Kawaguchi, Munemichi; Uno, Masayoshi*
Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, 128(10), p.832 - 838, 2020/10
This study developed phase-field method (PFM) technique in oxide melt system by using a new mobility coefficient (). The crystal growth rates () obtained by the PFM calculation with the constant were comparable to the thermodynamic driving force in normal growth model. The temperature dependence of the was determined from the experimental crystal growth rates and the . Using the determined , the crystal growth rates () in alkali disilicate glasses, LiO-2SiO, NaO-2SiO and KO-2SiO were simulated. The temperature dependence of the was qualitatively and quantitatively so similar that the PFM calculation results demonstrated the validity of the . Especially, the obtained by the PFM calculation appeared the rapid increase just below the thermodynamic melting point () and the steep peak at around -100 K. Additionally, as the temperature decreased, the apparently approached zero ms, which is limited by the representing the interface jump process. Furthermore, we implemented the PFM calculation for the variation of the parameter in the . As the increased from zero to two, the peak of the became steeper and the peak temperature of the shifted to the high temperature side. The parameters and in the increased exponentially and decreased linearly as the atomic number of the alkali metal increased due to the ionic potential, respectively. This calculation revealed that the and in the were close and reasonable for each other.
Kawaguchi, Koichi; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamamoto, Kazuya; Makino, Takayoshi; Iso, Hidetoshi; Ishii, Katsunori
Funtai Kogakkai-Shi, 57(9), p.478 - 484, 2020/09
A collision plate type jet mill is assumed to be a pulverizer that can control the particle size for nuclear fuel fabrication. The collision plate type jet mill consists of two modules, a classifier and a mill chamber. Coarse component of powder is cycled in the equipment and finally pulverized into objective particle size. In this report, simulated crushed powders were classified and pulverized step by step, and particle size distribution were compared. The collision plate type jet mil can produce objective size particles with low overgrinding.
Taya, Hidetoshi*; Park, A.*; Cho, S.*; Gubler, P.; Hattori, Koichi*; Hong, J.*; Huang, X.-G.*; Lee, S. H.*; Monnai, Akihiko*; Onishi, Akira*; et al.
Physical Review C, 102(2), p.021901_1 - 021901_6, 2020/08
Wang, Z.; Iwasawa, Yuzuru; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki
Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 12 Pages, 2020/08
Yoshizawa, Atsufumi*; Oba, Kyoko; Kitamura, Masaharu*
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 18(2), p.55 - 68, 2019/06
This study aims to improve the potential of an emergency response by analyzing the workload management during the accident at the Emergency Response Center (ERC) of TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. Specifically, the research focused on the response of the ERC during the time between the discontinuation of Unit 3 core water injection and its recovery. It identified the different types of workload at the ERC had and how they had been managed based on the record of a TV conference. It also deduced the casual factors of the responses, supplementing the interview record of the director of ERC at the time by applying workload management analysis. On the basis of these findings, lessons to enhance the potential of the on-site emergency response have been obtained for ERC and outside organizations.
Proceedings of 13th International Symposium on Advanced Science and Technology in Experimental Mechanics (13th ISEM'18) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2018/10
Issues on the engineering technologies relating to high-power spallation neutron sources with liquid metals are introduced. The present status on research activities and results was reviewed.
Itoi, Tatsuya*; Iwaki, Chikako*; Onuki, Akira*; Kito, Kazuaki*; Nakamura, Hideo; Nishida, Akemi; Nishi, Yoshihisa*
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 60(4), p.221 - 225, 2018/04
no abstracts in English
Takahashi, Tadao*; Sato, Toshinori; Masunaga, Kosuke
JAEA-Review 2017-030, 60 Pages, 2018/01
The amount of the information such as the data, models and analysis results related to geological environment has been enormous. It is believed that an appropriate organization of the information is useful for conducting geological environment survey work at the candidate sites of geological disposal. The Survey on Geological Disposal Technology projects commissioned by METI that started in FY2015 handles various information such as the data, models, analysis results, etc. of geological environment. In this project, in preparation for collection and compilation of the information on geological environment in coastal areas, we have made clear the current status of the existing systems including databases. At the same time, we have created measures for centralized information management for the purpose of organizing a huge amount of information as well as sharing the information and information management systems among the related organizations.
Ashida, Takashi; Nakamura, Toshiyuki*; Ito, Hideaki
JAEA-Technology 2017-024, 198 Pages, 2017/11
In the experimental fast reactor Joyo, the disconnecting of an irradiation test subassembly MARICO-2 (Material Testing Irradiation Rig with Temperature Control) from its holding mechanism was conducted in May 2007. After the operation, the rotating plug was rotated despite the fact that the test subassembly was not disconnected completely. Consequently, top of wrapper tube of the MARICO-2 subassembly was bent onto the in-vessel storage rack. Since the overhanging part of the subassembly was in the height in which contacts with the upper core structure, it had damaged the bottom surface of the upper core structure. As the result, it was necessary to replace the damaged upper core structure and to retrieve the bent MARICO-2 subassembly for Joyo restart. Retrieval devices for MARICO-2 subassembly consist of a gripper mechanism to lift subassembly together with transfer pot, a guide tube built-in a pantograph mechanism to adjust lifting axis and safety mechanisms to prevent or mitigate falling of MARICO-2 subassembly, a retrieval cask and so on. Design of the retrieval devices have been verified in ex-vessel partial or full-scale mock-up tests and in-vessel function tests. In 2014, MARICO-2 subassembly was successfully retrieved from the reactor vessel by applying these retrieval devices. Then, retrieved subassembly was transported to a hot-cell facility for post-irradiation examinations. Devices have demonstrated expected performance under the actual environmental conditions of a sodium cooled fast reactor. This is a synthetic report about the retrieval work of the deformed and irradiated test subassembly in Joyo. This report includes the detail design and fabrication of the special retrieval device, results of tests for confirmation including the mock-up tests in manufacturer's factory, and results of MARICO-2 retrieval work from the reactor vessel.
