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Journal Articles

Measurements of neutron total and capture cross sections of $$^{139}$$La and evaluation of resonance parameters

Endo, Shunsuke; Kawamura, Shiori*; Okudaira, Takuya*; Yoshikawa, Hiromoto*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki

European Physical Journal A, 59(12), p.288_1 - 288_12, 2023/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Precise lifetime measurement of $$^4_Lambda$$H hypernucleus using in-flight $$^4$$He$$(K^-, pi^0)^4_Lambda$$H reaction

Akaishi, Takaya; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Tanida, Kiyoshi; 35 of others*

Physics Letters B, 845, p.138128_1 - 138128_4, 2023/10

Journal Articles

Development of an iron(II) complex exhibiting thermal- and photoinduced double proton-transfer-coupled spin transition in a short hydrogen bond

Nakanishi, Takumi*; Hori, Yuta*; Shigeta, Yasuteru*; Sato, Hiroyasu*; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Munakata, Koji*; Ohara, Takashi; Okazawa, Atsushi*; Shimada, Rintaro*; Sakamoto, Akira*; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 145(35), p.19177 - 19181, 2023/08

Journal Articles

Neutron total and capture cross-section measurements of $$^{155}$$Gd and $$^{157}$$Gd in the thermal energy region with the Li-glass detectors and NaI(Tl) spectrometer installed in J-PARC$$cdot$$MLF$$cdot$$ANNRI

Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Endo, Shunsuke; Rovira Leveroni, G.; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Terada, Kazushi*; Hori, Junichi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(6), p.678 - 696, 2023/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:59.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Neutron science for competiveness of Japan

Oigawa, Hiroyuki

Shiki, 59, P. 1, 2023/06

There are the world's leading neutron science research facilities, J-PARC and JRR-3, in Tokai-mura. In order to convey the value created by these facilities to the public, it is important for users to appeal their achievements.

Journal Articles

Application for the epithermal polarized neutron beam at ANNRI in J-PARC

Endo, Shunsuke; Okudaira, Takuya*

Hamon, 33(2), p.68 - 72, 2023/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Anomalous behavior of liquid molecules near solid nanoparticles; Novel interpretation on thermal conductivity enhancement in nanofluids

Hashimoto, Shunsuke*; Yamaguchi, Satoshi*; Harada, Masashi*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Oishi, Kazuki*

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 638, p.475 - 486, 2023/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:75.31(Chemistry, Physical)

Recently, it has been reported that anomalous improvement in the thermal conductivity of nanofluid composed of base liquids and dispersed solid nanoparticles, compared to the theoretically predicted value calculated from the particle fraction. Generally, the thermal conductivity values of gases and liquids are dominated by the mean free path of the molecules during translational motion. Herein, we present solid evidence showing the possible contribution of the vibrational behavior of liquid molecules around nanoparticles to increasing these thermal conductivities.

Journal Articles

Observation of proton-transfer-coupled spin transition by single-crystal neutron-diffraction measurement

Nakanishi, Takumi*; Hori, Yuta*; Shigeta, Yasuteru*; Sato, Hiroyasu*; Wu, S.-Q.*; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Munakata, Koji*; Ohara, Takashi; Sato, Osamu*

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 25(17), p.12394 - 12400, 2023/05

Journal Articles

Measurement of H$$^{0}$$ particles generated by residual gas stripping in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex linac

