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JAEA Reports

Data comparison of measurement of carbon isotope standards between JAEA-AMS-TONO and JAEA-AMS-MUTSU

Kokubu, Yoko; Matsubara, Akihiro; Fujita, Natsuko; Kuwabara, Jun; Kinoshita, Naoki

JAEA-Technology 2021-028, 33 Pages, 2022/02

JAEA-Technology-2021-028.pdf:2.18MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has two facilities of accelerator mass spectrometry, JAEA-AMS-TONO and JAEA-AMS-MUTSU at Tono Geoscience Center and Aomori Research and Development Center, respectively. In this report, characteristics of each facility and results of standard samples in the inner-comparison test of carbon isotope measurement will be described. Both facilities have been used for research by not only JAEA's staff but also researchers who belong to universities and other institutes on the shared use program of JAEA facilities. Recently, researchers trend to use both facilities with the expansion of demand for the carbon isotope measurement by using the accelerator mass spectrometer (AMS). However, each facility has a spectrometer made by a different manufacturer and equipped with different mechanical components. There is a difference in each ability to the carbon isotope measurement such as background level. This is, for example, due to different ion injection system adapted at each spectrometer. Further, each facility uses a different analytical method adjusted to each main research field. When a researcher uses both facilities, the researcher understands more about the characteristics and need to make a suitable choice of a facility for samples and the analytical method. The report presents a detailed information of characteristics of the spectrometer, sample preparation method and analytical method, and of ability of the measurement based on the inner-comparison test.

Journal Articles

Current status of JAEA-AMS-TONO in the 20th year

Kokubu, Yoko; Fujita, Natsuko; Miyake, Masayasu; Watanabe, Takahiro; Ishizaka, Chika; Okabe, Nobuaki; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Matsubara, Akihiro*; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Nishio, Tomohiro*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 456, p.271 - 275, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.13(Instruments & Instrumentation)

JAEA-AMS-TONO has been in operation at the Tono Geoscience Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency since 1998 and 20 years have passed from the beginning of its utilization. The AMS system is a versatile system based on a 5 MV tandem Pelletron type accelerator. The system has been used to measure carbon-14 ($$^{14}$$C), beryllium-10 ($$^{10}$$Be) and aluminium-26 ($$^{26}$$Al). In addition, the development of measurement of iodine-129 ($$^{129}$$I) has been started. The main use is measurement of $$^{14}$$C in geological samples for dating studies in neotectonics and hydrogeology. In order to increase the speed of sample preparation, we introduced the automated graphitization equipment and made a gas-strip line to collect dissolved inorganic carbon in groundwater samples. Measurement of $$^{10}$$Be and $$^{26}$$Al has been used for geoscience studies and the detection limit in the measurement of $$^{10}$$Be was improved by $$^{7}$$Be-counting suppression. Recently tuning of measurement condition of $$^{129}$$I has been progressed.

Journal Articles

Improvement of methods for measurement of $$^{129}$$I/$$^{127}$$I ratio at JAEA-AMS-TONO

Okabe, Nobuaki; Fujita, Natsuko; Matsubara, Akihiro*; Miyake, Masayasu; Nishio, Tomohiro*; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Isozaki, Nobuhiro*; Watanabe, Takahiro; Kokubu, Yoko

JAEA-Conf 2018-002, p.51 - 54, 2019/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Twenty years of JAEA-AMS-TONO

Kokubu, Yoko; Fujita, Natsuko; Matsubara, Akihiro*; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Nishio, Tomohiro; Miyake, Masayasu; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Watanabe, Takahiro; Ogata, Nobuhisa; Shimada, Akiomi; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2018-002, p.5 - 8, 2019/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The 20th anniversary of JAEA-AMS-TONO

Ishimaru, Tsuneari

JAEA-Conf 2018-013, p.13 - 16, 2019/02

In the Tono Geoscience Center, JAEA-AMS-TONO was introduced in March 1997 and it will be the 20th year in this year. After introduction, we maintained the carbon-14 measurement first and we were able to steadily accumulate results.

