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Okita, Shoichiro; Abe, Yutaka*; Tasaki, Seiji*; Fukaya, Yuji

Radioisotopes, 73(3), p.233 - 240, 2024/11

Yanagisawa, Hiroshi; Umeda, Miki; Motome, Yuiko; Murao, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Nuclear Criticality Safety (ICNC2023) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2024/07

The benchmark analyses on the TRIGA reactor of the IEU-COMP-THERM-013 (ICT-013) in the ICSBEP handbook using the MVP version 3 code were carried out with the Japanese, US and European nuclear data libraries, including JENDL-5. The analyses on effective neutron multiplication factors (k's) were also performed for another TRIGA reactor defined in the ICT-003 as well as the ICT-013. As a result, it is confirmed that the calculated k's vary in the range of 0.8% with the libraries. The results also suggest that there might be unknown bias in the ICT-013 for the calculated k's. For the analyses on the control rod worths of the ICT-013, it is confirmed that differences in the worths among the libraries become smaller than those in k's. Most of the errors involved in k's are considered to be cancelled in the calculation of the worths since the worths are obtained by subtraction of the reciprocals of two sorts of k's. The differences in the worths by between the benchmark and alternative methods defined in the ICT-013 were tried to be examined from the aspect of the differences in horizontal flux distributions by between those methods. It is confirmed that the differences in the worths for two shim control rods, which are fully withdrawn at a delayed critical state, are well understood by that attempt, but on the other hand the differences are not sufficiently explained for a regulating control rod, which is partially inserted to attain delayed criticality.

Fujita, Tatsuya

Proceedings of Best Estimate Plus Uncertainty International Conference (BEPU 2024) (Internet), 14 Pages, 2024/05

The uncertainty analysis of PWR depletion test problem on the OECD/NEA/NSC LWR-UAM benchmark Phase II based on JENDL-5 was performed as a preliminary investigation. The random sampling was used to quantify the uncertainty of k-infinity and nuclide inventories, the cross section (XS), the fission product yield (FPY), the decay constant, and the decay branch ratio were randomly perturbed, and several times of SERPENT 2.2.1 calculations were performed. XSs in the ACE file were perturbed by the ACE file perturbation tool using FRENDY with the 56-group covariance matrix generated by NJOY2016.72. The perturbation quantity of independent FPY was evaluated using the FPY covariance matrix prepared in JENDL-5, and the perturbed cumulative FPY was reconstructed based on the relationship between the independent and cumulative FPYs. The decay constant was independently perturbed for each nuclide. To perturb the decay branch ratios, the covariance matrix was generated by applying the generalized least square method and randomly perturbed based on this covariance matrix in the same manner as the independent FPY. In general, the influence due to decay data was an order of magnitude smaller than the influences due to XS and FPY uncertainties. For the uncertainty of k-infinity and transuranic nuclide inventories, the influence due to XS uncertainty was dominant, and that due to FPY and decay data uncertainties was one or a few orders of magnitude smaller. On the other hand, for the uncertainty of FP nuclide inventories, the influence due to FPY uncertainty was almost the same or larger than that due to XS uncertainty. It was also confirmed that the influence due to either XS or FPY uncertainty became different for each FP nuclide. In future studies, the influence due to XS uncertainty on FP nuclides will be discussed because it was not prepared in JENDL-5 and not considered in the present paper.

Fukushima, Masahiro; Okajima, Shigeaki*; Mukaiyama, Takehiko*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 61(4), p.478 - 497, 2024/04

Times Cited Count：3 Percentile：65.72(Nuclear Science & Technology)A series of integral experiments was conducted to evaluate the fission and the capture cross- sections of transuranic (TRU) nuclides at the fast critical facility FCA of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The experiments were carried out using seven uranium-fueled assemblies of the FCA. The neutron energy spectra of the core regions were adjusted so as to change from an intermediate neutron spectrum to a fast neutron spectrum on an assembly-by-assembly basis. The integral data measured with these experimental configurations provide some neutron energy characteristics: 1) fission rate ratios (FRRs) of Np, Pu, Pu, Am, Am, and Cm relative to Pu by using absolutely calibrated fission chambers, 2) small sample reactivity worths (SRWs) of Np, Pu, Pu, Am, and Am where oxide powders of around 15 to 20 grams were used, 3) criticalities, and 4) spectral indices such as fission rate ratios of U relative to U. In this paper, details of the SRW measurements are reported, and the latest Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library JENDL-5 is tested by using the integral data obtained in systematically varied neutron energy spectra.

