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Journal Articles

Thick target neutron yields from 100- and 230-MeV/nucleon helium ions bombarding water, PMMA, and iron

Tsai, P.-E.; Heilbronn, L. H.*; Lai, B.-L.*; Iwata, Yoshiyuki*; Murakami, Takeshi*; Sheu, R.-J.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 449, p.62 - 70, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The secondary neutrons produced from 100- and 230-MeV/nucleon He ions, respectively, stopping in the thick iron, PMMA and water targets are measured by the time of flight method combined with the pulse shape discrimination of liquid scintillators. The experimental data show that the secondary neutrons were contributed from breakup of projectiles, emission from overlap regions of projectile nuclei and target nuclei, and evaporation of projectiles and target nuclei. The measured double-differential thick target neutron yields, angular distributions, and total neutron yields per ion, were benchmarked by the PHITS, FLUKA, and MCNP model calculations. The default models in these codes agree the experimental data well at intermediate-to-large angles in the low-to-intermediate energy range. However, the physics models implemented in PHITS need further improvement for some particular nuclear interaction mechanisms, and this work can be an importance reference for future model development.

Journal Articles

Benchmark of neutron production cross sections with Monte Carlo codes

Tsai, P.-E.; Lai, B.-L.*; Heilbronn, L. H.*; Sheu, R.-J.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 416, p.16 - 29, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:45.99(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Fifteen thin target experiments were selected for this benchmark study of the neutron production cross sections. The studied cases include a mix combination of $$^{12}$$C, $$^{20}$$Ne $$^{40}$$Ar, $$^{84}$$Kr, and $$^{132}$$Xe ions bombarding $$^{nat}$$Li, $$^{nat}$$C, $$^{nat}$$Al, $$^{nat}$$Cu, and $$^{nat}$$Pb target with projectile energies between 135 and 600 MeV/nucleon. The experimental data were compared to the model calculations performed by (1) PHITS version 2.73 with JQMD and GEM model, (2) PHITS version 2.82 with revised JQMD 2.0 and GEM model, (3) FLUKA version 2011.2c with RQMD 2.4 and FLUKA's own de-excitation model, and (4) MCNP6 version 1.0 with LAQGSM 03.03 and GEM2 model. This study provides useful information not only for code users but also for model developers, and it will lead to future improvements of the PHITS - JQMD model for heavy-ion induced reactions, which is important for accelerator facilities, heavy-ion radiotherapy, and space radiation.

Journal Articles

Comparison of synchrotron radiation calculations between analytical codes(STAC8,PHOTON) and Monte Carlo codes (FLUKA,EGS4)

Liu, J. C.*; Fasso, A.*; Prinz, A.*; Rokni, S.*; Asano, Yoshihiro

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 116(1-4), p.658 - 661, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:42.45(Environmental Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Comparison of synchrotron radiation calculation between EGS4, FLUKA, PHOTON and STAC8

Asano, Yoshihiro; Liu, J. C.*

KEK Proceedings 2002-18, p.48 - 54, 2003/01

The light energy was not higher than soft X-rays so that the radiation safety for synchrotron radiation passed for unworthy issues of attention. With constructing and operating the third generation facilities such as SPring-8, however, high energy synchrotron radiation of extremely high intense is available, and high accuracy should be required in the shielding and safety design for the beam of synchrotron radiation. Furthermore, the middle size facilities such as CLS (Canadian Light Source) are now under construction and the optimum design of shielding is desired to construct the beamline with safety and compact. It is necessary for the purpose to verify the detailed evaluation technique. Therefore, taking the SPEAR3 bending magnet and BL11-3 wiggler beamlines in the examples, the characteristics of the codes were investigated in comparison with synchrotron radiation shielding design code PHOTON, STAC8 and Monte Carlo simulation code EGS4, FLUKA

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