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Journal Articles

Preliminary analysis of sodium experimental apparatus PLANDTL-2 for development of evaluation method for thermal-hydraulics in reactor vessel of sodium fast reactor under decay heat removal system operation condition

Ono, Ayako; Tanaka, Masaaki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Hamase, Erina; Ezure, Toshiki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00546_1 - 19-00546_11, 2020/06

Fully natural circulation decay heat removal systems (DHRSs) are to be adopted for sodium fast reactors, which is a passive safety feature without any electrical pumps. It is required to grasp the thermal-hydraulic phenomena in the reactor vessel and evaluate the coolability of the core under the natural circulation not only for the normal operating condition but also for severe accident conditions. In this paper, the numerical results of the preliminary analysis for the sodium experimental condition with the PLANDTL-2 are discussed to establish an appropriate numerical models for the reactor core including the gap region among the subassemblies and the DHX. From these preliminary analyses, the characteristics of the thermal-hydraulics behavior in the PLANDTL-2 to be focused are extracted.

Journal Articles

Preliminary analysis of sodium experimental apparatus PLANDTL-2 for development of evaluation method for thermal hydraulics in reactor vessel of sodium fast reactor under decay heat removal system operation condition

Ono, Ayako; Tanaka, Masaaki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Hamase, Erina; Ezure, Toshiki

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2019/05

Decay heat removal system (DHRS) by using the natural circulation without depending on the pump as the mechanical equipment is recognized as one of the most effective methodologies for the sodium-cooled fast reactor from the viewpoint of the safety enhancement. In this paper, the numerical simulation results of the preliminary analysis for the sodium experiment with the apparatus of PLANDTL-2, in which the core and the upper plenum with a dipped-type direct heat exchanger (DHX) were modeled, were discussed, in order to establish appropriate numerical models for the reactor core including the gap region among the subassemblies and the DHX.

Journal Articles

Development of probabilistic risk assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against combination hazard of low temperature and snow for sodium-cooled fast reactors

Nishino, Hiroyuki; Yamano, Hidemasa; Kurisaka, Kenichi

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(4), p.18-00079_1 - 18-00079_17, 2018/08

Journal Articles

ASTRID nuclear island design; Update in French-Japanese joint team development of decay heat removal systems

Hourcade, E.*; Mihara, Takatsugu; Dauphin, A.*; Dirat, J.-F.*; Ide, Akihiro*

Proceedings of 2018 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2018) (CD-ROM), p.556 - 561, 2018/04

In the framework of the French-Japanese agreement signed in 2014, CEA, AREVA NP, JAEA, and MHI/MFBR is jointly performing components design of ASTRID such as Decay Heat Removal Systems (DHRS). This paper is giving an update concerning ASTRID DHR strategy with description of reference architecture evolution and project objectives. In particular, new developments were made for DHR during normal shutdown and role of Ex-Vessel system. A special focus is made on design process of automatic shutter to hydraulically connect Hot Plenum and cold plenum to enhance primary vessel natural convection.

Journal Articles

Numerical analysis of EBR-II shutdown heat removal test-17 using 1D plant dynamic analysis code coupled with 3D CFD code

Doda, Norihiro; Hiyama, Tomoyuki; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Thomas, J.*; Vilim, R. B.*

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles; Next Generation Nuclear Systems for Sustainable Development (FR-17) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/06

In sodium-cooled fast reactors, a natural circulation is expected to remove the core decay heat when the plant gets into a station blackout. From a perspective of reactor safety, the core hot spot temperature arising in the natural circulation should be evaluated accurately. To this end, Japan Atomic Energy Agency is trying to couple a 1-D plant dynamics analysis code Super-COPD and a 3-D CFD code AQUA to solve the thermal-hydraulic field in the whole plant under natural circulation condition. As a validation study, the coupled code was applied to an analysis of EBR-II shutdown heat removal test. The obtained numerical results reasonably agreed with the measured data, which demonstrated the validity of the coupled code.

Journal Articles

Study on reactor vessel coolability of sodium-cooled fast reactor under severe accident condition; Water experiments using a scale model

Ono, Ayako; Kurihara, Akikazu; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kamide, Hideki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Ito, Masami*; Nakane, Shigeru*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/04

The water experiment apparatus simulating the thermal hydraulics in a reactor vessel under operating the decay heat removal systems (DHRSs) was fabricated. The theoretical evaluation for similarity and results of basic experiments show applicability for a scale model experiment of a sodium-cooled fast reactor. This paper, moreover, describes the results of flow visualization experiment under operating a dipped-type passive DHX, which is planned to be installed in both a loop type reactor and pool type reactor, and the calculation results using FLUENT comparing with the result of water experiment.

