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JAEA Reports

The Study of oxidative stress status in the organs exposed to low dose/low dose-rate radiation (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Tohoku University*

JAEA-Review 2020-048, 49 Pages, 2021/01

JAEA-Review-2020-048.pdf:4.38MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2019. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "The study of oxidative stress status in the organs exposed to low dose/low dose-rate radiation". This study investigates the biological effects of low dose/low dose-rate radiation exposure, which is of great social interest, on the oxidative stress status of individual organs and will contribute to the collection of scientific data in a dose range to be required. An interdisciplinary collaborative study discussed the correlation between radiation dose and the biological effect by analyzing the samples of wild Japanese macaques exposed to radiation due to the accident of Fukushima nuclear power station and of animal experiments.

JAEA Reports

Research and development of transparent materials for radiation shield using nanoparticles (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Kyushu University*

JAEA-Review 2020-036, 176 Pages, 2021/01

JAEA-Review-2020-036.pdf:9.55MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2019. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Research and Development of Transparent Materials for Radiation Shield Using Nanoparticles" conducted in FY2019. The present study aims to reduce radiation exposure of workers in debris retrieval/analysis and reduce deterioration of optical and electronic systems in remote cameras. For these purposes, we develop transparent radiation shield by making the shield materials into nanoparticles, and dispersing/solidifying them in epoxy resin. By making boride or heavy metal compounds into nanoparticles, we will also develop a radiation shield that shields both neutrons and gamma-rays, and also suppresses secondary gamma-rays produced from neutrons.

JAEA Reports

Upgrading of recovery method for radioactive microparticles by heavy liquid separation aiming to volume reduction of contaminated soil (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; University of Tsukuba*

JAEA-Review 2020-037, 53 Pages, 2020/12

JAEA-Review-2020-037.pdf:3.46MB

JAEA/CLADS had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project in FY2019. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Upgrading of Recovery Method for Radioactive Microparticles by Heavy Liquid Separation Aiming to Volume Reduction of Contaminated Soil" conducted in FY2019.

Journal Articles

Signatures of the vortical quark-gluon plasma in hadron yields

Taya, Hidetoshi*; Park, A.*; Cho, S.*; Gubler, P.; Hattori, Koichi*; Hong, J.*; Huang, X.-G.*; Lee, S. H.*; Monnai, Akihiko*; Onishi, Akira*; et al.

Physical Review C, 102(2), p.021901_1 - 021901_6, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:38.64(Physics, Nuclear)

JAEA Reports

Tritium removal of heavy water system and helium system in FUGEN

Takiya, Hiroaki; Kadowaki, Haruhiko; Matsushima, Akira; Matsuo, Hidehiko; Ishiyama, Masahiro; Aratani, Kenta; Tezuka, Masashi

JAEA-Technology 2020-001, 76 Pages, 2020/05

JAEA-Technology-2020-001.pdf:6.06MB

Advanced Thermal Reactor (ATR) FUGEN was operated for about 25 years, and now has been proceeding decommissioning after the approval of the decommissioning plan in Feb. 2008. The reactor, heavy water system and helium system are contaminated by tritium because of neutron absorption of heavy water, which is a moderator. Before dismantling these facilities, it is necessary to remove tritium from them for not only reducing the amount of tritium released to surrounding environment and the risk of internal exposure by tritium but also ensuring the workability. In first phase of decommissioning (Heavy Water and Other system Decontamination Period), tritium decontamination of the reactor, heavy water system and helium system started in 2008 and completed in 2018. This report shows the results of tritium decontamination of the reactor, heavy water system and helium system.

