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Journal Articles

A Scaling approach for retention properties of crystalline rock; Case study of the in-situ long-term sorption and diffusion experiment (LTDE-SD) at the $"A$sp$"o$ Hard Rock Laboratory in Sweden

Tachi, Yukio; Ito, Tsuyoshi*; Gylling, B.*

Water Resources Research, 57(11), 20 Pages, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.04(Environmental Sciences)

This paper focuses on the scaling approach for sorption and diffusion parameters from laboratory to in-situ conditions using the dataset of LTDE-SD experiment performed at the $"A$sp$"o$ HRL. The near-surface heterogeneities at both fracture surface and rock matrix could be evaluated by conceptual model with high porosity and diffusivity, and sorption capacity, and their gradual change at the near-surface zones. The modelling results for non-sorbing Cl-36 and weak-sorbing Na-22 could validate the model concept and the parameter estimation of porosity and diffusivity, by considering the disturbed zone of 5 mm thickness with gradual parameter changes. The De values of these cationic and anionic tracers showed typical cation excess and anion exclusion effects. The modelling results for high sorbing tracers (Cs-137, Ra-226, Ni-63 and Np-237) with different sorption mechanism could confirm the validity of the scaling approaches of Kd values as a function of particle size and their relation to the near-surface disturbances.

JAEA Reports

Data of tracer migration test and borehole investigations for fracture zone in the Wakkanai formation at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Tsushima, Masahito*; Takeda, Masaki; Ono, Hirokazu

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-008, 78 Pages, 2018/10

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-008.pdf:6.73MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-008(errata).pdf:0.11MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-008-appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:263.67MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting "geoscientific study" and "research and development on geological disposal" in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL). In-situ tracer migration test for fracture and matrix in the argillaceous rock, called for Wakkanai formation, has been conducted in the Horonobe URL project. This report summarizes data of borehole investigations and tracer migration test for fracture zone.

Journal Articles

Evaluating test conditions for in situ tracer migration test in fractured siliceous mudstone involving groundwater with dissolved gas

Takeda, Masaki; Ishii, Eiichi; Ono, Hirokazu; Kawate, Satoshi*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 25(1), p.3 - 14, 2018/06

Fault zones and excavation damaged zones have the potential to act as flow paths, and the characterization of solute transport in such zones in mudstones is important for the safe geological disposal of radioactive waste. However, few in situ tracer migration tests have been conducted on fractures in mudstones. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has conducted in situ tracer migration experiments using uranine, for fractures in siliceous mudstone of the Wakkanai Formation. 18 experiments were conducted under various conditions An injection flow rate that is slightly higher than the pumping flow rate is ideal for tracer migration experiments involving injection and pumping, as conducted in this study. In situ tracer migration experiments involving injection and pumping conducted in a groundwater environment with dissolved gases allow empirical evaluation of the relationship of the tracer recovery ratio and the groundwater degassing with the injection and pumping flow rate ratio. This evaluation is effective for the design of experimental conditions that account for degassing and ensure high levels of tracer recovery.

Journal Articles

An Investigation on mechanical properties of in-situ rock mass at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Niunoya, Sumio*; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Fujita, Tomo; Shirase, Mitsuyasu*

Dai-44-Kai Gamban Rikigaku Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu Koenshu (CD-ROM), p.336 - 341, 2016/01

In the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory, rock mass classification and determination of mechanical properties of rock mass was conducted considering the effect of the density of fractures in the rock mass. In this paper, the authors report the mechanical properties of rock mass detected by plate loading tests and in situ shear tests in the 250 m and 350 m galleries. As a result, the failure criteria based on the result of in situ shear tests provides the most conservative value for the design of support pattern and assessment of stability of the gallery.

Journal Articles

Comparative modeling of an in situ diffusion experiment in granite at the Grimsel Test Site

Soler, J. M.*; Landa, J.*; Havlov$'a$, V.*; Tachi, Yukio; Ebina, Takanori*; Sardini, P.*; Siitari-Kauppi, M.*; Eikenberg, J.*; Martin, A. J.*

Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 179, p.89 - 101, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:84.06(Environmental Sciences)

Matrix diffusion is a key process for radionuclide retention in crystalline rocks. An in-situ diffusion experiment in granite matrix was performed at the Grimsel Test Site (Switzerland). Several tracers (HTO, Na$$^{+}$$, Cs$$^{+}$$) were circulated through a borehole and the decrease in tracer concentrations was monitored for 2.5 years. Then, the borehole section was overcored and the tracer profiles in the rock were analyzed. Transport distances in the rock were 20 cm for HTO, 10 cm for Na$$^{+}$$ and 1 cm for Cs$$^{+}$$. The dataset was analyzed with diffusion-sorption models by different teams using different codes, with the goal of obtaining effective diffusivities (De) and rock capacity factors. There was a rather good agreement between the values from different teams, implied that De and capacity factors in the borehole damaged zone are larger than those in the bulk rock. However, HTO seems to display large discrepancies between measured and modeled results.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project; Rock mechanical investigations at the -500m stage

Kuwabara, Kazumichi; Sato, Toshinori; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Takayama, Yusuke

JAEA-Research 2015-005, 378 Pages, 2015/07

JAEA-Research-2015-005.pdf:125.5MB
JAEA-Research-2015-005.zip:0.53MB

This report presents the results of following rock mechanical investigations conducted at the -500m Stage. (1) Laboratory tests using cores and block samples obtained at the -500m Stage. (2) In-situ stress measurement using Compact Conical-ended Borehole Overcoring (CCBO) method at the -500m Stage. (3) In-situ stress measurements using Differential Strain Curve Analysis(DSCA) method at the -500m Stage. (4) Development of rock mechanical model.

