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Journal Articles

Cross-section-induced uncertainty evaluation of MA sample irradiation test calculations with consideration of dosimeter data

Sugino, Kazuteru; Numata, Kazuyuki*; Ishikawa, Makoto; Takeda, Toshikazu*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 130, p.118 - 123, 2019/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In MA sample irradiation test data calculations, the neutron fluence during irradiation period is generally scaled by using dosimetry data in order to improve calculation accuracy. In such a case, appropriate correction is required to burnup sensitivity coefficients obtained by the conventional generalized perturbation theory because some cancellations occur in the burnup sensitivity coefficients. Therefore, a new formula for the burnup sensitivity coefficient has been derived with the consideration of the neutron fluence scaling effect (NFS). In addition, the cross-section-induced uncertainty is evaluated by using the obtained burnup sensitivity coefficients and the covariance data based on the JENDL-4.0.

JAEA Reports

Development of the Unified Cross-section Set ADJ2017

Yokoyama, Kenji; Sugino, Kazuteru; Ishikawa, Makoto; Maruyama, Shuhei; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Numata, Kazuyuki*; Jin, Tomoyuki*

JAEA-Research 2018-011, 556 Pages, 2019/03


We have developed a new unified cross-section set ADJ2017, which is an improved version of the unified cross-section set ADJ2010 for fast reactors. The unified cross-section set is used for reflecting information of C/E values (analysis / experiment values) obtained by integral experiment analyses; the values are stored in the standard database for FBR core design via the cross-section adjustment methodology, which integrates with the information such as uncertainty (covariance) of nuclear data, uncertainty of integral experiment / analysis, sensitivity of integral experiment with respect to nuclear data. The ADJ2017 is based on Japan's latest nuclear data library JENDL-4.0 as in the previous version of ADJ2010, and it incorporates more information on integral experimental data sets related to minor actinides (MAs) and degraded plutonium (Pu). In the creation of ADJ2010, a total of 643 integral experimental data sets were analyzed and evaluated, and 488 of the integral experimental data sets were finally selected to be used for the cross-section adjustment. In contrast, we have evaluated a total of 719 data sets, and eventually adopted 620 integral experimental data sets to create ADJ2017. ADJ2017 shows almost the same performance as ADJ2010 for the main neutronic characteristics of conventional sodium-cooled MOX-fuel fast reactors. In addition, for the neutronic characteristics related to MA and degraded Pu, ADJ2017 improves the C/E values of the integral experimental data sets, and reduces the uncertainty induced by the nuclear data. ADJ2017 is expected to be widely used in the analysis and design research of fast reactors. Moreover, it is expected that the integral experimental data sets used for ADJ2017 can be utilized as a standard database of FBR core design.

Journal Articles

ACE library of JENDL-4.0/HE

Matsuda, Norihiro; Kunieda, Satoshi; Okamoto, Tsutomu*; Tada, Kenichi; Konno, Chikara

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.225 - 229, 2019/01

Journal Articles

Sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of $$beta_{rm eff}$$ for MYRRHA using a Monte Carlo technique

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Stankovskiy, A.*; Fiorito, L.*; Van den Eynde, G.*

European Physical Journal; Nuclear Sciences & Technologies (Internet), 4, p.42_1 - 42_7, 2018/11

This paper presents a nuclear data sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of the effective delayed neutron fraction $$beta_{rm eff}$$ for critical and subcritical cores of the MYRRHA reactor using the continuous-energy Monte Carlo transport code MCNP. The $$beta_{rm eff}$$ sensitivities are calculated by the modified $$k$$-ratio method proposed by Chiba. Comparing the $$beta_{rm eff}$$ sensitivities obtained with different scaling factors $$a$$ introduced by Chiba shows that a value of $$a=20$$ is the most suitable for the uncertainty quantification of $$beta_{rm eff}$$. Using the calculated $$beta_{rm eff}$$ sensitivities and the JENDL-4.0u covariance data, the $$beta_{rm eff}$$ uncertainties for the critical and subcritical cores are determined to be 2.2 $$pm$$ 0.2% and 2.0 $$pm$$ 0.2%, respectively, which are dominated by delayed neutron yield of $$^{239}$$Pu and $$^{238}$$U.

