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Journal Articles

Effects of pressure and heat loss on the unstable motion of cellular-flame fronts caused by intrinsic instability in hydrogen-air lean premixed flames

Kadowaki, Satoshi; Thwe, T. A.; Furuyama, Taisei*; Kawata, Kazumasa*; Katsumi, Toshiyuki; Kobayashi, Hideaki*

Journal of Thermal Science and Technology (Internet), 16(2), p.20-00491_1 - 20-00491_12, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:51.09(Thermodynamics)

Effects of pressure and heat loss on the unstable motion of cellular-flame fronts in hydrogen-air lean premixed flames were numerically investigated. The reaction mechanism for hydrogen-oxygen combustion was modeled with seventeen reversible reactions of eight reactive species and a diluent. Two-dimensional unsteady reactive flow was treated, and the compressibility, viscosity, heat conduction, molecular diffusion and heat loss were taken into account. As the pressure became higher, the maximum growth rate increased and the unstable range widened. These were due mainly to the decrease of flame thickness. The burning velocity of a cellular flame normalized by that of a planar flame increased as the pressure became higher and the heat loss became larger. This indicated that the pressure and heat loss affected strongly the unstable motion of cellular-flame fronts. In addition, the fractal dimension became larger, which denoted that the flame shape became more complicated.

Journal Articles

The Effects of addition of carbon dioxide and water vapor on the dynamic behavior of spherically expanding hydrogen/air premixed flames

Katsumi, Toshiyuki; Yoshida, Yasuhito*; Nakagawa, Ryo*; Yazawa, Shinya*; Kumada, Masashi*; Sato, Daisuke*; Thwe, T. A.; Chaumeix, N.*; Kadowaki, Satoshi

Journal of Thermal Science and Technology (Internet), 16(2), p.21-00044_1 - 21-00044_13, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:51.09(Thermodynamics)

The effects of addition of CO$$_{2}$$ and water vapor on characteristics of dynamic behavior of hydrogen/air premixed flames were elucidated experimentally. By Schlieren photography, wrinkles on the flame surface were clearly observed in low equivalence ratios. The propagation velocity increased monotonically as the flame radius became larger and flame acceleration was found. Increasing the addition of inert gas, the propagation velocity decreased, especially in the case of CO$$_{2}$$ addition. Moreover, the Markstein length and the wrinkling factor decreased. This indicated that the addition of Co$$_{2}$$ or H$$_{2}$$O promoted the unstable motion of hydrogen flames, which could be due to the enhancement of the diffusive-thermal effect. Based on the characteristics of dynamic behavior of hydrogen flames, the parameters used in the mathematical model on propagation velocity including flame acceleration was obtained, and then the flame propagation velocity under various conditions was predicted.

Journal Articles

Development of a multiphase particle method for melt-jet breakup behavior of molten core in severe accident

Wang, Z.; Iwasawa, Yuzuru; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 12 Pages, 2020/08

Journal Articles

Localized 5$$f^2$$ states in UPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ and valence crossover in the Vicinity of Heavy-Fermion superconductivity

Metoki, Naoto; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Matsuda, Masaaki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(11), p.114712_1 - 114712_9, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:35.32(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The localized 5$$f$$ states with 5$$f^2$$ ($$^3H_4$$) configuration of U$$^{4+}$$ ion have been revealed in UPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$. We found that the low-lying states are the same as PrPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ flat orbitals with large $$J_z$$ are stabilized by a two-dimensional CEF potential in the unique crystal structure. The present study involves the valence crossover from tetravalent to trivalent in a series of AnPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$, demonstrated by lattice and/or transport anomaly as well as many body effects in the vicinity of the boundary. The valence instability plays important role for the unusual heavy fermion superconductivity in NpPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$.

Journal Articles

Multipass beam breakup in energy recovery linacs

Pozdeyev, E.*; Tennant, C.*; Bisognano, J. J.*; Sawamura, Masaru; Hajima, Ryoichi; Smith, T. I.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 557(1), p.176 - 188, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:64.95(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Large-scale direct simulation of two-phase flow structure around a spacer in a tight-lattice nuclear fuel bundle

Takase, Kazuyuki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Ose, Yasuo*; Akimoto, Hajime

Computational Fluid Dynamics 2004, p.649 - 654, 2006/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nonlinear behaviour of collisionless double tearing mode induced by electron inertia

Matsumoto, Taro; Naito, Hiroshi*; Tokuda, Shinji; Kishimoto, Yasuaki*

Nuclear Fusion, 45(11), p.1264 - 1270, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:40.54(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A gyrokinetic particle simulation is executed to clarify the effect of the electron inertia on the MHD phenomena in the reversed shear configuration (RSC) of a cylindrical tokamak plasma. It is found that the collisionless (kinetic) double tearing modes grow up at the Alfv$'e$n time scale, and nonlinearly induce the internal collapse when the helical flux at the magnetic axis is less than that at the outer resonant surface. After the internal collapse, the secondary reconnection is induced by the current concentration due to the $$m=2$$ convective flow. It is also clarified that a nonlinear dynamics accompanied with the elementary processes caused by the $$m=2$$ flow can generate a new RSC with resonant surfaces. In the presence of the density gradient, after the full reconnection induced by the $$m=2$$ mode, the radial electric field is found to be generated due to the difference of the $${bf E} times {bf B}$$ motion between ions and electrons. However, the intensity of the radial field is not so large as that induced by the collisionless kink mode.