Journal Articles

An Investigation on mechanical properties of in-situ rock mass at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Tsusaka, Kimikazu*; Inagaki, Daisuke*; Niunoya, Sumio*; Jo, Mayumi*

Proceedings of 8th Asian Rock Mechanics Symposium (ARMS-8) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2014/10

JAEA Reports

Development of facility for in-situ observation during slow strain rate test for irradiated materials

Nakano, Junichi; Tsukada, Takashi; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Terakado, Shogo; Koya, Toshio; Endo, Shinya

JAERI-Tech 2003-092, 54 Pages, 2004/01

JAERI-Tech-2003-092.pdf:14.05MB

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is a degradation phenomenon caused by synergy of neutron radiation, aqueous environment and stress on in-core materials, and it is an important issue in accordance with increase of aged light water reactors. Isolating crack initiation stage from crack growth stage is very useful for the evaluation of the IASCC behavior. Hence facility for in-situ observation during slow strain rate test (SSRT) for irradiated material was developed. As performance demonstrations of the facility, tensile test with in-situ observation and SSRT without observation were carried out using unirradiated type 304 stainless steel in 561 K water at 9 MPa. The following were confirmed from the results. (1) Handling, observation and recording of specimen can be operated using manipulators in the hot cell. (2) In-situ observation can be performed in pressurized high temperature water and flat sheet type specimen is suitable for the in-situ observation. (3) Test condition can be kept constantly and data can be obtained automatically for long test period.

Journal Articles

Standard method of in-situ testing of HEPA filters in nuclear fuel facilities

Ikezawa, Yoshio; Matsui, Hiroshi; Yoshida, Yoshikazu*; *; *; *; *; *

Aerosols: Science,Industry,Health and Environment,Vol. 2, p.786 - 789, 1990/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Mixing of duct air for the representative air sampling in in-situ testing of high efficiency particulate air filters

Matsui, Hiroshi; Ikezawa, Yoshio; Yoshida, Yoshikazu*; *; *; *; *

Aerosols: Science,Industry,Health and Environment,Vol. 2, p.720 - 723, 1990/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Thermal Cycle Testing of Tic-coated Molybdenum by Infrared Heating

JAERI-M 85-204, 7 Pages, 1985/12

JAERI-M-85-204.pdf:0.53MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of low-z surface coatings for JT-60 first wall

Murakami, Yoshio; ; Nakamura, H.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 111-112, p.861 - 863, 1982/00

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:87.84(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

The GTS-LTD MONOPOLE-2 experiment at grimsel; Predictive modeling and comparison with monitoring data

Soler, J. M.*; Martin, A. J.*; Lanyon, G. W.*; Havlov$'a$, V.*; Siitari-Kauppi, M.*; Tachi, Yukio

no journal, , 

An in-situ long-term diffusion (LTD) project has been performed at the Grimsel Test Site, Switzerland, to realistically evaluate matrix diffusion of radionuclides in crystalline rock with minimal disturbance to in-situ conditions. A second in situ diffusion experiment (monopole 2) has been performed. Predictive calculations for the monopole-2 experiment, based on results from monopole 1 or from through-diffusion experiments have been compared to monitoring data from the injection and observation boreholes. For the non-sorbing tracers (HTO, $$^{36}$$Cl$$^{-}$$), the diffusion parameters from the through-diffusion experiments provide a better match for the measurements, especially in the injection borehole. The initial drop in activities for $$^{134}$$Cs$$^{+}$$ and $$^{133}$$Ba$$^{2+}$$ shows clearly the effect of sorption. Bulk rock parameters for $$^{134}$$Cs$$^{+}$$ from monopole 1 seem to be applicable to monopole 2. However, $$^{133}$$Ba$$^{2+}$$ seems to sorb more strongly than expected.

Oral presentation

Modeling the in-situ long-term sorption and diffusion experiment (LTDE-SD) at the Aspo Hard Rock Laboratory in Sweden; Scaling approach from laboratory to in-situ condition

Tachi, Yukio; Ito, Tsuyoshi; Gylling, B.*

no journal, , 

The in-situ long-term sorption and diffusion experiment (LTDE-SD) at the Aspo Hard Rock Laboratory in Sweden provides valuable dataset to test the scaling approach from laboratory to in-situ condition. The scaling approach developed in the in-situ Long-Term Diffusion (LTD) project at Grimsel Test Site in Switzerland was tested for the LTDE-SD results as part of the SKB Task Force on modeling of groundwater flow and transport of solutes in fractured crystalline rocks. Our modelling approach could account reasonably overall trends for sorption and diffusion of 10 radionuclides, and was then evaluated as being applicable for a wider range of radionuclides and for more complex fracture systems.

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