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Journal Articles

Irradiation growth behavior of improved Zr-based alloys for fuel cladding

Amaya, Masaki; Kakiuchi, Kazuo; Mihara, Takeshi

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.1048 - 1056, 2019/09

Journal Articles

Coupled computer code study on irradiation performance of a fast reactor mixed oxide fuel element with an emphasis on the fission product cesium behavior

Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Nemoto, Junichi*; Ishitani, Ikuo*; Ito, Masahiro*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 331, p.186 - 193, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:48.87(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A computer code for the analysis of the overall irradiation performance of a fast reactor mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel element was coupled with a specialized code for the analysis of fission product cesium behaviors in a MOX fuel element. The coupled code system allowed for the analysis of the radial and axial Cs migrations, the generation of Cs chemical compounds and fuel swelling due to Cs-fuel-reactions in association with the thermal and mechanical behaviors of the fuel element. The coupled code analysis was applied to the irradiation performance of a fast reactor MOX fuel element attaining high burnup for discussion on the axial distribution of Cs, fuel-to-cladding mechanical interaction owing to the Cs-fuel-reactions by comparing the calculated results with post irradiation examinations.

Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulic analysis of fuel assembly with inner duct structure of an advanced loop-type sodium-cooled fast reactor using ASFRE code

Kikuchi, Norihiro; Imai, Yasutomo*; Yoshikawa, Ryuji; Doda, Norihiro; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2017/07

In the design study of an advanced loop-type SFR in JAEA, a specific fuel assembly (FA) named FAIDUS (Fuel Assembly with Inner DUct Structure) has been adopted as one of the measures to enhance safety of the reactor. Thermal-hydraulics evaluations of FAIDUS under various operation conditions are required to confirm its design feasibility. In this study, after the applicability of ASFRE to FAs was confirmed through the numerical analysis using simulated FA tests, thermal-hydraulic analyses of a FA without an inner duct and a FAIDUS were conducted. Through the numerical analyses, it was indicated that asymmetric temperature distribution in a FAIDUS would not be occurred and characteristics of the temperature distribution was almost the same as that in a FA without an inner duct. Under the low flow rate condition, it was expected that the local flow acceleration caused by the buoyancy force in a FAIDUS could bring the flow redistribution and make the temperature distribution flat.

Journal Articles

Comparative study on neutronics characteristics of a 1500 MWe metal fuel sodium-cooled fast reactor

Ohgama, Kazuya; Aliberti, G.*; Stauff, N. E.*; Oki, Shigeo; Kim, T. K.*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00592_1 - 16-00592_9, 2017/06

Journal Articles

Analyses of deformation and thermal-hydraulics within a wire-wrapped fuel subassembly in a liquid metal fast reactor by the coupled code system

Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Ito, Masahiro*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 317, p.133 - 145, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:36.05(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The coupled numerical analysis of mechanical and thermal behaviors was performed for a wire-wrap fuel pin bundle subassembly irradiated in a fast reactor. For the analysis, the fuel pin bundle deformation analysis code BAMBOO and the thermal hydraulics analysis code ASFRE exchanged the deformation and temperature analysis results through the iterative calculations to attain convergence corresponding to the static balance between deformation and temperature. The analysis by the coupled code system showed that radial distribution of coolant temperatures in a subassembly tended to be flattened as a result of the fuel pin bundle deformation governed by cladding void swelling and irradiation creep. Such temperature distribution was slightly analyzed as a result of the small bowing of the fuel pins due to the cladding-wire interaction even when no bundle-duct interaction occurred. The effect of the spacer wire-pitch on deformation and thermal hydraulics was also investigated in this study.

Journal Articles

Comparative study on burnup characteristics of a 1500 MWe metal fuel sodium-cooled fast reactor

Ohgama, Kazuya; Aliberti, G.*; Stauff, N. E.*; Oki, Shigeo; Kim, T. K.*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/04

Journal Articles

Tradeoff analysis of metal-fueled fast reactor design concepts

Stauff, N. E.*; Ohgama, Kazuya; Aliberti, G.*; Oki, Shigeo; Kim, T. K.*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/04

Journal Articles

Design study of a 750 MWe Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor with metal fuel

Ohgama, Kazuya; Ota, Hirokazu*; Ikusawa, Yoshihisa; Oki, Shigeo; Ogata, Takanari*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/04

Journal Articles

Characterization of the insoluble sludge from the dissolution of irradiated fast breeder reactor fuel

Aihara, Haruka; Arai, Yoichi; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Takeuchi, Masayuki