Journal Articles

Analysis of natural circulation tests in the experimental fast reactor JOYO

Nabeshima, Kunihiko; Doda, Norihiro; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Mori, Takero; Ohira, Hiroaki; Iwasaki, Takashi*

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.1041 - 1049, 2015/08

Natural circulation is one of the most important mechanisms to remove decay heat in the sodium cooled fast reactors from the viewpoint of passive safety. On the other hand, it is difficult to evaluate plant dynamics accurately under low flow natural circulation condition. In this study, Super-COPD has been validated through the application to the analysis of natural circulation tests in the experimental fast reactor JOYO. Almost all plant components in JOYO including four air-coolers were modeled in Super COPD. Furthermore, the full scale modeling of fuel subassembly was also adopted in this analysis. The natural circulation test after reactor scram from 100 MW full power at JOYO was selected and simulated by Super-COPD. The transient behaviors predicted by Super-COPD showed good agreement with the experimental data.

Journal Articles

Overview of goals and performance of ITER and strategy for plasma-wall interaction investigation

Shimada, Michiya; Costley, A. E.*; Federici, G.*; Ioki, Kimihiro*; Kukushkin, A. S.*; Mukhovatov, V.*; Polevoi, A. R.*; Sugihara, Masayoshi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 337-339, p.808 - 815, 2005/03

 Times Cited Count:56 Percentile:96.16(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

ITER is an experimental fusion reactor for investigation and demonstration of burning plasmas, characterised of its heating dominated by alpha-particle heating. ITER is a major step from present devices and an indispensable step for fusion reactor development. ITER's success largely depends on the control of plasma-wall interactions(PWI), with power and particle fluxes and time scales one or two orders of magnitude larger than in present devices. The strategy for control of PWI includes the semi-closed divertor, strong fuelling and pumping, disruption and ELM control, replaceable plasma-facing materials and stepwise operation.

Journal Articles

Development of ITER divertor

Ezato, Koichiro

Koon Gakkai-Shi, 30(5), p.248 - 255, 2004/09

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Journal Articles

ROSA-AP600 Experiment simulating a steam generator tube rupture transient

Nakamura, Hideo; Kukita, Yutaka; L.S.Ghan*; R.R.Schultz*

Proc. of 1997 Int. Meeting on Advanced Reactors Safety, 0, p.1245 - 1252, 1997/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation on driving force of natural circulation in downcomer for passive residual heat removal system in JAERI passive safety reactor JPSR

Kunii, Katsuhiko; Iwamura, Takamichi; Murao, Yoshio

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 34(1), p.21 - 29, 1997/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:15.04(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Performance test of lower hybrid waveguide under long/high-RF power transmission

Seki, Masami; Obara, Kenjiro; Maebara, Sunao; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Imai, Tsuyoshi; Nagashima, Takashi; Goniche, M.*; J.Brossaud*; C.Barral*; G.Berger-By*; et al.

JAERI-Research 96-025, 55 Pages, 1996/06

JAERI-Research-96-025.pdf:2.06MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Application of PSA methodology to design improvement of JAERI passive safety reactor (JPSR)

Iwamura, Takamichi; Araya, Fumimasa; Murao, Yoshio

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 33(4), p.316 - 326, 1996/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.78(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Safety analyses of a passive safety light water reactor JPSR

Araya, Fumimasa; Iwamura, Takamichi; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kunii, Katsuhiko; Okumura, Keisuke; Murao, Yoshio

10th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conf. (10-PBNC), 1, p.299 - 305, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Passive heat removal by vessel cooling system of HTTR during no forced cooling accidents

Kunitomi, Kazuhiko; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Shinozaki, Masayuki

Nucl. Eng. Des., 166(2), p.179 - 190, 1996/00

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:82.71(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Analysis for thermal fluid dynamics in downcomer of JAERI passive safety reactor (JPSR)

Kunii, Katsuhiko; Iwamura, Takamichi; Murao, Yoshio

Proceedings of 3rd JSME/ASME Joint International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, Vol.2, p.1017 - 1022, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal fluid flow analysis in downcomer of JAERI passive safety light water reactor (JPSR)

Kunii, Katsuhiko; Iwamura, Takamichi; Murao, Yoshio

Prog. Nucl. Energy, 29(SUPPL), p.405 - 412, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Heat removal capability of divertor coaxial tube assembly

*; Nakahira, Masataka; Tada, Eisuke; Takatsu, Hideyuki

JAERI-M 94-073, 18 Pages, 1994/05

JAERI-M-94-073.pdf:0.58MB

no abstracts in English

34 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)