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Journal Articles

Comparison of experimental and simulation results on catalytic HI decomposition in a silica-based ceramic membrane reactor

Myagmarjav, O.; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Nomura, Mikihiro*; Kubo, Shinji

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(59), p.30832 - 30839, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:27.29(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Research and development on membrane IS process for hydrogen production using solar heat

Myagmarjav, O.; Iwatsuki, Jin; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Noguchi, Hiroki; Kamiji, Yu; Ioka, Ikuo; Kubo, Shinji; Nomura, Mikihiro*; Yamaki, Tetsuya*; Sawada, Shinichi*; et al.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(35), p.19141 - 19152, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:66.42(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

R&D status of hydrogen production test using IS process test facility made of industrial structural material in JAEA

Noguchi, Hiroki; Takegami, Hiroaki; Kamiji, Yu; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kasahara, Seiji; Kubo, Shinji

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(25), p.12583 - 12592, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:9.04(Chemistry, Physical)

JAEA has been conducting R&D on thermochemical water-splitting hydrogen production IS process to develop one of heat applications of high-temperature gas-cooled reactor. A test facility was constructed using corrosion-resistant industrial materials to verify integrity of the IS process components and to demonstrate continuous and stable hydrogen production. The performance of components installed in each section was confirmed. Subsequently, a trial operation of integration of the processing sections was successfully carried out for 8 hours with hydrogen production rate of approximately 10 NL/h. After that, hydrogen production operation was extended to 31 hours (approximately hydrogen production rate of 20 NL/h) by introducing a corrosion-resistance pump system with a developed shaft seal technology.

Journal Articles

Module design of silica membrane reactor for hydrogen production via thermochemical IS process

Myagmarjav, O.; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Nomura, Mikihiro*; Kubo, Shinji

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(21), p.10207 - 10217, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:56.5(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

The Development status of Generation IV reactor systems, 2; High temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR)

Kunitomi, Kazuhiko; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Yan, X.; Tachibana, Yukio; Shibata, Taiju

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 60(4), p.236 - 240, 2018/04

High temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) is a graphite-moderated and helium-gas-cooled thermal-neutron reactor that has excellent safety features and can produce high temperature heat of 950$$^{circ}$$C. It is expected to use for various heat applications as well as for electricity generation to reduce carbon dioxide emission. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been promoted research and development to demonstrate the HTGR safety features using High temperature engineering test reactor (HTTR) and it's heat application. JAEA are also conducting the action to international deployment of Japanese HTGR technologies in cooperation with industries-government-academia. This paper reports status of the research and development of HTGR and domestic and international collaborations.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design of the iodine-sulfur process flowsheet with more than 50% thermal efficiency for hydrogen production

Kasahara, Seiji; Imai, Yoshiyuki; Suzuki, Koichi*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Terada, Atsuhiko; Yan, X.

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 329, p.213 - 222, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:62.26(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A conceptual design of a practical large scale plant of the thermochemical water splitting iodine-sulfur (IS) process flowsheet was carried out as a heat application of JAEA's commercial high temperature gas cooled reactor GTHTR300C plant design. Innovative techniques proposed by JAEA were applied for improvement of hydrogen production thermal efficiency; depressurized flash concentration H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ using waste heat from Bunsen reaction, prevention of H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ vaporization from a distillation column by introduction of H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ solution from a flash bottom, and I$$_{2}$$ condensation heat recovery in an HI distillation column. Hydrogen of about 31,900 Nm$$^{3}$$/h would be produced by 170 MW heat from the GTHTR300C. A thermal efficiency of 50.2% would be achievable with incorporation of the innovative techniques and high performance HI concentration and decomposition components and heat exchangers expected in future R&D.