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of decay heat used for effectiveness evaluations of countermeasures against severe accidents in the prototype FBR Monju

Usami, Shin; Kishimoto, Yasufumi*; Taninaka, Hiroshi; Maeda, Shigetaka

JAEA-Technology 2018-003, 97 Pages, 2018/07


The decay heat used for effectiveness evaluation of the prevention measures against severe accidents in the prototype fast breeder reactor Monju was evaluated by applying the updated nuclear data libraries based on JENDL-4.0, reflecting the realistic core operation pattern, and setting the rational extent of uncertainty. The decay heats of fission products, the actinide nuclides such as Cm-242, and radioactive structural materials were calculated by FPGS code. The decay heat of U-239 and Np-239 was evaluated based on ANSI/ANS-5.1-1994. The calculation uncertainty of each decay heat was evaluated based on summation of uncertainty factors, C/E values of reaction rates obtained in Monju system startup test, and so on. Furthermore, the decay heat evaluation method based on the FPGS90 was verified by the comparison of the results of the decay heat measurement of the two spent MOX fuel subassemblies in the experimental fast reactor Joyo MK-II core.

Journal Articles

Lead void reactivity worth in two critical assembly cores with differing uranium enrichments

Fukushima, Masahiro; Goda, J.*; Bounds, J.*; Cutler, T.*; Grove, T.*; Hutchinson, J.*; James, M.*; McKenzie, G.*; Sanchez, R.*; Oizumi, Akito; et al.

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 189, p.93 - 99, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:38.72(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To validate lead (Pb) nuclear cross sections, a series of integral experiments to measure lead void reactivity worths was conducted in a high-enriched uranium (HEU)/Pb system and a low enriched uranium (LEU)/Pb system using the Comet Critical Assembly at NCERC. The critical experiments were designed to provide complementary data sets having different sensitivities to scattering cross sections of lead. The larger amount of the $$^{238}$$U present in the LEU/Pb core increases the neutron importance above 1 MeV compared with the HEU/Pb core. Since removal of lead from the core shifts the neutron spectrum to the higher energy region, positive lead void reactivity worths were observed in the LEU/Pb core while negative values were observed in the HEU/Pb core. Experimental analyses for the lead void reactivity worths were performed with the Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP6.1 together with nuclear data libraries, JENDL 4.0 and ENDF/B VII.1. The calculation values were found to overestimate the experimental ones for the HEU/Pb core while being consistent for the LEU/Pb core.

Journal Articles

Analyses with latest major nuclear data libraries of the fission rate ratios for several TRU nuclides in the FCA-IX experiments

Fukushima, Masahiro; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Okajima, Shigeaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(7), p.795 - 805, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:38.75(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A series of integral experiments was conducted in FCA assemblies with systematically changed neutron spectra covering from the intermediate to fast ones. The experiments provide systematic data of central fission rates for TRU nuclides containing minor actinides, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{238}$$Pu, $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{242}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Am, $$^{243}$$Am, and $$^{244}$$Cm. Latest major nuclear data libraries, JENDL-4.0, ENDF/B-VII.1, and JEFF-3.2, were tested using benchmark models regarding the fission rate ratios relative to $$^{239}$$Pu. For all the libraries, the benchmark tests by a Monte Carlo calculation code show obvious overestimations particularly for the fission rate ratios of $$^{244}$$Cm to $$^{239}$$Pu. Additionally, a large discrepancy about by 20% between the libraries is revealed for the fission rate ratio of $$^{238}$$Pu to $$^{239}$$Pu measured in the intermediate neutron spectrum. The cause of discrepancy is furthermore clarified by sensitivity analyses.

