Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-19 displayed on this page of 19
  • 1

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Solid-solution strengthening by Al and Cr in FeCrAl oxide-dispersion-strengthened alloys

Ukai, Shigeharu*; Yano, Yasuhide; Inoue, Toshihiko; Sowa, Takashi*

Materials Science & Engineering A, 812, p.141076_1 - 141076_11, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

FeCrAl oxide dispersion strengthened alloys are promising materials for accident tolerant fuels for light water reactors (LWRs). In these alloys, Al and Cr are key elements with important synergistic effects: enhancement of the formation of oxidation-resistant Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ phase by Cr addition and suppression of the formation of the embrittling Cr-rich $$alpha$$' phase by Al addition. The solid-solution strengthening resulting from Al and Cr co-addition was investigated in this study. The solid-solution strengthening resulting from Al and Cr co-addition was investigated in this study. The Al and Cr contents were systematically varied from 9-16 at.% and 10-17 at.%, respectively, and tensile tests were conducted at 298 K, 573 K and 973 K in the as-annealed condition. The solid solution strengthening increased linearly, 20 MPa per 1 at.% Al and 5 MPa per 1 at.% Cr, at the typical LWR operational temperature of 573 K. The conventional Fleischer-Friedel and Labusch theories cannot explain this level of solid-solution strengthening. It was shown that Suzuki's double kink theory for screw dislocations reasonably predicts the solid solution strengthening by Al and Cr as well as the inverse dependency on the absolute temperature and linear dependency on the Al and Cr content.

Journal Articles

FEMAXI-7 analysis for modeling benchmark for FeCrAl

Yamaji, Akifumi*; Susuki, Naomichi*; Kaji, Yoshiyuki

IAEA-TECDOC-1921, p.199 - 209, 2020/07

The thermo-physical models and irradiation behavior of FeCrAl as defined by the benchmark organizer have been implemented to FEMAXI-7. Analyses were carried out firstly for the specified normal operation condition. Then, some sensitivity analyses were carried out with different assumptions and model parameters. Under the normal operating condition, the predicted FeCrAl cladded fuel performance was similar to that of Zry cladded fuel with notable, but not major difference regarding late gap closure. Under the simulated LOCA conditions, the burst pressure could be evaluated. The predicted cladding creep strain at burst was mainly attributed to creep strain with negligible plastic strain. Overall, FEMAXI-7 analyses have demonstrated excellent robustness and flexibility in modeling FeCrAl-UO$$_{2}$$ system under normal and LOCA conditions.

Journal Articles

Overview of accident-tolerant fuel R&D program in Japan

Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ioka, Ikuo; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Kawanishi, Tomohiro; Kurata, Masaki; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Fukahori, Tokio; Nozawa, Takashi*; Sato, Daiki*; Murakami, Nozomu*; et al.

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.206 - 216, 2019/09

After the nuclear accident at Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant, research and development (R&D) program for establishing technical basis of accident-tolerant fuel (ATF) started from 2015 in Japan. Since then, both experimental and analytical studies necessary for designing a new light water reactor (LWR) core with ATF candidate materials are being conducted within the Japanese ATF R&D Consortium for implementing ATF to the existing LWRs, accompanying with various technological developments required. Until now, we have accumulated experimental data of the candidate materials by out-of-pile tests, developed fuel evaluation codes to apply to the ATF candidate materials, and evaluated fuel behavior simulating operational and accidental conditions by the developed codes. In this paper, the R&D progresses of the ATF candidate materials considered in Japan are reviewed based on the information available such as proceedings of international conference and academic papers, providing an overview of ATF program in Japan.

Journal Articles

Benchmark of fuel performance codes for FeCrAl cladding behavior analysis

Pastore, G.*; Gamble, K. A.*; Cherubini, M.*; Giovedi, C.*; Marino, A.*; Yamaji, Akifumi*; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Van Uffelen, P.*; Veshchunov, M.*

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.1038 - 1047, 2019/09

Oxidation-resistant iron-chromium-aluminum (FeCrAl) steels have been proposed for application as cladding materials in light water reactor fuel rods with improved accident tolerance. Within the Coordinated Research Project ACTOF of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), a fuel performance modeling benchmark for FeCrAl cladding behavior was conducted. During this effort, calculations were performed with various fuel performance codes for a set of fuel rod problems with FeCrAl steel as cladding material, and results were compared to each other.