Konno, Chikara; Kochiyama, Mami; Hayashi, Hirokazu

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 11(2), p.23-00386_1 - 23-00386_11, 2024/04

Activation cross-section libraries for the ORIGEN and ORIGEN-S codes have been generated from JENDL-5 and JENDL/AD-2017. The ORIGEN activation cross-section libraries of the 200 and 48 group structures were generated with the AMPX-6 code, while the ORIGEN-S activation cross-section libraries with a MAXS format of the 199 group structure were done with the PREPO2018 code. Activation calculations for JPDR were carried out in order to validate the produced ORIGEN and ORIGEN-S activation cross-section libraries. The following comparisons were performed: the ORIGEN calculation results with the produced activation cross-section libraries and bundled ones, the 200 group and 48 group ORIGEN calculations, the ORIGEN and ORIGEN-S calculations with the JENDL-5 activation cross-section libraries, etc. Most of the differences of the calculation results were less than 20%, which demonstrated that the libraries were produced adequately.

Fujita, Tatsuya

Proceedings of International Conference on Physics of Reactors (PHYSOR 2024) (Internet), p.718 - 727, 2024/04

The convergence process of the k-infinity uncertainty during random-sampling-based uncertainty quantification was compared between several efficient sampling techniques. The k-infinity uncertainty was evaluated by statistically processing several times of SERPENT 2.2.1 calculations using perturbed ACE files based on JENDL-5 cross-section covariance data. The antithetic sampling (AS), the Latin hypercube sampling (LHS), the control variates (CV), and the combination approaches of them were focused on in the present paper. In PWR-UO fuel assembly geometry without the nuclide depletion, as discussed in past studies, AS and LHS showed higher efficient convergence than nominal sampling without any efficient sampling techniques. In terms of CV, though a stand-alone application did not have a large impact on the k-infinity uncertainty convergence, its performance was improved in combination with AS, as discussed in the past study. In addition, a new combined approach of LHS and CV (CV+LHS) was proposed in the present paper. CV+LHS improved the k-infinity uncertainty convergence and was more efficient than CV+AS. The main reason for this improvement was that the convergence for the mean value of alternative parameters in CV was enhanced by applying LHS. Consequently, this study proposed the new combined approach of CV+LHS and confirmed its efficiency performance for the random-sampling-based uncertainty quantification in the PWR-UO fuel assembly geometry. The applicability of CV+LHS for the nuclide-depletion calculations will be confirmed in future studies.

Konno, Chikara

JAEA-Conf 2023-001, p.143 - 146, 2024/02

I modified NJOY2016.67 to produce photonuclear ACE files which can be used in MCNP6.2 and PHITS3.27 and produced the ACE file of the JENDL-5 photonuclear sub-library. Simple test calculations with the produced ACE file supported that the produced ACE file had no serious problems.

Tada, Kenichi; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Taninaka, Hiroshi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Okita, Shoichiro; Oizumi, Akito; Fukushima, Masahiro; Nakayama, Shinsuke

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 61(1), p.2 - 22, 2024/01

Times Cited Count：7 Percentile：94.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)The new version of the Japanese evaluated nuclear data library, JENDL-5, was released in December 2021. This paper demonstrates the validation of JENDL-5 for fission reactor applications. Benchmark calculations are performed with the continuous-energy Monte Carlo codes MVP and MCNP and the deterministic code system MARBLE. The benchmark calculation results indicate that the performance of JENDL-5 for fission reactor applications is better than that of the former library JENDL-4.0.

Konno, Chikara

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 61(1), p.121 - 126, 2024/01

Times Cited Count：1 Percentile：41.04(Nuclear Science & Technology)The JENDL-4.0/HE neutron and proton ACE files were produced in 2017 and those of 22 nuclei for neutron and 25 nuclei for proton were bundled in the PHITS code. Recently it was found that the following five data in the JENDL-4.0/HE neutron and proton ACE files had any problems; ACE files for N and O, heating numbers, damage energy production cross sections, secondary neutron multiplicities and fission cross sections. Thus new JENDL-4.0/HE neutron and proton ACE files were produced with the problems fixed. This paper describes the problems and how to produce the new neutron and proton ACE files in detail.

