(Physics, Nuclear)

Nuclear structure of Z = 100-109 nuclei studied through $$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy have been reviewed. Experimental techniques and methods concerning separation techniques, summing effects in $$alpha$$ spectra, and the use of digital electronics for $$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy have been described in detail. The presentation of the experimental results and the physics discussion were focused on nuclear structure systematics in even-Z nuclei along the N = 151, 153, and 155 isotonic lines, where most progress has been achieved in the last 10 years.

Journal Articles

Extraction separation of Am(III) and Eu(III) with TPEN isomers and decanoic acid

Matsumura, Tatsuro; Takeshita, Kenji*

ACS Symposium Series, 933, p.261 - 273, 2006/07

Three TPEN isomers with different positon of nitrogen donor in pyridyl groups, t2pen, t3pen and t4pen, were synthesized and the extraction separation of Am(III) and Eu(III) with these ligands and a fatty acid, decanoic acid, was investigated. All isomers were similar in the complexation in the aqueous phase, such as the protonation and the formation of metal complex, however, they showed different extraction behavior of Am and Eu. The synergistic extraction effect for Am was observed for t2pen and the high separation factor about 100 was measured, when 1:2. The value is comparable to that for the extraction system with a famous nitrogen-donor extractant, BTP. On the other hand, the extractability of other isomers was very low and no separation of Am and Eu was observed. Only t2pen, in which nitrogen donor in pyridyl groups is positioned in the vicinity of the skeletal structure (N-C-C-N structure) of ligand, is available for the extraction separation of Am.

Journal Articles

Polarizance of a synthetic mica crystal polarizer and the degree of linear polarization of an undulator beamline at 880eV evaluated by the rotating-analyzer method

Imazono, Takashi; Hirono, Toko*; Kimura, Hiroaki*; Saito, Yuji; Ishino, Masahiko; Muramatsu, Yasuji*; Koike, Masato; Sano, Kazuo*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 76(12), p.126106_1 - 126106_4, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:56.62(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Polarizance of a reflection-type polarizer made with a synthetic mica (fluorophlogopite) single crystal was evaluated at the photon energy of 880 eV by means of the rotating-analyzer method in conjunction with the evaluation of the degree of linear polarization of the insertion beamline, SPring-8 BL23SU, featuring an APPLE-2 type variably polarizing undulator. When the undulator was tuned to the horizontal linear polarization mode, the maximum reflectances for s- and p-polarization for a symmetric Bragg reflection of synthetic mica(002) were 2.6% and 0.013%, respectively, at incident angles of near 45$$^circ$$. Our analysis based on the rotating-analyzer method gave the polarizance of the polarizer of at least 0.997 $$pm$$ 0.002 and the degree of linear polarization of 0.993 $$pm$$ 0.004 in the linear polarization mode.

Journal Articles

Selective separation of Am(III) from Ln(III) with a novel synergistic extraction system, N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-methylpyridyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) and carboxylic acid in 1-octanol

Mirvaliev, R.*; Watanabe, Masayuki; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Tachimori, Shoichi*; Takeshita, Kenji*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(11), p.1122 - 1124, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:77.71(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Transmutation is a technology aimed to reduce HLW from reprocessing process. Minor actinides in the HLW will be converted to short-lived nuclides. However, lanthanides in HLW adversely affects on the efficiency of the transmutation. It is well known that separating An(III) and Ln(III) is very difficult because of their similarity of chemical properties. Therefore, the separation is one of the essential subjects to establish the transmutation technology. Considerable efforts have been devoted to the development of new extractants for the separation. N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-methylpyridyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) demonstrates 100-fold preference for Am(III) over Ln(III) between stability constants with the ions in the aqueous phase. We have reported that Am(III) was selectively extracted from the aqueous phase containing Ln(III) by TPEN in nitrobenzene system and synergistic system with TPEN and D2EHPA in octanol. This work presents our recent results that Am(III) is separated from Eu(III) by a synergistic extraction system with TPEN and decanoic acid diluted with 1-octanol.

Journal Articles

Rare earth element distribution in the acetic acid soluble fraction of combusted coals; Its implication as a proxy for the original coal-forming plants

Fu, F.; Akagi, Tasuku*; Suzuki, Yuichiro*; Watanabe, Kazuo; Yabuki, Sadayo*

Geochemical Journal, 38(4), p.333 - 343, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:16.78(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Replication of individual snow crystals for their subsequent chemical analysis using micro-PIXE

Kasahara, Mikio*; Ma, C.-J.*; Okumura, Motonori*; Kojima, Takuji; Hakoda, Teruyuki; Sakai, Takuro; Arakawa, Kazuo

JAERI-Review 2003-033, TIARA Annual Report 2002, p.270 - 272, 2003/11

A snow crystal scavenges earozol particles and trasfer various elements in atomosphere through heterogenious nucleation. The snow has many complicated crystal shapes which results in difficulty in comparison of its environmental purification function directly with that of raindrops. The replica of individual snow crystal grain was prepared by their immobilization on the collodion film. The replica samples were analized by micro-PIXE at JAERI and PIXE st Kyoto university. The following results are obtained: (1) Size(circumscribed diameter) of individual snow crystal are in the range of 0.12-2.5mm, (2)snow crystal grows from hexagnal plate to dendritic sectored plate, (3) major elements captured by a snow crystal are Si,S,K,Ca,Fe,S, (4)there is relation between snow crystal size and captured-element masses. The result leads us to presume the chemical inner-structure and the elemental mixing state in/on single snow crystal.