Tamura, Jun; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Liu, Y.*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Morishita, Takatoshi; Nemoto, Yasuo*; Okabe, Kota; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1049, p.168033_1 - 168033_7, 2023/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac is a high-intensity accelerator in which beam loss is a critical issue. In the J-PARC linac, H$$^{-}$$ beams are accelerated to 191~MeV by a separated drift tube linac (SDTL) and subsequently to 400~MeV by an annular-ring coupled structure (ACS). Because there are more beam loss mechanisms in H$$^{-}$$ linacs than in proton linacs, it is imperative to investigate the beam loss circumstances for beam loss mitigation. Electron-stripping phenomena, which generate uncontrollable H$$^{0}$$ particles, are characteristic beam loss factors of H$$^{-}$$ linacs. To clarify the beam loss causes in the J-PARC linac, a new diagnostic line was installed in the beam transport between the SDTL and ACS. In this diagnostic line, H$$^{0}$$ particles were separated from the H$$^{-}$$ beam, and the intensity profiles of the H$$^{0}$$ particles were successfully measured by horizontally scanning a graphite plate in the range where H$$^{0}$$ particles were distributed. By examining the intensity variation of the H$$^{0}$$ particles with different residual pressure levels, we proved that half of the H$$^{0}$$ particles in the SDTL section are generated by the residual gas stripping in the nominal beam operation of the J-PARC linac.

Journal Articles

Proof-of-principle experiment for testing strong-field quantum electrodynamics with exotic atoms; High precision X-ray spectroscopy of muonic neon

Okumura, Takuma*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; 40 of others*

Physical Review Letters, 130(17), p.173001_1 - 173001_7, 2023/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.16(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Covariance of resonance parameters ascribed to systematic uncertainties in experiments

Endo, Shunsuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Rovira Leveroni, G.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00012_1 - 00012_5, 2023/03

Journal Articles

Present status of J-PARC MUSE

Shimomura, Koichiro*; Koda, Akihiro*; Pant, A. D.*; Natori, Hiroaki*; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Umegaki, Izumi*; Nakamura, Jumpei*; Tampo, Motonobu*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Teshima, Natsuki*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2462, p.012033_1 - 012033_5, 2023/03

Journal Articles

Automated pulsed magnet system for neutron diffraction experiments at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility in J-PARC

Watanabe, Masao; Kihara, Takumi*; Nojiri, Hiroyuki*

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 7(1), p.1_1 - 1_10, 2023/03

A pulsed magnet system has been developed as a new user-friendly sample environment equipment at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. It comprises a vacuum chamber, a 4 K closed-cycle refrigerator for samples, and a nitrogen bath made of a stainless-steel tube with a miniature solenoidal coil. The coil is cooled by liquid nitrogen supplied by an automatic liquid nitrogen supply system, and the sample is cooled by a refrigerator. This combination facilitates the automatic high magnetic field diffraction measurement for the user's operation. A relatively large scattering angle is up to 42 degrees, which is significantly wider than the previous setup. Neutron diffraction experiments were performed on a multiferroic TbMnO$$_{3}$$ and the field dependence of the diffraction peaks was clearly observed. The new pulsed magnet system was established for a practical high magnetic field diffraction for the user program.

Journal Articles

Pole position of $$Lambda(1405)$$ measured in $$d(K^-,n)piSigma$$ reactions

Aikawa, Shu*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Tanida, Kiyoshi; 73 of others*

Physics Letters B, 837, p.137637_1 - 137637_8, 2023/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Semiconductor pulse power supplies for accelerators at J-PARC

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ono, Ayato; Fuwa, Yasuhiro; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Sugita, Moe; Yamamoto, Kazami; Oguri, Hidetomo; Kinsho, Michikazu; et al.

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.242 - 246, 2023/01

At J-PARC, semiconductor short pulse power supplies to replace kicker power supplies and semiconductor long pulse power supplies to replace klystron power supply systems are under construction. We have fabricated a 40kV/2kA/1.2$$mu$$s unit power supply that employs a linear transformer drivers (LTD) system for kickers. Currently, we are working on a high voltage insulating cylinder insulator that suppresses corona discharges using only the insulator structure, without using insulating oil. In addition, the MARX system was adopted for klystron power supply system. A main circuit unit for 8kV/60A/830$$mu$$s rectangular pulse output and an 800V/60A correction circuit unit that improves the flat top droop from 10% to 1% were manufactured. Furthermore, a 2.2kV/2.4kW high voltage SiC inverter charger has been fabricated for this MARX power supply. The presentation will report the evaluation results of each test and prospects for semiconductor pulse power supplies.

