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Journal Articles

Overview of national centralized tokamak program; Mission, design and strategy to contribute ITER and DEMO

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Akiba, Masato; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Inoue, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S428 - S432, 2006/12

To contribute DEMO and ITER, the design to modify the present JT-60U into superconducting coil machine, named National Centralized Tokamak (NCT), is being progressed under nationwide collaborations in Japan. Mission, design and strategy of this NCT program is summarized.

Journal Articles

Progress of neutral beam injection system on JT-60U for long pulse operation

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; NBI Heating Group; NCT Design Team

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S43 - S47, 2006/12

There are two type of NBI systems on JT-60U. One is the positive ion-based NBI (P-NBI) to inject the beam energy of 80-85 kV. The other is the negative ion-based NBI (N-NBI) at the beam energy more than 350 keV. Recently the pulse duration of NBI system was required to extend up to 30 sec so as to study long pulse plasmas. The four P-NBI units, which tangentially inject neutral beam to plasma, were modified to extend the pulse duration up to 30 sec with 2 MW/unit at $$sim$$ 85 keV. The seven P-NBI units, each of which perpendicularly injects for 10 sec, were conducted to operate in series for the total pulse duration of 30 sec. The ion source of the N-NBI unit was also modified to reduce the heat load of the grid for 30 sec operation. The pulse duration was extended up to 25 sec, $$sim$$ 1 MW at the beam energy of 350keV. In the next step, further pulse extension of NBI up to 100 sec is planned for the modified JT-60U with superconducting coils (so called NCT). This paper reports the recent progress of the NBI system on JT-60U and the design study of the upgraded NBI system for NCT.

Journal Articles

Design study of national centralized tokamak facility for the demonstration of steady state high-$$beta$$ plasma operation

Tamai, Hiroshi; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujita, Takaaki; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ichimura, Makoto*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(12), p.1676 - 1683, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:46.12(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Design studies are shown on the National Centralized Tokamak facility. The machine design is carried out to investigate the capability for the flexibility in aspect ratio and shape controllability for the demonstration of the high-beta steady state operation with nation-wide collaboration, in parallel with ITER towards DEMO. Two designs are proposed and assessed with respect to the physics requirements such as confinement, stability, current drive, divertor, and energetic particle confinement. The operation range in the aspect ratio and the plasma shape is widely enhanced in consistent with the sufficient divertor pumping. Evaluations of the plasma performance towards the determination of machine design are presented.

Journal Articles

Development and contribution of RF heating and current drive systems to long pulse, high performance experiments in JT-60U

Moriyama, Shinichi; Seki, Masami; Terakado, Masayuki; Shimono, Mitsugu; Ide, Shunsuke; Isayama, Akihiko; Suzuki, Takahiro; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; JT-60 Team

Fusion Engineering and Design, 74(1-4), p.343 - 349, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:45.32(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Overview of JT-60U progress towards steady-state advanced tokamak

Ide, Shunsuke; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 45(10), p.S48 - S62, 2005/10

 Times Cited Count:53 Percentile:83.89(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Advanced tokamak research on JT-60

Kishimoto, Hiroshi; Ishida, Shinichi; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Ninomiya, Hiromasa

Nuclear Fusion, 45(8), p.986 - 1023, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:40 Percentile:28.81(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The Japanese large tokamak JT-60 has been focusing its research emphases to develop a high performance plasma, namely high confinement, high temperature and high density, and to sustain it non-inductively for a long time with possible minimization of external power input. The first demonstration of high bootstrap current discharges in a high-poloidal-beta mode (high-$$beta$$p) and the concept development of a steady-state tokamak reactor SSTR based on this experimental achievement initiated the so-called "advanced tokamak research". The first observation of internal transport barriers in the JT-60 high-$$beta$$p mode was followed by the world-wide explorations of reversed shear discharges associated with internal transport barriers. The advanced tokamak research is now the major trend of the current tokamak development. A new concept of compact ITER was developed and proposed in the context of this advanced tokamak approach pursued on JT-60.

Journal Articles

Progress in physics basis and its impact on ITER

Shimada, Michiya; Campbell, D.*; Stambaugh, R.*; Polevoi, A. R.*; Mukhovatov, V.*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Costley, A. E.*; Donn$'e$, A. J. H.*; Doyle, E. J.*; Federici, G.*; et al.