Journal Articles

Characterization of interface defects related to negative-bias temperature instability in ultrathin plasma-nitrided SiON/Si$$<$$100$$>$$ systems

Fujieda, Shinji*; Miura, Yoshinao*; Saito, Motofumi*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka

Microelectronics Reliability, 45(1), p.57 - 64, 2005/01

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:52.32(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

To characterize the interface defects that are responsible for the negative-bias temperature instability (NBTI) of a thin plasma-nitrided SiON/Si system, we carried out inerface trap density measurements, electron-spin resonance spectroscopy and synchrotron radiation XPS. The NBTI was shown to occur mainly through the dehydrogenation of the interfacial Si dangling bonds (P$$_{b}$$ defects). Although we suggest that non- P$$_{b}$$ defects are also generated by the negative-bias temperature stress, nitrogen dangling bonds do not seem to be included. The plasma-nitridation process was confirmed to generate sub-oxides at the interface and thus increase the interface trap density. Furthermore, it was found that the nitridation induces another type of P$$_{b1}$$ defect than that at pure-SiO$$_{2}$$/Si interfacec. Such an increase and structural change of the interfacial defects are likely the causes of the nitridation-enhanced NBTI.

Journal Articles

Numerical analysis of a water-vapor two-phase film flow in a narrow coolant channel with a three-dimensional rectangular rib

Takase, Kazuyuki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Ose, Yasuo*; Tamai, Hidesada

JSME International Journal, Series B, 47(2), p.323 - 331, 2004/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Underlying mechanism of numerical instability in Large-Eddy Simulation of turbulent flows

Ida, Masato; Taniguchi, Nobuyuki*

Physical Review E, 69(4), p.046701_1 - 046701_9, 2004/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:6.09(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper extends our recent theoretical work concerning the feasibility of stable and accurate computation of turbulence using a large eddy simulation. In our previous paper, it was shown, based on a simple assumption regarding the instantaneous streamwise velocity, that the application of the Gaussian filter to the Navier-Stokes equations can result in the appearance of a numerically unstable term. In the present paper, based on assumptions regarding the statistically averaged velocity, we show that in several situations, the shears appearing in the statistically averaged velocity field numerically destabilize the fluctuation components because of the derivation of a numerically unstable term that represents negative diffusion in a fixed direction. This finding can explain the problematic numerical instability that has been encountered in large eddy simulations of wall-bounded flows. The present result suggests that if there is no failure in modeling, the resulting subgrid-scale model can still have unstable characteristics.

Journal Articles

Numerical study of zonal flow dynamics and electron transport in electron temperature gradient driven turbulence

Li, J.; Kishimoto, Yasuaki

Physics of Plasmas, 11(4), p.1493 - 1510, 2004/04

 Times Cited Count:58 Percentile:86.74(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The electron temperature gradient (ETG) driven turbulence in tokamak core plasmas is numerically investigated based on three-dimensional gyrofluid model with adiabatic ion response. Attentions are focused on the zonal flow dynamics in ETG fluctuations and the resultant electron heat transport. A high electron energy confinement mode is found in the weak magnetic shear regime, which is closely relevant with self-organization behavior of turbulence through the enhanced zonal flow dynamics rather than the weak shear stabilization of ETG fluctuations. It is demonstrated that the weak shear is favorable for the enhancement of zonal flows in ETG turbulence.

Journal Articles

Saturation of zonal flow in gyrofluid simulations of electron temperature gradient driven turbulence

Li, J.; Kishimoto, Yasuaki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Miyato, Naoaki; Matsumoto, Taro

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.6, p.585 - 588, 2004/00

An enhanced zonal flow is observed in collisionless electron temperature gradient (ETG) driven turbulence with weak magnetic shears. The Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instability is proposed as a primary damping mechanism of such flow. Some considerable evidences for the KH mode excitation are presented. Results seem to suggest a possibility of turbulence transition from the ETG-dominated one to the KH-dominated one due to the zonal flow dynamics in weak shear plasmas.