Journal Articles

Current status of system technology of the JAEA-AMS-TONO; 2014

Matsubara, Akihiro; Fujita, Natsuko; Miyake, Masayasu*; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Kokubu, Yoko

Dai-17-Kai AMS Shimpojiumu Hokokushu, p.40 - 45, 2015/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Relationships between sediment concentrations from $$^{10}$$Be analysis and morphometric aspect in Sangun catchment Area, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan

Pachri, H.*; Mitani, Yasuhiro*; Ikemi, Hiroaki*; Nakanishi, Ryunosuke*; Kokubu, Yoko

Journal of Geological Resource and Engineering, 3(4), p.163 - 172, 2015/09

Recently, the contributions of slope failures have been difficult to quantify over the time scales of the sediment concentrations in Sangun catchment area, Fukuoka Prefecture. This paper describes how cosmogenic nuclide methods have provided information about the geomorphic process by utilizing $$^{10}$$Be. The $$^{10}$$Be/$$^{9}$$Be ratios were measured by AMS. We assume that the cosmogenic nuclide concentrations stored in the sediment of a river can increase or decrease, depending on the amount of mixing of sediments during transport through the fluvial system. As results, the $$^{10}$$Be concentrations have been calculated to determine the short term sediment mixing rate in the catchment area. Therefore, the relationship between the morphometrics of the drainage basin, the sediment concentration by $$^{10}$$Be analysis and the contribution of landslides to landscape changes over timescales of several years have been investigated in Sangun catchment area.

Journal Articles

Present status of the JAEA-AMS-TONO; FY2013

Matsubara, Akihiro; Fujita, Natsuko; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Miyake, Masayasu*; Nishio, Tomohiro*; Owaki, Yoshio*; Sanada, Katsuki*; Kokubu, Yoko; Ishimaru, Tsuneari

Dai-27-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.47 - 51, 2015/03

Steady progress has been made in the development of a multi-nuclide AMS system for measurement of rare radionuclides ($$^{10}$$Be, $$^{14}$$C, and $$^{26}$$Al) to apply geochronological dating methods. In this article we will report the current status of the JAEA-AMS-TONO.

Oral presentation

Study on identification of event based on consecutive radiocarbon dating of black soil along active fault

Yasue, Kenichi; Hirouchi, Daisuke*; Matsubara, Akihiro; Kokubu, Yoko

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Selection of regents for measurement of low concentrations of $$^{10}$$Be and $$^{26}$$Al by AMS

Kokubu, Yoko; Matsubara, Akihiro; Fujita, Natsuko; Nishio, Tomohiro*; Owaki, Yoshio*; Sanada, Katsuki*; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Miyake, Masayasu*

no journal, , 

Cosmogenic nuclides of $$^{10}$$Be and $$^{26}$$Al are used for studies such as estimation of exposure age and erosion rate of rock. In order to measure traces of $$^{10}$$Be and $$^{26}$$Al by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) in these studies, reagents with low levels of $$^{10}$$Be and $$^{26}$$Al are needed. In this study, ratios of $$^{10}$$Be/$$^{9}$$Be or $$^{26}$$Al/$$^{27}$$Al in several reagents were compared. The reagents were oxides for evaluation of blank in measurement and standard solutions for atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) or inductively coupled plasma optical emission / mass spectrometry (ICP) for carrier and evaluation of process blank. The ratios were measured in JAEA-AMS-TONO. The ratios of $$^{10}$$Be/$$^{9}$$Be in the Be oxides and the Be standard solutions were approximately 10$$^{-14}$$$$sim$$10$$^{-15}$$ levels. The Be Standard solutions for AAS and ICP supplied by Merck had lower ratios of $$^{10}$$Be/$$^{9}$$Be than those supplied by Wako and Kanto chemical.

Oral presentation

A Study of sediment movements in mountainous catchments by beryllium isotopes analysis

Ikemi, Hiroaki*; Pachri, H.*; Kokubu, Yoko; Mitani, Yasuhiro*; Kuroki, Takahito*

no journal, , 

One of issues in the comprehensive river-sediment management is to develop how to estimate a sediment production from a mountainous stream. In this study, beryllium isotopes of quartz extracted from sediment samples have been analyzed by JAEA-AMS-TONO to clarify a sediment dynamics in mountain streams. The sediment samples have been collected at four riverbeds and one hillslope in two different sub-catchments (A and B) of a Mesozoic granitic block located in the Umi-kawa river basin, Fukuoka. The sample of the catchment B shows a little bit higher value in $$^{10}$$Be-content than those of catchment A. This result indicates that the river sediment in the catchment B includes quartz grains that have been exposed on a ground surface for a long time compared with the catchment A. It is also possible that the river sediment in the catchments A contains more landslide materials because the landslide materials, which have come from a deeper part, might have a lower value in $$^{10}$$Be-content.

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