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Journal Articles

Diffusion of tritium in intermetallic compound $$beta$$-LiAl; Relation to the defect structure

Sugai, Hiroyuki

Solid State Ionics, 177(39-40), p.3507 - 3512, 2007/01

The diffusion coefficient and its activation energy (116.3 $$pm$$ 11.7 kJ/mol) of tritium in an intermetallic compound $$beta$$-LiAl are determined at temperatures from 700 to 848 K. Though the present result for the diffusion coefficient is almost the same as that reported previously, the present result for the activation energy turns out nearly twice of that (64.9 $$pm$$ 3.8 kJ/mol). The present result for the activation energy is consistent with the systematics that an increase of lithium concentration in Al-Li systems increases the activation energy, but the previous result is not. Furthermore, a consideration of the crystal structure and defect structure suggests that tritium diffuses and is impeded by the attractive interaction with lithium atom at lithium sublattices.

Journal Articles

Diffusion of tritium in intermetallic compound $$beta$$-LiAl; Relation to the defect structure

Sugai, Hiroyuki

Solid State Ionics, 177(39-40), p.3507 - 3512, 2007/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:80.7(Chemistry, Physical)

The diffusion coefficients and its activation energy (103.7$$pm$$9.5 kJ/mol) for tritium in intermetallic compound $$beta$$-LiAl are determined at temperatures from 699 to 886 K. Though the present result for the diffusion coefficient is almost the same as that reported earlier, the activation energy turns out nearly twice of that (64.9$$pm$$3.8 kJ/mol) reported earlier. On the basis of the crystal structure and defect structure, the large activation energy of this study suggest that tritium diffuses interstitially and is impeded by an attractive interaction with lithium atoms in lithium sublattices.

Journal Articles

Vaporization behaviour of Pu-Cd intermetallic compounds

Nakajima, Kunihisa; Nakazono, Yoshihisa; Arai, Yasuo

Recent Advances in Actinide Science, p.448 - 450, 2006/06

A pyrochemical process for the metallurgical treatment of the spent nuclear fuels contains the Cd-distillation step, where Pu is recovered as a residue. For understanding this Cd-ditillation behavior the samples of PuCd$$_{2}$$+PuCd$$_{4}$$ and PuCd$$_{4}$$+PuCd$$_{6}$$ were prepared and Knudsen-cell mass-spectrometric measurements were carried out to determine the vapour pressures of Cd(g) over these samples. Further,the thermodynamic quantities of PuCd$$_{2}$$ and PuCd$$_{4}$$ were evaluated from these vapour pressures.

Journal Articles

Positron lifetime measurement on centrifuged Bi$$_{3}$$Pb$$_{7}$$ intermetallic compound

Ono, Masao; Huang, X. S.*; Shibata, Yasuhiro*; Iguchi, Yusuke*; Sakai, Seiji; Maekawa, Masaki; Chen, Z. Q.*; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Kawasuso, Atsuo; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Diffusion in Solids and Liquids (DSL 2005), p.531 - 533, 2005/07

Recently, we formed atomic-scale graded structures in some miscible alloys and observed the decomposition in Bi$$_{3}$$Pb$$_{7}$$ intermetallic compound by sedimentation of atoms under strong gravitational field. In this study, we measured positron lifetime of centrifuged Bi$$_{3}$$Pb$$_{7}$$, to which the composition change was very small as it was treated at low temperature. It was found that the positron lifetime became longer than that of starting state. This indicated that the point defects (vacancy or divacancy) increased in the sample by centrifugal treatment. We are now investigating the relationship between increase in point defects and sedimentation of atoms.

Journal Articles

Mass-spectrometric study of PuCd$$_{2}$$

Nakajima, Kunihisa; Arai, Yasuo; Yamashita, Toshiyuki

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 66(2-4), p.639 - 642, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:86.69(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

PuCd$$_{2}$$ intermetallic compound was prepared by heating pure Pu and Cd metals at about 950K. PuCd$$_{2}$$ was found to be a prototype of CdI$$_{2}$$ by means of powder X-ray diffractometry. Mass-spectrometric experiment was performed in the temperature range of 650-770K. It was found that the vapor pressures of Cd over PuCd$$_{2}$$+Pu were three to five orders of magnitude lower than those over Cd in this temperature range. From these vapor pressures, Gibbs free energy of formation of PuCd$$_{2}$$ was evaluated.

