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Journal Articles

Effects of magnetic field and pressure on the valence-fluctuating antiferromagnetic compound EuPt$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Yara, Tomoyuki*; Ashitomi, Yosuke*; Iha, Wataru*; Kakihana, Masashi*; Nakashima, Miho*; Amako, Yasushi*; Honda, Fuminori*; Homma, Yoshiya*; Aoki, Dai*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(7), p.074709_1 - 074709_14, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:63.33(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Investigation of absorption characteristics for thermal-load fluctuation using HTTR

Tochio, Daisuke; Honda, Yuki; Sato, Hiroyuki; Sekita, Kenji; Homma, Fumitaka; Sawahata, Hiroaki; Takada, Shoji; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(1), p.13 - 21, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:15.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

GTHTR300C is designed and developed in JAEA. The reactor system is required to continue a stable and safety operation as well as a stable power supply in the case that thermal-load is fluctuated by the occurrence of abnormal event in the heat utilization system. Then, it is necessary to demonstrate that the thermal-load fluctuation should be absorbed by the reactor system so as to continue the stable and safety operation could be continued. The thermal-load fluctuation absorption tests without nuclear heating were planned and conducted in JAEA to clarify the absorption characteristic of thermal-load fluctuation mainly by the reactor and by the IHX. As the result it was revealed that the reactor has the larger absorption capacity of thermal-load fluctuation than expected one, and the IHX can be contributed to the absorption of the thermal-load fluctuation generated in the heat utilization system in the reactor system. It was confirmed from there result that the reactor and the IHX has effective absorption capacity of the thermal-load fluctuation generated in the heat utilization system. Moreover it was confirmed that the safety estimation code based on RELAP5/MOD3 can represents the thermal-load fluctuation absorption behavior conservatively.

Journal Articles

Nuclear heat supply fluctuation test by non-nuclear heating using HTTR

Takada, Shoji; Sekita, Kenji; Nemoto, Takahiro; Honda, Yuki; Tochio, Daisuke; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2015/05

To investigate the safety design criteria of heat utilization system for the HTGRs, it is necessary to evaluate the effect of fluctuation of thermal load on the reactor. The nuclear heat supply fluctuation test by non-nuclear heating was carried out to simulate the nuclear heat supply test which is carried out in the nuclear powered operation. The test data is used to verify the numerical code to calculate the temperature of core bottom structure to carry out the safety evaluation of abnormal events in the heat utilization system. In the test, the helium gas temperature was heated up to 120$$^{circ}$$C. A sufficiently high temperature disturbance was imposed on the reactor inlet temperature. It was found that the response of temperatures of metallic components such as side shielding blocks was faster than those of graphite blocks in the core bottom structure, which was significantly affected by the heat capacities of components, the level of imposed disturbance and heat transfer performance.

Journal Articles

Valence state in Ce-based heavy fermion compounds at high magnetic fields

Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Her, J.-L.*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Ebihara, Takao*; Amitsuka, Hiroshi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011044_1 - 011044_6, 2014/06

Synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy of CeRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ has been performed in pulsed high magnetic fields of up to 32 T. The Ce valence is slightly larger than 3+ at 5 K and decreases with increasing magnetic above 20 T. The field-induced valence change seems to correspond to the metamagnetic transition in the magnetization process. This phenomena is similar to our previous result on CeRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and seems to be common in Ce-based heavy fermion compounds.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy study on the valence state in $$alpha$$- and $$beta$$-TbAlB$$_4$$ at low temperature and high magnetic fields

Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Nakamura, Toshiyuki*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 62(12), p.1778 - 1781, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:57.28(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The valence state of Yb ions in $$alpha$$- and $$beta$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ has been investigated by X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy at temperatures from 2 to 280 K. It is found that the valence gradually increases with increasing temperature toward 3+ and that the characteristic temperature of the valence fluctuations is about 290 K. We also observe a small increase in the Yb valence ($$sim$$ 0.002) in $$beta$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ by a magnetic field of 32 T at 40 K.

