Yeom, Y. S.*; Han, M. C.*; Choi, C.*; Han, H.*; Shin, B.*; Furuta, Takuya; Kim, C. H.*
Health Physics, 116(5), p.664 - 676, 2019/05
Recently, Task Group 103 of the ICRP developed the mesh-type reference computational phantoms (MCRPs), which are planned for use in future ICRP dose coefficient calculation. Performance of major Monte Carlo particle transport codes (Geant4, MCNP6, and PHITS) were tested with MCRP. External and internal exposure of various particles and energies were calculated and the computational times and required memories were compared. Additionally calculation for voxel-mesh phantom was also conducted so that the influence of different mesh-representation in each code was studied. Memory usage of MRCP was as large as 10 GB with Geant4 and MCNP6 while it is much less with PHITS (1.2 GB). In addition, the computational time required for MRCP tends to increase compared to voxel-mesh phantoms with Geant4 and MCNP6 while it is equal or tends to decrease with PHITS.
Omer, M.; Hajima, Ryoichi*
JAEA-Data/Code 2018-007, 32 Pages, 2018/06
Nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) is a promising technique for the non-destructive assay (NDA) of nuclear materials. Its powerfulness is apparent in the highly penetrative -rays emitted in an isotopic fingerprint of the NRF interactions. However; there exist other interactions that may interfere with the NRF and hence, may limit its accuracy. Of these interactions is the elastic scattering of -rays by atoms which needs further investigation and testing. Japan Atomic Energy Agency started in 2015 to develop a NDA system based on the NRF for nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security purposes. One of the tasks of the current development is assessing the effect of the elastic scattering of -rays on NRF measurement. A new simulation code for the elastic scattering of -rays has recently been developed in the Geant4 environment. The present JAEA-Data/Code report provides a more detailed description of the simulation code as well as an elaborated illustration of the elastic scattering of -rays and its interaction cross sections. This report facilitates user feedback of the simulation code which is indispensable for reaching a stable and reliable simulation. The current report would contribute to better understanding of the elastic scattering of -rays. This research was implemented under the subsidiary for nuclear security promotion of MEXT.
Han, M. C.*; Yeom, Y. S.*; Lee, H. S.*; Shin, B.*; Kim, C. H.*; Furuta, Takuya
Physics in Medicine and Biology, 63(9), p.09NT02_1 - 09NT02_9, 2018/05
The multi-threading computation performances of the Geant4, MCNP6, and PHITS codes were evaluated using three tetrahedral-mesh phantoms with different complexity. Photon and neutron transport simulations were conducted and the initialization time, calculation time, and memory usage were measured as a function of the number of threads N used in the simulation. The initialization time significantly increases with the complexity of the phantom, but not much with the number of the threads. For the calculation time, Geant4 showed good parallelization efficiency with multi-thread computation (30 times speed-up factor for N = 40) adopting the private tallies while saturation of the speed-up factor were observed in MCNP6 and PHITS (10 and a few times for N = 40) due to the time delay for the sharing tallies. On the other hand, Geant4 requires larger memory specification and the memory usage rapidly increases with the number of threads compared to MCNP6 or PHITS. It is notable that when compared to the other codes, the memory usage of PHITS is much smaller, regardless of both the complexity of the phantom and the number of the threads.
Takada, Shusuke*; Okudaira, Takuya*; Goto, Fumiya*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Koga, Jun*; Nakao, Taro*; Sakai, Kenji; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; et al.
Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 13(2), p.P02018_1 - P02018_21, 2018/02
Lerendegui-Marco, J.*; Corts-Giraldo, M. A.*; Guerrero, C.*; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; n_TOF Collaboration*; 114 of others*
EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.03030_1 - 03030_4, 2017/09
Omer, M.; Hajima, Ryoichi*; Angell, C.*; Shizuma, Toshiyuki*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Seya, Michio; Koizumi, Mitsuo
Proceedings of INMM 57th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2016/07
Isotope-specific -rays emitted in the nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) process provide a good technique for a non-destructive detection and assay of nuclear materials. We are developing technologies relevant to -ray nondestructive detection and assay utilizing NRF. A Monte Carlo code to simulate NRF process is necessary for design and evaluation of NDA systems. We are developing NRFGeant4, a Geant4-based simulation code, for this purpose. In NRF experiments, highly-enriched targets are generally used such that the NRF signals are dominant and easily measured. In contrast, a real situation may involve very small contents of isotopes of interest. This results in a difficulty in measuring NRF signals because of the interference with other interactions, e.g. elastic scattering. For example, a typical nuclear fuel pellet contains about 90% of U as a host material and less than 1% of Pu as an isotope of interest. When measuring NRF of Pu, there would be a huge background coming from the elastic scattering of U. Therefore, an estimation of the elastic scattering with the host material is essential for precise determination of isotope of interest. Satisfying estimation of elastic scattering is currently not available except for some calculations. In the present study, we upgrade our simulation code to include the calculation of elastic scattering events.
Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Dllmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1185 - 1190, 2015/02
Thirty correlated -decay chains of element 115 were observed, which were consistent with previous observations interpreted as the decay chain of 115. GEANT4 Monte-Carlo simulations were performed to reproduce high-resolution -photon coincidence results, which allows one to propose Q values and excitation schemes of the superheavy nuclei with unprecedented precision.
Goto, Jun; Sugawara, Masahiko*; Oshima, Masumi; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Osa, Akihiko; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Mizumoto, Motoharu; Osaki, Toshiro*; Igashira, Masayuki*; et al.
AIP Conference Proceedings 769, p.788 - 791, 2005/05
no abstracts in English
Omer, M.; Hajima, Ryoichi*
no journal, ,
This paper proposes an improvement to the Geant4 coherent scattering by implementing additional physics processes that are not currently taken into account. Coherent or elastic scattering is treated in Geant4 in a way such that only Rayleigh process (R) is the unique contributor to the entire elastic scattering of rays. However, there are competing processes such as nuclear Thomson (NT) and Delbrck (D) processes which are treated for the first time in the present work. A significant aspect encountered at implementing elastic scattering simulation is the interference among the different scattering amplitudes of R, NT, and D. Therefore; we prepared the required amplitudes of R based on the scattering matrix calculations, amplitudes of D based on the lowest order Born approximation, and amplitudes of NT based on an analytical equation. This present simulation is essential in implementing a star-to-end simulation of a nondestructive assay of nuclear materials using nuclear resonance fluorescence.