Proceedings of 20th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2004) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2004/11

This paper summarises recent progress in the physics basis and its impact on the expected performance of ITER. Significant progress has been made in many outstanding issues and in the development of hybrid and steady state operation scenarios, leading to increased confidence of achieving ITER's goals. Experiments show that tailoring the current profile can improve confinement over the standard H-mode and allow an increase in beta up to the no-wall limit at safety factors $$sim$$ 4. Extrapolation to ITER suggests that at the reduced plasma current of $$sim$$ 12MA, high Q $$>$$ 10 and long pulse ($$>$$1000 s) operation is possible with benign ELMs. Analysis of disruption scenarios has been performed based on guidelines on current quench rates and halo currents, derived from the experimental database. With conservative assumptions, estimated electromagnetic forces on the in-vessel components are below the design target values, confirming the robustness of the ITER design against disruption forces.

Journal Articles

Steady-state operation of high-beta/low aspect ratio tokamak reactor with bootstrap current

Sengoku, Seio

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 80(11), p.940 - 943, 2004/11

Recent spherical tokamak (ST) experiments exhibit many advantageous results including plasma start-up without center solenoid, higher fraction of non-inductive current, formation of internal thermal-barrier as seen on conventional tokamak. In order to reflect these efforts on the design of so called "non-inductive steady-state (SS) operation scenario" and "current ramp-up scenario" of low-aspect reactor, fractions of bootstrap current and neutral-beam-driven current on VECTOR-OPT reactor are estimated. The operation with this SS scenario is shown to be feasible if the normalized beta, $$beta$$n, is raised to grater than 5 typical in ST.

Journal Articles

Steady-state operation scenarios with a central current hole for JT-60SC

Tamai, Hiroshi; Ishida, Shinichi; Kurita, Genichi; Shirai, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Sakurai, Shinji; Matsukawa, Makoto; Sakasai, Akira

Fusion Science and Technology, 45(4), p.521 - 528, 2004/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The 1.5D time-dependent transport analysis has been carried out to investigate steady state operation scenarios with a central current hole by off-axis current drive schemes consistent with a high bootstrap current fraction for a large superconducting tokamak JT-60SC. A steady state operation scenario with HH$$_{y2}$$=1.4 and $$beta$$$$_{N}$$=3.7 has been obtained at I$$_{p}$$=1.5 MA, B$$_{t}$$=2 T and q$$_{95}$$=5 where non-inductive currents are developed during the discharge to form a current hole with beam driven currents by tangential off-axis beams in combination with bootstrap currents by additional on-axis perpendicular beams. The bootstrap fraction increases up to nearly 75% of the plasma current and the current hole region is enlarged up to about 30% of the minor radius at 35 s from the discharge initiation. The current hole is confirmed to be sustained afterward for a long duration of 60 s. The stability analysis shows that the beta limit with the conducting wall can be about $$beta$$$$_{N}$$=4.5, which is substantially above the no wall ideal MHD limit.

Journal Articles

Advanced control scenario of high-performance steady-state operation for JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Tamai, Hiroshi; Kurita, Genichi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Urata, Kazuhiro*; Sakurai, Shinji; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Morioka, Atsuhiko; Miura, Yushi; Kizu, Kaname; Kamada, Yutaka; et al.

Plasma Science and Technology, 6(3), p.2281 - 2285, 2004/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

High performance steady-state operation for JT-60SC are evaluated by the TOPICS analysis. $$beta$$$$_N$$$$sim$$5 and bootstrap current fraction $$sim$$86% is kept steady at I$$_p$$=1.5 MA, B$$_t$$=2 T by neutral beam power of 11 MW. The ERATO-J analysis shows that the external-kink mode with multiple toroidal mode numbers of n=1 and n=2 is stable at $$beta$$$$_N$$ $$leq$$5.5 at the average ratio of conducting wall radius to plasma minor radius of about 1.2 with the wall stabilisation effect. Resistive wall modes, induced by a close location of the wall to plasma, is expected to be suppressed by the active feedback stabilisation with a set of non-axisymmetric field coils behind the stabilising plates. Further optimisation for the high-$$beta$$$$_N$$ accessibility by the plasma shaping is performed with the TOSCA analysis. The plasma shaping factor defined as S=(I$$_p$$/aB$$_t$$)q$$_9$$$$_5$$ and strongly correlated to the plasma elongation and triangularity, is scanned from $$sim$$4 to $$sim$$6, which extends the availability of current and pressure profile control for the high performance plasma operation.

Journal Articles

Recent results and modification program of JT-60 toward high integrated performance

Matsukawa, Makoto; JT-60 Team

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 32(1), p.135 - 143, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:2.95(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

On MHD oscillations in high beta H-mode tokamak plasma in JFT-2M

Hoshino, Katsumichi; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ido, Takeshi*; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Kawashima, Hisato; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Bakhtiari, M.; Shinohara, Koji; Uehara, Kazuya; Oasa, Kazumi; et al.