Procedia Chemistry, 21, p.279 - 284, 2016/12

BB2015-3214.pdf:0.31MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:5.15

Journal Articles

Development of thermal hydraulics analysis code ASFRE for fuel assembly of sodium-cooled fast reactor; Modification of distributed resistance model and validation analysis

Kikuchi, Norihiro; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Tanaka, Masaaki; Hashimoto, Akihiko*

Dai-21-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2016/06

For the thermal-hydraulic design and safety assessment regarding a fuel assembly of sodium-cooled fast reactors, a subchannel analysis code ASFRE has been and is continuously developed in JAEA. In the numerical simulation of ASFRE confirmed that the tendency to overestimate the maximum coolant temperature in a fuel assembly still remains. In this study, Distributed Resistance Model (DRM), which deals with wire-spacer wrap volumetric effect in subchannels on peripheral and axial directions, was modified and its calibration factor was optimized in order to improve the prediction accuracy of the maximum coolant temperature. A numerical simulation of a 37-pin bundle sodium experiment was also carried out and the result showed the validity of the modified DRM.

Journal Articles

Comparative study on neutronics characteristics of a 1500 MWe metal fuel sodium-cooled fast reactor

Ohgama, Kazuya; Aliberti, G.*; Stauff, N. E.*; Oki, Shigeo; Kim, T. K.*

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2016/06

Under the cooperative effort of the Civil Nuclear Energy R&D Working Group within the framework of the U.S.-Japan bilateral, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) have been performing benchmark study using Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) design with metal fuel. In this benchmark study, core characteristic parameters at the beginning of cycle were evaluated by the best estimate deterministic and stochastic methodologies of ANL and JAEA. The results obtained by both institutions are agreed well with less than 200 pcm of discrepancy on the neutron multiplication factor, and less than 3% of discrepancy on the sodium void reactivity, Doppler reactivity, and control rod worth. The results by the stochastic and deterministic were compared in each party to investigate impacts of the deterministic approximation and to understand potential variations in the results due to different calculation methodologies employed. Impacts of the nuclear data libraries were also investigated using a sensitivity analysis methodology.

Journal Articles

Validation of decay heat evaluation method based on FPGS cord for fast reactor spent MOX fuels

Usami, Shin; Kishimoto, Yasufumi; Taninaka, Hiroshi; Maeda, Shigetaka

Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors; Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century (PHYSOR 2016) (USB Flash Drive), p.3263 - 3274, 2016/05

The present paper describes the validation of the new decay heat evaluation method using FPGS90 code with both the updated nuclear data library and the rational extent of uncertainty, by comparing the results of the decay heat measurement of the spent fuel subassemblies in Joyo MK-II core and by comparing with the calculation results of ORIGEN2.2 code. The calculated values of decay heat (C) by FPGS90 based on the JENDL-4.0 library were coincident with the measured ones (E) within the calculation uncertainties, and the C/E ranged from 1.01 to 0.93. FPGS90 evaluated the decay heat almost 3% larger than ORIGEN2.2, and it improved the C/E in comparison with the ORIGEN2.2 code. Furthermore, The C/E by FPGS90 based on the JENDL-4.0 library was improved than that based on the JENDL-3.2 library, and the contribution of the revision of reaction cross section library to the improvement was dominant rather than that of the decay data and fission yield data libraries.

JAEA Reports

Development of BDI behavior evaluation method in the fast reactor fuel assembly; Improvement of out-of-pile bundle compression test technology

Higashiuchi, Atsushi; Ishimi, Akihiro; Katsuyama, Kozo; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Ichikawa, Shoichi

JAEA-Technology 2015-057, 72 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-057.pdf:36.91MB

Bundle-duct interaction (BDI) in fast reactors (FRs) is one of the limiting factors for burnup. To study the high performance fuel for FR fuel, it is important to establish the method to predict accurately the BDI behavior for the fuel assembly of large-diameter fuel pins. Therefore, it was adopted a new method that the bundle compression test apparatus is placed outside the cell, the bundle specimen is put in the airtight container for contamination prevention, and the bundle specimen is carried in the cell for internal observation by X-ray CT examination apparatus. From the result of this test, it was confirmed that the new method of out-of-pile bundle compression test is carried out as it was before. The results of this test are available to study integrity assessment of fast reactor fuel, validation of the BDI analysis code and substantiation of the safety design guidelines of fast reactor. In addition, it is possible to reflect in the BDI behavior evaluation for "ASTRID".