Journal Articles

Sedimentation of substitutional solute atoms in intermetallic compound of Bi-Pb system under ultra-strong gravitational field

Ono, Masao; Huang, X.*; Kinoshita, Takahiro*; Ueno, Hideto*; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Mashimo, Tsutomu

Defect and Diffusion Forum, 237-240(2), p.1101 - 1104, 2005/00

Ultra-strong gravitational field can induce sedimentation of even atoms in condensed matter. We had realized sedimentation of substitutional solute atoms in some miscible alloys. How about in the other alloys? So, In this study, the ultra-centrifuge experiments were performed on an intermetallic compound of Bi-Pb system (Bi$$_{3}$$Pb$$_{7}$$) by changing time duration of experiment time (experimental conditions; maximum centrifugal force: 1.0$$times$$10$$^{6}$$g level, temperature: 130-150 $$^{circ}$$C, duration: 30-150h, state: solid). Composition changes were observed in the centrifuged samples. And, it was found that the Bi phase appeared from starting state of Bi$$_{3}$$Pb$$_{7}$$ around the weak gravitational field region of the sample. These results showed that sedimentation of substitutional solute atoms occurred, and induced the structure change in intermetallic compounds.

Journal Articles

Electro-deposition of tantalum on tungsten and nickel in LiF-NaF-CaF$$_{2}$$ melt containing K$$_{2}$$TaF$$_{7}$$; Electrochemical study

Mehmood, M.*; Kawaguchi, Nobuaki*; Maekawa, Hideki*; Sato, Yuzuru*; Yamamura, Tsutomu*; Kawai, Masayoshi*; Kikuchi, Kenji

Materials Transactions, 44(2), p.259 - 267, 2003/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:59.18(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Electrochemical study has been carried out on the electro-deposition of tantalum in LiF-NaF-CaF$$_{2}$$ melt containing K$$_{2}$$TaF$$_{7}$$ at 700$$^{circ}$$C. This has been done for determining the mechanistic features for preparing electrolytic coating of tantalum on nickel and tungsten substrates. Electro-deposition of metallic tantalum occurs primarily by electro-reduction of Ta(V). Pure metallic tantalum without any entrapped salt is successfully deposited on tungsten by galvanostatic polarization at reasonably low current densities. An additional feature on nickel is the formation of an intermetallic compound at potential 0.25V nobler than that of pure tantalum as a result of underpotential deposition of tantalum. This intermetallic compound covers the surface within a short time followed by deposition of pure tantalum, although intermetallic compound keeps growing at the interface of pure tantalum deposit and the substrate as a result of diffusion.

Journal Articles

Crystal chemistry of NpNi$$_{5}$$ compound

Akabori, Mitsuo; R.G.Haire*; J.K.Gibson*; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Ogawa, Toru

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 257, p.268 - 272, 1997/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:70.1(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An X-ray diffraction study of the Np-Ni system

Akabori, Mitsuo; R.G.Haire*; J.K.Gibson*; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Ogawa, Toru

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 247, p.240 - 243, 1997/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:75.74(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neptunium-iron phase diagram

J.K.Gibson*; R.G.Haire*; E.C.Beahm*; M.M.Gensini*; Maeda, Atsushi; Ogawa, Toru

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 211, p.215 - 222, 1994/00

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:35.23(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal release of tritium from neutron-irradiated Li$$_{7}$$Pb$$_{2}$$

; ;

J.Less-Common Met., 119, p.211 - 217, 1986/00

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:35.47(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ferromagnetism of the intermetallic compound UFe$$_{2}$$

; ; ;

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 16(7), p.1486 - 1486, 1961/00

 Times Cited Count:20

no abstracts in English

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