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Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulics to risk assessment; Roles of thermal-hydraulics simulation to risk assessment

Maruyama, Yu; Yoshida, Kazuo

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(7), p.517 - 522, 2021/07

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Interim activity status report of "the group for investigation of reasonable safety assurance based on graded approach" (from September, 2019 to September, 2020)

Yonomoto, Taisuke; Nakashima, Hiroshi*; Sono, Hiroki; Kishimoto, Katsumi; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Kinase, Masami; Osa, Akihiko; Ogawa, Kazuhiko; Horiguchi, Hironori; Inoi, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2020-056, 51 Pages, 2021/03

JAEA-Review-2020-056.pdf:3.26MB

A group named as "The group for investigation of reasonable safety assurance based on graded approach", which consists of about 10 staffs from Sector of Nuclear Science Research, Safety and Nuclear Security Administration Department, departments for management of nuclear facility, Sector of Nuclear Safety Research and Emergency Preparedness, aims to realize effective graded approach (GA) about management of facilities and regulatory compliance of JAEA. The group started its activities in September, 2019 and has had discussions through 10 meetings and email communications. In the meetings, basic ideas of GA, status of compliance with new regulatory standards at each facility, new inspection system, etc were discussed, while individual investigation at each facility were shared among the members. This report is compiled with expectation that it will help promote rational and effective safety management based on GA by sharing contents of the activity widely inside and outside JAEA.

Journal Articles

Issues and recommendations about application of graded approach to research reactors

Yonomoto, Taisuke; Mineo, Hideaki; Murayama, Yoji; Hohara, Shinya*; Nakajima, Ken*; Nakatsuka, Toru; Uesaka, Mitsuru*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(1), p.73 - 77, 2021/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of radiation effects on residents living around the NSRR under external hazards

Motome, Yuiko; Akiyama, Yoshiya; Murao, Hiroyuki

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 6(2), p.021115_1 - 021115_11, 2020/04

The nuclear safety research reactor (NSRR) is a research reactor of training research isotopes general atomics -annular core pulse reactor type. The NSRR facility has been utilized for fuel irradiation experiments to study the behaviors of nuclear fuels under reactivity-initiated accident conditions. Under the new regulation standards, which was established after the Fukushima Daiichi accident, research reactors are regulated based on the risk of the facilities. To apply the graded approach, the radiation effects on residents living around the NSRR under the external hazards were evaluated, and the level of the risk of the NSRR facility was investigated. This paper summarizes the result of the evaluation in the case where the safety functions are lost due to a tornado, an earthquake followed by a tsunami. All in all, the risk is confirmed to be relatively low, since the effective dose on the residents is found to be below 5 mSv per event due to the loss of the safety functions.

Journal Articles

Safety and risk assessment of Nuclear Fuel Facilities; Graded approach based on the risk level

Yoshida, Kazuo

Enerugi Rebyu, 40(4), p.19 - 20, 2020/03

The probabilistic Risk Assessment has been recognized to have important role for the safety enhancement of nuclear facilities in Japan. Efforts of developing methodologies and basic data for risk assessment are undertaken actively for NFFs (Nuclear Fuel Facilities) in Japan. The standard for risk assessment for NFFs is consist of simplified assessment detailed one based on the concept of Graded Approach depending on the risk levels of their facilities. Risk-informed application is useful for activities of enhancing safety measures by the licensee rather than in regulatory decision making because of lower risk level of NFFs. The risk assessment has been also required in the periodic safety self-review by the licensees. The correct understanding of significance of risk assessment for safety management of facilities is essential for the risk-informed application. It is key event to apply the risk assessment in the safety self-review and new regulatory inspection system.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the radiation effects of residents living around the NSRI under the external hazards

Motome, Yuiko; Akiyama, Yoshiya; Murao, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2018/07

The NSRR is a research reactor of TRIGA-ACPR type, located in the Nuclear Science Research Institute. The NSRR facility has been utilized for fuel irradiation experiments to study the behaviors of nuclear fuels under reactivity initiated accident conditions. Under the new regulation standards after the Fukushima Daiichi accident, the research reactors are being regulated according to the risk of the facility. Graded approach is introduced in the regulation. In order to apply the graded approach, the radiation effects of residents living around the NSRI under the external hazards were evaluated and the level of the risk of the NSRR facility was investigating. This report is summarized for the result of the evaluation in case the safety functions were lost by the tornado, earthquake and following tsunami. As the result, the risk is confirmed to be low, since the effective dose of the residents has been below 5 mSv per event due to the loss of the safety functions by the tornado, earthquake and following tsunami.

Oral presentation

Graded approach for safety of research reactors

Yonomoto, Taisuke; Nakatsuka, Toru; Hirane, Nobuhiko; Tsumura, Takashi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Initiatives of developing engineering methods for application of graded approach to ensuring safety of research reactors

Nakatsuka, Toru; Tsumura, Takashi; Motome, Yuiko; Amaya, Masaki; Yonomoto, Taisuke

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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