JAEA Reports

Review of JT-60U experimental results in 2001 and 2002

JT-60 Team

JAERI-Review 2003-029, 197 Pages, 2003/11

JAERI-Review-2003-029.pdf:13.06MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental study on thermal-hydraulics and neutronics coupling effect on flow instability in a heated channel with THYNC facility

Iguchi, Tadashi; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Asaka, Hideaki; Nakamura, Hideo

Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-10), 16 Pages, 2003/10

Thermal-hydraulic and neutronic dynamics are always interrelated in BWR core. This is called thermal-hydraulic and neutronic (T/N) coupling. Channel stability experiments with T/N coupling under non-nuclear condition are very limited. This is mainly due to the difficulties in the real-time simulation of neutron dynamics and in the fast-response void fraction measurement under high-pressure and temperature conditions. Authors have developed techniques to solve the above difficulties, and have succeeded in experimentally simulating T/N coupling under non-nuclear conditions with the THYNC facility. Using THYNC facility, T/N coupling effect on channel stability was investigated. Experiments were performed under Pressure=2-7MPa, Subcooling=10-40K, and Mass flux=270-660kg/m$$^{2}$$s. THYNC results indicated T/N coupling lowered the channel stability threshold. The reduction of channel stability threshold due to T/N coupling was small within 10% at 7MPa in the present THYNC experiment, although the experimental condition was set to be more severe than that supposed in a reactor.

Journal Articles

System pressure effect on density-wave instability; Simplified model analysis and experiments

Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Iguchi, Tadashi; Nakamura, Hideo; Kukita, Yutaka*

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-11) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2003/04

The pressure effect on the onset of flow instability in a vertical upflow through a boiling channel is studied both analytically and experimentally. The analytical model is based on the Wallis-Heasley model for linear analysis of one-dimensional homogeneous two-phase flow in thermal equilibrium. The dead-time elements commonly used to represent the time lag in the responses of variables to the inlet velocity perturbation is replaced by first-order lag elements to allow the system characteristic equation to be solved analytically. This approach, although approximate, makes it much easier to identify the main contributor to the instability because the individual components are represented by separate terms in the characteristic equation. The predictions are in reasonable agreement with the data when the system pressure effect on the irreversible pressure loss in the two-phase region is appropriately considered based on calibration experiments.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on cooling limit under flow instability in boiling flow channel

Iguchi, Tadashi; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Asaka, Hideaki; Nakamura, Hideo

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-11) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2003/04

Authors investigated the cooling limit under flow instability, by conducting THYNC experiments using a 2$$times$$2 bundle test section of electrical rod heaters、whose heated lengths and diameters were 3.71m and 12.3mm. The experimental result indicated periodic rise and rapid drop of the rod temperature under flow oscillation, indicating periodic film boiling. When the heating power increased further, the rod temperature indicated continuous film boiling. The power at the onset of continuous film boiling (cooling limit) under flow oscillation was about 50%-80% of the cooling limit under steady flow condition in THYNC. The ratio of both cooling limits almost agreed with the Umekawa model prediction in cases of P$$<$$2MPa and G$$<$$400kg/m2s. For high pressure and high mass flux conditions, the ratio almost agreed with the empirical model based on the heat balance during one cycle of flow oscillation. TRAC-BF1 code simulated periodic film boiling qualitatively, but the cooling limit under the flow oscillation was not predicted well probably due to inaccurate rewetting prediction.

Journal Articles

Parallel implementation of the solver for the one-dimensional Vlasov-Poisson equation based on the DA-CIP method

Utsumi, Takayuki*; Koga, J. K.; Kunugi, Tomoaki*

Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics; New Frontiers and Multi-Disciplinary Applications, p.539 - 546, 2003/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Coarsening dynamics and surface instability during ion-beam-assisted growth of amorphous diamondlike carbon

Zhu, X. D.; Naramoto, Hiroshi; Xu, Y.; Narumi, Kazumasa; Miyashita, Kiyoshi*

Physical Review B, 66(16), p.165426_1 - 165426_5, 2002/10

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:54.02(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Interaction between small-scale zonal flows and large-scale turbulence; A Theory for ion transport intermittency in tokamak plasmas

Li, J.; Kishimoto, Yasuaki

Physical Review Letters, 89(11), p.115002_1 - 115002_4, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:77.94(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Interaction between small-scale zonal flows and large-scale turbulence is investigated. The key mechanism is identified as radially non-local mode coupling. Fluctuating energy can be non-locally transferred from the unstable longer to stable or damped shorter wavelength region, so that turbulence spectrum is seriously deformed and deviated from the nonlinear power law structure. Three-dimensional gyro-fluid ion temperature gradient (ITG) turbulence simulations show that an ion transport bursting behavior is consistently linked to the spectral deformity with the causal role of ITG-generated zonal flows in tokamak plasmas.

Journal Articles

Zonal flows in gyrofluid simulations of slab electron temperature gradient turbulence

Li, J.; Kishimoto, Yasuaki

Physics of Plasmas, 9(4), p.1241 - 1254, 2002/04

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:73.03(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Zonal flows can be generated by drift wave turbulence through the nonlinear interactions. 3-D gyrofluid simulations show that in a turbulent system driven by electrostatic sheared slab electron temperature gradient(ETG) modes, the excitation of zonal flows is a slower process that indicates the amplitudes grow up approximately proportionally to time. The zonal flows are very weak comparing with the background turbulence and hardly work for suppressing the turbulent electron heat transport. The dynamics of zonal flows is numerically explored through starting zonal flow component in the quasi-steady state.

79 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)