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Journal Articles

Investigation of applicability of subchannel analysis code ASFRE on thermal hydraulics analysis in fuel assembly with inner duct structure in sodium cooled fast reactor

Kikuchi, Norihiro; Imai, Yasutomo*; Yoshikawa, Ryuji; Doda, Norihiro; Tanaka, Masaaki

Proceedings of 28th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering; Nuclear Energy the Future Zero Carbon Power (ICONE 28) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2021/08

In the design study of an advanced sodium-cooled fast reactor (Advanced-SFR) in JAEA, the use of a specific fuel assembly (FA) with an inner duct structure called FAIDUS has been investigated to enhance safety of Advanced-SFR. Due to the asymmetric layout of fuel rods by the inner duct, it is necessary to estimate the temperature distribution to confirm feasibility of FAIDUS. For the FAIDUS, confirmation of validity of the numerical results by a subchannel analysis code named ASFRE was not enough because the reference data on the thermal hydraulics in FAIDUS have not been obtained by the mock-up experiment, yet. Therefore, the code-to-code comparisons with numerical results of ASFRE and those of a CFD code named SPIRAL was conducted. The applicability of ASFRE was indicated through the confirmation of the consistency of mechanism of the specific temperature and velocity distributions appearing around the inner duct between the numerical results by ASFRE and those by SPIRAL.

Journal Articles

Subchannel analysis of thermal-hydraulics in a fuel assembly with inner duct structure of a sodium-cooled fast reactor

Kikuchi, Norihiro; Imai, Yasutomo*; Yoshikawa, Ryuji; Doda, Norihiro; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 5(2), p.021001_1 - 021001_12, 2019/04

In the design study of an advanced loop-type sodium-cooled fast reactor in Japan, a specific fuel assembly (FA) named FAIDUS (Fuel Assembly with Inner DUct Structure) has been considered as one of the measures to enhance safety of the reactor during the core disruptive accident. In this study, thermal-hydraulics in FAIDUS was investigated with the in-house subchannel analysis code named ASFRE. Before the application to FAIDUS, applicability of ASFRE to FAs was confirmed through the numerical simulations for the experiments of simulated FA. Through the comparisons between the numerical results of thermal-hydraulic analyses of FAIDUS and a typical FA without the inner duct, it was indicated that significant asymmetric temperature distribution would not occur in FAIDUS at both high and low flow rate conditions.

Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulics analysis of fuel assembly with inner duct structure of a sodium-cooled fast reactor

Kikuchi, Norihiro; Imai, Yasutomo*; Yoshikawa, Ryuji; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Kanto Shibu Ibaraki Koenkai 2017 Koen Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2017/08

A specific fuel assembly named FAIDUS (Fuel Assembly with Inner Duct Structure) has been developed as one of the measures to enhance safety of the reactor in the core disruptive accident (CDA) in JAEA. Thermal-hydraulics evaluations in FAIDUS under various operation conditions including the CDA are required to confirm its design feasibility. Therefore, numerical simulations by using thermal-hydraulics analysis program named SPIRAL developed in JAEA are conducted to analyze the thermal-hydraulics in the FAIDUS. Through the numerical simulation in the FAIDUS under tentative rated operation condition of an Advanced SFR, it was indicated that the flow and temperature distribution in the FAIDUS showed the same tendency as that in ordinary FA and specific characteristics was not observed.

Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulic analysis of fuel assembly with inner duct structure of an advanced loop-type sodium-cooled fast reactor using ASFRE code

Kikuchi, Norihiro; Imai, Yasutomo*; Yoshikawa, Ryuji; Doda, Norihiro; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2017/07

In the design study of an advanced loop-type SFR in JAEA, a specific fuel assembly (FA) named FAIDUS (Fuel Assembly with Inner DUct Structure) has been adopted as one of the measures to enhance safety of the reactor. Thermal-hydraulics evaluations of FAIDUS under various operation conditions are required to confirm its design feasibility. In this study, after the applicability of ASFRE to FAs was confirmed through the numerical analysis using simulated FA tests, thermal-hydraulic analyses of a FA without an inner duct and a FAIDUS were conducted. Through the numerical analyses, it was indicated that asymmetric temperature distribution in a FAIDUS would not be occurred and characteristics of the temperature distribution was almost the same as that in a FA without an inner duct. Under the low flow rate condition, it was expected that the local flow acceleration caused by the buoyancy force in a FAIDUS could bring the flow redistribution and make the temperature distribution flat.