JAEA Reports

Research and development of transparent materials for radiation shield using nanoparticles (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Kyushu University*

JAEA-Review 2019-039, 104 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Review-2019-039.pdf:5.57MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Research and Development of Transparent Materials for Radiation Shield using Nanoparticles". The present study aims to reduce radiation exposure of workers in debris retrieval/analysis and reduce deterioration of optical and electronic systems in remote cameras. For these purposes, we develop transparent radiation shield by making the shield materials into nanoparticles, and dispersing/solidifying them in epoxy resin. By making B$$_{4}$$C and W into nanoparticles, we will also develop a radiation shield that shields both neutrons and gamma-rays, and also suppresses secondary gamma-rays produced from neutrons.

Journal Articles

Heavy fermion state of YbNi$$_2$$Si$$_3$$ without local inversion symmetry

Nakamura, Shota*; Hyodo, Kazushi*; Matsumoto, Yuji*; Haga, Yoshinori; Sato, Hitoshi*; Ueda, Shigenori*; Mimura, Kojiro*; Saiki, Katsuyoshi*; Iso, Kosei*; Yamashita, Minoru*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(2), p.024705_1 - 024705_5, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Upgrading of recovery method for radioactive microparticles by heavy liquid separation aiming to volume reduction of contaminated soil (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; University of Tsukuba*

JAEA-Review 2019-023, 33 Pages, 2020/01

JAEA-Review-2019-023.pdf:1.97MB

CLADS, JAEA, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the 'Upgrading of Recovery Method for Radioactive Microparticles by Heavy Liquid Separation Aiming to Volume Reduction of Contaminated Soil'. After the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, radioactive cesium has been heterogeneously distributed in surface soil due to the existence of radioactive microparticles and clay minerals. Therefore, the selective removal of these microparticles will lead to the volume reduction of contaminated soil. The present study examines methods for selectively removing radioactive microparticles from soil. Also, in order to reduce the volume of contaminated soil, we search a possibility to practically apply the separation method that uses the difference in specific gravity of particles (heavy liquid separation method).

Journal Articles

Evidence for weak spin-orbit interaction experienced by Cooper pairs in the spin-triplet superconductor UPt$$_3$$; $$^{195}$$Pt-NMR study

Aoyama, Taisuke*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; Kimura, Noriaki*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Onuki, Yoshichika*; To, Hideki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(6), p.064706_1 - 064706_7, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure in heavy fermion compound UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ through directional Compton profile measurement

Koizumi, Akihisa*; Kubo, Yasunori*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Sakurai, Yoshiharu*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(3), p.034714_1 - 034714_6, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Online chemical adsorption studies of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO$$_{2}$$ and Au surfaces in preparation for chemical investigations on Cn, Nh, and Fl at TASCA

Lens, L.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Asai, Masato; Ballof, J.*; Block, M.*; David, H. M.*; Despotopulos, J.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eberhardt, K.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 106(12), p.949 - 962, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:77.66(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Online gas-solid adsorption studies with single atom quantities of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO$$_{2}$$ and Au surfaces were carried out using short-lived radioisotopes with half-lives in the range of 4-49 s. This is a model study to measure adsorption enthalpies of superheavy elements Cn, Nh, and Fl. The short-lived isotopes were produced and separated by the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA at GSI. The products were stopped in He gas, and flushed into gas chromatography columns made of Si detectors whose surfaces were covered by SiO$$_{2}$$ or Au. The short-lived Tl and Pb were successfully measured by the Si detectors with the SiO$$_{2}$$ surface at room temperature. On the other hand, the Hg did not adsorb on the SiO$$_{2}$$ surface, but adsorbed on the Au surface. The results demonstrated that the adsorption properties of short-lived Hg, Tl, and Pb could be studied with this setup, and that this method is applicable to the experiment for Cn, Nh, and Fl.