Journal Articles

A Numerical study on local fuel-coolant interactions in a simulated molten fuel pool using the SIMMER-III code

Cheng, S.; Matsuba, Kenichi; Isozaki, Mikio; Kamiyama, Kenji; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 85, p.740 - 752, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:7.48(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Physical property model for advanced oxide fuels

Kato, Masato; McClellan, K.*

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 113(1), p.613 - 614, 2015/10

A joint study on advanced oxide fuels is being carried out under the Civil Nuclear Energy Working Group (CNWG) bilateral collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The main goal of this study is to support development and validation of a science-based fuel analysis code for minor actinide (MA) bearing MOX fuel. In analysis and evaluation of fuel performance, it is essential to understand the physical properties of the advanced oxide fuels. Therefore, we are investigating physical properties of (U,Pu)O$$_{2}$$, (U,Ce,)O$$_{2}$$, PuO$$_{2}$$, CeO$$_{2}$$ and other related compounds to prepare a physical property database and to construct an integrated mechanistic physical property model. In this paper, we describe the derivation of a model to represent heat capacity and thermal conductivity of (U,Pu)O$$_{2-x}$$ that is based on the experimental database.

Journal Articles

First analysis of local fuel-coolant interactions in a molten pool by SIMMER-III using reactor materials

Cheng, S.; Matsuba, Kenichi; Isozaki, Mikio; Kamiyama, Kenji; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2015/05

Journal Articles

SIMMER-III analyses of local fuel-coolant interactions in a simulated molten fuel pool; Effect of coolant quantity

Cheng, S.; Matsuba, Kenichi; Isozaki, Mikio; Kamiyama, Kenji; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu

Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, 2015, p.964327_1 - 964327_14, 2015/00

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:85.53(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

An Experimental study on heat transfer from a mixture of solid-fuel and liquid-steel during core disruptive accidents in Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactors

Kamiyama, Kenji; Konishi, Kensuke; Sato, Ikken; Toyooka, Junichi; Matsuba, Kenichi; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Pakhnits, A. V.*; Vityuk, V. A.*; Vurim, A. D.*; et al.

Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2014/12

JAEA Reports

Report on the 8th Workshop on the Innovative Water Reactor for Flexible Fuel Cycle; February 10, 2005, Koku-kaikan, Minato-ku, Tokyo

Kobayashi, Noboru; Okubo, Tsutomu; Uchikawa, Sadao

JAERI-Review 2005-029, 119 Pages, 2005/09

JAERI-Review-2005-029.pdf:11.01MB

The research on Innovative Water Reactor for Flexible fuel cycle (FLWR) has been performed in JAERI for the development of future innovative reactors. The workshop on the FLWRs has been held every year since 1998 aiming at information exchange between JAERI and other organizations. The 8th workshop was held on Feb. 10, 2005 under the joint auspices of JAERI and North Kanto and Kanto-Koetsu branches of Atomic Energy Society of Japan with 75 participants. The workshop began with 3 presentations on FLWRs entitled "Framework and Status of Research and Development on FLWRs", "Long-Term Fuel Cycle Scenarios for Advanced Utilization of Plutonium from LWRs", and "Experiments on Characteristics on Hydrodynamics in Tight-Lattice Core". Then 3 lectures followed: "Development of Evaluation Method for Accuracy in Predicting Neutronics Characteristics of Tight-Lattice Core" by Osaka University, "Development of Cost-Reduced Low-Moderation Spectrum Boiling Water Reactor" by Toshiba Corporation and "Design and Analysis on Super-Critical Water Cooled Power Reactors" by Tokyo University.

JAEA Reports

Research and development on reduced-moderation light water reactor with passive safety features (Contract research)

Iwamura, Takamichi; Okubo, Tsutomu; Akie, Hiroshi; Kugo, Teruhiko; Yonomoto, Taisuke; Kureta, Masatoshi; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Araya, Fumimasa; Okajima, Shigeaki; et al.

JAERI-Research 2004-008, 383 Pages, 2004/06

JAERI-Research-2004-008.pdf:21.49MB

The present report contains the achievement of "Research and Development on Reduced-Moderation Light Water Reactor with Passive Safety Features", which was performed by Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), Hitachi Ltd., Japan Atomic Power Company and Tokyo Institute of Technology in FY2000-2002 as the innovative and viable nuclear energy technology (IVNET) development project operated by the Institute of Applied Energy (IAE). In the present project, the reduced-moderation water reactor (RMWR) has been developed to ensure sustainable energy supply and to solve the recent problems of nuclear power and nuclear fuel cycle, such as economical competitiveness, effective use of plutonium and reduction of spent fuel storage. The RMWR can attain the favorable characteristics such as high burnup, long operation cycle, multiple recycling of plutonium (Pu) and effective utilization of uranium resources based on accumulated LWR technologies.

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