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JAEA Reports

Calculation of the amount of leaching water from concrete-pit facilities under various facility design conditions

Nagao, Rina; Namekawa, Maki*; Totsuka, Masayoshi*; Nakata, Hisakazu; Sakai, Akihiro

JAEA-Technology 2021-009, 139 Pages, 2021/06

JAEA-Technology-2021-009.pdf:13.96MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency is the implementing body of the near surface disposal of low-level radioactive waste (LLW) generated from research facilities and other facilities. Concrete-pit disposal are considered as a method of disposing of the LLW. Since the concrete-pits are placed at deeper position than the groundwater level, we need to consider that radionuclides might migrate with the flow of groundwater. Accordingly, in order to explain the safety of the concrete-pit disposal facility, it is necessary to investigate the flow of groundwater and the volumetric flow rate of leaching water from the facility. Therefore, in this report, sensitivity analysis of the volumetric flow rate of leaching water from concrete-pit was carried out by varying the permeability of cover-soil filled with in outside of the lateral sides of the bentonite mixed soil (BMS) and the conditions of the BMS on the upper part of the concrete-pits. As a result of the analysis, when the BMS is normal condition, the volumetric flow rate of leaching water from the concrete-pits is reduced by lowering permeability of the lateral cover-soil. However, in the case of occurring the deterioration of the function of BMS on the upper part of the concrete-pit, significant reduction of the volumetric flow rate of leaching water is not seen even if the permeability of the lateral cover-soil is lowered. Therefore, taking into consideration the possibility of the deterioration of the function of BMS on the upper part of the concrete-pit, it is necessary to consider that cover-soil with low permeability is equipped on the upper part of the BMS.

JAEA Reports

Monitoring of groundwater inflow into research galleries in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project (MIU Project); From fiscal year 2014 to 2015

Ueno, Tetsuro; Takeuchi, Ryuji

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-003, 46 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2017-003.pdf:5.89MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2017-003-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:2.66MB

Tono Geoscience Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction Phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). As for The MIU Project (Phase II) was carried out from 2004 fiscal year, and has been started the Phase III in 2010 fiscal year. The groundwater inflow monitoring into shafts and research galleries, has been maintained to achieve the Phase II goals, begins in 2004 fiscal year and follow now. This document presents the results of the groundwater inflow monitoring from fiscal year 2014 to 2015.

Journal Articles

Groundwater flow modeling focused on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant site

Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Onoe, Hironori; Kohashi, Akio; Watanabe, Masahisa

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2015/05

Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant of Tokyo Electric Power Company is facing contaminated water issues. The amount of contaminated water is continuously increasing due to groundwater leakage into the underground part of reactor and turbine buildings. Therefore, it is important to understand the groundwater flow conditions at the site and to predict the impact of countermeasures taken for isolating groundwater from the source of the contamination, i.e. the reactor buildings. Installations, such as of land-side and sea-side impermeable walls have been planned as countermeasures. In this study, groundwater flow modeling has been performed to estimate the response of groundwater flow conditions to the countermeasures. From the modeling, groundwater conditions and changes in response to implementation of the countermeasures could be reasonably estimated. The results indicate that the countermeasures will decrease the volume of inflow into underground part of the buildings. This means that the countermeasures will be effective in reducing the discharge volume of contaminated groundwater to ocean.

Journal Articles

Modelling tritium and chloride migration in a sandy aquifer at Chalk River, Ontario

Takeda, Seiji; Kimura, Hideo; Moltyaner, G. L.*; Klukas, M. H.*

Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Remediation (ICEM '99) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Advection-dispersion modelling of tritium and chloride migration in the Lake233 drainage basin

Klukas, M. H.*; Moltyaner, G. L.*; Takeda, Seiji; Yamazaki, L. S.*; Kozter, T. G.*

AECL-RC-2132, p.1 - 42, 1998/08

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Environmental safety of the geologic disposal of ROX and MOX spent-fuels

Kimura, Hideo; Matsuzuru, Hideo; Takano, Hideki; Muromura, Tadasumi

JAERI-Research 97-049, 25 Pages, 1997/07

JAERI-Research-97-049.pdf:1.42MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Mixed finite element simulations in two-dimensional groundwater flow problems

Kimura, Hideo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 26(7), p.689 - 697, 1989/07

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Investigations of flow and transport in fractured crystalline rocks at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Teklu, H.*; Elena, K.*; Wang, Y.*; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Ozaki, Yusuke

no journal, , 

In this study, the time variation of hydraulic head and Cl concentration during excavation of Closure Test Drift at the depth of 500m in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory is simulated. The equivalent continuous porous medium model converted from Discrete Network Model is used to consider the highly heterogeneous feature of fractured rock. The simulated change in hydraulic head shows the good accordance with the observed data. However, the estimated time variations of Cl concentration show the slight change and can not reproduce the observed data. The improvement of prediction of change in Cl concentration is one of future task. These results are parts of results of Decvalex2019 Task C.

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