Journal Articles

Observation of the interaction between the geodesic acoustic mode and ambient fluctuation in the JFT-2M tokamak

Ido, Takeshi*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Kamiya, Kensaku; Hamada, Yasuji*; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Kawasumi, Yoshiaki*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Shinohara, Koji; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(5), p.512 - 520, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:80 Percentile:93.3(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The electrostatic fluctuation spectrum and the fluctuation-induced particle flux of the JFT-2M tokamak were estimated using the hevy ion beam probe (HIBP) measurement. A geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) of the frequency about15kHz was identified in the L-mode. The GAM has its peak at about 3cm inside of the separatrix with the electric field of about 1.4kV/m. The estimated turbulent particle flux is found to be intermittent. It is found that the density fluctuation is modulated by the GAM in the wide frequency range and the coherence analysis shows that the flucruation-induced particle flux is partially contributed by the GAM. In the H-mode the GAM disappears and the fluctuation and the flux is much decreased.The mechanism of the large burst-like flux in the L-mode is not understood yet and left as the future problem.

Journal Articles

Comparisons of small ELM H-mode regimes on the Alcator C-Mod and JFT-2M tokamaks

Hubbard, A. E.*; Kamiya, Kensaku; Oyama, Naoyuki; Basse, N.*; Biewer, T.*; Edlund, E.*; Hughes, J. W.*; Lin, L.*; Porkolab, M.*; Rowan, W.*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(5A), p.A121 - A129, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:49.06(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Dedicated experiments were carried out to compare the properties, fluctuation behaviour and access conditions of these regimes. A common shape was developed which scaled the plasma boundary except for aspect ratio. Scans of density and input power were carried out at several values of q95, so as to achieve ranges of dimensionless parameters. A striking similarity of access conditions was seen. These results suggest common physical mechanisms for the H-mode regimes, which do not depend critically on aspect ratio over this range. On the other hand, several differences in the details of the edge fluctuations were found, and will be reported. The effect of wall conditioning via boronization on the H-mode regimes will also be discussed.

Journal Articles

Geodesic-acoustic-mode in JFT-2M tokamak plasmas

Ido, Takeshi*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Kamiya, Kensaku; Hamada, Yasuji*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(4), p.S41 - S50, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:119 Percentile:96.8(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The potential and density fluctuations of Geodesic-Acoustic-Mode (GAM) were investigated through the direct and simultaneous measurement of electrostatic and density fluctuations with a heavy ion beam probe(HIBP). It was found that the amplitude of the fluctuation has a maximum inside of the plasma boundary and that it has an almost constant frequency. It was also found that the mode propagates in the radial direction and that the GAM affects the background turbulence. The influence to the background turbulence was found to be in consistent with a theoretical prediction.

Journal Articles

Characterization of coherent magnetic fluctuations in JFT-2M high recycling steady high-confinement mode plasmas

Kamiya, Kensaku; Oyama, Naoyuki; Ido, Takeshi*; Bakhtiari, M.*; JFT-2M Group

Physics of Plasmas, 13(3), p.032507_1 - 032507_9, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:39.31(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Accompanying the HRS H-mode transition, the coherent magnetic fluctuations in the frequency range of the order of 10-100 kHz with significant variation are seen on the magnetic probes at the vessel wall. Above all, two types of edge MHD activities, which have associated toroidal mode number of n=1 and n$$sim$$7, respectively, seem to be more important for the HRS H-mode plasmas. To investigate their interaction, bi-spectral analysis is applied for the magnetic probe data. It is found to be a powerful tool, exhibiting the phase-coupled oscillations between two types of edge MHD activities having n=1 and n$$sim$$7.

Journal Articles

Study of SOL/divertor plasmas in JFT-2M

Kawashima, Hisato; Sengoku, Seio; Uehara, Kazuya; Tamai, Hiroshi; Shoji, Teruaki*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Shibata, Takatoshi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Kusama, Yoshinori; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.168 - 186, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:18.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experimental efforts on JFT-2M have been devoted to understand SOL/Divertor plasmas and to investigate power and particle controllability. Open divertor configuration was used for the first decade of JFT-2M started in 1984. We found out the SOL/Divertor plasma properties such as in/out asymmetry, heat and particle diffusivities, and SOL current at ELMs. Handling of power and particle was demonstrated by active control methods such as local pumping, edge ergodization, divertor biasing, and edge heating. For improvement of power and particle control capability of divertor, it was modified to closed configuration in 1995, which demonstrated the baffling effects with narrower divertor throat. Dense and cold divertor state (n$$_{e}$$$$^{div}$$ = 4$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ and T$$_{e}$$$$^{div}$$ = 4 eV), compatible with the improved confinement modes (e.g. H-mode), was realized by strong gas puffing. Being related with the core confinement at H-mode, the edge plasma fluctuations were identified by an electrostatic probe. These are reviewed in this paper.