Journal Articles

Corrosion behaviour of FeCrAl-ODS steels in nitric acid solutions with several temperatures

Takahatake, Yoko; Ambai, Hiromu; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Koizumi, Kenji; Sakamoto, Kan*; Yamashita, Shinichiro

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2018/10

The corrosion behaviour of FeCrAl-ODS steels for the accident tolerant fuel cladding of LWRs were investigated in nitric acid solutions for the reprocessing process of spent fuels. The corrosion tests were carried out at 60$$^{circ}$$C, 80$$^{circ}$$C and the boiling point of the solutions, and the specimens were then analysed by XPS. The corrosion remarkably progressed at the boiling point, and the highest corrosion rate was 0.22 mm/y. In the oxide film, the atomic concentration of Fe was lower, than that in the base material, and those of Cr and Al were higher. The results show that the corrosion of FeCrAl-ODS steels in hot nitric acid solution is not severe because of the high corrosion resistance of the oxide film formed on the material; hence, the corrosion resistance of the new cladding materials in the dissolution process of spent fuel is acceptable for reprocessing operations.

Journal Articles

Technical basis of accident tolerant fuel updated under a Japanese R&D project

Yamashita, Shinichiro; Nagase, Fumihisa; Kurata, Masaki; Nozawa, Takashi; Watanabe, Seiichi*; Kirimura, Kazuki*; Kakiuchi, Kazuo*; Kondo, Takao*; Sakamoto, Kan*; Kusagaya, Kazuyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of 2017 Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting (WRFPM 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/09

In Japan, the research and development (R&D) project on accident tolerant fuel and other components (ATFs) of light water reactors (LWRs) has been initiated in 2015 for establishing technical basis of ATFs. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has coordinated and carried out this ATF R&D project in cooperation with power plant providers, fuel venders and universities for making the best use of the experiences, knowledges in commercial uses of zirconium-base alloys (Zircaloy) in LWRs. ATF candidate materials under consideration in the project are FeCrAl steel strengthened by dispersion of fine oxide particles(FeCrAl-ODS) and silicon carbide (SiC) composite, and are expecting to endure severe accident conditions in the reactor core for a longer period of time than the Zircaloy while maintaining or improving fuel performance during normal operations. In this paper, the progresses of the R&D project are reported.

Journal Articles

Analytical study of the applicability of FeCrAl-ODS cladding for BWR

Takano, Sho*; Kusagaya, Kazuyuki*; Goto, Daisuke*; Sakamoto, Kan*; Yamashita, Shinichiro

Proceedings of 2017 Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting (WRFPM 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/09

We focused on one of accident tolerant fuel (ATF) materials, Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Fe-Cr-Al Steel (FeCrAl-ODS). There is a reasonable prospect that FeCrAl-ODS is applied to BWRs, but relatively high neutron absorption should be compensated. To decrease adverse neutron economic impact, thin FeCrAl-ODS cladding was designed, and we evaluated characteristics of a core into which 9$$times$$9 Advanced BWR (ABWR) bundles with thin FeCrAl-ODS claddings were loaded. Thin FeCrAl-ODS water rods and channel boxes were also applied. We confirmed that FeCrAl-ODS core reactivity was sufficient by increasing enrichment of UO$$_{2}$$ fuel under the limit of 5 wt%. Moreover, some representative FeCrAl-ODS core characteristics were comparable to zircaloy core. We also confirmed that fuel thermal-mechanical behaviors of thin FeCrAl-ODS cladding at normal operation and transient conditions were acceptable. These results led to a conclusion that FeCrAl-ODS was applicable to BWR in the analysis range of this study.

Journal Articles

Overview of Japanese development of accident tolerant FeCrAl-ODS fuel claddings for BWRs

Sakamoto, Kan*; Hirai, Mutsumi*; Ukai, Shigeharu*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Yamaji, Akifumi*; Kusagaya, Kazuyuki*; Kondo, Takao*; Yamashita, Shinichiro

Proceedings of 2017 Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting (WRFPM 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2017/09

This paper will show the overview of current status of development of accident tolerant FeCrAl-ODS fuel claddings for BWRs (boiling water reactors) in the program sponsored and organized by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of Japan. This program is being carried out to create the technical basis for the practical use of the accident tolerant fuels and the other components in LWRs through multifaceted activities. In the development of FeCrAl-ODS fuel claddings both the experimental and the analytical studies have been performed. The acquisition and accumulation of key material properties of FeCrAl-ODS fuel claddings were conducted by using bar, sheet and tube shaped FeCrAl-ODS materials fabricated in this program to support the evaluations in the analytical studies. A neutron irradiation test was also started in the ORNL High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) to examine the effect of neutron irradiation on the mechanical properties.