Journal Articles

R&D status in thermochemical water-splitting hydrogen production iodine-sulfur process at JAEA

Noguchi, Hiroki; Takegami, Hiroaki; Kasahara, Seiji; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Kamiji, Yu; Iwatsuki, Jin; Aita, Hideki; Kubo, Shinji

Energy Procedia, 131, p.113 - 118, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:99.72

The IS process is the most deeply investigated thermochemical water-splitting hydrogen production cycle. It is in a process engineering stage in JAEA to use industrial materials for components. Important engineering tasks are verification of integrity of the total process and stability of hydrogen production in harsh environment. A test facility using corrosion-resistant materials was constructed. The hydrogen production ability was 100 L/h. Operation tests of each section were conducted to confirm basic functions of reactors and separators, etc. Then, a trial operation for integration of the sections was successfully conducted to produce hydrogen of about 10 L/h for 8 hours.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen production tests by hydrogen iodide decomposition membrane reactor equipped with silica-based ceramics membrane

Myagmarjav, O.; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Nomura, Mikihiro*; Kubo, Shinji

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(49), p.29091 - 29100, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:47.73(Chemistry, Physical)

The catalytic decomposition of hydrogen iodide in a membrane reactor using silica membranes derived from hexyltrimethoxysilane (HTMOS) was investigated for the production of hydrogen in the thermochemical water splitting iodine-sulfur process. The silica membranes were prepared by counter-diffusion chemical vapor deposition using porous alumina support tubes in both the absence and presence of a $$gamma$$-alumina layer. The silica membranes formed on $$gamma$$-alumina-coated $$alpha$$-alumina tubes displayed a higher H$$_{2}$$ permeance than that formed directly on an $$alpha$$-alumina tube. A silica membrane based on a 1.5 $$mu$$m-thick $$gamma$$-alumina layer fabricated under deposition conditions of 450$$^{circ}$$C, 1200 s, and a N$$_{2}$$ carrier gas velocity of 0.044 m s$$^{-1}$$ exhibited a high H$$_{2}$$ permeance of 9.4 $$times$$ 10$$^{-7}$$ mol Pa$$^{-1}$$ m$$^{-2}$$ s$$^{-1}$$ while maintaining an H$$_{2}$$/N$$_{2}$$ selectivity of over 80.0. The performance of a membrane reactor based on an HTMOS-derived silica membrane was evaluated at 400$$^{circ}$$C by measuring the HI conversion and H$$_{2}$$ flow rates. The conversion was approximately 0.48 when the HI flow rate was 9.7 mL min$$^{-1}$$.

Journal Articles

Preparation of an H$$_{2}$$-permselective silica membrane for the separation of H$$_{2}$$ from the hydrogen iodide decomposition reaction in the iodine-sulfur process

Myagmarjav, O.; Ikeda, Ayumi*; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Kubo, Shinji; Nomura, Mikihiro*

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(9), p.6012 - 6023, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:54.17(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

IS process hydrogen production test for components and system made of industrial structural material, 2; H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ decomposition, HI distillation, and HI decomposition section

Noguchi, Hiroki; Takegami, Hiroaki; Kamiji, Yu; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kasahara, Seiji; Kubo, Shinji

Proceedings of 8th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2016) (CD-ROM), p.1029 - 1038, 2016/11

JAEA has been conducting R&D on the IS process for nuclear-powered hydrogen production. We have constructed a 100 NL/h-H$$_2$$-scale test apparatus made of industrial materials. At first, we investigated performance of components in this apparatus. In this paper, the test results of H$$_2$$SO$$_4$$ decomposition, HI distillation, and HI decomposition were shown. In the H$$_2$$SO$$_4$$ section, O$$_2$$ production rate is proportional to H$$_2$$SO$$_4$$ feed rate and SO$$_3$$ decomposition ratio was estimated about 80%. In HI distillation section, we confirmed to acquire a concentrated HI solution over azeotropic HI composition in the condenser. In HI decomposition section, H$$_2$$ could be produced stably by HI decomposer and decomposition ratio was about 18%. The H$$_2$$SO$$_4$$ decomposer, the HI distillation column, and the HI decomposer were workable. Based on the results added to that shown in Series I, we conducted a trial continuous operation and succeeded it for 8 hours.