Saito, Kimiaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Kinase, Sakae; Takemiya, Hiroshi
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(6), p.40 - 44, 2017/06
no abstracts in English
Arai, Kenji*; Umezawa, Shigemitsu*; Oikawa, Hirohide*; Onuki, Akira*; Nakamura, Hideo; Nishi, Yoshihisa*; Fujii, Tadashi*
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 58(3), p.161 - 166, 2016/03
no abstracts in English
JAEA-Data/Code 2015-015, 162 Pages, 2015/10
MOSRA-SRAC is a lattice calculation module of the Modular code System for nuclear Reactor Analyses (MOSRA). This module performs the neutron transport calculation for various types of fuel elements including existing light water reactors, research reactors, etc. based on the collision probability method with a set of the 200-group cross-sections generated from the Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library JENDL-4.0. It has also a function of the isotope generation and depletion calculation for up to 234 nuclides in each fuel material in the lattice. In these ways, MOSRA-SRAC prepares the burn-up dependent effective microscopic and macroscopic cross-section data to be used in core calculations.
Ishigami, Tsutomu; Shimada, Taro
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(9), p.1186 - 1204, 2015/09
In the field of decommissioning of nuclear facilities, a reliable method for ensuring compliance with the criterion of site release is an important technical issue to be resolved in Japan. Considering that kriging can consider the spatial correlation of radioactivity concentrations, we propose a method of applying kriging to ensure compliance with the site release criterion. Estimated radioactivity concentrations exhibit uncertainty, which results in a certain probability of the occurrence of decision errors regarding site release. We describe a method for calculating the uncertainty and establish a minimum number of measurement points required. We applied the proposed method and a conventional statistical method to two sample cases. It was observed that the proposed method appropriately estimated the mean radioactivity concentration and led to an efficient measurement requiring fewer measurement points relative to the conventional method when spatial correlation existed.
Tabata, Tatsuo*; Shirai, Toshizo*; Sataka, Masao; Kubo, Hirotaka
Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, 92(3), p.375 - 406, 2006/05
no abstracts in English
Oyama, Naoyuki; Gohil, P.*; Horton, L. D.*; Hubbard, A. E.*; Hughes, J. W.*; Kamada, Yutaka; Kamiya, Kensaku; Leonard, A. W.*; Loarte, A.*; Maingi, R.*; et al.
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(5A), p.A171 - A181, 2006/05
no abstracts in English
Kamiya, Kensaku; Urano, Hajime; Koide, Yoshihiko; Takizuka, Tomonori; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60 Team
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(5A), p.A131 - A139, 2006/05
Effects of plasma rotation and ripple loss on the Type-I ELMs have systematically studied in the JT-60U tokamak, scanning combinations of NBI at the three kinds of plasma volumes. New findings on the Type-I ELMs confirm to be smaller ELM energy loss per pedestal stored energy, DWELM/Wped, and faster ELM frequency, fELM, in the counter-NBI than co-NBI, keeping the power of ELM, PELM, per heating power crossing the separatrix, PSEP, constant. Balanced-NBI case is also intermediate between co- and counter-NBI. In addition, the product of PELM/PSEP decreases according to increase in the plasma volume, suggesting an increase in the inter-ELM transport due mainly to an enhancement in the ripple loss of fast ion.
Hubbard, A. E.*; Kamiya, Kensaku; Oyama, Naoyuki; Basse, N.*; Biewer, T.*; Edlund, E.*; Hughes, J. W.*; Lin, L.*; Porkolab, M.*; Rowan, W.*; et al.
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(5A), p.A121 - A129, 2006/05
Dedicated experiments were carried out to compare the properties, fluctuation behaviour and access conditions of these regimes. A common shape was developed which scaled the plasma boundary except for aspect ratio. Scans of density and input power were carried out at several values of q95, so as to achieve ranges of dimensionless parameters. A striking similarity of access conditions was seen. These results suggest common physical mechanisms for the H-mode regimes, which do not depend critically on aspect ratio over this range. On the other hand, several differences in the details of the edge fluctuations were found, and will be reported. The effect of wall conditioning via boronization on the H-mode regimes will also be discussed.
Physica A, 363(2), p.161 - 170, 2006/03
Within a class of cluster approximations, the Ising spin glass model on a d-dimensional hypercubic lattice is solved near the spin glass transition temperature. Spin glass order parameter function and Almeida-Thouless line are obtained.
Kamiya, Kensaku; Kawashima, Hisato; Ido, Takeshi*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Bakhtiari, M.*; Kasai, Satoshi; Kusama, Yoshinori; Miura, Yukitoshi; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; et al.
Nuclear Fusion, 46(2), p.272 - 276, 2006/02
An attractive operational regime without any large ELMs, namely High Recycling Steady (HRS) H-mode, was found on JFT-2M during Y2000 campaign after boronization. Recent experiments have concentrated on the studies of the access conditions for the HRS regime, in terms of the pedestal parameters. The HRS regime was more likely at higher edge density and lower edge temperature, which corresponds to the normalized electron collisionality of 1 in the plasma edge region.
Makochekanwa, C.*; Kato, Hidetoshi*; Hoshino, Masamitsu*; Tanaka, Hiroshi*; Kubo, Hirotaka; Bettega, M. H. F.*; Lopes, A. R.*; Lima, M. A. P.*; Ferreira, L. G.*
Journal of Chemical Physics, 124(2), p.024323_1 - 024323_9, 2006/00
no abstracts in English