Fukushima, Masahiro; Ando, Masaki; Nagaya, Yasunobu

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 15 Pages, 2024/00

Times Cited Count：0Watanabe, Tomoaki; Suyama, Kenya; Tada, Kenichi; Ferrer, R. M.*; Hykes, J.*; Wemple, C. A.*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 10 Pages, 2024/00

Times Cited Count：0 Percentile：0.00(Nuclear Science & Technology)A new nuclear data library for the advanced lattice physics code CASMO5 has been prepared based on JENDL-5. In JENDL-5, many essential nuclides for conventional LWR analysis have also been modified based on state-of-the-art evaluations. The new JENDL-5-based CASMO5 library was prepared by replacing as much of the nuclear data of the current CASMO5 ENDF/B-VII.1-based library as possible with JENDL-5. This study verified and validated the new library. Verifications were performed based on the OECD/NEA burnup credit criticality safety benchmark phase III-C, and the calculated k and fuel compositions of the BWR fuel assembly were compared with reported benchmark results. Comparison with the MCNP6.2 result was also performed using the same benchmark model. In addition, the TCA critical experiment and Takahama-3 post-irradiation experiment were used for validation. The results indicate that the new library performs well and is comparable to the ENDF/B-VII.1-based library in predictions of reactivity and fuel compositions for LWR systems.

Fukushima, Masahiro; Ando, Masaki; Nagaya, Yasunobu

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 24 Pages, 2024/00

Times Cited Count：1 Percentile：0.00(Nuclear Science & Technology)A series of integral experiments were conducted at FCA of JAEA, simulating LWR cores with a tight lattice cell of highly enriched MOX fuel containing more than 15% fissile plutonium. The three experimental configurations were constructed using foamed polystyrene with different void fractions to clarify the prediction accuracy of neutronic calculation codes and nuclear data among various neutron spectra. The nuclear characteristics measured in the experiments were criticality, moderator void reactivity worths, and sample reactivity worths. The preliminary analyses on experiments were conducted using a deterministic calculation code conventionally used for fast reactors with JENDL-4.0. Most reactivity worth calculations correlated well with the experimental values. Specifically for the softer neutron spectra configurations, the treatment of ultrafine energy groups obviously improved the prediction accuracy of the deterministic calculations. Furthermore, reference calculations were performed with MVP3 code by modeling the experimental setup in detail, confirming the validity of the deterministic calculations.

Nakayama, Shinsuke

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(12), p.1447 - 1453, 2023/12

Times Cited Count：0 Percentile：0.00(Nuclear Science & Technology)The d+Be neutron source is a candidate for transportable neutron source for on-site nondestructive inspection of infrastructure facilities such as bridges, tunnels and so on. The applicability of the d+Be neutron source to a transportable fast neutron source is explored by Monte Carlo particle transport simulations with PHITS and JENDL-5. The simulation results show that by increasing the shielding thickness by about 1.5 times, it is possible to realize the d+Be neutron source with the comparable performance to another candidate, the 2.5-MeV p+Li neutron source, at lower beam energy.

Watanabe, Tomoaki; Tada, Kenichi; Endo, Tomohiro*; Yamamoto, Akio*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(11), p.1386 - 1396, 2023/11

Times Cited Count：3 Percentile：80.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)The burnup calculations for estimating the nuclide composition of the spent fuel are highly dependent on nuclear data. Many nuclides in the latest version of the Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library JENDL-5 were modified from JENDL-4.0 and the modification affects the burnup calculations. This study confirmed the validity of JENDL-5 in the burnup calculations. The PIE data of Takahama-3 was used for the validation. The effect of modifications of the parameters, e.g., cross sections and fission yields, from JENDL-4.0 to JENDL-5 on the nuclide compositions was quantitatively investigated. The calculation results showed that JENDL-5 has a similar performance to JENDL-4.0. The calculation results also revealed that the modifications of the cross sections of actinide nuclides, fission yields, and thermal scattering low data of hydrogen in HO affected the nuclide compositions of PWR spent fuels.

Fukahori, Tokio

INDC(JPN)-210 (Internet), 5 Pages, 2023/10

The U(n,f) cross section values were not correctly compiled in the ENDF format, and wrong values are disseminated in the JENDL/HE-2007 file. The high energy part of the U(n,f) cross section for the JENDL/HE-2007 library was evaluated by using the results of the FISCAL code. The correct U(n,f) cross section values of the JENDL/HE-2007 library above 200 MeV is given in this report.