Oral presentation

Transient burst properties of ODS steel cladding for evaluating sever accident

Inoue, Toshihiko; Sekio, Yoshihiro; Otsuka, Satoshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Tanno, Takashi; Oka, Hiroshi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Kaito, Takeji; Torimaru, Tadahiko*; Hayashi, Shigenari*; et al.

no journal, , 

In order to evaluate the strength and deformation in severe accident, the transient burst tests were carried out with various heating rates (from 0.1 to 10 K/s) and hoop stresses (from 50 to 200 MPa) to provide more evaluation data. The test materials were core materials in fast reactors, 9-18Cr-ODS and accident tolerant fuel cladding tube in the light water reactors, FeCrAl-added ODS ferritic steels. Result, the rupture strength dropped with increasing hoop stress and decreasing heating rate. The burst strength of Al-added ODS steels was lower than other ODS steels, Al and Zr-added ODS steels show good transient burst strength.

Oral presentation

Welding technology development of accident tolerant ODS steel fuel cladding, 2

Yuzawa, Sho*; Yabuuchi, Kiyohiro*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Sakamoto, Kan*; Hirai, Mutsumi*; Yamashita, Shinichiro

no journal, , 

Oxide dispersion strengthened steel with high Cr and Al concentration in chemical composition (FeCrAl-ODS steel) has been proposed as a promising candidate for the accident tolerant fuel cladding of light water reactors (LWRs) because of their excellent oxidation and corrosion resistance under high temperature water and steam environments. Neither there are no sufficient knowledge on welding technology of FeCrAl-ODS nor it is known that aluminum addition remarkably degrades the weldability of the ODS steel. In this study, electron beam (EB) welding and tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding were applied to the SUS430 endcap welding to cladding tube made of FeCrAl-ODS steel and performed the bonding strength and corresponding damage structure evaluations at the bonding part.

Oral presentation

Japanese R&D program for development of accident tolerant fuel materials

Yamashita, Shinichiro

no journal, , 

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has conducted and coordinated a Japanese R&D project of accident tolerant fuel (ATF) for establishing technical basis of ATF under a program sponsored and organized by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI). ATF candidate materials under consideration in the METI program are silicon carbide (SiC) composite and FeCrAl steel strengthened by dispersion of fine oxide particles (FeCrAl-ODS). SiC composite is a highly attractive material because of its lower hydrogen generation rate and lower reaction heat in comparison with conventional Zircaloy. Therefore, practical uses for a fuel cladding of pressurized water reactor (PWR) and for the fuel cladding, channel box of boiling water reactor (BWR) are expected. On the other hand, FeCrAl-ODS steel is a promising material and is considered to apply to the fuel cladding of BWR.

Oral presentation

R&D of advanced stainless steels for BWR fuel claddings, 3-3; Mechanical properties of FeCrAl ODS Steels

Aghamiri, M. S.*; Ukai, Shigeharu*; Ono, Naoko*; Hayashi, Shigenari*; Sowa, Takashi*; Sugawara, Naoya*; Sakamoto, Kan*; Yamashita, Shinichiro

no journal, , 

Both the grain structure and mechanical properties of the fuel cladding tubes are important issues to design the material for high temperature conditions and probable accident of nuclear reactor. In this study, we compared the microstructure and tensile properties of FeCrAl-ODS steels plates and cladding tubes in different extruded, recovered and recrystallized conditions and propose the material for the application.

Oral presentation

Effect of nitric acid concentration on corrosion behavior of Fe-12Cr-6Al based oxide dispersion strengthened steels

Ambai, Hiromu; Takahatake, Yoko; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Koizumi, Kenji; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Sakamoto, Kan*

no journal, , 

A FeCrAl-ODS steel has been developed for the accident tolerant fuel cladding of light water reactors in Japanese projects. Spent fuel are reprocessed in Japan, namely spent fuel pins are chopped and immersed into a hot nitric acid solution to leach out the fuel. Behavior of the corrosion products from fuel cladding should be evaluated to estimate the influence of those on the reprocessing process. In this study, effect of nitric acid concentration on corrosion behavior of Fe-12Cr-6Al based oxide dispersion strengthened steels was evaluated.

