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Journal Articles

Thermophysical properties of sodium-concrete reaction products

Kawaguchi, Munemichi; Miyahara, Shinya; Uno, Masayoshi*

Netsu Sokutei, 45(1), p.2 - 8, 2018/01

Liquid sodium (Na) has been used as the coolant of fast reactors for the various merits, such as the high thermal conductivity. On the other hand, it is postulated that a steel liner may fail and lead to a sodium-concrete reaction (SCR) during the Na-leak accident. Because of concrete ablation and release of hydrogen gas due to the chemical reactions between Na and concrete components, the SCR is one of the important phenomena in the Na-leak accident. In the study, fundamental experiments related to the SCR were performed using Na and concrete powder. Here, the used concrete powder is milled siliceous concrete which is usually used as the structural concrete in Japanese nuclear power plants. The obvious temperature changes at 3 temperature regions were observed for the reaction process such as Na-melt, NaOH-SiO$$_{2}$$ and Na-H$$_{2}$$O-SiO$$_{2}$$ reaction, which occurred around 100, 300 and 500$$^{circ}$$C, respectively. Especially, the violent reaction around 500$$^{circ}$$C caused the temperature peak to $$836 sim 853^{circ}$$C, and the reaction heat of $$0.15 sim 0.23$$ kW/g was estimated under the Na-concrete mixing ratio such as $$gammaapprox 0.32$$. The main components of the reaction products was identified as Na$$_{2}$$SiO$$_{3}$$ with X-ray diffraction technique. Moreover, the measured thermophysical properties such as melting point, density, specific heat, thermal conductivity and viscosity were similar to those of $$x$$Na$$_{2}$$O-$$(1-x)$$SiO$$_{2}$$ ($$xleq 0.5$$).

Journal Articles

Development and test results of a 60kA HTS current lead for fusion application

Isono, Takaaki; Hamada, Kazuya; Kawano, Katsumi; Abe, Kanako*; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Sugimoto, Makoto; Ando, Toshinari*; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Bono, Takaaki*; Tomioka, Akira*; et al.

Teion Kogaku, 39(3), p.122 - 129, 2004/03

JAERI has been developing a large-capacity high-temperature superconductor (HTS) current lead for fusion application, and succeeded in fabricating and testing a 60kA HTS current lead satisfying ITER requirements. Targets of performance are 1/10 heat leak and 1/3 electric power consumption of cryogenic system compared with a conventional lead. To achieve the target, selection of sheath material of HTS, optimizing the Cu part, reduction of joule heat at joint between HTS and Cu parts, improve of heat transfer between HTS and stainless steel tube. Developed 60kA HTS current lead satisfied the design condition and almost achieved the targets. Adoption of the HTS current lead can reduce 13% electric power consumption of cryogenic system for ITER.

Journal Articles

Test results of 60-kA HTS current lead for fusion application

Isono, Takaaki; Kawano, Katsumi; Hamada, Kazuya; Matsui, Kunihiro; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Hara, Eiji*; Kato, Takashi; Ando, Toshinari*; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Bono, Takaaki*; et al.

Physica C, 392-396(Part2), p.1219 - 1224, 2003/10

A 60-kA high-temperature-superconductor (HTS) current lead has been fabricated and tested for aiming at the application to a fusion magnet system, providing a low heat leak current lead. The design of HTS current leads is optimized not only to reduce the heat leak but also to perform safe operation even in fault conditions. The HTS current lead consists of a forced flow cooled copper part and a conduction cooled HTS part. The HTS part is composed of 288 Ag-10at.%Au sheathed Bi-2223 tapes and they are cylindrically arrayed on a stainless steel tube. The diameter and the length of the HTS part are 146 mm and 300 mm, respectively. Operation of a 60 kA current, which is the world record, was successfully achieved at coolant of 20 K, 3.2 g/s for the copper part, and a low heat leak of 5.5 W at 4.2 K was demonstrated. This result shows that the electric power of a refrigerator to cool the current lead can be reduced by 1/3 of that in a conventional current lead. In conclusion, technology of a large HTS current lead for fusion application is established.

JAEA Reports

Neutronic studies of bare targets for JAERI 5MW pulsed spallation neutron source

Teshigawara, Makoto*; Watanabe, Noboru*; Takada, Hiroshi; Nakashima, Hiroshi; *; Oyama, Yukio; Kosako, Kazuaki*

JAERI-Research 99-010, 16 Pages, 1999/02

JAERI-Research-99-010.pdf:0.86MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

JAEA Reports

Heat Loss and Fluid Leakage Tests of the ROSA-III Facility

; Tasaka, Kanji;

JAERI-M 9834, 42 Pages, 1981/12

JAERI-M-9834.pdf:0.92MB

no abstracts in English

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