Journal Articles

IS process hydrogen production test for components and system made of industrial structural material, 1; Bunsen and HI concentration section

Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Takegami, Hiroaki; Noguchi, Hiroki; Kamiji, Yu; Iwatsuki, Jin; Aita, Hideki; Kasahara, Seiji; Kubo, Shinji

Proceedings of 8th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2016) (CD-ROM), p.1022 - 1028, 2016/11

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has manufactured 100 NL/h-H$$_2$$-scale hydrogen test apparatus. In advance to conduct the continuous operation, we investigated performance of the components in each section of the IS process. In this paper, the results of test of Bunsen and HI concentration sections was shown. In Bunsen reaction, section, we confirmed that outlet gas flow rate included no SO$$_{2}$$ gas, indicating that all the feed SO$$_{2}$$ gas was absorbed to the solution in the Bunsen reactor for the Bunsen reaction. On the basis of these results, we evaluated that Bunsen reactor was workable. In HI concentration section, HI concentration was conducted by EED stack. As a result, it can concentrate HI in HIx solution as theoretically predicted on the basis of the previous paper. Based on the results added to that shown in Series II, we have conducted a trial continuous operation and succeeded it for 8 hours.

Journal Articles

Assessment of amount and concentration of tritium in HTTR-IS system based on tritium behavior during high-temperature continuous operation of HTTR

Dipu, A. L.; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nishihara, Tetsuo

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 88, p.126 - 134, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:48.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The tritium concentration in the high temperature engineering test reactor (HTTR) was measured during the high temperature continuous operation for 50 days. The tritium concentration in the primary helium gas increased after startup and reached a maximum value. It then decreased slightly over the course during the normal operation phase. Decrease of concentration of tritium in primary helium gas during the normal operation phase could be attributed to the effect of tritium chemisorption on graphite. The tritium concentration in the secondary helium gas showed a peak value during the power ramp up phase. Afterwards, it decreased gradually at the end of normal power operation. It was assessed that the concentration and total quantity of tritium in the secondary helium cooling system for the HTTR-Iodine Sulfur (IS) system can be maintained below the regulatory limits, which means the hydrogen production plant can be exempt from the safety function of the nuclear facility.

JAEA Reports

Economic evaluation of HTGR IS process hydrogen production system

Iwatsuki, Jin; Kasahara, Seiji; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko; Ogawa, Masuro

JAEA-Review 2014-037, 14 Pages, 2014/09

JAEA-Review-2014-037.pdf:8.84MB

Thermochemical iodine-sulfur (IS) process is one of the promising technologies, which harnesses heat energy of high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs). An economic estimation of hydrogen production by a future commercial HTGR-IS process hydrogen production system was performed on the basis of economic evaluation data of an existing commercial hydrogen production plant using fossil fuel as a raw material. Hydrogen production cost was estimated at 25.4 JPY/Nm$$^{3}$$ under this estimation conditions. Capital cost and energy cost account for 13% and 78% of the total hydrogen production cost, respectively. To decrease HTGR construction cost, to increase HTGR availability, to improve hydrogen production thermal efficiency are important for cost reduction of hydrogen. The cost will be competitive with estimated costs by fossil fuel hydrogen production methods. It is appropriate that the hydrogen production cost is set for a goal of present R&Ds.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen permeation through heat transfer pipes made of Hastelloy XR during the initial 950$$^{circ}$$C operation of the HTTR

Sakaba, Nariaki; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Takeda, Tetsuaki

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 353(1-2), p.42 - 51, 2006/07

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:44.04(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The permeation of hydrogen isotopes through the Hastelloy XR high-temperature alloy adopted for the heat transfer pipes of the intermediate heat exchanger in the HTTR, is one of the concerns in the hydrogen production system, which will be connected to the HTTR in the near future. The hydrogen permeation between the primary and secondary coolant through the Hastelloy XR was evaluated using the actual hydrogen concentration observed during the initial 950$$^{circ}$$C operation of the HTTR. The hydrogen permeability of the Hastelloy XR was estimated conservatively high as follows. The activation energy E$$_{0}$$ and pre-exponential factor F$$_{0}$$ of the permeability of hydrogen were E$$_{0}$$ = 65.8 kJ/mol and F$$_{0}$$ = 7.8$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$m$$^{3}$$(STP)/(m$$ast$$s$$ast$$Pa$$^{0.5}$$), respectively, in the temperature range from 707K to 900K.