Oral presentation

R&D activities for Accident Tolerant Fuel Materials (ATFs) in Japan

Yamashita, Shinichiro; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Ioka, Ikuo; Kawanishi, Tomohiro; Kurata, Masaki; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Fukahori, Tokio

no journal, , 

After the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, and the events that followed at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F), global interest has expanded in exploring fuels with enhanced performance during such rare events, with accident-tolerant fuel (ATF) development programs starting in many countries. In Japan, several ATF programs have been launched for feasibility study, development of manufacturing technology, and establishment of technical basis since the 1F accident. ATF candidate materials considered in Japan are silicon carbide (SiC) composite and FeCrAl steel strengthened by dispersion of fine oxide particles (FeCrAl-ODS). SiC composite is very attractive material because of its lower hydrogen generation rate and lower reaction heat in comparison with conventional Zirconium (Zr) alloys. Therefore, practical uses for a fuel cladding of pressurized water reactor (PWR) and for the fuel cladding, channel box of boiling water reactor (BWR) are expected. On the other hand, FeCrAl-ODS steel is a promising material and is considered to apply to the fuel cladding of BWR.

Oral presentation

Japanese R&D program for establishing technical basis of accident tolerant fuel materials

Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ioka, Ikuo; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Kawanishi, Tomohiro; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Fukahori, Tokio; Nozawa, Takashi*; Watanabe, Seiichi*; Murakami, Nozomu*; Sato, Hisaki*; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

R&D program for Establishing Technical Basis of Accident Tolerant Fuel Materials in Japan

Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ioka, Ikuo; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Kawanishi, Tomohiro; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Fukahori, Tokio; Nozawa, Takashi*; Watanabe, Seiichi*; Murakami, Nozomu*; Sato, Hisaki*; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Current status and future prospect of light water reactor accident-tolerant fuels R&D in Japan

Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ioka, Ikuo; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Kawanishi, Tomohiro; Kurata, Masaki; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Fukahori, Tokio; Nozawa, Takashi*; Sato, Daiki*; Murakami, Nozomu*; et al.

no journal, , 

Research and development (R&D) program for establishing technical basis of ATFs for light water reactor (LWR) started in 2015. Since then the R&D is being conducted in cooperation with power plant providers, fuel venders, research institutes and universities for making the most use of the experiences in R&D, practical design, and evaluations of fuels and cores of commercial LWRs. Among currently explored ATF candidate materials in the program, silicon carbide composite reinforced by SiC fiber (SiC/SiC) and FeCrAl steel strengthened by dispersion of fine oxide particles (FeCrAl-ODS) offer several attractive features including the remarkable high temperature capabilities and the slow kinetics of steam oxidation reactions. This presentation will give an overview of the progress in ATF development and review the current status of data availability and integrity for the properties and behaviors of ATF candidate materials, followed by discussion on the primary differences from zirconium alloy in the behaviors in the severe accident scenarios. Finally, subjects to be solved for practical use of ATF will be summarized.

Oral presentation

R&D of advanced stainless steels for BWR fuel claddings, 4-5; Investigation of corrosion behavior in nitric acid solution for reprocessing process

Takahatake, Yoko; Ambai, Hiromu; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Watanabe, Masayuki; Sakamoto, Kan*; Yamashita, Shinichiro

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

R&D of advanced stainless steels for BWR fuel claddings, 5-4; Detail evaluation of oxidation behaviour

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Fujimura, Yuki; Sakamoto, Kan*; Yamashita, Shinichiro

no journal, , 

FeCrAl-ODS steel is one of candidates for Accident Tolerant Fuel (ATF) cladding material. To investigate the detail oxidation behavior of the material, the authors conducted oxidation tests in high temperature steam flow in thermobalance chamber. After the tests, surface oxide layer was studied by using laser Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and electron dispersed X-ray spectroscopy to discuss the difference of oxidation behavior at different testing temperature. At 1150 $$^{circ}$$C, the surface oxide layer was Alumina, and at 750 $$^{circ}$$C, it was Fe oxides. The detail of our investigation will be discussed in the session.

19 (Records 1-19 displayed on this page)
  • 1