Journal Articles

Analysis of fuel subassembly innerduct configurational effects on the core characteristics and power distribution of a sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor

Ohgama, Kazuya; Nakano, Yoshihiro; Oki, Shigeo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(8), p.1155 - 1163, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The power distribution and core characteristics in various configurations of fuel subassemblies with an innerduct structure in the Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor were evaluated using a Monte Carlo code for neutron transport and burnup calculation. The correlation between the fraction of fuel subassemblies facing outward and the degree of power increase at the core center was observed regardless of the compositions. This indicated that the spatial fissile distribution caused by innerduct configurations was the major factor of the difference in the power distribution. A power increase was also found in an off-center region, and it tended to be greater than that at the core center because of the steep gradient of neutron flux intensity. The differences in the worth of control rods caused by innerduct configurations were confirmed.

Journal Articles

Improvement of transient analysis method of a sodium-cooled fast reactor with FAIDUS fuel sub-assemblies

Ohgama, Kazuya; Kawashima, Katsuyuki*; Oki, Shigeo

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

In order to evaluate transient behavior of Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor (JSFR) with fuel sub-assemblies with the innerduct structure (FAIDUS) precisely, a new model for a plant dynamics code HIPRAC was developed. In this new model, inner core and outer core channels can be divided into three channels, respectively, such as interior, edge and near innerduct channel, and calculate coolant redistribution and coolant temperature in each channel. Coolant temperature distribution of interior and edge channels calculated by this model was compared with previous study by the general-purpose thermal-hydraulics code $$alpha$$-FLOW. Coolant temperature behavior inside the innerduct was analyzed by a commercial thermal hydraulics code STAR-CD ver. 3.26. Based on this result, horizontally-uniformed coolant temperature in the innerduct was assumed as a heat transfer model of the innderduct. Reactivity coefficients for 750 MWe JSFR with low -decontaminated transuranic (TRU) fuel were evaluated. Transient behaviors of an unprotected loss-of-flow (ULOF) accident for JSFR with 750 MWe output calculated by previous and new models were compared. The results showed that the detailed evaluation of coolant temperature improved overestimation of the coolant temperature and coolant temperature feedback reactivity of the peripheral channels including coolant inside the innerduct and in the inter-wrapper gap.

Journal Articles

An Experimental study on heat transfer from a mixture of solid-fuel and liquid-steel during core disruptive accidents in Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactors

Kamiyama, Kenji; Konishi, Kensuke; Sato, Ikken; Toyoka, Junichi; Matsuba, Kenichi; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Pakhnits, A. V.*; Vityuk, V. A.*; Vurim, A. D.*; et al.

Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2014/12

Oral presentation

Validation of subchannel analysis code to thermal-hydraulic design of fuel assembly with inner duct structure of an advanced sodium-cooled fast reactor

Kikuchi, Norihiro; Imai, Yasutomo*; Yoshikawa, Ryuji; Tanaka, Masaaki

no journal, , 

In design study of an advanced sodium-cooled fast reactor, adoption of Fuel Assembly (FA) with Inner DUct Structure (FAIDUS) has been investigated as one of the measures to enhance safety of the reactor. Numerical simulation of FAIDUS using subchannel analysis code named ASFRE for a design tool of FA was previously conducted to confirm its applicability to the thermal-hydraulics analysis in FAIDUS. In this study, numerical simulations of FAIDUS and a typical FA using detailed analysis code named SPIRAL under a high flow rate condition were performed. Numerical results using SPIRAL and ASFRE were well comparable. Applicability of ASFER for a thermal-hydraulic design tool of FAIDUS was potentially indicated in comparison with the results of SPIRAL.

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