Journal Articles

Development of control technology for the HTTR hydrogen production system

Nishihara, Tetsuo; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

Nuclear Technology, 153(1), p.100 - 106, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.86(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has performed the research and development of hydrogen production using the high temperature engineering test reactor (HTTR). One of the key issues for the HTTR hydrogen production system is the development of control technology for stable operation. A thermal load absorber concept using a steam generator installed downstream of a reformer is proposed to mitigate a variation of helium temperature. Thermal hydraulic analyses for the start up operation and the suspension of feed gas supply to the reformer are carried out. These results show that a large variation of the reformer outlet helium temperature takes place due to a change of the feed gas flow rate. However the steam generator can mitigate the variation of helium temperature. It is clarified that the HTTR can continue normal operation independently of the feed gas flow rate.

JAEA Reports

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of hydrogen cost

Nishihara, Tetsuo; Takeda, Tetsuaki

JAERI-Tech 2005-038, 40 Pages, 2005/07

JAERI-Tech-2005-038.pdf:5.01MB

R&D of the IS process technology and the integration technology of a high-temperature gas reactor and a heat utilization system is advanced by Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. Hydrogen suuply system to fuel cell cars consists of off-site system and on-site system. The cost evaluation of on-site system must include the cost of storage, transportation, and refueling as well as that of production. Moreover, the hydrogen produced with the fossil fuel must consider the cost of carbon dioxide disposal. The cost evaluation data related to storage, transportaion and refueling in Japan and the USA are investigated. The cost evaluation of several off-site and on-siste systems are carried out.

JAEA Reports

Sensitivity analysis on flammable gas dispersion and explosion in HTTR hydrogen production system with fire and explosion analysis code system -P2A- (Contract research)

Inaba, Yoshitomo; Nishihara, Tetsuo

JAERI-Tech 2005-033, 206 Pages, 2005/07

JAERI-Tech-2005-033.pdf:34.71MB

In this report, we investigated the effects of jet for the dispersion and explosion analysis of leaked gas, obstacles, position of an ignition point and cell size for the gas explosion analysis, and atmospheric stability for the dispersion analysis of the leaked gas, with PHOENICS, AutoReaGas, and AUTODYN. Then, we carried out two accident analyses about combustible fluid leakage based on the investigation results of these effects. As a result, it was shown that important buildings related to safety was hardly affected by the explosion of the leaked gas.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on experimental operation of mock-up model test facility with a full-scale reaction tube for HTTR hydrogen production system in 2001 fiscal year (Contract research)

Hayashi, Koji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Kato, Michio; Fujisaki, Katsuo*; Aita, Hideki; Takeda, Tetsuaki; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Katanishi, Shoji; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2005-032, 46 Pages, 2005/06

JAERI-Tech-2005-032.pdf:4.79MB

This is annual report on the experimental operation of the mock-up test facility with a full-scale reaction tube for the HTTR hydrogen production system in 2001 fiscal year. The first experimental operation was performed during two weeks from March 1, 2002 to March 13, 2002 to test on the thermal hydraulic performance of the steam reformer and also to train the operators. The thermal hydraulic performance test of the steam reformer was performed to evaluate the heat transfer characteristics between helium gas and process gas in the steam reformer. This report is summarized with an overview of the test, the results and its operation records.

Journal Articles

The HTTR project as the world leader of HTGR research and development

Shiozawa, Shusaku; Komori, Yoshihiro; Ogawa, Masuro

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 47(5), p.342 - 349, 2005/05

For the purpose to extend high temperature nuclear heat application, JAERI constructed the HTTR, High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor, and has carried out research and development of high temperature gas cooled reactor system aiming at high efficiency power generation and hydrogen production. This paper explains the history, main results, present status of research and development of HTTR project, international cooperation of research and development of HTGR and future plan aiming at development of Japanese original future HTGR-Hydrogen production system. This paper includes results from the study, which is entrusted from Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan.

116 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)