JAEA Reports

Integral benchmark test of JENDL-4.0 for U-233 systems with ICSBEP Handbook

Kuwagaki, Kazuki*; Nagaya, Yasunobu

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-007, 27 Pages, 2017/03


The integral benchmark test of JENDL-4.0 for U-233 systems using the continuous-energy Monte Carlo code MVP was conducted. The previous benchmark test was performed only for U-233 thermal solution and fast metallic systems in the ICSBEP handbook. In this study, MVP input files were prepared for uninvestigated benchmark problems in the handbook including compound thermal systems (mainly lattice systems) and integral benchmark test was performed. The prediction accuracy of JENDL-4.0 was evaluated for effective multiplication factors ($$k_mathrm{eff}$$'s) of the U-233 systems. As a result, a trend of underestimation was observed for all the categories of U-233 systems. In the benchmark test of ENDF/B-VII.1 for U-233 systems with the ICSBEP handbook, it is reported that a decreasing trend of calculated $$k_mathrm{eff}$$ values in association with a parameter ATFF (Above-Thermal Fission Fraction) is observed. The ATFF values were also calculated in this benchmark test of JENDL-4.0 and the same trend as ENDF/B-VII.1 was observed.

Journal Articles

Validation of MOSRA-SRAC for burnup of a BWR fuel assembly

Kojima, Kensuke

Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors; Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century (PHYSOR 2016) (USB Flash Drive), p.3283 - 3292, 2016/05

The MOSRA system has been developing to improve the applicability of the neutronic characteristic analyses. The cell calculation module MOSRA-SRAC is a core module of MOSRA, and applicability tests for realistic problems are required. As a test, MOSRA-SRAC is validated by comparison with measured values. As the measurement, the post irradiation examination SFCOMPO 99-5 is chosen. In the examination, the compositions of major heavy metal and fission product nuclides in a UO$$_{2}$$-Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ fuel rod pulled from the 8$$times$$8 BWR fuel assembly used in TEPCO's Fukushima-Daini-2 were measured. The result shows good agreement between calculated and measured value. For uranium and plutonium nuclides, calculated values agree within 5% except for $$^{238}$$Pu. $$^{238}$$Pu composition is overestimated by 30%, and the overestimation is caused by the unclearness of the void faction history of the fuel rod. For fission products, calculated values agree within approximately 10%.

Journal Articles

Validation of decay heat evaluation method based on FPGS cord for fast reactor spent MOX fuels

Usami, Shin; Kishimoto, Yasufumi; Taninaka, Hiroshi; Maeda, Shigetaka

Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors; Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century (PHYSOR 2016) (USB Flash Drive), p.3263 - 3274, 2016/05

The present paper describes the validation of the new decay heat evaluation method using FPGS90 code with both the updated nuclear data library and the rational extent of uncertainty, by comparing the results of the decay heat measurement of the spent fuel subassemblies in Joyo MK-II core and by comparing with the calculation results of ORIGEN2.2 code. The calculated values of decay heat (C) by FPGS90 based on the JENDL-4.0 library were coincident with the measured ones (E) within the calculation uncertainties, and the C/E ranged from 1.01 to 0.93. FPGS90 evaluated the decay heat almost 3% larger than ORIGEN2.2, and it improved the C/E in comparison with the ORIGEN2.2 code. Furthermore, The C/E by FPGS90 based on the JENDL-4.0 library was improved than that based on the JENDL-3.2 library, and the contribution of the revision of reaction cross section library to the improvement was dominant rather than that of the decay data and fission yield data libraries.

JAEA Reports

MOSRA-SRAC; Lattice calculation module of the modular code system for nuclear reactor analyses MOSRA

Okumura, Keisuke

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-015, 162 Pages, 2015/10


MOSRA-SRAC is a lattice calculation module of the Modular code System for nuclear Reactor Analyses (MOSRA). This module performs the neutron transport calculation for various types of fuel elements including existing light water reactors, research reactors, etc. based on the collision probability method with a set of the 200-group cross-sections generated from the Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library JENDL-4.0. It has also a function of the isotope generation and depletion calculation for up to 234 nuclides in each fuel material in the lattice. In these ways, MOSRA-SRAC prepares the burn-up dependent effective microscopic and macroscopic cross-section data to be used in core calculations.