Journal Articles

Construction of low-jitter circuit for new kicker power supply using next-generation power semiconductor

Oda, Kodai; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ono, Ayato; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Sugita, Moe; Morishita, Takatoshi; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Tokuchi, Akira*; Kamezaki, Hiroaki*; et al.

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.610 - 614, 2023/01

Kicker system is being used to kick the accelerated 3 GeV beam into the transport lines in RCS of J-PARC. The current kicker power supply applies thyratrons to discharge switches. We are developing a new kicker power supply using next-generation power semiconductors. The timing of the semiconductor switch operation is determined by the input of an external trigger signal. Large timing jitter causes unstable output pulses and beam loss due to beam orbit deviate from reference orbit. Therefore, a low jitter circuit that achieves high repeatability of 2 ns or less will be developed for the new kicker power supply. A prototype trigger generator has been fabricated, and jitter has been evaluated. The results of the evaluation test and the circuit configuration plan for reducing jitter will be reported.

Journal Articles

Investigation of random beam trips in a linear accelerator at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex for the development of an accelerator-driven nuclear transmutation system

Takei, Hayanori

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 14 Pages, 2023/00

In the proton linear accelerator (linac), the proton beam is unexpectedly interrupted due to the electrical discharge originating from the radio frequency, failure of the device/equipment, or other factors. Do these beam trips occur randomly? Conventionally, it has been implicitly assumed that beam trips occur randomly. In this study, we investigated whether beam trips in the linac of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) occur randomly to estimate the beam trip frequency in a superconducting proton linac for an accelerator-driven nuclear transmutation system. First, the J-PARC linac was classified into five subsystems. Then, the reliability function for the operation time in each subsystem was obtained using the Kaplan--Meier estimation, a reliability engineering methods. Using this reliability function, the randomness of beam trips was examined. Analysis of five-year operational data for five subsystems of the J-PARC linac showed that beam trips occurred randomly in some subsystems. However, beam trips did not occur randomly in many subsystems of the proton linac, including the ion source and the acceleration cavity, the primary subsystems of the proton linac.

Journal Articles

Measurements of the neutron total and capture cross sections and derivation of the resonance parameters of $$^{181}$$Ta

Endo, Shunsuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Rovira Leveroni, G.; Toh, Yosuke; Segawa, Mariko; Maeda, Makoto

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 18 Pages, 2023/00

Journal Articles

Measurement of the transverse asymmetry of $$gamma$$ rays in the $$^{117}$$Sn($$n,gamma$$)$$^{118}$$Sn reaction

Endo, Shunsuke; Okudaira, Takuya*; Abe, Ryota*; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Oku, Takayuki; Sakai, Kenji; Shima, Tatsushi*; et al.

Physical Review C, 106(6), p.064601_1 - 064601_7, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:55.85(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Optimization of mercury flow with microbubbles in the target-vessel design by means of machine learning

Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Tsuzuki, Takayuki*; Murai, Tetsuro*

JAEA-Technology 2022-023, 128 Pages, 2022/11


In a mercury target of the J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex), pulsed proton beams repeatedly bombard the flowing mercury which is confined in a stainless-steel vessel (target vessel). Cavitation damage caused by the propagation of the pressure waves is a factor of the life of the target vessel. As a measure to reduce damages, we developed a bubbler to inject the gas microbubbles into the flowing mercury, which can reduce the pressure waves. To operate the mercury target vessel stably with the 1 MW high-intensity proton beams, further reduction of the damage is required. The bubbler setting position should be closer to the beam window to increase the bubble population, which could enhance the reduction effect on the pressure waves and damage. However, the space at the beam window of the target vessel is restricted. The bubbler design and setting position as well as the vane design for the mercury flowing pattern are optimized by means of a machine learning technique to get more suitable bubble distribution, increasing in bubble population and optimizing bubble size nearby the beam window of the target vessel. The results of CFD analyses performed with 1000 cases were used for machine learning. Since the flow rate of mercury affects the temperature of the target vessel, this was used for the constraint condition. As a result, we found a design of mercury target vessel that can increase the bubble population by ca. 20% higher than the current design.

642 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)