Journal Articles

Magnetic field induced phenomena in UIrGe in fields applied along the $$b$$ axis

Posp$'i$$v{s}$il, J.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Kohama, Yoshimitsu*; Miyake, Atsushi*; Kambe, Shinsaku; Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Vali$v{s}$ka, M.*; Proschek, P.*; Prokle$v{s}$ka, J.*; Sechovsk$'y$, V.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(1), p.014430_1 - 014430_7, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:31.89(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic states in EuCu$$_2$$(Ge$$_{1-x}$$Si$$_x$$)$$_2$$ based on the doniach phase diagram

Iha, Wataru*; Yara, Tomoyuki*; Ashitomi, Yosuke*; Kakihana, Masashi*; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Honda, Fuminori*; Nakamura, Ai*; Aoki, Dai*; Gochi, Jun*; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(6), p.064706_1 - 064706_14, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:18.06(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Temperature of thermal spikes induced by swift heavy ions

Matsuzaki, Shota*; Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Nakajima, Kaoru*; Matsuda, Makoto; Sataka, Masao*; Tsujimoto, Masahiko*; Toulemonde, M.*; Kimura, Kenji*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 406(Part B), p.456 - 459, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:53.18(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Atomic-scale visualization of surface-assisted orbital order

Kim, H.*; Yoshida, Yasuo*; Lee, C.-C.*; Chang, T.-R.*; Jeng, H.-T.*; Lin, H.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Fisk, Z.*; Hasegawa, Yukio*

Science Advances (Internet), 3(9), p.eeao0362_1 - eeao0362_5, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:32.14(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Studies of high density baryon matter with high intensity heavy-ion beams at J-PARC

Sako, Hiroyuki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Sakaguchi, Takao*; Chujo, Tatsuya*; Esumi, Shinichi*; Gunji, Taku*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hwang, S.; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 956, p.850 - 853, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:28.06(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Fermi surface of ThRu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$ as a reference to the strongly correlated isostructural metals investigated by quantum oscillations

Matsumoto, Yuji*; Haga, Yoshinori; Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Aoki, Haruyoshi*; Kimura, Noriaki*; Yamamura, Tomoo*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Fisk, Z.*; Yamagami, Hiroshi*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(10), p.104709_1 - 104709_7, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:72.96(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Unusual pressure evolution of the Meissner and Josephson effects in the heavy-fermion superconductor UPt$$_3$$

Gochi, Jun*; Sumiyama, Akihiko*; Yamaguchi, Akira*; Motoyama, Gaku*; Kimura, Noriaki*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Onuki, Yoshichika

Physical Review B, 93(17), p.174514_1 - 174514_5, 2016/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:92.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Vacuum chromatography of Tl on SiO$$_{2}$$ at the single-atom level

Steinegger, P.*; Asai, Masato; Dressler, R.*; Eichler, R.*; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Mitsukai, Akina*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Piguet, D.*; Sato, Tetsuya; Sch$"a$del, M.; et al.

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 120(13), p.7122 - 7132, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:40.4(Chemistry, Physical)

A new experimental method "vacuum chromatography" has been developed to measure adsorption enthalpy of superheavy elements, and its feasibility has been examined using short-lived thallium isotopes. The short-lived thallium isotopes were produced at the JAEA tandem accelerator. The thallium ion beam prepared with an on-line isotope separator which ionized and mass-separated the thallium isotopes was injected into an isothermal vacuum chromatography apparatus. A temperature-dependent adsorption property of thallium atom on SiO$$_{2}$$ surface were measured. The adsorption enthalpy of thallium was determined to be 158 kJ/mol. The thallium is a homolog of element 113. Thus, the vacuum chromatography developed in this study enables us to perform chemical experiments for short-lived superheavy elements with half-lives of a order of one second.

Journal Articles

Evidence for chiral $$d$$-wave superconductivity in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ from the field-angle variation of its specific heat

Kittaka, Shunichiro*; Shimizu, Yusei*; Sakakibara, Toshiro*; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika; Tsutsumi, Yasumasa*; Nomoto, Takuya*; Ikeda, Hiroaki*; Machida, Kazushige*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(3), p.033704_1 - 033704_4, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:13.7(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

152 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)