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.6, p.345 - 348, 2004/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Objectives and design of the JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Ishida, Shinichi; Abe, Katsunori*; Ando, Akira*; Cho, T.*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Goto, Seiichi*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hino, Tomoaki*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(7), p.606 - 613, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:69.75(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study of improved confinement modes with edge and/or internal transport barriers on the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Tokamak-60 Upgrade (JT-60U)

Miura, Yukitoshi; JT-60 Team

Physics of Plasmas, 10(5), p.1809 - 1815, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:28.79(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Review of JT-60U experimental results in 2000

JT-60 Team

JAERI-Review 2002-022, 149 Pages, 2002/11


no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Noninductive current drive and steady-state operation in JT-60U

Ushigusa, Kenkichi; Ide, Shunsuke; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Suzuki, Takahiro; Kamada, Yutaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Naito, Osamu; Matsuoka, Mamoru*; Kondoh, Takashi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.255 - 277, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:6.06(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Studies on non-inductive current drive and development of an integrated steady-state high performance operation in JT-60 are reviewed. Experiments on lower hybrid current drive in JT-60 haven shown a large non-inductive current up to 3.5MA, high current drive efficiency of 3.6x1019m-2A/W. Basic studies on LH waves in JT-60 have contributed to understand current drive physics. Significant progress in neutral beam current drive has been made in JT-60 by testing the performance of negative ion based NBI (N-NBI). The CD efficiency of ~1.5x1019m-2A /W, and N-NB driven current of ~1MA have been demonstrated in N-NBCD. Strongly localized driven current by electron cyclotron current drive was identified with a fundamental O-mode scheme. Efficiency of 0.5x1019m-2A/W and EC driven current of 0.2MA were achieved and suppression of neo-classical tearing mode was demonstrated. Based on these developments, two integrated steady-state operation scenarios were developed in JT-60, which are reversed magnetic shear (R/S) plasmas and high bp ELMy H-mode. In these operation regimes, discharges have been sustained near the steady-state current profile under full non-inductive current drive. High performance plasmas with a high nDotETio and at high normalized density were also produced under fully non-inductive condition in high bp ELMy H-mode and R/S mode.

Journal Articles

Overview of JT-60U results toward high integrated performance in reactor-relevant regime

Hatae, Takaki; JT-60 Team

Proceedings of 6th Japan-Australia Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics (CD-ROM), 13 Pages, 2002/00

The main purpose of JT-60U project is to make contribution to establishment of scientific basis of ITER and the demo tokamak reactor. Our ultimate goal is to achieve and sustain high integrated performance, namely high beta, high confinement, high bootstrap current fraction, full non-inductive current drive and heat/particle control, in a reactor-relevant regime. Toward this goal, we have developed weak magnetic shear ("high $$beta_{p}$$ mode") and reversed magnetic shear plasmas. In both regimes, the internal transport barrier (ITB) and the edge pedestal are obtained simultaneously. As a large-sized tokamak equipped with a variety of devices for heating, current drive and profile control, JT-60U has high ability to approach the conditions required in reactors (ITER or demo): low values of normalized Larmor radius and collisionality, high toroidal field, high temperature with Te$$>sim$$Ti, small central fueling, small ELM activities, etc. This paper reviews recent JT-60U results with the emphasis on the projection to the reactor-relevant regime.

JAEA Reports

Review of JT-60U experimental results from February to October, 1999

JT-60 Team

JAERI-Review 2000-035, 164 Pages, 2001/02


no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study of internal transport barriers by comparison of reversed shear and high-$$beta$$$$_{p}$$ discharges in JT-60U

Koide, Yoshihiko; Mori, Masahiro; Fujita, Takaaki; Shirai, Hiroshi; Hatae, Takaki; Takizuka, Tomonori; Kimura, Haruyuki; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Isei, Nobuaki; Isayama, Akihiko; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 40(5), p.641 - 645, 1998/00

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:62.11(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ideal magnetohydrodynamic instabilities with low toroidal mode numbers localized near an internal transport barrier in high-$$beta$$p mode plasmas in the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Tokamak-60 upgrade

Takeji, Satoru; Kamada, Yutaka; Ozeki, Takahisa; Ishida, Shinichi; Takizuka, Tomonori; Neyatani, Yuzuru; Tokuda, Shinji

Physics of Plasmas, 4(12), p.4283 - 4291, 1997/12

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:50.42(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

39 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)