Okita, Shoichiro; Goto, Minoru

Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Nuclear Criticality Safety (ICNC2023) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2023/10

Kawaguchi, Maho*; Shiba, Shigeki*; Iwahashi, Daiki*; Okawa, Tsuyoshi*; Gunji, Satoshi; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Suyama, Kenya

Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Nuclear Criticality Safety (ICNC2023) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2023/10

The Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA) has been working on an experimental approach for evaluating the criticality of fuel debris produced by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNP) accident since 2014, collaborating with the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). As part of the approach, JAEA has modified the STAtic experiment Critical facilitY (STACY) for critical experiments to evaluate characteriscs of pseudo-fuel debris. As the preliminary analyses, we verified critical characteristics with major nuclear data libraries for the proposed core configuration patterns. The three-dimensional continuous-energy Monte Carlo neutron and photon transport code, SERPENT-V2.2.0 was used with the latest JENDL, JENDL-5. As a result, larger multiplication factors of JENDL-5 across the modified STACY core configuration patterns were evaluated in comparison to the other libraries. And, H scattering and U fission sensitivity coefficients of JENDL-5 were different from those of the other libraries. Comparing among analyses with those libraries, the updated S(, ) of JENDL-5 might affect the result of critical characteristics in the critical analyses for the modified STACY core configuration.

Konno, Chikara; Ota, Masayuki*; Kwon, Saerom*; Onishi, Seiki*; Yamano, Naoki*; Sato, Satoshi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(9), p.1046 - 1069, 2023/09

Times Cited Count：7 Percentile：96.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)JENDL-5 was validated from a viewpoint of shielding applications under the Shielding Integral Test Working Group of the JENDL Committee. The following benchmark experiments were selected: JAEA/FNS in-situ experiments, Osaka Univ./OKTAVIAN TOF experiments, ORNL/JASPER sodium experiments, NIST iron experiment and QST/TIARA experiments. These experiments were analyzed with MCNP and nuclear data libraries (JENDL-5, JENDL-4.0 or JENDL-4.0/HE, ENDF/B-VIII.0 and JEFF-3.3). The analysis results demonstrate that JENDL-5 is comparable to or better than JENDL-4.0 or JENDL-4.0/HE, ENDF/B-VIII.0 and JEFF-3.3.

Sugawara, Takanori; Kunieda, Satoshi

Proceedings of International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering (M&C 2023) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2023/08

This study investigates the impact of the change from JENDL-4 to JENDL-5 on neutronics analysis of transmutation systems. As the transmutation systems, the following two systems are targeted: JAEA-ADS, a lead-bismuth cooled accelerator-driven system, and MARDS, a molten salt chloride accelerator-driven system. For the JAEA-ADS, the k-eff value increased 189 pcm from JENDL-4 to JENDL-5. It was found that the revisions of various nuclides affected to this difference. For example, the revision of N indicated an increase of 200 pcm from the JENDL-4 result. For the MARDS, it was found that the major revision of Cl and Cl cross sections was the main cause of the k-eff differences. This study confirmed that the difference in the nuclear data libraries still indicated differences in calculation results for the transmutation systems.

Suyama, Kenya; Ueki, Taro; Gunji, Satoshi; Watanabe, Tomoaki; Araki, Shohei; Fukuda, Kodai

Proceedings of 20th International Symposium on the Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Materials (PATRAM22) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2023/06

Since the 1990s, the importance of the handbook has changed significantly, as the computational power has improved and continuous energy Monte Carlo codes have become widely used, which enables highly accurate criticality calculations, when necessary, irrespective of the complexity of the system. Because the value of performing a large number of calculations in advance and summarizing the data has decreased, since the second edition was published publicly in 1999, there has been no revision of criticality safety handbooks in Japan for nearly a quarter of a century. In Japan, where the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident occurred in 2011, it became necessary to deal with criticality safety issues in the transport and storage of the fuel debris which contains complex constituent elements, and the summary the criticality safety management for such material is an urgent issue. In the area of burnup credit, the transport and storage of fuel assemblies with low achieved burnups due to the consequences of accidents might be the problem. In addition, nuclear data, which is the input for the continuous energy Monte Carlo code, has been improved several times, now JENDL-5 is available from the end of 2021, and its incorporation becomes a need in the field. This report provides an overview of the latest criticality safety research in Japan and the planned revision of the Criticality Safety Handbook, which could be applied to the transport and storage sectors.