Journal Articles

X-ray structural studies on elemental liquids under high pressures

Katayama, Yoshinori; Tsuji, Kazuhiko*

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 15(36), p.6085 - 6103, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:81 Percentile:93.05(Physics, Condensed Matter)

X-ray structural studies on several elemental liquids under high pressure are reviewed. Combination of synchrotron radiation sources and large volume presses enables us to carry out in-situ structural measurements on liquids at high pressures up to several GPa. The measurements have revealed that compressions of liquid alkali metals are almost uniform, whereas those of liquids that have covalent components in bonding are mostly anisotropic. In some elements, different types of volume dependence of the nearest neighbour distances are observed in different pressure ranges. This behaviour suggests that the liquid phase can be divided in regions. Although most of the observed structural changes are continuous, a discovery of an abrupt structural change in liquid phosphorus, which is completed over a pressure range of less than 0.05 GPa around 1GPa and 1050 $$^{circ}$$C, supports existence of a first-order liquid-liquid phase transition.

JAEA Reports

Achievement in research on ion beam application under the scientific cooperation program with the Gesellschaft f$"u$r Schwerionenforschung mbH

Yoshida, Masaru; Maekawa, Yasunari

JAERI-Review 2003-002, 30 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Review-2003-002.pdf:1.68MB

The Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) and the Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung mbH (GSI) signed a memorandum of "Research and Development in the Field of Ion Beam Application" in January, 1991 and started the cooperative research program. The cooperation has been implemented by means of joint research between JAERI and GSI, exchange of scientific and technical experts, and providing mutual exchange of research materials as well as technical information. This report summarizes the cooperative research activities under the cooperative research program in the last 12 years.

Journal Articles

Development of a filler metal for weldments of a Ni-Cr-W superalloy with high creep strength

Kurata, Yuji; Saito, T.*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Takatsu, T.*; Shindo, Masami; Nakajima, Hajime

JSME International Journal, Series A, 45(1), p.104 - 109, 2002/01

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

ARTIST process; A Novel chemical process for treatment of spent nuclear fuel

Tachimori, Shoichi

JAERI-Research 2001-048, 23 Pages, 2001/10

JAERI-Research-2001-048.pdf:1.88MB

A new chemical process, ARTIST process, is proposed for the treatment of spent nuclear fuel. The main concept of the ARTIST process is to recover and stock all actinides (Ans) in two groups, uranium (U) and a mixture of transuranics (TRU), to preserve their resource value and to dispose solely fission products (FPs). The process composed of two main steps, an U exclusive isolation and a total recovery of TRU; which copes with the nuclear non-proliferation measures, and additionally Pu separation process and soft N-donor process if requested, and optionally processes for separation of long-lived FPs. These An products: U-product and TRU-product, are to be solidified by calcination and allowed to the interim stockpile for future utilization. These separations are achieved by use of amidic extractants in accord with the CHON principle. The technical feasibility of the ARTIST process was explained by the performance of both the branched-alkyl monoamides the diglycolic amide (TODGA) in thorough extraction of all TRU by tridentate fashon.

Journal Articles

Development of a filler metal for weldments of a Ni-Cr-W superalloy with high creep strength

Kurata, Yuji; Saito, T.*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Takatsu, T.*; Shindo, Masami; Nakajima, Hajime

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures (CREEP7), p.93 - 99, 2001/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a filler metal for weldments of a Ni-Cr-W superalloy with superior creep strength

Kurata, Yuji; Saito, T.*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Takatsu, T.*; Shindo, Masami; Nakajima, Hajime

Nihon Gakujutsu Shinkokai Genshiro Zairyo Dai-122-Iinkai Shiryoshu, p.279 - 282, 2000/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Total energy calculations of RfCl$$_{4}$$ and homologues in the framework of relativistic density functionaltheory

Varga, S.*; Fricke, B.*; Hirata, Masaru; Bastug, T.; Pershina, V.*; Frizsche, S.*

Journal of Chemical Physics, 104(27), p.6495 - 6498, 2000/06

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Study on development of filler metal for Ni-Cr-W superalloy (Joint research)

Saito, T.*; ; Takatsu, T.*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Shindo, Masami; Nakajima, Hajime

JAERI-Research 99-036, 99 Pages, 1999/05

JAERI-Research-99-036.pdf:29.53MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Long-term contaminant migration and impacts from uranium mill tailings

H.Camus*; R.Little*; D.Acton*; A.Agueero*; D.Chambers*; L.Chamney*; J.L.Daroussin*; J.Droppo*; C.Ferry*; E.Gnanapragasam*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 42, p.289 - 304, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:43.32(Environmental Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Eigenvalue method for the outer-region matching data in resistive MHD stability analysis

Tokuda, Shinji; *

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 73(10), p.1141 - 1154, 1997/10

no abstracts in English

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