JAEA Reports

Effect of experiments using Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility on the reduction of uncertainties in reactor physics parameters of an accelerator-driven system

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Katano, Ryota*; Fukushima, Masahiro; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

JAEA-Research 2014-033, 82 Pages, 2015/03


The effect of experiments using Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P) is analysed from the viewpoint of the reduction of uncertainties in reactor physics parameters (criticality and coolant void reactivity) of an accelerator-driven system (ADS). The analysis is conducted by the nuclear-data adjustment method using JENDL-4.0 on the assumption that ve types of reactor physics experiments (a total of 44 experiments) are performed in TEF-P: (1) criticality experiment, (2) lead void reactivity experiment, (3) reaction rate ratio experiment, (4) sample reactivity experiment, and (5) fuel replacement reactivity experiment. As the result, 1.0% of uncertainty in criticality is found to be reduced to approximately 0.4%, and effective experiments for the reduction of uncertainty in criticality and coolant void reactivity are shown to be fuel replacement reactivity experiments and lead void reactivity experiments, respectively. Although these effects depend largely on the composition and amount of minor-actinide (MA) fuels, it is found that a combination of different types of experiments and database of existing experiments is effective in reducing the uncertainties.

JAEA Reports

Establishment of benchmark problems for TRU fission rate ratios of FCA-IX assemblies

Fukushima, Masahiro; Oizumi, Akito; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Kitamura, Yasunori

JAEA-Data/Code 2014-030, 50 Pages, 2015/03


In the IX-th experimental series in 1980's at the fast critical assembly (FCA) facility, central fission rate ratios for TRU such as $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{238}$$Pu, $$^{242}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Am, $$^{243}$$Am and $$^{244}$$Cm to $$^{239}$$Pu were measured in the seven uranium-fueled assemblies with systematically changed neutron spectra. In the present report, benchmark problems with respect to central fission rate ratios were established for the assessment of the TRU's fission cross sections. We reported the sample calculation results on the benchmark problems by using JENDL-4.0.

Oral presentation

Reduction of uncertainties in reactor physics parameters of an accelerator-driven system by minor-actinide loaded experiments at J-PARC

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Katano, Ryota*; Fujimoto, Atsushi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Reactor physics experiments using transmutation physics experimental facility for research and development of accelerator-driven system

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Sugawara, Takanori; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Sasa, Toshinobu; Maekawa, Fujio

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Benchmark calculation for burnup of BWR fuel assembly with MOSRA-SRAC

Kojima, Kensuke; Okumura, Keisuke

no journal, , 

The MOSRA system has been developing to improve the applicability of the neutronic characteristic analyses. The cell calculation module MOSRA-SRAC is a core module of MOSRA, and applicability tests for realistic problems are required. As a test, we joined the benchmark "Burnup Credit Criticality Benchmark Phase IIIC." The benchmark requested the neutronic characteristics for a BWR fuel assembly with gadolinium, which had been used in the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Because of a restriction of MOSRA-SRAC, the geometry was partially homogenized. To verify the module's applicability including the homogenization effects, the multiplication factor and the nuclide compositions were compared with the well-validated code MVP-BURN. As the results, the applicability of MSORA-SRAC for the assembly was verified. Additionally, it was also shown that the homogenization effects were smaller than the difference due to the calculation methods.

Oral presentation

Study on the minor actinide transmutation utilizing Monju data, 9; Cross-section adjustment utilizing MA-related measurement data

Ishikawa, Makoto; Yokoyama, Kenji; Numata, Kazuyuki; Maruyama, Shuhei; Takeda, Toshikazu*

no journal, , 

By utilizing the MA-related measurement data, a study to adjust the JENDL-4.0-based cross sections was performed. As a result, it was obtained that the uncertainty of MA-related reactor core parameters induced from the nuclear data uncertainty could be greatly reduced.

Oral presentation

A Calculation of burnup sensitivity coefficients related to the neutron field in MA sample irradiation test data analysis

Sugino, Kazuteru; Numata, Kazuyuki; Ishikawa, Makoto; Takeda, Toshikazu*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Preliminary study of the impact of changing thermal neutron scattering law data on the neutronic calculation for graphite cores

Okita, Shoichiro

no journal, , 

Neutronic calculations are performed for VHTRC core with JENDL-4.0 and the thermal neutron scattering law for graphite in ENDF/B-VIII, and the effective multiplication factor is compared with the experimental data. The calculation accuracy is improved by using the thermal neutron scattering law for graphite in ENDF/B-VIII compared with the previous results based on JENDL-4.0.

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