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Journal Articles

Improvement of plant reliability based on combining of prediction and inspection of crack growth due to intergranular stress corrosion cracking

Uchida, Shunsuke; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Shigeki; Hanawa, Satoshi; Okada, Hidetoshi*; Naito, Masanori*; Kojima, Masayoshi*; Kikura, Hiroshige*; Lister, D. H.*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 341, p.112 - 123, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:42.44(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Improvement of plant reliability based on reliability-centered-maintenance (RCM) is going to be undertaken in NPPs. RCM is supported by risk-based maintenance (RBM). The combination of prediction and inspection is one of the key issues to promote RBM. Early prediction of IGSCC occurrence and its propagation should be confirmed throughout the entire plant systems which should be accomplished by inspections at the target locations followed by timely application of suitable countermeasures. From the inspections, accumulated data will be applied to confirm the accuracy of the code, to tune some uncertainties of the key data for prediction, and then, to increase their accuracy. The synergetic effects of prediction and inspection on application of effective and suitable countermeasures are expected. In the paper, the procedures for the combination of prediction and inspection are introduced.

Journal Articles

Stress corrosion cracking growth behavior of in-core materials

Kaji, Yoshiyuki

Proceedings of KNS-AESJ Joint Summer School 2005 for Students and Young Researchers, 2, p.221 - 228, 2005/08

For core internals, the main research items are intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) of low carbon stainless steel in core shrouds and primary loop recirculation pipes in boiling water reactor (BWR), and irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) which is caused by the synergistic effects of neutron and gamma-ray radiation, corrosion by high temperature water, and the residual and/or applied stresses. This paper describes the current status and typical results of fundamental study for mechanistic understanding of IGSCC and IASCC, development of IASCC evaluation technology for BWR plants based on post-irradiation IASCC test data as a part of METI's national project, in-pile IASCC tests.

Journal Articles

Plastic deformation behavior of type 316LN stainless steel in non-irradiated, thermallysensitized condition or in irradiated condition during SSRT

Miwa, Yukio; Tsukada, Takashi; Jitsukawa, Shiro

Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems-Water Reactors (CD-ROM), p.311 - 318, 2005/00

Plastic deformation behavior to influence the stress corrosion cracking was studied for the thermally-sensitized and the irradiated type 316LN stainless steel. SSRT was conducted at 573 K in oxygenated water (DO=10ppm) for specimens. Each of the specimens was thermally sensitized at 1033 K for 100 h or irradiated at 473 K to 1 dpa. Between these specimens, the plastic deformation behavior and the IGSCC were compared. For the irradiated specimens, plastic deformation behavior such as the work hardening capability and the maximum stress where IASCC initiated was similar to that of thermally-sensitized specimens in true stress-true strain relation. Moreover, the effect of strain rate on %IGSCC was the same each other. It was suggested from these results that for specimens irradiated around 1 dpa, the initiation mechanism of IASCC was similar to that of IGSCC for thermally-sensitized specimens.

Journal Articles

Effects of silicon, carbon and molybdenum additions on IASCC of neutron irradiated austenitic stainless steels

Nakano, Junichi; Miwa, Yukio; Koya, Toshio; Tsukada, Takashi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 329-333(Part1), p.643 - 647, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:46.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To study effects of minor elements on the irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC), high purity Type 304 and 316 stainless steels (SSs) were fabricated and added minor elements, Si or C. After neutron irradiation to 3.5$$times$$10$$^{25}$$n/m$$^{2}$$ (E$$>$$1MeV), the slow strain rate tests (SSRT) for the irradiated specimens was conducted in oxygeneted high purity water at 561 K. Fracture surface of the specimens was examined using the scanning electron microscope (SEM) after the SSRT. Fraction of intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) on the fracture surface after the SSRT increased with netron fluence. Suppression of irradiation hardening and increase of peiod to SCC fracture as benefitical effects of the additional elements, Si or Mo, were not observed obviously. In high purity SS added C, fraction of IGSCC was the smallest in the all SSs, although irraidiation hardening level was the largest in the all SSs. Addition of C suppressed the susceptibility to IGSCC.

Journal Articles

Japanese contributions to fields of predicting and combating environmentally assisted cracking(EAC) of steels in LWR water

Kondo, Tatsuo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 26(1), p.126 - 131, 1989/01

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of Low Temperature IGSCC of Type 304 Stainless Steel in In-Pile Water

; Kondo, Tatsuo

JAERI-M 83-063, 18 Pages, 1983/04


no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Risk based strategies for inspection and maintenance of nuclear power plants, 5; An Example for risk based inspection for the events originating IGSCC related causes

Uchida, Shunsuke*; Okada, Hidetoshi*; Naito, Masanori*; Hanawa, Satoshi; Kojima, Masayoshi*; Kikura, Hiroshige*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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