Journal Articles

Small ELM regimes with good confinement on JET and comparison to those on ASDEX Upgrade, Alcator C-mod and JT-60U

Stober, J.*; Lomas, P. J.*; Saibene, G.*; Andrew, Y.*; Belo, P.*; Conway, G. D.*; Herrmann, A.*; Horton, L. D.*; Kempenaars, M.*; Koslowski, H.-R.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(11), p.1213 - 1223, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:71.09(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Energy loss for grassy ELMs and effects of plasma rotation on the ELM characteristics in JT-60U

Oyama, Naoyuki; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Isayama, Akihiko; Takechi, Manabu; Gohil, P.*; Lao, L. L.*; Snyder, P. B.*; Fujita, Takaaki; Ide, Shunsuke; Kamada, Yutaka; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(8), p.871 - 881, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:107 Percentile:95.66(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The grassy ELM is characterized by the high frequency periodic collapse up to $$sim$$kHz, which is $$sim$$15 times faster than that for type I ELM. A divertor peak heat flux due to grassy ELMs is less than 10% of that for type I ELMs. This smaller heat flux is caused by narrower radial extent of the collapse of temperature pedestal. The different radial extent between type I ELMs and grassy ELMs qualitatively agrees with the different radial distribution of the eigen function of the ideal MHD stability analysis. The ratio of ELM energy loss for grassy ELMs to the pedestal stored energy was 0.4-1%. In high triangularity regime, ELM amplitude, frequency and type can be changed from type I ELM to high frequency grassy ELM as counter plasma rotation was increased. In low triangularity regime, on the other hand, the complete ELM suppression (QH-mode) has been achieved, when the plasma position is optimized with CTR-NBIs. The existence of the edge fluctuations localized in pedestal region may reduce the pedestal pressure, and therefore the QH-mode can be sustained for long time up to 3.4s.

Journal Articles

Observation of nonlinear coupling between small-poloidal wave-number potential fluctuations and turbulent potential fluctuations in Ohmically heated plasmas in the JFT-2M tokamak

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Ejiri, Akira*; Shinohara, Koji; Takase, Yuichi*; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Uehara, Kazuya; Kawashima, Hisato; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Ido, Takeshi*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 95(9), p.095002_1 - 095002_4, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:97 Percentile:92.95(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

By a reciprocating electrostatic probe, two types of low frequency coherent electrostatic modes (about1kHz and 10-15kHz) are found,for the first time, in the edge region of ohmically heated plasmas in the JFT-2M tokamak. These modes exists in the last closed surface. The higher frequency mode has features of the geodesic acoustic mode (GAM), though the low frequency mode is not identified yet. A bispectral analysis revealed that significant nonlinear couplings (parametric modulation) between these coherent fluctuations and broadband background turbulent potential fluctuations occur. In the other words, the GAM and the back ground turbulence are modulated by the newly found low frequency electrostatic mode (further, the GAM modulates the background turbulence, also) for the first time. The newly found low frequency mode (frequency about 1kHz) is supposed to contribute to the turbulent diffusion nonlinearly.

Journal Articles

Pedestal characteristics in JFT-2M HRS H-mode plasma

Kamiya, Kensaku; Oyama, Naoyuki; Miura, Yukitoshi; Hubbard, A. E.*

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 46(11), p.1745 - 1755, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:42.46(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Recent experiments in the JFT-2M tokamak have concentrated on the studies of the access condition for the H-mode operation without any large ELMs, namely High Recycling Steady (HRS) H-mode regime in terms of the pedestal parameters. The HRS regime is more likely at the higher edge density and lower edge temperature, while the ELMy H-mode having large ELMs appears at the lower edge density and higher edge temperature. It is found that the ELMy/HRS operational boundary occurs at the normalized electron collisionality of $$nu$$*$$_{e}$$$$sim$$1 in the plasma edge region, depending slightly on q$$_{95}$$. A key feature of the HRS H-mode is the presence of the coherent magnetic fluctuations in the frequency range of the order of 10-100 kHz. It is suggested that the edge MHD activities may keep an edge pressure below a certain level needed to induce a large ELM.

Journal Articles

Theory of superconductivity in strongly correlated electron systems

Yanase, Yoichi*; Jujo, Takanobu*; Nomura, Takuji; Ikeda, Hiroaki*; Hotta, Takashi; Yamada, Kosaku*

Physics Reports; A Review Section of Physics Letters, 387(1-4), 149 Pages, 2003/11

In this article we review essential natures of superconductivity in strongly correlated electron systems from a universal point of view. Here we consider materials such as high-$$T_{rm c}$$ cuprates, BEDT-TTF organic superconductors, ruthenate Sr$$_2$$RuO$$_4$$, and heavy fermion superconductors. After the review of experimental results, we explain the formalism to discuss superconducting properties of strongly correlated electron systems based on the Dyson-Gor'kov equations. Then, we introduce theoretical retults on cuprates, organics, ruthenate, and heavy fermion superconductors in this order.

Journal Articles

Studies on two types of built-in inhomogeneities for polymer gels; Frozen segmental concentration fluctuations and spatial distribution of cross-links

Norisue,Tomohisa*; Kida, Yusuke*; Masui, Naoki*; Tran-Cong-Miyata, Q.*; Maekawa, Yasunari; Yoshida, Masaru; Shibayama, Mitsuhiro*

Macromolecules, 36(16), p.6202 - 6212, 2003/08

 Times Cited Count:70 Percentile:89.06(Polymer Science)

The shrinking kinetics of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPA) gels has been studied for two types of PNIPA gels prepared by (i) copolymerization of constituent monomer and cross-linker and (ii) $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in the PNIPA solutions in order to investigate the role of cross-linking on shrinking kinetics. The shrinking kinetics of the monomer cross-linked gels is quite similar to that of the polymer cross-linked gels. On the other hand, a significant difference was found when the microscopic structure and the dynamics were investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and static/dynamic light scattering (SLS/DLS). The degree of built-in inhomogeneities and dynamic fluctuations were evaluated as a function of the cross-linking degree and the gel preparation temperature by intensity decomposition methods for both types of gels. It is concluded that the monomer cross-linked gels have extra built-in inhomogeneities due to the spatial distribution of crosslinks in addition to the frozen concentration fluctuations inherent in polymer gels.

Journal Articles

Effects of quantum lattice vibration on the spin-Peierls transition

Onishi, Hiroaki; Miyashita, Seiji*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 329-333(2), p.874 - 875, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Condensed Matter)

We investigate a one-dimensional $$S=1/2$$ antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model coupled to quantum lattice vibration by a quantum Monte Carlo method. For heavy mass, the lattice fluctuation can be regarded to be adiabatic and the system dimerizes at low temperature. On the other hand, for light mass, the lattice takes a uniform configuration on the thermal average and magnetic properties coincide with those of the uniform lattice system. These phenomena can be understood from the difference of the time scale of the motion between the spin and the lattice.

Journal Articles

Prospect for "multiple-hierarchical complex plasma" where turbulent and laminar flow fluctuations are mixed

Kishimoto, Yasuaki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Li, J.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 79(5), p.478 - 488, 2003/05

This is a collection of review article related to the "Multiple Time and Spatial Scale Plasma Simulation" of various fields including fundamental research area of self-organization, magnetic and laser fusion field, space and astrophysics field where a plasma plays an essential roles.

Journal Articles

Measurements of density fluctuations in reflectometry of cylindrical plasmas

Bruskin, L. G.; Oyama, Naoyuki; Shinohara, Koji; Miura, Yukitoshi; Kogi, Yuichiro*; Mase, Atsushi*; Hasegawa, Makoto*; Hanada, Kazuaki*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 74(3), p.1473 - 1476, 2003/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:34.08(Instruments & Instrumentation)

An analytical model of fluctuation reflectometry is developed, which is capable of handling the plasma profiles of arbitrary shape and curvature. The experimental profiles are piece-wise approximated by the functions, which allow for the integration of the full-wave O-mode equation. The model is applied to the reflectometry of the JT-60U tokamak plasma to provide a preliminary estimation of the fluctuation amplitude and spectral width.

Journal Articles

Quantum narrowing effect in a spin-peierls system with quantum lattice fluctuation

Onishi, Hiroaki; Miyashita, Seiji*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 72(2), p.392 - 398, 2003/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:39.83(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We investigate a one-dimensional $$S=1/2$$ antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model coupled to quantum lattice vibration using a quantum Monte Carlo method. We study the ground-state lattice fluctuation where the system shows a characteristic structure factor. We also study the mass dependence of magnetic properties such as the magnetic susceptibility and the magnetic excitation spectrum. For heavy mass, the system shows the same behavior as the case of classical lattice vibration. On the other hand, for light mass, magnetic properties coincide with those of the static uniform chain. We investigate the physical mechanism of this behavior and propose the picture of quantum narrowing.

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